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Detroit by the numbers and the Column Inch: Presentation for Transformation Detroit
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Detroit by the numbers and the Column Inch: Presentation for Transformation Detroit

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Detroit has changed a lot in the past decades, and Kurt Metzger's presentation walks us through the real facts behind Detroit's situation.

Detroit has changed a lot in the past decades, and Kurt Metzger's presentation walks us through the real facts behind Detroit's situation.

Published in News & Politics , Business , Sports
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  • 1. DETROIT BY THE NUMBERS AND COLUMN INCH Presentation toTransformation Detroit Media Briefing Kurt Metzger Data Driven Detroit (D3) June 22, 2011 www.DataDrivenDetroit.org www.SocialCompact.org/dd/citydna.php
  • 2. Detroit’s Population History2,000,000 1,849,5681,800,000 1,670,144 1,623,4521,600,000 1,568,662 1,511,4821,400,000 1,203,3391,200,000 1,027,974 993,0781,000,000 951,270 800,000 713,777 600,000 465,766 400,000 285,704 205,876 200,000 116,340 0 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Source: Census Bureau
  • 3. Metropolitan Detroit MCDsCensus 2000 Memphis Richmond Twp Brandon Twp Oxford Twp Addison Twp Groveland Twp Bruce Twp Armada Twp Holly Twp Richmond Washington Twp Ray Twp Independence Twp Orion Twp Oakland Twp Lenox Twp Springfield Twp Rose Twp Clarkston Lake Auburn Hills Chesterfield New Baltimore Angelus Rochester Twp Shelby Twp Macomb Twp Highland Twp White Lake Twp Waterford Twp Pontiac Rochester Hills Macomb Macomb Utica Oakland Keego Oakland Harbor Sylvan Harrison Twp Lake Mount Clemens Orchard Clinton Twp Lake Commerce Twp Village Bloomfield Hills Troy Sterling Heights Milford Twp West Bloomfield Bloomfield Twp Birmingham Walled Twp Clawson Fraser Wixom Lake Southfield Twp Madison Royal Oak Heights Warren Roseville St. Clair Berkley Farmington Hills Lathrup Pleasant Shores Village Ridge Lyon Twp Huntington Woods Center Line Novi Southfield South Novi Twp Grosse Farmington Oak Park Hazel Eastpointe Lyon Royal Oak Pointe Park Twp Ferndale Shores Northville Grosse Harper Pointe Woods Lake Woods Northville Twp Livonia Highland Park Grosse Pointe Grosse Pointe Farms St. Clair Ha mtra Redford mck Twp Plymouth Grosse Detroit Twp Plymouth Wayne Wayne Pointe Park Dearborn Heights Westland Garden er it Riv Detro City Dearborn Canton Twp. Inkster Melvindale Wayne River Canada Rouge Allen Park Lincoln Park Ecorse CanadaDetroit-Ann Arbor- Taylor Van Buren Twp Romulus Flint CMSA Wyandotte Southgate Belleville Riverview Huron Twp Woodhaven Trenton Grosse Ile Sumpter Twp Twp Area Flat Rock Gibraltar of Detail Rockwood Brownstown Twp Lake ErieWayne State Univesity/Center for Urban Studies March 2001
  • 4. Growth of Detroit Suburbs Post-World War II Post-3,500,000 Tri- Tri-County Totals 3,150,147 3,092,197 1950 3,016,1973,000,000 1960 3,762,390 2,884,705 1970 4,203,743 2,840,897 1980 4,044,236 2,692,261 1990 3,912,679 2000 4,043,4672,500,000 2010 3,863,924 2,092,2462,000,000 1,849,568 1,670,144 1,511,4821,500,000 1,166,629 1,203,339 1,027,974 951,2701,000,000 713,777 500,000 0 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Source: Census Bureau
  • 5. www.DataDrivenDetroit.org
  • 6. Development HistoryYear Builtby 5 Acre Gridcells 1920 and Earlier 1921 - 1940 1941 - 1960 1961 - 1980 1981 - 1990 1991 - 2000 2001 - 2004
  • 7. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 40,000 - 64,910 30,000 - 39,999 20,000 - 29,999 10,000 - 19,999 5,000 - 9,999 50 - 4,999 No Population I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1930 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  • 8. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 40,000 - 78,566 30,000 - 39,999 20,000 - 29,999 10,000 - 19,999 5,000 - 9,999 27 - 4,999 I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1940 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  • 9. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 40,000 - 80,150 30,000 - 39,999 20,000 - 29,999 10,000 - 19,999 5,000 - 9,999 8 - 4,999 I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1950 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  • 10. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 40,000 - 56,275 30,000 - 39,999 20,000 - 29,999 10,000 - 19,999 5,000 - 9,999 1,410 - 4,999 No Population I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1960 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  • 11. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 30,000 - 39,582 20,000 - 29,999 10,000 - 19,999 5,000 - 9,999 405 - 4,999 I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1970 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  • 12. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 30,000 - 32,710 20,000 - 29,999 10,000 - 19,999 5,000 - 9,999 29 - 4,999 No Population I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1980 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  • 13. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 10,000 - 16,901 5,000 - 9,999 115 - 4,999 No Population I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1990 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  • 14. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 10,000 - 17,090 5,000 - 9,999 8 - 4,999 No Population I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 2000 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  • 15. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 10,001 - 16,051 5,001 - 10,000 6 - 5,000 No Population I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract 2010 Detroit, Michigan0 0.45 0.9 1.8 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University,Claritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 4/10/2011
  • 16. Developing New DataA joint project of • Why was it necessary? – Partners needed more granular, current, and robust information – Condition and Vacancy data was of particular importance – Vacant Land survey necessary because of the rapid changes that are not captured within administrative datasetsWith the support of Detroit Residential Parcel Survey - 3/2010
  • 17. Vacant Lots with Overlay of City of Detroit ParksDetroit, Michigan City of Highland Park City of Hamtramck iver it R Detro The Detroit Residential Parcel Survey (DRPS) surveyed predominantly residential parcels.0 1.25 2.5 5 The DRPS also includes vacant lots in neighborhood Miles commercial areas adjacent to residential areas. This Park (Existing)Sources: City of Detroit, Planning and Dev. Dept; map does not include vacant lots in other commercial Vacant LotsDetroit Residential Parcel Survey; or industrial areas.Data Driven Detroit. 2/15/2010
  • 18. Hazel Warren Eastpointe St Clair Shores Southfield Oak Park Royal Ferndale Park 102 Oak 102 Harper Grosse Woods Pointe Woods Mound Rd 24 E 75 McNichols Rd 53 Evergreen Rd 8 Highland Park Grosse 5 Pointe Hamtramck 3 Farms 10 Grosse Pointe Grosse Co 39 nn Pointe er 96 94 Park St Redford Detroit ve W tA Je f res frie ve E Fo Fw s e nA e y arr Av EW Livernois A on 1 Evergreen Ave rs fe W n W st f E Je rre o r e Wa veF v e A A ve E r he Fis wy F Dearborn 75 375 Heights 12 Fis W 153 her Fw 85 y Dr Dearborn Pct. Change in Population, 2000-2010 ag oo nS By Census Tract, Detroit, MI t Percent Population Change Population Less Than 100Inkster -63.2% - -45% Other City Melvindale -44.9% - -30% River -29.9% - -15% Rouge -14.9% - 0% Allen Park 0.1% - 15% 15.1% - 30% Taylor Lincoln 30.1% - 493.2% Ecorse Park 0 0.5 1 2Source: U.S. Census. Data Driven Detroit. 4/15/2011 Miles
  • 19. Hazel Warren Eastpointe St Clair Shores Oak Park Royal Ferndale Park 102 Southfield Oak 102 Harper Woods Grosse Pointe 24 Woods 75 53 8 Highland Park Grosse 5 Pointe Hamtramck Farms 3 Grosse 10 Pointe 96 Grosse 39 Pointe 94 Park Redford 1 96 Dearborn 75 375 Heights 12 Detroit 153 85 Pct. Change, Population Under 18 DearbornInkster By Census Tract, Detroit, MI, 2010 Percent Change Other City -92.8% - -60% Less than 25 Youth -59.9% - -40% Melvindale River -39.9% - -20% Rouge -19.9% - 0% Allen Park 0.1% - 20% 20.1% - 40% Taylor Lincoln 40.1% - 47.8% Ecorse Park 0 0.5 1 2Source: U.S. Census. Data Driven Detroit. 4/13/2011 Miles
  • 20. The Suburban Movement of the 1990s Increased Post-2000 Post- With Exodus of African Americans From Detroit African Other/ White Asian Hispanic American Multi Macomb -16,189 50,902 8,176 6,660 2,664 Oakland -68,354 42,595 18,319 12,921 2,104 Washtenaw 3,642 3,826 6,746 5,021 2,530 Wayne -126,804 -131,826 10,659 18,053 -10,316 Out-Wayne Out- -82,487 53,567 12,445 16,541 -3,327 Detroit -44,317 -185,393 -1,786 1,512 -6,989 Source: Census Bureau
  • 21. 2000 – 2010 Population Change by Age Group DETROIT All Ages -25.0% Age 0-4 -34.2% Age 5-9 -47.2% Age 10-14 -36.8% Age 15-19 -4.5% Age 20-24 -17.6% Age 25-29 -41.0% Age 30-34 -39.3% Age 35-39 -30.8% Age 40-44 -33.3% Age 45-49 -25.5% Age 50-54 -3.7% Age 55-59 19.4% Age 60-64 26.5% Age 65-69 -6.6% Age 70-74 -30.2% Age 75-79 -29.6% Age 80-84 -11.6% Age 85+ 3.8% -60% -40% -20% 0% 20% 40% 60%Source: 2010 Census
  • 22. Warren St Clair Hazel Eastpointe Shores Southfield Oak Park Ferndale Park Royal Oak Harper Woods Grosse Pointe Woods Grosse Highland Pointe Park Farms Hamtramck Grosse Pointe Grosse Pointe Park Redford Dearborn Heights Detroit Dearborn Predominant Race, by 2010 Census Tracts, Detroit, MIInkster PredominantRace Detroit Outline Black Other City Hispanic No Population Melvindale River Rouge Allen White Park No Predominant Race Taylor Lincoln Park Ecorse 0 0.5 1 2 Miles
  • 23. www.DataDrivenDetroit.org
  • 24. www.DataDrivenDetroit.org
  • 25. Who will live here?Direct Impacts of Population Change1950 2010 Willis Street Willis Street McDougall Street McDougall Street Moran Street Moran Street GOOGLE EARTH IMAGE GOOGLE EARTH IMAGE Leland Street Leland StreetHistoric Density Current Density185 Homes 40 Homes540 People 116 People23 Persons per acre 5 Persons per acre$151,673 tax revenue $32,794 tax revenueWHY CHANGE?
  • 26. Phase 1 Update Touched approximately 5000 Detroiters through Phase meetings Responded to over 500 service requests Top three things we heard from the community during Phase I: Improve essential city services NOW - Public Safety: Response time & residency - Blight Elimination: Illegal dumping & demolition - Vacant land: Impact on neighborhoods & acquisition process Transportation improvements needed: - Regional light rail and bicycle safety & accessibility Use of vacant land: - Greening & sustainability initiatives and economic developmentWHY CHANGE?
  • 27. Near-Term Priorities Informed by Phase 1 Feedback Take action while planning Public Safety - Internal, operational changes - Homes for Public Safety Officers Blight Elimination - Bing 3,000 first year - Bing 10,000 first term Vacant Land - Acquisition/assembly of key vacant parcels - Enhance opportunities for residents/community based organizations to acquire propertyWHY CHANGE?
  • 28. www.DataDrivenDetroit.org
  • 29. Governance Boardswww.DataDrivenDetroit.org
  • 30. www.DataDrivenDetroit.org Kurt Metzger kurt@DataDrivenDetroit.org 163 Madison Street Detroit, Michigan 48226 313.887.6501 313.963.9723 fax