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R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
R & J Characters  2008
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R & J Characters 2008

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  • 1. William Shakespeare Widely regarded as the greatest writer in English Literature
  • 2. Shakespeare <ul><li>1564-1616 </li></ul><ul><li>Stratford-upon-Avon, England </li></ul>
  • 3. Childhood <ul><li>Father was John ; Mother was Mary </li></ul><ul><li>In 1567 he became Bailiff of Stratford; like a modern-day Mayor. </li></ul><ul><li>William was the 3 rd child. Legend says he was born on April 23 rd . He died exactly 52 years later. </li></ul><ul><li>Shakespeare attended very good schools </li></ul>
  • 4. Family <ul><li>When Will was 18, he married 26 year old Anne Hathaway. </li></ul><ul><li>NOT THIS ONE </li></ul>
  • 5. More Family <ul><li>They had 3 Kids: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Susanna (Baptised 6 months after their wedding) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twins: Hamnet and Judith </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hamnet died at age 11. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 6. Shakespeare <ul><li>started out as an actor </li></ul><ul><li>wrote 37 plays </li></ul><ul><li>about 154 sonnets </li></ul>
  • 7. Stage Celebrity <ul><li>Actor for Lord Chamberlain’s Men (London theater co.) </li></ul><ul><li>Also > principal playwright for them </li></ul><ul><li>1599> Lord Ch. Co. built Globe Theater where most of Sh. Play’s were performed </li></ul>
  • 8. Shakespeare wrote: <ul><li>Comedies </li></ul><ul><li>Histories </li></ul><ul><li>Tragedies </li></ul>
  • 9. Romeo and Juliet <ul><li>Written about 1595 </li></ul><ul><li>Considered a tragedy </li></ul>
  • 10. The Theater <ul><li>Plays produced for the general public </li></ul><ul><li>Roofless>open air </li></ul><ul><li>No artificial lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Courtyard surrounded by 3 levels of galleries </li></ul>
  • 11. Spectators <ul><li>Wealthy got benches </li></ul><ul><li>“ Groundlings”>poorer people stood and watched from the courtyard (“pit”) </li></ul><ul><li>All but wealthy were uneducated/illiterate </li></ul><ul><li>Much more audience interaction than today </li></ul>
  • 12. Staging Areas <ul><li>Stage>platform that extended into the pit </li></ul><ul><li>Dressing & storage rooms in galleries behind & above stage </li></ul><ul><li>second-level gallery> upper stage> famous balcony scene in R & J </li></ul><ul><li>Trap door>ghosts </li></ul><ul><li>“ Heavens”> angelic beings </li></ul>
  • 13. Differences <ul><li>Almost no scenery </li></ul><ul><li>Settings > actors used references in dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>Elaborate costumes </li></ul><ul><li>Plenty of props </li></ul><ul><li>Fast-paced, colorful>2-3 hours! </li></ul>
  • 14.  
  • 15. Actors <ul><li>Only men and boys </li></ul><ul><li>Young boys whose voices had not changed play women’s roles </li></ul><ul><li>Would have been considered indecent for a woman to appear on stage </li></ul>
  • 16. Elizabethan (QE1) Words <ul><li>An,and: If </li></ul><ul><li>Anon: Soon </li></ul><ul><li>Aye: Yes </li></ul><ul><li>But: Except for </li></ul><ul><li>E’en: Even </li></ul><ul><li>E’er: Ever </li></ul>
  • 17. QE1 Words (contin.) <ul><li>Haply: Perhaps </li></ul><ul><li>Happy: Fortunate </li></ul><ul><li>Hence: Away, from her </li></ul><ul><li>Hie: Hurry </li></ul><ul><li>Marry: Indeed </li></ul>
  • 18. QE1 Words (contin.) <ul><li>Whence: Where </li></ul><ul><li>Wilt: Will, will you </li></ul><ul><li>Withal: In addition to </li></ul><ul><li>Would: Wish </li></ul>
  • 19. Blank Verse <ul><li>Much of R & J is written in Blank Verse: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>unrhymed verse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>iambic (unstressed, stressed) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>pentameter( 5 “feet” to a line) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ends up to be 10 syllable lines </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 20. THE CHARACTERS
  • 21. Romeo and Juliet <ul><li>Romeo  - The son and heir of Montague and Lady Montague. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A young man of about sixteen, Romeo is handsome, intelligent, and sensitive. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He lives in the middle of a violent feud between his family and the Capulets, but he is not at all interested in violence. His only interest is love. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-At the beginning of the play he is madly in love with a woman named Rosaline, but the instant he lays eyes on Juliet, he falls in love with her and forgets Rosaline. </li></ul></ul>
  • 22. Romeo and Juliet <ul><li>Juliet  - The daughter of Capulet and Lady Capulet. </li></ul><ul><li>-A beautiful thirteen-year-old girl. </li></ul><ul><li>-Romeo is the son of her family’s great enemy. </li></ul>
  • 23. Romeo and Juliet <ul><li>Friar Lawrence  - A Franciscan friar, friend to both Romeo and Juliet. </li></ul><ul><li>- Friar Lawrence secretly marries the impassioned lovers in hopes that the union might eventually bring peace to Verona. </li></ul><ul><li>-As well as being a Catholic holy man, Friar Lawrence is also an expert in the use of seemingly mystical potions and herbs. </li></ul>
  • 24. Romeo and Juliet <ul><li>Mercutio  - A kinsman to the Prince, and Romeo’s close friend. </li></ul><ul><li>-He can be quite hotheaded, and hates people who are affected, pretentious, or obsessed with the latest fashions. </li></ul>
  • 25. Romeo and Juliet <ul><li>The Nurse  - Juliet’s nurse, the woman who raised Juliet when she was a baby and has cared for Juliet her entire life. </li></ul><ul><li>-A vulgar, long-winded, and sentimental character, the Nurse provides comic relief with her frequently inappropriate remarks and speeches. (connects to commoners) </li></ul>
  • 26. Romeo and Juliet <ul><li>Tybalt  - A Capulet, Juliet’s cousin on her mother’s side. </li></ul><ul><li>-Vain, fashionable, supremely aware of courtesy and the lack of it, he becomes aggressive, violent, and quick to draw his sword when he feels his pride has been injured. </li></ul><ul><li>-Once drawn, his sword is something to be feared. </li></ul><ul><li>-He loathes Montagues. </li></ul>
  • 27. Romeo and Juliet <ul><li>Capulet  - The patriarch of the Capulet family, father of Juliet, husband of Lady Capulet, and enemy, for unexplained reasons, of Montague. </li></ul><ul><li>-He truly loves his daughter,but never listens to her. </li></ul><ul><li>-He seems to think that what is best for her is a “good” match with Paris. </li></ul>
  • 28. Romeo and Juliet <ul><li>Lady Capulet  - Juliet’s mother, Capulet’s wife. </li></ul><ul><li>-A woman who herself married young (by her own estimation she gave birth to Juliet at close to the age of fourteen). </li></ul><ul><li>-she is eager to see her daughter marry Paris. </li></ul><ul><li>-She relies on the Nurse for moral and pragmatic support. </li></ul>
  • 29. Romeo and Juliet <ul><li>Montague  - Romeo’s father, the patriarch of the Montague clan and bitter enemy of Capulet. </li></ul><ul><li>Lady Montague  - Romeo’s mother, Montague’s wife. </li></ul><ul><li>-She dies of grief after Romeo is exiled from Verona. </li></ul>
  • 30. Romeo and Juliet <ul><li>Paris  - A kinsman of the Prince, and the suitor of Juliet most preferred by Capulet. </li></ul><ul><li>Benvolio  - Montague’s nephew, Romeo’s cousin and thoughtful friend. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He makes a genuine effort to defuse violent scenes in public places, though Mercutio accuses him of having a nasty temper in private. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He spends most of the play trying to help Romeo get his mind off Rosaline, even after Romeo has fallen in love with Juliet. </li></ul></ul>
  • 31. Romeo and Juliet <ul><li>Prince Escalus  - The Prince of Verona. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A kinsman of Mercutio and Paris. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As the seat of political power in Verona, he is concerned about maintaining the public peace at all costs. </li></ul></ul>
  • 32. Romeo and Juliet <ul><li>Friar John  - A Franciscan friar charged by Friar Lawrence with taking the news of Juliet’s false death to Romeo in Mantua. (small character) </li></ul>
  • 33. Romeo and Juliet <ul><li>Balthasar  - Romeo’s dedicated servant. </li></ul><ul><li>Sampson & Gregory  -  Two servants of the house of Capulet, who, like their master, hate the Montagues. </li></ul>
  • 34. Romeo and Juliet <ul><li>Abram  - Montague’s servant, who fights with Sampson and Gregory in the first scene of the play. </li></ul><ul><li>The Apothecary  - An apothecary in Mantua. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Makes and sales poison. </li></ul></ul>
  • 35. Romeo and Juliet <ul><li>Rosaline  - The woman with whom Romeo is infatuated at the beginning of the play. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rosaline never appears onstage, but it is said by other characters that she is very beautiful and has sworn to live a life of chastity. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Chorus  - The Chorus is a single character who, as developed in Greek drama, functions as a narrator offering commentary on the play’s plot and themes. </li></ul>

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