• Recruitment is the process of searching
prospective employees and
stimulating them to apply for job in the
• When more persons apply for jobs
then there will be scope of recruiting
• It is the second step after Manpower
• It prompts people to offer for selection
in an organization.
• “ Recruitment is the process of searching for
prospective employees and stimulating and
encouraging them to apply for jobs in the
• It is a process rather than a single act or event.
• Linking activity as it brings together the employer
and the prospective employees.
• Positive activity to seek out eligible persons from
which suitable ones are selected.
• It involves locating the sources of people required
to meet job requirements.
• It involves ability to match jobs to suitable
• A two way process between recruiter and
• A complex job that involves lots of factors.
Types of Recruitment
• Planned: Arises from changes in organization and
• Unexpected: Arises during resignations, deaths,
accidents and illness.
• Anticipated: Refers to those movements in
personnel which an organization can predict by
studying trends in the internal and external
1. Identify Vacancies
2. Prepare Job Description and Job
3. Choosing a Source
4. Managing the response
5. Short listing
6. Arrange Interviews
7. Conducting Interviews and Decision
Elements of Recruitment
• Recruitment Policy
• Recruitment style
• Developing sources of recruitment
• Methods of recruiting
• Recruitment Policy specifies the objectives of
recruitment and provides a framework for the
implementation of recruitment program.
• It may cover several issues such as extent of
promotion from within, recruiting old
employees, minority groups friends and
relatives of present employees.
Pre-requisites of a good
• It should be in conformity with general
• Provide employees with job security and
• Integrate organizational needs and employee
• It should match qualities of employess with
the requirements of work.
• It should provide suitable jobs for
handicapped, women and minority groups.
• Recruitment Policies differ from organization
to organization. There can be:-
Methods of Recruitment
• Direct Methods:- In this employee contacts,
manned exhibits and waiting lists are used.
• Indirect Methods:- It includes advertisement
in newspapers, journals on radio and
television are used to publicize vacancies.
• Third Party Methods:- When agencies are
used to recruit personnel e.g. Consulting
Agencies, Employment Exchanges.
Challenges in Recruitment
• Image of the Organization
• Unattractive Job
• Internal Policies of the Organization
• Budgetary Support
• Government Interference