Flipping the Classroom

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Understanding and implementing the flipped classroom.

Understanding and implementing the flipped classroom.

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  • 2. Moving from Teacher-Centered to Student-Centered ClassroomsFLIPPING THE CLASSROOM Devin Hess – Educational Technology Consultant (2013)
  • 3. What’s your teaching style? Traditional classrooms:  Teacher – centered:  Teacher as deliverer of content and knowledge  Students as recipients  Direct instruction in class  Lecture, demonstrations, video presentations  Students are passiveDevin Hess – Educational Technology Consultant (2013)
  • 4. What’s your teaching style? Collaborative learning:  Student-Centered  Students work in groups  Teacher as facilitator Dilemma:  Difficult to transmit basic instruction  Time constraintsDevin Hess – Educational Technology Consultant (2013)
  • 5. Nature of homework  Students often do not understand  Cannot get help  Practice mistakes  Frustration – give upDevin Hess – Educational Technology Consultant (2013)
  • 6. Reverse location of direct instruction and practice/application:FLIPPED CLASSROOM MODEL
  • 7. Flipped Classroom Model: There is no single “Flipped Classroom Model”!!!  It is an approach.  Multiple models of implementation.  Represent different learning theories.  Pedagogical considerations are key! “the Flipped Classroom isnt a methodology. Its an ideology.“ ~ Brian BennettBennet, B. (2011, Oct. 18).
  • 8. Flipped Classroom Model:The current ‘buzz’ in education: Oversimplified and often misapplied Criticisms and endorsements must reference particular implementation.
  • 9. Flipped Classroom Model: It’s not new!  Based on concepts from Dewey:  Student centered  Hands-on, experiential  Flexible demonstration of mastery  Pre-Tech:  Read at home, collaborative projects in class.Devin Hess – Educational Technology Consultant (2013)
  • 10. Flipped Classroom Model: Origins of Current Approach:  “The Inverted Classroom”  Lage, Platt and Treglia (2000)  “The Flipped Classroom” term usually attributed to:  Jon Bergman/Aaron Sams (2006)  Submitted The Flipped Classroom book for publication in Feb. 2011  Khan’s Ted Talk:  Popularized and became identified with “Flipped Classroom” in March, 2011Devin Hess – Educational Technology Consultant (2013)
  • 11. Three Flipped Classroom Models: 1. Simple Reversal of Instruction & Homework 2. Experiential Learning Cycles 3. Khan AcademyDevin Hess – Educational Technology Consultant (2013)
  • 12. 1.Reverse Instruction/HomeworkHome: Direct instruction via technology (videos, websites …) Practice basic skills School: • Homework in small groups • Differentiated class – students move at own speed
  • 13. 1.Reverse Instruction/Homework Benefits for students:  Ability to rewind and review instructional materials  Move at own pace  Support in class for homework.  Increased time for teacher-student interaction  Peer support: peer coaches, collaborationDevin Hess – Educational Technology Consultant (2013)
  • 14. 1.Reverse Instruction/Homework Concerns:  Videos are a form direct-instruction:  Students are passive recipients of knowledge  Not experiential, constructivist.  In-class time:  Still drill & kill?  Individuals isolated on computers doing exercises? Key is transformation of learning process!Devin Hess – Educational Technology Consultant (2013)
  • 15. 2.Experiential Learning CyclesFour Stage Process: Experience Explore Concepts Make Meaning Demonstrate & Apply From Gerstein (2011). Based on Experiential Learning Cycles of Borton (1970), Juch (1983), Kolb (1984)
  • 16. 3.Experiential Learning CyclesExperience: In class activities Engagement Inquiry From Gerstein (2011). Based on Experiential Learning Cycles of Borton (1970), Juch (1983), Kolb (1984)
  • 17. 3.Experiential Learning CyclesExplore: The “Flipped” stage Guided, independent exploration From Gerstein (2011). Based on Experiential Learning Cycles of Borton (1970), Juch (1983), Kolb (1984)
  • 18. 3.Experiential Learning CyclesMake Meaning: At home and/or in class projects & activities. Bloom’s “Create” From Gerstein (2011). Based on Experiential Learning Cycles of Borton (1970), Juch (1983), Kolb (1984)
  • 19. 3.Experiential Learning CyclesDemonstrate &Apply: Share learning with peers. Teach From Gerstein (2011). Based on Experiential Learning Cycles of Borton (1970), Juch (1983), Kolb (1984)
  • 20. 3.Khan AcademyBackground: Salman Khan: background in math, engineering, computer science and business. 2004 – created math videos to help cousin 2005 – increased demand YouTube postings 2009 – Founded Khan Academy Significant funding from Gates Foundation, Google and others From Gerstein (2011). Based on Experiential Learning Cycles of Borton (1970), Juch (1983), Kolb (1984)
  • 21. 3.Khan AcademyValuable resource for flipped classrooms: Over 4,000 free instructional videos Translated into dozens of languages Serves over 6 million students per month Coordinated with practice problems Sophisticated student analytics Organized ‘meet-ups’ in over 500 cities From Gerstein (2011). Based on Experiential Learning Cycles of Borton (1970), Juch (1983), Kolb (1984)
  • 22. 3.Khan AcademyA tool, not a model - multiple implementations: Support for project-based learning classrooms:  Source for background skill instruction and practice.  Provides time for deep engagement and creativity in class. Simple flip:  Direct instruction via videos at home.  Collaborative and individualized homework support in the classroom. Supplement standard classrooms:  Students have additional support resources during homework From Gerstein (2011). Based on Experiential Learning Cycles of Borton (1970), Juch (1983), Kolb (1984)
  • 23. Tools and resources … the techie side.TIPS FOR THE FLIP
  • 24. Content Sources It’s not just about the video!  Premade tutorials & programs (e.g. Khan Academy)  Interactive web sites  Primary source images or documents  Simulations and animations  Slide-shares  Hyper-linked images  Web-quests  Forms, polls, questionnairesDevin Hess – Educational Technology Consultant (2013)
  • 25. Content PreparationMake you own? Content should be easy to navigate:  Multiple slides  Lesson reference points (headings, index) Keep content clear, concise and well focused.  Display "Essential Question" at the top or bottom of each screen. Keep production standards high:  Check: Mic volume, camera focus, transitions, etc.
  • 26. Content Preparation Recommendations: Task Level: Simple Intermediate Advanced Screen-O- Computer based screen capture: Snag-It Camtasia Matic iPad based screen and pen capture: ShowMe Educreations Doceri On-line lesson creation tools: Edcanvas Sophia LectureTools iPad as whiteboard and lesson recorder AirServer Splashtop DoceriDevin Hess – Educational Technology Consultant (2013)
  • 27. Content Access Goals:  Student can easily access and identify content:  Dropbox, Google Drive or YouTube  Confusion and distraction  Premade programs (Khan)  Well organized, includes practice & student tracking.  Embed file links directly into lesson instructions.  Learning goals will be fresh.  Monitor Student engagement:  See who has accessed the material.  Track skill mastery.  Students interact with content, other students, and/or the teacher.  Some platforms incorporate limited social-network elements.Devin Hess – Educational Technology Consultant (2013)
  • 28. Content Access Recommendations: Access. Options: File-only access Google Drive Dropbox School LMS Video/Slide-only access YouTube TeacherTube SlideShare Khan Screen-cast access ShowMe Educreations Academy Multi-modal Sophia Edcanvas LectureToolsDevin Hess – Educational Technology Consultant (2013)
  • 29. Flipped hosting sites Examples of two content-hosting sites suitable for flipped classroom materials.Edcanvas Sophia Very simple  Very simple Student analytics  Student analytics Limited content types  Multiple content types Multi-slide  Single screen  “Pathways” linked to content standards
  • 30. Questions ?  Isn’t video passive, non-engaging learning?  What if they don’t flip out at home?  Flip across the digital divide?  No time to re-design . . .  Other questions?
  • 31. References: Bennet, B. (2011, Oct. 18). Video is not the answer. [Blog]. Educator, Learner. Retrieved from http://www.brianbennett.org/blog/video-is-not-the-answer/ Gerstein, J. (2011, June 13). The flipped classroom model: A full picture. [Blog] User-Generated Education. Retrieved from http://usergeneratededucation.wordpress.com/2011/06/13/the-flipped-classroom-model-a-full-picture/ Khan Academy [website]. Retrieved on April 6, 2013 from https://www.khanacademy.org/about Lage, M., Platt, G., and Treglia, M. (2000, Winter) Inverting the classroom: A gateway to creating an inclusive learning environment. The Journal of Economic Education , 31(1) (Winter, 2000), 30-43. Retrieved from JSTOR at http://www.jstor.org/stable/1183338 Musallam, R. (2013, Jan. 5): A pedagogy-first approach to the flipped classroom: Exploring overlaps between inquiry & technology. Cycles of Learning. Retrieved from http://www.cyclesoflearning.com/files/38160d33feb8aa0c0f531ef6368dbd71-85.php Westermann, K., Rummel, N. (2012, July). Delaying instruction: Evidence from a study in a university relearning setting. Instructional Science 40(4) 673-689. Retrieved from http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11251-012-9207- 8#page-1 Wilhelm, J. (2012). Cultures of collaboration: Leveraging classroom potential. Voices from the Middle, 20(2), 60-62. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.er.lib.k- state.edu/docview/1288617207?accountid=11789?accountid=11789