Best Practices for Creating Scalable Apps with Heroku
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Best Practices for Creating Scalable Apps with Heroku

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While the Heroku platform can scale massively, you still need to design your app to scale efficiently. Join us as we show you how to apply good practices around Caching, Buildpack creation, Slug ...

While the Heroku platform can scale massively, you still need to design your app to scale efficiently. Join us as we show you how to apply good practices around Caching, Buildpack creation, Slug compilation optimization, environment management, multi-threading of API calls, API cache warming, and data replication. We'll also show you the tools for logging and monitoring services available on the Heroku platform so you can evaluate your app performance and resolve any challenges along the way.

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Best Practices for Creating Scalable Apps with Heroku Best Practices for Creating Scalable Apps with Heroku Presentation Transcript

  • Heroku – Best Practices for Creating Scalable Apps with Heroku Vincent Spehner, Tquila, Heroku Practice Manager @vzmind and @herokusalesforceplaybook
  • Safe harbor Safe harbor statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995: This presentation may contain forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties, and assumptions. If any such uncertainties materialize or if any of the assumptions proves incorrect, the results of salesforce.com, inc. could differ materially from the results expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements we make. All statements other than statements of historical fact could be deemed forward-looking, including any projections of product or service availability, subscriber growth, earnings, revenues, or other financial items and any statements regarding strategies or plans of management for future operations, statements of belief, any statements concerning new, planned, or upgraded services or technology developments and customer contracts or use of our services. The risks and uncertainties referred to above include – but are not limited to – risks associated with developing and delivering new functionality for our service, new products and services, our new business model, our past operating losses, possible fluctuations in our operating results and rate of growth, interruptions or delays in our Web hosting, breach of our security measures, the outcome of any litigation, risks associated with completed and any possible mergers and acquisitions, the immature market in which we operate, our relatively limited operating history, our ability to expand, retain, and motivate our employees and manage our growth, new releases of our service and successful customer deployment, our limited history reselling non-salesforce.com products, and utilization and selling to larger enterprise customers. Further information on potential factors that could affect the financial results of salesforce.com, inc. is included in our annual report on Form 10-K for the most recent fiscal year and in our quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the most recent fiscal quarter. These documents and others containing important disclosures are available on the SEC Filings section of the Investor Information section of our Web site. Any unreleased services or features referenced in this or other presentations, press releases or public statements are not currently available and may not be delivered on time or at all. Customers who purchase our services should make the purchase decisions based upon features that are currently available. Salesforce.com, inc. assumes no obligation and does not intend to update these forward-looking statements.
  • Introduction Last year at Dreamforce to discuss with speakers talking about Heroku and meet early adopters of the Platform. ▪ Released the first version of Heroku Salesforce Playbook on Xmas 2012 • Heroku history • Introduction to Heroku Toolbelt • Java and Ruby tutorial to get started ▪ Next release available soon (Xmas 2013) • Presenting 15+ detailed use cases http://herokusalesforceplaybook.com
  • Introduction Today the objective is to present some common mistakes done when building Cloud app (including on Heroku) and learn how to avoid them ▪ Platform / language neutral ▪ First we need to understand how Cloud Apps are different ? • Heroku 12 factors • Cloud App with remote Data/API
  • PaaS 12 factors I. Codebase One codebase tracked in revision control, many deploys II. Dependencies Explicitly declare and isolate dependencies III. Config Store config in the environment IV. Backing Services Treat backing services as attached resources V. Build, release, run Strictly separate build and run stages VI. Processes Execute the app as one or more stateless processes VII. Port binding Export services via port binding VIII. Concurrency http://12factor.net/
  • DE PE ND EN EV EN D ID ER IECI H S CW ES E !! NY E ARH AT W L YHE ID ER RE DE EV N !! Cloud App Architecture
  • The API latency syndrome How to detect it ? ▪ Pages taking ages to display ▪ API Quota reached quickly (few hours) ▪ More than 5 API calls per action ▪ App not working at specific moment of the day SOLUTION : CACHE EVERYWHERE IT’S REQUIRED !!
  • Cache OR Call pattern Reduce overall API Latency:
  • Understanding Caching options Cache vs Data replication vs Data synchronization: ▪ Cache: store temporarily data locally to avoid further calls ▪ Data replication: copy remote data locally ▪ Data synchronization: best of both, local and synchronized
  • Understanding Caching options Cache vs Data replication vs Data synchronization: ▪ Caching weakness: you need to sweep it regularly and automate it ▪ Data replication weakness: bi-directional update replication implies potential conflict which need a proper management ▪ Data synchronization: most robust option, hard to implement
  • Understanding Caching options: HerokuConnect
  • API cache warming Principle ▪ You already know that your application need to get the list of remote static objects ▪ Add a worker dedicated to Cache warming ▪ Store all remote Static records locally ▪ Define refreshing strategy on the worker itself
  • API cache warming
  • Salesforce custom APEX End Point Objective: ▪ Reduce API calls ▪ Access Hidden Business Logic Creating custom APEX endpoint: ▪ Group API calls ▪ Aggregate objects/records/business process results in ONE call ▪ Trigger complex Apex code from a REST endpoint
  • Environment management Is your local machine the Test env ? ▪ Cloud app might behave differently than on your Local Machine or Test Server • Assets compilation failing • Process running differently • Static Configuration • Memory management • Remote API calls
  • Environment management Solutions: ▪ Dev ENV as clause of Heroku PROD ENV than possible ▪ Duplicate your Production ENV for TEST ▪ Use Foreman locally ▪ Share Heroku config with your team and load it as part of your ENV ▪ Of course you can spin up and down Heroku TEST env
  • No clues on errors Logplex principle ▪ Logs are an event Stream (12 Factor number XI) Monitor early, drive safely: ▪ Start recording logs from the beginning with enough storage capacity ▪ Monitor your app ▪ Make sure your logs are relevant
  • Log stream , Papertrail, New Relic
  • App capacity estimation Load test your app
  • Conclusion ▪ Cloud apps - Heroku apps - require specific care ▪ Caching, Log stream, Env management as described in 12 Factor-app ▪ Rethink data storage and data exchange as they are not local ▪ Check the playbook, share your ideas with Book authors
  • All about Tquila Tquila is the main european Salesforce Partner specialized on Salesforce implementation, Mobile and Social applications with 250 consultants in Europe, Asia, Australia. ▪ 102 customers ▪ 304 projects ▪ 204 certifications
  • Vincent Spehner Heroku Practice Manager, @vzmind http://herokusalesforceplaybook.com