National Health Care Reform Outlook


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Cathy Ficara, MDAHU Legislative Chair
Presented October 20, 2009

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National Health Care Reform Outlook

  1. 1. National Healthcare Reform Outlook October 20, 2009 Presented by: Cathy Ficara, MDAHU Legislative Chair
  2. 2. Overview of What’s Going on In Congress <ul><ul><li>The initial goal was committee passage by the July 4 th recess and passage by House and Senate by the August recess </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Three House committees with responsibility over health care marked up and passed HR 3200 in July </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Senate HELP committee has marked up their bill and passed it out of committee in July </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Senate Finance Committee “Gang of Six” conducted bipartisan negotiations over the August recess. Bill was passed out of committee last week </li></ul></ul>Flow Chart for H.R. 3200
  3. 3. White House Plan <ul><li>Key promises: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Illegal aliens would not be covered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No public financing of abortions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you like your plan you can keep it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Existing coverage will not change, just become better and less expensive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public option, if there is one, will be limited to small employers and uninsured individuals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bill will not increase federal deficit by one penny </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bill will cost about $900 billion and be financed through administrative savings and cuts to waste, fraud and abuse in the current system </li></ul></ul>President Obama’s speech to the joint session of Congress on September 9 was short on specifics Polling indicates a short-term increase in support
  4. 4. Key Issues of the Legislation <ul><li>Gateway/Exchanges </li></ul><ul><li>Individual Mandate </li></ul><ul><li>Essential Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Grandfathered Plans </li></ul><ul><li>Public Plan Option </li></ul><ul><li>Employer Mandates </li></ul><ul><li>Small Business Assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Wellness Provisions </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Gateway/Exchange <ul><li>Mechanisms that facilitate purchase of health insurance coverage that satisfies requirements for affordability and quality </li></ul><ul><li>Key issue: State vs. Federal/ How regulatory? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Gateway/Exchange <ul><li>House Bill = Exchange </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Federally-based </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Governed by &quot;Health Choices Administration,&quot; a new, independent Federal agency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All individuals are eligible unless they are enrolled in a &quot;qualified health benefits plan&quot; or other &quot;acceptable coverage&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal Credits for up to 400% of FPL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plans must meet the requirements to be a &quot;Qualified Health Benefits Plan” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Categories of people and businesses would be phased in over 5 years, i.e. Individuals and groups up to 10 would be allowed the first year </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. The Gateway/Exchange <ul><li>Senate HELP = Gateway </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Primarily state-based </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Governed by the Secretary of HHS, who works with the National Association of Insurance Commissioners (&quot;NAIC&quot;) to establish the federal requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Available to &quot;Qualified Individuals&quot; who are not eligible for other coverage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal Credits for up to 400% FPL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plans must be approved for sale </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Gateway/Exchange <ul><li>Senate Finance Bill </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creates state insurance exchanges that offer competing plans to the uninsured </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All individual and small group market insurers must participate in the state-based exchanges by July, 2013 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In the event a CO-OP is not in every state, the Secretary of HHS is authorized to use planning grants to encourage formation or expansion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The exchanges will be based on a model web-based portal to direct individuals that will provide options, tax credit information and determine public program eligibility </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Individual Mandate <ul><li>Individuals who do not participate in coverage that satisfies the minimum requirements must pay additional taxes, with certain exceptions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>House Bill : Tax 2.5% of the excess of the taxpayer's modified adjusted gross income </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Senate HELP : The penalty may not be less than 50 percent of the average annual premium under the &quot;basic plan&quot; for the preceding calendar year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Senate Finance Bill : Individuals would be required to buy health coverage or face a fee of $750 to $950 per year. Families would face a fee of $1,500 to $3,800 and employers would have to pay if they did not offer coverage </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Insurance Market Reforms Insured Benefits <ul><li>Rating Limits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Insurers only may vary premium based on age (subject to maximum ratio of 2:1), geographic area, and family structure. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>House – rating limits apply to individual, small, and large group markets. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Senate HELP- Limits to individual and small group markets, also allows rating based on tobacco use </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Senate Finance – 4:1 age rating, 1.5:1 tobacco rating, applies to individual, small group markets </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Insurance Market Reforms Insured & Self-Funded Benefits <ul><li>Guaranteed Issue / Renewability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Applies in large group market, as well as individual and small group markets. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No Pre-Existing Condition Exclusions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No Annual or Lifetime Limits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must Cover Dependents to Age 26 (Senate HELP and House bill only) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. &quot;Essential&quot; Benefits Insured & Self-Funded Benefits <ul><li>Preventive care and immunizations without cost-sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Extension of mental health parity to individual and small group markets </li></ul><ul><li>Cost-Sharing Limits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>House: Limited to $5,000 individual / $10,000 family and must be limited to 30% of actuarial value of benefit. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Senate: Limited to high deductible plans only and must be limited to 24% of actuarial value of benefits (applies to Gateway plans only) </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. &quot;Essential&quot; Benefits - House Insured & Self-Funded Benefits <ul><li>Hospitalization </li></ul><ul><li>Outpatient hospital & clinic </li></ul><ul><li>Physician services </li></ul><ul><li>Services, equipment, & supplies incident to care </li></ul><ul><li>Prescription drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Rehabilitative services </li></ul><ul><li>Mental health & substance use disorder services </li></ul><ul><li>Preventive services & vaccines </li></ul><ul><li>Maternity benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Well baby & child care </li></ul><ul><li>Oral, vision, health, & hearing services, equipment, & supplies for children under 21 </li></ul>
  14. 14. &quot;Essential&quot; Benefits – Senate HELP Insured & Self-Funded Benefits <ul><li>Ambulatory patient services </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency services </li></ul><ul><li>Hospitalization </li></ul><ul><li>Maternity & newborn care </li></ul><ul><li>Mental health & substance abuse services </li></ul><ul><li>Prescription drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Rehabilitative services & devices </li></ul><ul><li>Laboratory services </li></ul><ul><li>Preventive & wellness services </li></ul><ul><li>Pediatric services, including oral & vision care </li></ul>
  15. 15. &quot;Essential&quot; Benefits- Senate Finance Insured & Self-Funded Benefits <ul><li>Establishes a standard of minimum creditable coverage based on four benefit categories with the following actuarial values </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bronze (minimum creditable coverage) = 65% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Silver = 73% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gold = 81% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Platinum = 90% </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. &quot;Essential&quot; Benefits- Senate Finance Insured & Self-Funded Benefits <ul><li>Preventive and primary care </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency services </li></ul><ul><li>Hospitalization </li></ul><ul><li>Physician services </li></ul><ul><li>Outpatient services </li></ul><ul><li>Same day surgery and related anesthesia </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnostic imaging and screening </li></ul><ul><li>Maternity and newborn care </li></ul><ul><li>Pediatric services (including dental and vision) </li></ul><ul><li>Medical/Surgical care </li></ul><ul><li>Prescription drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Radiation and chemotherapy </li></ul><ul><li>If plans rates for tobacco usage, must provide a comprehensive tobacco cessation program </li></ul>
  17. 17. Grandfathered Group Plans <ul><li>All bills allow you to keep plan if a dependent is removed or added </li></ul><ul><li>House </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Existing employment-based group plans grandfathered for 5 years, starting 1/1/13 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Senate HELP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Existing group plans grandfathered indefinitely, as long as not &quot;modified to a significant extent“ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Senate Finance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Existing small group plans would be allowed to phase in reform requirements over 5 years </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Public Plan Option <ul><li>The federal government will contract with entities to administer the option, but no risk will be transferred to the contracting entity </li></ul><ul><li>Critics say: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficult for insurers to compete because of uneven playing field </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physicians and hospitals may lose money, as the reimbursement rates may be lower under both of options, and they may attempt to recover these losses by charging higher rates to non-public plans </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Public Plan Option <ul><li>House Bill = &quot;Public Health Insurance Option&quot; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Looks like Medicare in many ways ( e.g. , reimbursement rates for providers will be the same as Medicare, with allowances for geographic variations) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Required to comply with the requirements that are applicable to all Exchange–participating health benefit plans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will offer at least three levels of coverage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Plan must negotiate rates (Energy and Commerce amendment) </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Public Plan Option <ul><li>Senate HELP Bill = &quot;Community Health Insurance Option&quot; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Still looks a lot like Medicare, but includes provisions to try to mitigate criticisms that were made about the public plan option </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Premiums must cover costs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rates for provider reimbursement shall be negotiated by HHS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Consumer protection laws of a state shall apply </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Start-up funds allocated to a federal trust fund must be repaid within 10 years </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Health care providers are not required to participate </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Public Plan Option <ul><li>Senate Finance bill does not create a new government-run public plan option </li></ul>
  22. 22. Employer Mandates <ul><li>House bill </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Employer must offer coverage that meets minimum requirements- qualified health benefit plans or grandfathered plans as permitted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For full-time employees, must contribute at least 72.5% for individual / 65% for family of contributions payable under employer’s lowest cost plan that meets essential benefits package. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For part-time employees, must contribute proportionate amount. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If do not elect or substantially comply, subject to excise tax of 8% of payroll </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Small employers with annual payroll up to $500,000 are exempt from the requirement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Payroll from $500,000 - $750,000 would pay from 2 – 6% for non-compliance </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Employer Mandates <ul><li>Senate HELP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Must contribute at least 60% of monthly premiums or pay a fine of $750 per year for each FT employee ($375 for PT employee) that is not covered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coverage must meet the essential benefits requirement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employers with less than 25 employees are exempt </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Employer Mandates <ul><li>Senate Finance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No employer mandate but it does provide a free rider penalty and extensive firewall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Firewall = if an employee is offered ESI, the individual is ineligible to receive tax credit to purchase through an exchange </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Free Rider – employers with 50 or more full time employees, working over 30 hours that do not offer coverage, must pay a non tax deductible fine for each employee who receives a tax credit through the exchange </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>These fees would not benefit the employees but be deposited into U.S. general funds </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Small Business Assistance <ul><li>House bill </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a health insurance tax credit equal to 50% of the cost of the coverage where the average compensation is less than $20,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Firms with 10 or fewer employees are eligible for the full credit, which phases out entirely for firms with more than 25 employees. </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals with incomes over $80,000 do not count for purposes of determining the credit amount </li></ul>
  26. 26. Small Business Assistance <ul><li>Senate HELP </li></ul><ul><li>Provides $1,000 tax credit for employee and $2,000 tax credit for employee + family if employers pay a wage of less than $50,000 and pay at least 60% of employee health expenses </li></ul><ul><li>Credit is adjusted for group size and number of covered months </li></ul><ul><li>Bonuses are paid for larger employer payments </li></ul>
  27. 27. Small Business Assistance <ul><li>Senate Finance </li></ul><ul><li>Provides tax credits for qualified small employer contributions to purchase coverage for employees </li></ul><ul><li>To be eligible for the full credit, an employer could have no more than 10 employees whose average annual salaries did not exceed $20,000 </li></ul><ul><li>The credit would phase out for employers with 25 or more employees with average annual salaries exceeding $40,000 </li></ul>
  28. 28. Wellness Provisions <ul><li>House bill– </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Employer-based wellness programs are not included </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creates national task force on evidence-based prevention and wellness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increases Medicare and Medicaid access to proven preventive care services </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Wellness Provisions <ul><li>Senate HELP </li></ul><ul><li>Allows participation in a workplace wellness program to be used as a factor in determining small group rates </li></ul><ul><li>Improves HIPAA wellness program rules and increases the value of workplace wellness incentives to 30% of premium, with the potential for expansion up to 50% with federal approval </li></ul><ul><li>Creates a prevention and public health investment fund </li></ul><ul><li>Creates a federal grant program to implement and evaluate proven community preventive health activities, reduce chronic diseases and address health disparities </li></ul>
  30. 30. Wellness Provisions <ul><li>Senate Finance </li></ul><ul><li>Improves HIPAA wellness program rules and increases the value of workplace wellness incentives to 30% of premium, with the potential for expansion up to 50% with federal approval </li></ul><ul><li>For small businesses, establishes a $200 million five-year grant program for businesses with less than 100 employees to create workplace wellness programs </li></ul><ul><li>Expands wellness program rules to the FEBHP and sets up a 10-state pilot program for the individual market, with potential expansion to all states after 2017 </li></ul><ul><li>Calls for a new study on wellness program effectiveness and cost savings </li></ul><ul><li>Creates a federal grant program to implement and evaluate proven community preventive health activities, reduce chronic diseases and address health disparities </li></ul>
  31. 31. Costs, Costs, Costs!!! <ul><li>CBO preliminary analysis states that to cover only 1/3 of the uninsured, for H.R. 3200 the cost will be more than $1.3 trillion dollars and that it will not contain costs at all </li></ul><ul><li>H.R. 3200 also would increase the federal budget deficit by more than $200 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Senate HELP proposal also scores at over $1 trillion </li></ul><ul><li>Senate Finance : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishes a new $6 billion health insurance fee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CBO score: $774 billion/ 10 yrs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cost is a political concern and a barrier to moving more aggressive reform </li></ul>
  32. 32. Call to Action <ul><li>Senator Debbie Stabenow Senator Carl Levin </li></ul><ul><li>243 W. Congress, Suite 550 30500 Van Dyke, Suite 206 </li></ul><ul><li>Detroit, MI 48226 Warren, MI 48093 </li></ul><ul><li>313-961-4330 586-573-9145 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>To find and contact your House of Representatives member, please visit </li></ul><ul><li>For more information on Healthcare Reform, please visit: </li></ul><ul><li> The National Association of Health Underwriters </li></ul><ul><li> America’s Health Insurance Plans </li></ul><ul><li> The coalition of organizations to ensure choices in healthcare </li></ul><ul><li> Council of Insurance Agents and Brokers </li></ul><ul><li> Kaiser Family Foundation – customizable side by sides of the legislation and key issues </li></ul>