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2.1 - Sumer
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2.1 - Sumer

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Early Sumer

Early Sumer

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  • 1. Sumer
  • 2.
    • Sumer is world oldest civilization
    • It’s located in Mesopotamia, what’s present day Iraq in between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
      • ‘ meso’ is from Greek ‘mesos’ which means middle and the rest from Greek ‘potomas’ which means river (‘hippos’ was Greek for horse)
      • What’s important about this location? Why did Sumer develop there?
  • 3.  
  • 4.
    • Structured around city-states
      • Each city, with the surrounding area, acted as its own state (“country”)
      • At the center was the main temple, the ziggurat
      • The kings of each city-state began as war leaders and then started hereditary dynasties
  • 5.  
  • 6.
    • Sumer was invaded quite a bit, but conquerors tended to take on Sumerian ways
    • Akkadian invader, Sargon I, conquered and united the areas creating the first empire (2300 BC)
  • 7.
    • Hammurabi comes along later and conquers Mesopotamia, establishes his capital at Babylon and puts down law code, what we now call the Code of Hammurabi.
  • 8.  
  • 9.
    • Sumerian Contributions
    • Writing
      • First known people to develop writing (cuneiform).
  • 10.
    • Sumerian Contributions
    • Arch
      • Built arches using clay bricks that supported heavy wall openings for doorways and windows.
    • Plow
    • Wheeled vehicles
    • Mathematical ideas
      • Using base 60 , divided a circle into 360 degrees, an hour into 60 minutes and a minute into 60 seconds