Minding the BodyOpportunities forInteractive SystemDesignWijnand IJsselsteijn
Imagine 10,000 years from now… What would a team of Martian paleantologists and archeologists deduce about our species when encountering the remnants of our information society, i.e., a desktop computer?
Major trends • New sensing possibilities: moving from keyboard/mouse to gesture-controlled interfaces, multitouch surfaces, face recognition, activity sensing, context sensing, biometrics, physiological measures • Diversifying physical interfaces: media form factors ranging from small, wearable displays (mobile computing), to large-scale ambient and immersive 3D environments • Shift in application purpose: From productivity-oriented workplace technologies where performance is a key objective, to applications for everyday life, that aim for user experiences through leisure, play, culture and art/ Industrial Engineering & Innovation Sciences
Marc Weiser, 1991“The most profound technologies are those that disappear. They weave themselves into the fabric of everyday life until they are indistinguishable from it.”
Gesture-based Interaction Tom Cruise in Minority Report
A magazine is an iPad that does not work/ Industrial Engineering & Innovation Sciences
Communication at a distance Seeing… Hearing…
Touch at a distance: Design explorationshttp://www.cutecircuit.com/products/thehugshirt/
What technologies are being used?• Tactile displays
Does mediated touch work at all?• Potential limitation – Tactile displays do not yet convey the richness of human touch• Can a mediated touch using simple electro- mechanical actuators yield similar effects as a real human touch?
What’s happening here?
Midas Touch• A brief touch on the arm or shoulder can: – Increase compliance to a request – Increase pro-social behavior (e.g., helping behavior)• Proven effective in F2F settings: – Get on a bus for free – Have someone hold on to your excitable dog while you go shopping – Get better tips when working as a waitress – Get people to help you if you drop something (disks, papers, pens, ...)
Conclusion • Engaging the body in HCI broadens the human-machine interaction bandwidth – Creating more natural interactions – Creating more engaging experiences • We need a combination of human-oriented and engineering sciences to help us move forward • Exciting time to be an engineer, a psychologist, or an interaction designer!/ Industrial Engineering & Innovation Sciences