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Short stories ppt 2

Short stories ppt 2






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    Short stories ppt 2 Short stories ppt 2 Presentation Transcript

    • Short Stories
    • Elements of A Short Story
      • Plot
      • Character
      • Setting
      • Conflict
      • Foreshadowing
      • Suspense
      • Frame Story
      • Theme
      • Point of View
      • Irony
      • Symbolism
      • Allusion
      • Mood
      • Tone
      • Dialect
    • Plot The series of related events that make up the story.
    • Bare Bones of A Plot
      • Plots are built on four main parts:
        • Basic Situation (Exposition)
        • Complication
        • Climax
        • Resolution (Denouement)
    • Plot Line Exposition Complications (Rising Action) Climax Falling Action Resolution
    • Plot
      • Exposition - Opening of the story; characters and conflict are introduced.
      • Complication - Conflicts introduced; main character takes action to resolve conflicts. (Also known as rising action.)
      • Climax - Key scene of the story; tense, exciting or terrifying moment.
    • Plot
      • Falling Action - Conflicts begin to resolve; story tapers off….
      • Resolution - Occurs at the very end of the story; conflicts are resolved. (Also called the denouement.)
    • Character A person, animal, natural force or object in a story or play.
    • Characterization The process of revealing the personality of a character is called characterization .
    • Characterization
      • Direct Characterization - Writer tells the reader directly what kind of person the character is.
      • Indirect Characterization - Reader has to use his or her own judgement to identify personality traits of a character
    • Characterization
      • Static – No change throughout story
      • Dynamic – Develops and grows over the course of the story
    • Characterization
      • Round – Many different personality traits (good & bad)
      • Flat – Shows only one personality trait
      • Protagonist – Main character of a literary work
      • Antagonist – Character or force in conflict with the protagonist
    • Characterization
      • Motivation – Reason that explains or partially explains why a character thinks, feels, behaves or acts in a certain way.
    • Character
      • There are five considerations for creating a character:
        • Appearance
        • Speech
        • Thoughts
        • Actions
        • Other Characters’ feelings
    • Point of View The vantage point from which the author has chosen to tell the story.
    • First Person One of the characters is actually telling the story, using the pronoun “I.”
    • Third Person Narrator is an outside storyteller. (can be “limited” or “omniscient” point of view.)
    • Omniscient “All Knowing” Person telling the story knows everything there is to know about the characters and their problems.
    • Limited Narrator only knows one character’s thoughts and feelings.
    • Point of View The narrator is not always the author.
    • Setting The time and place of a story or play.
    • Setting
      • One purpose of setting is to provide background - a place for the characters to live and act in.
      • In some stories, setting provides the conflict.
      • Places where people live and make their homes can reveal a great deal about their characters.
    • Setting
      • Setting can also provide atmosphere or mood - it affects the way a reader feels.
      • One of the oldest story plots in the world is the one in which a person fights against something in the physical world - a drought, a horde of ants, the heat of the desert, etc.
    • Describing the Setting
      • What kind of place does the story take place in?
      • What is the season, climate, and time of day?
      • Are the characters in conflict with the setting?
    • Describing the Setting
      • Does the setting help to understand their personalities?
      • What kind of atmosphere does the setting create?
    • Conflict
      • A struggle or clash between opposing characters or forces.
        • External : Man v. Man, Man v. Nature, Man v. Society
        • Internal : Man v. Himself, Man v. Fate (God)
    • Symbolism Anything that stands for or represents something else. Examples: Red rose American Flag
    • Theme Central idea of a work of literature
    • Theme
      • A theme makes some revelation about a subject.
      • The subject of the story is NOT THE SAME as the theme of the story.
      • The subject is simply the topic of the story.
      • Theme is not “love.” Ask yourself…what about “love”?
    • Theme A theme is usually not stated directly in the story.
    • Finding a Theme
      • Does the title signify something important about the story?
      • Does the main character change in the course of the story? Does he or she realize something he or she didn’t know before?
      • Are there any important statements about life or people made in the story - either by the narrator or the characters?
    • Irony
      • A contrast between expectation and reality.
      • Between what is said and what is
      • really meant.
      • Between what is expected to happen
      • and what really happens.
      • Between what appears to be true
      • and what is really true.
    • Types of Irony
      • Verbal - a writer or speaker says one thing but means another
      • Situational - what we expect to happen is different than what actually happens.
      • Dramatic - Audience or reader knows what is happening but the characters do not.
    • Other Terms to Know
      • Foreshadowing – Clues to suggest events that have not happened yet in the story; creates suspense.
      • Suspense - The uncertain feeling about what is going to happen next in a story.
    • Other Terms to Know
      • Mood – (Atmosphere) Feeling created in the reader by the piece of writing.
      • Tone - The way the writer feels about the story & the characters
    • Other Terms to Know
      • Allusion – References in a piece of writing that refer to the Bible, a time in history or another work of literature or art.
      • Frame Story – Story within another story.
      • Dialect – Way a character speaks (directly related to setting & time period)