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6.1 - History and Government of The United States

6.1 - History and Government of The United States



Quickie U.S. history up to Civil War. Not much government.

Quickie U.S. history up to Civil War. Not much government.



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    6.1 - History and Government of The United States 6.1 - History and Government of The United States Presentation Transcript

    • History and Government of the United States
      • What’s that? The United States wasn’t always here? That’s crazy talk!
      • Ah, but true. It actually wasn’t around 12,000 years ago when those nomads crossed over to modern-day Alaska from Siberia.
      • Those folks multiplied and gradually spread throughout the Americas.
      • As they spread out and occupied different areas and environments, they became different distinct cultures.
    • Original location of Native American tribes.
    • Current distribution of Native Americans
      • Then the Europeans come barging onto the scene (rude)
      • The Spanish did most of the early exploring, looking for things like El Dorado and such.
      • Hernando De Soto was one such conquistador
      • The French and English follow up the Spanish, forming their own settlements and colonies.
      • Columbian Exchange is begun
        • The trading and transplantation of goods, plants, animals, and diseases to and from Europe and North America.
        • This was rather significant. Keep in mind that these species had been completely separated from millions of years and all of a sudden you have things like cows and horses where there were none before.
        • The new nutrition also spurred a population boom in Europe.
        • Conversely, European diseases wreaked havoc on the native American populations.
          • By 1595, 18 million had died in Mexico alone
      • The British colonies rebelled (as I’m sure you know)
      • The American one went onto form the United States
      • The Canadian colonies never really rebelled and remained relatively loyal to the crown
        • They’re still part of the British Commonwealth (the queen is their head of state), though they are an independent country.
        • Australia, India, and a number of countries in the West Indies and Africa are also part of the Commonwealth.
      • In a fit of Manifest Destiny, the young Americans start migrating west.
      • Aided by the Louisiana Purchase
        • The purchase from France in 1803 of nearly 830,000 square miles of land.
          • Keep in mind that Houston is just 601 square miles.
          • It actually doubled the size of the U.S.
        • Cost only $15 million (about $390 billion in today’s money… a steal, really).
      • Time goes on and sectionalism becomes a problem.
      • This was especially true as concerns the issue of slavery.
        • The southern states were slave-owning (including Texas) and the northern ones were not.
        • The Civil War breaks out in 1861.
        • 618,000 Americans died and 412,000 were injured. That makes for a total of 1,030,000 causalities out of a population of just 31 million.
        • The North won and slavery was abolished.
      • After the Civil War, the nation starts to urbanize
      • People start migrating towards cities and the industrial centers that were increasingly taking the place of the traditional agrarian base.