Achieving Dexterous Manipulation for Minimally Invasive Surgical Robots Through the use of Hydraulics
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Achieving Dexterous Manipulation for Minimally Invasive Surgical Robots Through the use of Hydraulics

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Existing robotic surgical platforms face limitations which include the balance between the scale of the robot and its capability in terms of range of motion, load capacity, and tool manipulation. ...

Existing robotic surgical platforms face limitations which include the balance between the scale of the robot and its capability in terms of range of motion, load capacity, and tool manipulation. These limitations can be overcome by taking advantage of fluid power as an enabling technology with its inherent power density and controllability. As a proof-of-concept for this approach, we are pursuing the design of a novel, dexterous robotic surgical tool targeted towards transgastric natural orifice surgery.
The design for this hydraulic surgical platform and the corresponding analysis are presented to demonstrate the theoretical system performance in terms of tool positioning and input requirements. The design involves a combination of a novel 3D valve, hydraulic artificial muscles, and multi-segmented flexible manipulator arms that fit in the lumen of an endoscope. A dynamic model of the system is created. Numerical simulations show that a hydraulic endoscopic surgical robot can produce the desired performance without using large external manipulators such as those employed by conventional surgical robots. They also provide insight into the component interactions and input response of the system. Future work will include manufacturing a prototype to validate the concept and the numerical models.

Cite: http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.709016
Paper: http://www.uwstout.edu/faculty/bergdev/upload/DSCC2012-8685.pdf

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Achieving Dexterous Manipulation for Minimally Invasive Surgical Robots Through the use of Hydraulics Achieving Dexterous Manipulation for Minimally Invasive Surgical Robots Through the use of Hydraulics Presentation Transcript

  • ACHIEVING DEXTEROUS MANIPULATION FOR MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGICAL ROBOTS THROUGH THE USE OF HYDRAULICS Devin R. Berg*, Perry Y. Li, and Arthur G. Erdman Department of Mechanical Engineering University of Minnesota – Twin Cities Minneapolis, MN ASME Dynamic Systems and Control Conference 17 October 2012 1
  • Surgery is becoming less invasive and more complicated. 2
  • Use of robotics in surgery is continuing to become more prominent. 3
  • Use of robotics in surgery is continuing to become more prominent. 4
  • Hydraulics offers advantages for surgical manipulators. 5
  • 6
  • The components are housed within the manipulator itself. 7
  • 8
  • The backbone is assumed to take the lowest energy shape. 9
  • The backbone is assumed to take the lowest energy shape. 10
  • 11
  • Artificial muscle actuators are used to maximize the force per area. 12
  • Artificial muscle actuators are used to maximize the force per area. 13
  • 14
  • A novel 3D control valve manipulates feed pressure to the three actuators. 15
  • The valve’s internal flapper opens and closes the orifices differentially. 16
  • The valve’s internal flapper opens and closes the orifices differentially. 17
  • The flow path for a given inlet/outlet passes to the actuator or to tank. 18
  • 19
  • The assembly of these components forms the surgical manipulator. 20
  • Inertial dynamics are used to model motion of the distal end. 21
  • The model can also be extended to 3D for more realistic simulation. 22
  • Future work will pursue the expansion of this platform for robotic surgery. 23