CHAPTER 5 DISCUSSION QUESTIONS1) What is the 2nd leading cause of preventable death in the US each year?2) What are health consequences of obesity (Not the ones in the box. Look at the paragraph that starts: The American Heart Association...)?3) What is yo-yo dieting & why is it bad?4) Explain the following eating disorders:A) Anorexia NervosaB) Bulimia NervosaC) Binge-Eating DisorderD) Emotional Eating5) Define each of the 3 basic components of the total daily energy requirement.6) When diet is combined with exercise, close to 100% of the weight loss is in the form of what?7) What is ghrelin & leptin?8) On the average, starting at age 25, the typical American gain how many pounds of weight per year?9) What is the Estimated Energy Requirement (EER) formula?10) What is your EER?11) What is the target caloric intake to lose weight formula?12) What is your target caloric intake to lose weight?13) What is the caloric expenditure (cal/lb/min) of the following activities:A) BaseballB) GolfC) Running (7 min/mile)D) SkatingE) SoccerF) Wrestling
“OBESITY IN AMERICA: WHAT’S DRIVING THE EPIDEMIC?”
1) How many American adults out of 3 are now overweight or obese?•22) What are the most obvious consequences of obesity?•DIABETES, HYPERTENSION, & HEART DISEASE.3) Out of every 10 American deaths, how many are the result of obesity & overweight?•14) What does obesity & overweight issues cost our society every year?•$223 BILLION.5) What % of job in 2010 required at least moderate physical activity?•LESS THAN 20%.6) The average American man is burning how many fewer calories each day than he did in the 1960s?•1427) What % of adults get enough exercise?•5%8) What % of his waking hours does the average American spend sitting down?•55%9) What is "sedentary work?”•DOING WORK WHILE BEING SEDENTARY.
10) An ACS study found that what can be hazardous to your health?•SITTING.11) TV watching has been linked to an increased risk of what disease?•CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE.12) What 2 things account for the rise in caloric intake of Americans?•PORTION SIZE & EATING FREQUENCY.13) What make the single largest contribution to the caloric glut?•SWEETENED SODAS.14) Sleeping less than how many hours a day can lead to weight gain?•6 HOURS.15) Sleeping more than how many hours a day can lead to weight gain?•8 HOURS.16) How many drinks for a man is considered moderate drinking?•217) What can moderate drinking reduce the risk of?•HEART ATTACK & STROKE.18) One drink a day can lead to how many pounds gained over a year?•10
WHAT IS MORE IMPORTANT FOR WEIGHT LOSS: A NEGATIVECALORIC BALANCE (DIET) OR INCREASING PHYSICAL ACTIVITY?•RESEARCH SHOWS THAT WEIGHT LOSS IS MORE EFFECTIVEWHEN YOU CUT BACK ON CALORIES AS OPPOSED TO ONLYINCREASING PHYSICAL ACTIVITY OR EXERCISE.•HOWEVER, WEIGHT LOSS IS ACCELERTED WHEN 150 OR MOREMINUTES OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PER WEEK ARE ADDED TODIETING.•WEIGHT LOSS MAINTENANCE IS POSSIBLE WITH 60-90 MINUTESOF SUSTAINED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY OR EXERCISE AT LEAST 5TIMES PER WEEK.
DOES THE TIME OF DAY WHEN CALORIES ARE CONSUMED MATTER WHILE ON A WEIGHT LOSS PROGRAM?•WHEN ATTEMPTING TO LOSE WEIGHT, DAILY CALORIEINTAKE SHOULD CONSIST OF: -MINIMUM 25% FOR BREAKFAST. -50% FOR LUNCH. -25% OR LESS FOR DINNER.•DO NOT EAT WITHIN 3 HOURS OF GOING TO BED(METABOLISM IS THE SLOWEST).
ARE SOME DIET PLANS MORE EFFECTIVE THAN OTHERS?•DIET: A NEGATIVE CALORIC BALANCE. -CONSUMING FEWER CALORIES THAN THOSE REQUIRED TO MAINTAIN YOUR CURRENT WEIGHT.•WHEN ENERGY OUTPUT SURPASSES ENERGY INTAKE,WEIGHT LOSS WILL OCCUR.•NO MATTER WHAT THE DIET, FOR HEALTH REASONS YOUSHOULD NOT CONSUME LESS THAN 1,500 CALORIES/DAY.
WHY IS IT SO DIFFICULT TO CHANGE DIETARY HABITS?• TWO MAIN REASONS:1) OVERABUNDANCE OF FOOD2) UNLIMITED NUMBER OF FOOD CHOICES.• MOST AMERICANS DO NOT HAVE THE WILLPOWER TO OVERCOME THESE.
1) WHAT IS THE 2ND LEADING CAUSE OF PREVENTABLE DEATH IN THE UNITED STATES EACH YEAR? EXCESSIVE BODY WEIGHT COMBINED WITH PHYSICAL INACTIVITY = OBESITY OBESITY IS:•A BODY MASS INDEX (BMI) OF 30 OR HIGHER.•THE POINT AT WHICH EXCESS BODY FAT CAN LEAD TO SERIOUS HEALTH PROBLEMS.
THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE WHO ARE OBESE & OVERWEIGHT IN THE U.S. HAS INCREASED DRAMATICALLY IN THE PAST FEW YEARS BECAUSE:1) PHYSICAL INACTIVITY2) POOR DIETARY HABITS-BEFORE 1990, NOT A SINGLESTATE REPORTED AN OBESITYRATE ABOVE 15% OF THESTATE’S TOTAL POPULATION.BY 2007, ONLY COLORADOHAD AN OBESITY RATEBELOW 20%.