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Chapter 3 Chapter 3 Presentation Transcript

  • CHAPTER 3 DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 1) What are the benefits for studying leisure history? 2) What are some factors that have influenced the development of the recreation movement in the 20th century? How did these factors influence the recreation movement? 3) What are some factors that will influence the development of the recreation movement in the 21st century? How will these factors influence the recreation movement?
  • What are the benefits of studying leisure history? 1) A knowledge/understanding of leisure history can promote a better understanding of leisure-related problems in society today. - “Those who do not understand the past are condemned to relive it.” 2) Understanding leisure history can can help provide explanations for leisure behavior in society. -The better that leisure behavior can be understood, the easier it is to determine how to improve society’s leisure services and well-being.
    • 3) A knowledge of leisure history provides a basis for comparison and evaluation of leisure services in today’s society.
      • -Are leisure opportunities better or worse today than in the past?
      • -What areas have shown progression?
      • -What areas have shown a decline?
  • 4) Society can learn to more effectively deal with leisure related social and technological changes in the future. -Society should not repeat its mistakes but should strive to repeat its successes. 5) Examining leisure history facilitates a clearer understanding of the multitude of factors that affect leisure in society. -Factors include: Religion Influential People Technology Wars Economy 6) If there is a greater consciousness of history, perhaps individuals will view present leisure behavior patterns with a more broader, more philosophical historical perspective. -We view many forms of recreational activity of past societies as immoral….won’t societies of the future think the same as us? View slide
  • FACTORS THAT HAVE INFLUENCED THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE RECREATION MOVEMENT IN 20th CENTURY View slide
    • 1) Technological Advances
    • Shorter work week = Increase free time
    • More free time increases possibility for leisure related problems
    • How have technology increased free time in your life?
    • 2) Urbanization
    • Migration of people to cities
    • Recreation viewed as a means to combat crowded condition
    • How has recreation provided a means for maintaining a decent quality of life in cities?
    • 3) Increased Specialization of Work
    • Specialized work can be monotonous
    • Recreation is viewed as a means of satisfying the need for an outlet/release from work.
    • Leisure activities provide a means for socialization, especially to various societies
    • 4) Philosophical Concepts
    • Play/Recreation is an important part of education
    • Catharsis Theory: Play/Recreations is a positive outlet for negative emotions.
    • 5) Improved Transportation
    • Gives people more opportunities to recreate outdoors
    • Tourism became major economic impact factor as a result
    • 6) Growth in Physical Education
    • More people acquire sports skills through P.E.
    • Demand for recreational opportunities increased
    • 7) “Immoral” Forms of Commercial Recreation
    • Regulates “immoral” leisure activities by taking them out of private enterprises hands and into commercial recreation enterprises
    • Drinking as a positive leisure activity
    • 8) Pollution
    • Increased pollution from increasing industrialization creates a need for organized conservation movement
    • National/State/Municipal Parks flourish as a result
    • 9) Wars
    • Increase the need for Therapeutic Recreation
    • 10) Legislation Ensuring The Rights of People With Disabilities
    • Increase the need for Therapeutic Recreation
    • Special Olympics
    • 11) Women’s Liberation Movement
    • Greater recreation opportunities for women
    • Title IX
    • 12) Fitness Enthusiasm
    • Private enterprise aspect of recreation profession received boost
    • More opportunities to recreate = healthier people = creates more jobs
    • 13) Tax Reform Legislation
    • Creates a greater consciousness of the need for accountability in publicly provided leisure services.
    • Proposition 13 in California.
    • 14) Post-World War II Baby Boom
    • More children = more of a need for the recreation movement to address their recreational needs.
    • 15) Aging of American Society
    • Greater demand for recreational opportunities for older population.
    • As older population increases, the demand increases.
  • FACTORS THAT WILL AFFECT THE RECREATION MOVEMENT IN THE 21ST CENTURY
  • 1) Increasing Globalization: -“Americanization” affecting leisure/recreation in some countries -Other countries influencing US leisure activities 2) Terrorism: -Improvements in security for recreation programs -Tourism/Travel related recreation activities affected -“Carpe Diem” Quality of life has become important again -Recreation activities for the purpose of community togetherness 3) Technology: -Passive vs Active forms of leisure activities