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R & J Characters  2008

R & J Characters 2008






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    R & J Characters  2008 R & J Characters 2008 Presentation Transcript

    • William Shakespeare Widely regarded as the greatest writer in English Literature
    • Shakespeare
      • 1564-1616
      • Stratford-upon-Avon, England
    • Childhood
      • Father was John ; Mother was Mary
      • In 1567 he became Bailiff of Stratford; like a modern-day Mayor.
      • William was the 3 rd child. Legend says he was born on April 23 rd . He died exactly 52 years later.
      • Shakespeare attended very good schools
    • Family
      • When Will was 18, he married 26 year old Anne Hathaway.
      • NOT THIS ONE
    • More Family
      • They had 3 Kids:
        • Susanna (Baptised 6 months after their wedding)
        • Twins: Hamnet and Judith
          • Hamnet died at age 11.
    • Shakespeare
      • started out as an actor
      • wrote 37 plays
      • about 154 sonnets
    • Stage Celebrity
      • Actor for Lord Chamberlain’s Men (London theater co.)
      • Also > principal playwright for them
      • 1599> Lord Ch. Co. built Globe Theater where most of Sh. Play’s were performed
    • Shakespeare wrote:
      • Comedies
      • Histories
      • Tragedies
    • Romeo and Juliet
      • Written about 1595
      • Considered a tragedy
    • The Theater
      • Plays produced for the general public
      • Roofless>open air
      • No artificial lighting
      • Courtyard surrounded by 3 levels of galleries
    • Spectators
      • Wealthy got benches
      • “ Groundlings”>poorer people stood and watched from the courtyard (“pit”)
      • All but wealthy were uneducated/illiterate
      • Much more audience interaction than today
    • Staging Areas
      • Stage>platform that extended into the pit
      • Dressing & storage rooms in galleries behind & above stage
      • second-level gallery> upper stage> famous balcony scene in R & J
      • Trap door>ghosts
      • “ Heavens”> angelic beings
    • Differences
      • Almost no scenery
      • Settings > actors used references in dialogue
      • Elaborate costumes
      • Plenty of props
      • Fast-paced, colorful>2-3 hours!
    • Actors
      • Only men and boys
      • Young boys whose voices had not changed play women’s roles
      • Would have been considered indecent for a woman to appear on stage
    • Elizabethan (QE1) Words
      • An,and: If
      • Anon: Soon
      • Aye: Yes
      • But: Except for
      • E’en: Even
      • E’er: Ever
    • QE1 Words (contin.)
      • Haply: Perhaps
      • Happy: Fortunate
      • Hence: Away, from her
      • Hie: Hurry
      • Marry: Indeed
    • QE1 Words (contin.)
      • Whence: Where
      • Wilt: Will, will you
      • Withal: In addition to
      • Would: Wish
    • Blank Verse
      • Much of R & J is written in Blank Verse:
        • unrhymed verse
        • iambic (unstressed, stressed)
        • pentameter( 5 “feet” to a line)
          • ends up to be 10 syllable lines
    • Romeo and Juliet
      • Romeo  - The son and heir of Montague and Lady Montague.
        • A young man of about sixteen, Romeo is handsome, intelligent, and sensitive.
        • He lives in the middle of a violent feud between his family and the Capulets, but he is not at all interested in violence. His only interest is love.
        • -At the beginning of the play he is madly in love with a woman named Rosaline, but the instant he lays eyes on Juliet, he falls in love with her and forgets Rosaline.
    • Romeo and Juliet
      • Juliet  - The daughter of Capulet and Lady Capulet.
      • -A beautiful thirteen-year-old girl.
      • -Romeo is the son of her family’s great enemy.
    • Romeo and Juliet
      • Friar Lawrence  - A Franciscan friar, friend to both Romeo and Juliet.
      • - Friar Lawrence secretly marries the impassioned lovers in hopes that the union might eventually bring peace to Verona.
      • -As well as being a Catholic holy man, Friar Lawrence is also an expert in the use of seemingly mystical potions and herbs.
    • Romeo and Juliet
      • Mercutio  - A kinsman to the Prince, and Romeo’s close friend.
      • -He can be quite hotheaded, and hates people who are affected, pretentious, or obsessed with the latest fashions.
    • Romeo and Juliet
      • The Nurse  - Juliet’s nurse, the woman who raised Juliet when she was a baby and has cared for Juliet her entire life.
      • -A vulgar, long-winded, and sentimental character, the Nurse provides comic relief with her frequently inappropriate remarks and speeches. (connects to commoners)
    • Romeo and Juliet
      • Tybalt  - A Capulet, Juliet’s cousin on her mother’s side.
      • -Vain, fashionable, supremely aware of courtesy and the lack of it, he becomes aggressive, violent, and quick to draw his sword when he feels his pride has been injured.
      • -Once drawn, his sword is something to be feared.
      • -He loathes Montagues.
    • Romeo and Juliet
      • Capulet  - The patriarch of the Capulet family, father of Juliet, husband of Lady Capulet, and enemy, for unexplained reasons, of Montague.
      • -He truly loves his daughter,but never listens to her.
      • -He seems to think that what is best for her is a “good” match with Paris.
    • Romeo and Juliet
      • Lady Capulet  - Juliet’s mother, Capulet’s wife.
      • -A woman who herself married young (by her own estimation she gave birth to Juliet at close to the age of fourteen).
      • -she is eager to see her daughter marry Paris.
      • -She relies on the Nurse for moral and pragmatic support.
    • Romeo and Juliet
      • Montague  - Romeo’s father, the patriarch of the Montague clan and bitter enemy of Capulet.
      • Lady Montague  - Romeo’s mother, Montague’s wife.
      • -She dies of grief after Romeo is exiled from Verona.
    • Romeo and Juliet
      • Paris  - A kinsman of the Prince, and the suitor of Juliet most preferred by Capulet.
      • Benvolio  - Montague’s nephew, Romeo’s cousin and thoughtful friend.
        • He makes a genuine effort to defuse violent scenes in public places, though Mercutio accuses him of having a nasty temper in private.
        • He spends most of the play trying to help Romeo get his mind off Rosaline, even after Romeo has fallen in love with Juliet.
    • Romeo and Juliet
      • Prince Escalus  - The Prince of Verona.
        • A kinsman of Mercutio and Paris.
        • As the seat of political power in Verona, he is concerned about maintaining the public peace at all costs.
    • Romeo and Juliet
      • Friar John  - A Franciscan friar charged by Friar Lawrence with taking the news of Juliet’s false death to Romeo in Mantua. (small character)
    • Romeo and Juliet
      • Balthasar  - Romeo’s dedicated servant.
      • Sampson & Gregory  -  Two servants of the house of Capulet, who, like their master, hate the Montagues.
    • Romeo and Juliet
      • Abram  - Montague’s servant, who fights with Sampson and Gregory in the first scene of the play.
      • The Apothecary  - An apothecary in Mantua.
        • Makes and sales poison.
    • Romeo and Juliet
      • Rosaline  - The woman with whom Romeo is infatuated at the beginning of the play.
        • Rosaline never appears onstage, but it is said by other characters that she is very beautiful and has sworn to live a life of chastity.
      • The Chorus  - The Chorus is a single character who, as developed in Greek drama, functions as a narrator offering commentary on the play’s plot and themes.