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  • 1. CHAPTER 7 DISCUSSION QUESTIONS1) How did college sport as we have come to know it start?2) What Democratic presidential nominee attended the above event?3) How was the IAAUS formed?4) What is the largest & most influential college sport governing body on the US?5) Of all 3 divisions, which one is the largest?6) What governing body, with an emphasis on academic achievement, is open to4-year & upper-level 2-year colleges in the US & Canada? 7) What does the EADA state?8) Who assumes oversight of numerous areas within the athletics department?9) Who supports the AD in achieving the overall mission of the department?10) Who are responsible for specific work groups in the athletics department?11) What is the highest ranking female administrator involved in the managementof an NCAA institutions intercollegiate athletics department? 
  • 2. HOW DID COLLEGE SPORT AS WE HAVE COME TO KNOW IT START? A 2-MILE CREW RACE BETWEEN HARVARD UNIVERSITY & YALE UNIVERSITY IN 1852 HARVARD WON
  • 3. -1905: AS A RESULT OF DEATHS & CHARGES OF BRUTALITY IN COLLEGE FOOTBALL,PRESIDENT THEODORE ROOSEVELT HOSTED 2 WHITE HOUSE CONFERENCES ONFOOTBALL-1906: AS A RESULT OF THE CONFERENCES, THE INTERCOLLEGIATE ATHLETICASSOCIATION OF THE UNITED STATES (IAAUS) IS FORMED-1910: IAAUS BECOMES KNOWN AS THE NATIONAL COLLEGIATE ATHLETICASSOCIATION (NCAA) -THE LARGEST & MOST INFLUENTIAL COLLEGE SPORT GOVERNING BODY IN THE US -HEADQUARTERS: INDIANAPOLIS, INDIANA
  • 4. -1973: NCAA DIVIDED INTO 3 DIVISIONS-CRITERIA: SIZE OF FINANCIAL BASE, # & TYPES OF SPORTSOFFERED, FOCUS OF THE PROGRAM
  • 5. DIVISION I-MAJOR FINANCIAL ENTERPRISES THAT GENERATE SIGNIFICANTREVENUE-MUST OFFER AT LEAST 7 SPORTS FOR MEN & 7 SPORTS FOR WOMEN-MUST HAVE AT LEAST 2 TEAM SPORTS FOR EACH GENDER-MUST OFFER: -FULL GRANTS-IN-AID BASED ON ATHLETIC ABILITY -FINANCE PROGRAMS THROUGH STUDENT FEES, GATERECEIPTS, TV REVENUES, LIVENSING REVENUES, & PRIVATEDONATIONS
  • 6. DIVISION II-MUST OFFER AT LEAST 4 SPORTS FOR MEN & 4 SPORTS FOR WOMEN-MUST HAVE 2 TEAM SPORTS FOR EACH GENDER-MUST OFFER: -GRANTS-IN-AID BASED ON ATHLETIC ABILITY BUT OFFER FEWER PER CAPITA THAN D1 -FINANCE ATHLETIC PROGRAMS SAME WAY THEY DOACADEMIC PROGRAMS
  • 7. DIVISION III-FOCUS IS ON PARTICIPATION RATHER THAN COMPETITION ORENTERTAINMENT-MUST OFFER AT LEAST 5 SPORTS FOR MEN & 5 SPORTS FOR WOMEN-MUST OFFER 2 TEAM SPORTS FOR EACH GENDER-DOES NOT OFFER ATHLETIC SCHOLARSHIPS
  • 8. WHAT GOVERNING BODY, WITH ANEMPHASIS ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT, IS OPEN TO 4- YEAR & UPPER-LEVEL 2-YEAR COLLEGES IN THE US & CANADA?
  • 9. NAIA HISTORY-1940: NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR INTERCOLLEGIATEATHLETICS (NAIA) ESTABLISHED-HEADQUARTERS: OLATHE, KANSAS-HAS MORE THAN 360 MEMBER INSTITUTIONS-OPEN TO 4 YEAR & UPPER-LEVEL 2 YEAR US COLLEGES &UNIVERSITIES-EMPHASIZES ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT & FOCUS ON RESPECT& RESPONSIBILITY TO FAIR PLAY-1948: 1ST NATIONAL ORGANIZATION TO OFFER POSTSEASONOPPORTUNITIES TO BLACK STUDENT-ATHLETES-1980: 1ST NATIONAL ORGANIZATION TO OFFER ATHLETICCHAMPIONSHIPS FOR WOMEN’S SPORTS
  • 10. EQUITY IN ATHLETICS DISCLOSURE ACT (EADA) PROVIDES PUBLIC INFORMATION ABOUT THE SPENDING PATTERNS OF ATHLETICS DEPARTMENTS IN TERMS OF MEN’S & WOMEN’S PROGRAMS.-REQUIRES INSTITUTIONS RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIALASSISTANCE TO SUBMIT A REPORT DOCUMENTINGEXPENDITURES FOR EACH FISCAL YEAR
  • 11. THE FOLLOWING DATA IS BASED ON A USA TODAY SPORTS’ ANNUAL ANALYSIS OF COLLEGE ATHLETICS FINANCESTHE DATA IS BASED ON THE 2010-11 SCHOOL YEAR, THE MOST RECENT YEAR FOR WHICH PUBLIC SCHOOLS’ FILINGS WITH THE NCAA ARE AVAILABLE
  • 12. HOW MANY PUBLIC DIVISION I PROGRAMS (227)GENERATE MORE MONEY IN REVENUE THAN THEY SPEND IN EXPENSES? 22 THE TOP 50 PROGRAMS HAD AN AVERAGE REVENUE OF $81.5 MILLIONAVERAGE SPENDING AMONG THE TOP 50 PROGRAMS WAS $76 MILLION
  • 13. WHAT PUBLIC DI SCHOOL GENERATED THE MOST REVENUE? UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS $150 MILLION
  • 14. WHAT PUBLIC DI SCHOOL HAD THE LARGEST OPERATING EXPENSES? UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS $133 MILLION
  • 15. -$22.2 MILLION FOR COACHES’ SALARIES (HIGHESTAMONG DIVISION I PUBLIC SCHOOLS)-HEAD FOOTBALL COACH MACK BROWN MAKES $5+MILLION/YEAR NOT INCLUDING BONUSES-HE WILL RECEIVE A $100,000 ANNUAL RAISE THROUGH2020
  • 16. WHAT PUBLIC DI SCHOOL GENERATED THE 2ND MOST REVENUE? OHIO STATE $131.5 MILLION
  • 17. WHAT PUBLIC DI SCHOOL HAD THE 2ND LARGEST OPERATING EXPENSES? OHIO STATE $122 MILLION
  • 18. TOP REVENUE GENERATING PUBLIC DI SCHOOLS 3-5$124.5 MILLION $123.5 MILLION $123 MILLION
  • 19. TOP EXPENSES GENERATING PUBLIC DI SCHOOLS 3-5$112 MILLION $107 MILLION $105 MILLION
  • 20. REPORTING YEAR: 7/1/11 – 6/30/12SOURCE: WWW.OPE.ED.GOV/ATHLETICS
  • 21. -FULL-TIME STUDENTS: 1,407 (MEN: 704 WOMEN: 703)-MEN’S TEAMS: 8-PARTICIPANTS: 228-WOMEN’S TEAMS: 9-PARTICIPANTS: 138-AVERAGE ANNUAL SALARY MEN’S HEAD COACH: $33,244-AVERAGE ANNUAL SALARY WOMEN’S HEAD COACH: $27,508-RECRUITING EXPENSES MEN’S TEAMS: $23,156-RECRUITING EXPENSES WOMEN’S TEAMS: $18,611-REVENUE FOR ALL TEAMS: $3,674,980-EXPENSES FOR ALL TEAMS: $3,674,980-NET PROFIT FOR ALL TEAMS: $0
  • 22. INTERCOLLEGIATE ATHLETICS ADMINISTRATORS
  • 23. WHO ASSUMES OVERSIGHT OF NUMEROUS AREAS WITHIN THE ATHLETICS DEPARTMENT? ATHLETICS DIRECTOR (AD)-THE JOB OF AN AD IS IS MUCH LIKE THAT OF A CEO -BUDGET & FINANCE -FUNDRAISING -SPONSORSHIPS -HIRING & FIRING -COMPLIANCE -MARKETING -RISK MANAGEMENT -MEDIA RELATIONS
  • 24. WHO SUPPORTS THE AD IN ACHIEVING THE OVERALL MISSION OF THE ATHLETICS DEPARTMENT? ASSOCIATE/ASSISTANT DIRECTOR-MAIN RESPONSIBILITIES USUALLY INCLUDE EVENT MANAGEMENT &FACILITIES MANAGEMENT
  • 25. WHO ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR SPECIFIC WORK GROUPS IN THE ATHLETICS DEPARTMENT? FIRST-LINE MANAGERS-POSITIONS INCLUDE ACADEMIC COORDINATOR, COMMUNICATIONSDIRECTOR, & SPORTS INFORMATION DIRECTOR.
  • 26. WHAT IS THE HIGHEST RANKING FEMALE ADMINISTRATOR INVOLVED IN THE MANAGEMENT OF AN NCAA INSTITUTION’S INTERCOLLEGIATE ATHLETICS DEPARTMENT? SENIOR WOMAN ADMINISTRATOR (SWA)-PURPOSE IS TO ENSURE THAT: -WOMEN HAVE A ROLE IN THE DECISION-MAKING PROCESS IN COLLEGE SPORT -WOMEN’S INTERESTS ARE REPRESENTED