Crystal Meth And Hiv Prevalence In The Usa


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Crystal Meth And Hiv Prevalence In The Usa

  1. 1. By: Devon Mc Sweeney
  2. 3. <ul><li>Slang term for Methamphetamine </li></ul><ul><li>Other names include Crank, Shards, Speed, Tina, Ice, Jib, Chalk and Glass </li></ul><ul><li>A powerful drug that when snorted, smoked, swallowed or injected effects the central nervous system for about16 hours </li></ul><ul><li>Highly addictive </li></ul><ul><li>Can easily be made in makeshift labs at home from household materials </li></ul><ul><li>Meth </li></ul>
  3. 6. <ul><li>Crystal Meth causes the brain to release high doses of the chemicals dopamine (behavior, motivation and reward), norepinephrine (attention) and serotonin (mood regulator) </li></ul><ul><li>Euphoria and Hallucinations </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease in Appetite (weight loss) </li></ul><ul><li>Attention and Energy Increase </li></ul><ul><li>Tweaking (performing useless tasks over and over, paranoia, twitching and itching/picking your body - formication) </li></ul><ul><li>Impairs Judgment (meth user feels powerful and confident, boosts self-esteem) </li></ul><ul><li>Increased Sex Drive </li></ul>
  4. 7. <ul><li>This map shows the spread of meth use in the USA by the number of people entering rehab with a meth problem. (Information from 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>Dark Blue = 51 or more </li></ul><ul><li>Light Blue= 16 to 50 </li></ul><ul><li>Lighter Blue= 5 to 15 </li></ul><ul><li>White= less than 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Club party goers </li></ul><ul><li>Experimenting youth </li></ul><ul><li>People trying to stay awake or who want to lose weight </li></ul><ul><li>Gay Community </li></ul><ul><li>Doctors, lawyers, teachers, Caucasians, African Americans, Mexicans…the list goes on and on. Meth is being used by male and female and different economic and ethnic backgrounds </li></ul>
  5. 8. <ul><li>HIV is spread through blood (open wounds, unsterilized needles) and sexual fluids (unsafe sex) </li></ul><ul><li>Serious outbreaks occurred in the1980’s and 90’s among gay men in Los Angeles and New York </li></ul><ul><li>HIV is spread through blood (open wounds, unsterilized needles) and sexual fluids (unsafe sex) </li></ul><ul><li>HIV infects the T-Helper cells </li></ul><ul><ul><li>T-Helper Cells are the building blocks of the immune system </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Untreated HIV leads to AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) </li></ul>
  6. 9. <ul><li>Crystal Meth use has been proven to greatly increase the chance of HIV in its users </li></ul><ul><li>Crystal meth increases the sex drive and postpones orgasm causing people to engage in unsafe sex for long hours (party and play) </li></ul><ul><li>When meth is injected with needles, users who share needles also share any diseases they have i.e. HIV or other STD’s </li></ul><ul><li>Meth causes sores around the mouth, which are often open and bleeding, when two meth users share a pipe and both have open mouth sores HIV can spread between them. </li></ul><ul><li>Meth causes body sores and welts which many meth users itch until they are bleeding. Body to body contact in this condition could spread the HIV virus. </li></ul>
  7. 10. Meth sores are the result of ‘’crank bugs’’ also called formication. HIV risk factor
  8. 12. <ul><li>People infected with HIV will use meth because they feel that they want to enjoy the rest of their lives (think euphoria, self esteem boost, great sex) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HIV+ people think they are going to die anyway so doing drugs doesn’t matter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use meth to cope with the fact they have HIV </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It is very important for an HIV+ person to take care of themselves but using meth prevents this </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Meth will often cause unhealthy behaviors such as not eating or drinking water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HIV+ Meth users forget to take their medication that fights the HIV virus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meth speeds up HIV related brain damage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Two people who are HIV+ and who have unsafe sex can transferdifferent strains of the HIV virus creating a super virus. The HIV Superinfection is basically when you get HIV twice. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First case of this appeared in a New York City gay man who was a frequent meth user </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Super virus resists medical treatments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fast acting and more deadly than HIV, the Superinfection can develop into AIDS in about three months </li></ul></ul>
  9. 14. <ul><li>Men will meet specifically for the purpose of sex and drug use </li></ul><ul><li>Methamphetamines is the common drug of choice </li></ul><ul><li>The Internet plays a big part in party and play or PNP. It is used in advertisements on gay dating websites. This is how most gay men meet for a pnp session. </li></ul><ul><li>Barebacking - sex without a condom </li></ul><ul><li>Trick – a sex partner </li></ul><ul><li>Meth + Bareback = High Risk of HIV contraction </li></ul>
  10. 15. <ul><li>After having sex on Meth, many men think it is impossible to have “regular” sex again. This is one of the reasons gay men continue using meth. </li></ul><ul><li>Long time meth users also have impotency problems , called ‘crystal dick’, so they take viagra along with meth. It is a very dangerous combination. There is a high chance of a heart attack or stroke. </li></ul>
  11. 16. <ul><li>This poster is from A site that gives users information on how to be safe when using meth and/or how to quit., like many other websites aimed towards gay men, have taken a different approach to combating meth. </li></ul>
  12. 17. <ul><li>Meth is used among large numbers of gay men </li></ul><ul><ul><li>About 25% of gay men in New York City use meth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meth is desirable to gay men not just because of the sex </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Feelings of loneliness and depression plague much of the gay community making any drug desirable but because of meth’s current popularity, availability and instant benefits (feeling connected to other people) meth has become popular. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gay men who frequent the club scene are able to party for hours on end </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 18. <ul><li>Gay men report engaging in riskier sexual behavior when they use meth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trying new things </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not using a condom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group sex </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gay men using meth are 3-4 times more likely to get HIV than those who do not use meth </li></ul><ul><li>Meth has caused a backlash in the fight against HIV/AIDS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large increase in new HIV cases among gay men </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Meth is called a plague in the gay community </li></ul>
  14. 19. <ul><li>Crystal meth usage harms society and is a major factor in spreading HIV </li></ul><ul><li>Meth users often lose their jobs and people with HIV are often too sick to go to work </li></ul><ul><li>HIV+ women who are pregnant pass it along to their child </li></ul><ul><li>Meth users who already have children are neglectful, possibly abusive and often get arrested causing a large number of orphans </li></ul><ul><li>A whole community is affected by a meth lab </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ cooking” meth creates toxic fumes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a wrong combination of chemicals could cause a huge explosion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>for every pound of meth made, six pounds of toxic waste are let into our environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It costs $2000 of taxpayers money to clean a meth lab site </li></ul></ul>
  15. 20. <ul><li>There have been many campaigns set up to scare people from using meth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Montana Meth Project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Faces of Meth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many websites geared towards gay men educate about safe sex and safe meth use. These websites do not discourage meth use but will promote condom use, drinking water to prevent dehydration and using clean needles. </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Support groups for HIV positive men and women at community centers </li></ul><ul><li>Rehab treatment for meth addicts </li></ul><ul><li>The government put into place The Combat Methamphetamine Epidemic Act 2005 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Makes buying items containing pseudoephedrine, a key ingredient in meth, harder </li></ul></ul>
  16. 21. Faces of Meth
  17. 22. <ul><li>Gay centers could hand out brochures on HIV and meth </li></ul><ul><li>Schools could add information about meth into the health curriculum, teachers could concentrate on how it relates to HIV </li></ul><ul><li>Clubs could stop people who look like they are on meth from entering the club. This would decrease the chance of unsafe sex from occurring </li></ul><ul><li>Clubs, schools and gay centers could give out free condoms </li></ul>
  18. 23. <ul><li>HIV has been around for many years and has affected many people. Meth is helping to spread the HIV virus and although men in the gay community are not the only ones affected, they do make up a substantial part of those affected. The drug is powerful and it makes people forget any sex education they may have received. People only care about the high. Once high, using a condom or clean needles is not a priority. Gay men are drawn to meth because of how liberating meth makes you feel. For years the gay rights campaign has strived to bring society together. One hit of meth makes a gay man, who has possibly felt isolated and depressed his whole life, feel happy, in-control and connected to the gay community. Those who are HIV+ and use meth continue to have sex without a condom and share needles, spreading the virus. HIV positive meth users have more brain damage and weaker immune systems. Their HIV medication often becomes completely ineffective causing T-Helper cells to die more quickly and AIDS to develop faster. Anti-Meth campaigns and education programs can only so much. The best way to prevent new meth related HIV cases is to get rid of meth completely. This is nearly impossible to do. I think community based programs that help meth addicts and HIV+ people are a good way to show support. Meth is deadly and so is HIV, mix the two and you have the perfect recipe for death and disaster. </li></ul>
  19. 24. <ul><li>Life or Meth. (2002, November) Crystal and HIV/AIDS. Retrieved November 11, 2007, from </li></ul><ul><li>Malpas, Jean. (2004, October) Crystal Meth, HIV and the Gay Community: An Epidemic with an Epidemic. Retrieved November 7, 2007, from </li></ul><ul><li>Marder, Jenny. (2005) The Meth Menace. Retrieved November 12, 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Meth Project Foundation, Inc. (2005) The Meth Project. Retrieved November 10, 2007, from </li></ul><ul><li>Moore, Patrick. (2005, June) We Are Not OK . Retrieved November 8, 2007, from,qmoore,65112,24.html </li></ul><ul><li>Project NEON, Seattle Counseling Service. Meth & You. Retrieved November 10, 2007, from </li></ul><ul><li>Stonewall Project. (2001) Crystal & Sex. Retrieved November 8, 2007, from </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia Online Encyclopedia. (2007, November) HIV. Retrieved November 11, 2007, from </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia Online Encyclopedia. (2007, November) Methamphetamine. Retrieved November 10, 2007, from </li></ul>