CHAPTER 2 DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 1) Will leisure time grow or decline in the future? Why? 2) According to the textbook, what...
<ul><li>LEISURE EXPLOSION IN 20th CENTURY </li></ul><ul><li>AVERAGE WORK WEEK DECLINE  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1850: 72 HOUR...
1) LEISURE CLASS -INCREASE IN NUMBER OF RETIRED ADULTS.
2) LEISURE ETHIC -HIGHER VALUE ON FREE TIME OVER WORK.
3) TECHNOLOGY -LESS TIME TO DO MORE WORK ADDS FREE TIME.
4) FAMILY SIZE -DECREASE IN FAMILY SIZE LEADS TO AN INCREASE IN FREE TIME.
DECLINE OF LEISURE 1980-2000 WHY?
1) MARRIED COUPLES WORK MORE -26% MORE IN 2000 THAN 1980.
2) FREE TIME OF CHILDREN DECREASED -63 HOURS/WEEK IN 1981. -51 HOURS/WEEK IN 1997.
3) LONGER WORK WEEKS -2000: 37% AMERICANS WORK 50+ HOURS/WEEK.
<ul><li>REAL LEISURE vs PERCEIVED LEISURE </li></ul><ul><li>AMERICANS ACTUALLY HAVE MORE THAN TWICE THE AMOUNT OF LEISURE ...
<ul><li>1) INACCURATE SURVEY DATA </li></ul><ul><li>THE DATA USED TO SHOW LEISURE TIME DECREASING COMES FROM SURVEY QUESTI...
<ul><li>2) PASSIVE LEISURE </li></ul><ul><li>SEDENTARY LEISURE ACTIVITIES THAT WE DON’T THINK OF AS BEING LEISURE ACTIVITI...
<ul><li>3) STRUCTURED LEISURE </li></ul><ul><li>ORGANIZED SPORTS & RECREATION CLASSES ARE MUCH MORE POPULAR </li></ul><ul>...
FUTURE TRENDS IN FREE TIME A) FACTORS CAUSING A DECLINE IN FREE TIME
1) LIMITLESS MATERIALISM   <ul><ul><li>Desire for more material items may lead to desire to work more. </li></ul></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>2) WOMEN IN THE WORK FORCE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Working women’s work time increase, their free time decreases and...
FUTURE TRENDS IN FREE TIME B) FACTORS CAUSING AN INCREASE IN FREE TIME
<ul><li>1) TECHNOLOGY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Things get done faster, easier, more efficiently </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Au...
LEISURE RELATED PROBLEMS
<ul><li>SPECTATORSHIP </li></ul><ul><li>PASSIVE SPORTS PARTICIPATION VS ACTIVE SPORTS PARTICIPATION. </li></ul>
<ul><li>2) BOREDOM </li></ul><ul><li>RESULTS IN NEGATIVE USE OF FREE TIME. </li></ul>
<ul><li>3) NONLIVING </li></ul><ul><li>HIGHER EMPHASIS ON MATERIALISM & CONSUMERISM. </li></ul><ul><li>$$$ = HAPPINESS? </...
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Chapter 2

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  1. 1. CHAPTER 2 DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 1) Will leisure time grow or decline in the future? Why? 2) According to the textbook, what factors will contribute to the growth or decline of leisure in the future? 3) What factors contributed to the leisure explosion from the 19th to 20th Century? 4) Explain how &quot;spectatorship,&quot; &quot;boredom,&quot; & &quot;nonliving&quot; are leisure-related problems. 5) According to Table 2.1, what is the largest category of time in the remaining lifespan of a college freshman? 6) What is the difference between passive & active leisure? 7) What is &quot;limitless materialism?” 8) According to Table 2.2, based on 1999 statistics what is the economic cost of alcohol abuse?
  2. 2. <ul><li>LEISURE EXPLOSION IN 20th CENTURY </li></ul><ul><li>AVERAGE WORK WEEK DECLINE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1850: 72 HOURS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>• 1980: 40 HOURS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WHY? </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. 1) LEISURE CLASS -INCREASE IN NUMBER OF RETIRED ADULTS.
  4. 4. 2) LEISURE ETHIC -HIGHER VALUE ON FREE TIME OVER WORK.
  5. 5. 3) TECHNOLOGY -LESS TIME TO DO MORE WORK ADDS FREE TIME.
  6. 6. 4) FAMILY SIZE -DECREASE IN FAMILY SIZE LEADS TO AN INCREASE IN FREE TIME.
  7. 7. DECLINE OF LEISURE 1980-2000 WHY?
  8. 8. 1) MARRIED COUPLES WORK MORE -26% MORE IN 2000 THAN 1980.
  9. 9. 2) FREE TIME OF CHILDREN DECREASED -63 HOURS/WEEK IN 1981. -51 HOURS/WEEK IN 1997.
  10. 10. 3) LONGER WORK WEEKS -2000: 37% AMERICANS WORK 50+ HOURS/WEEK.
  11. 11. <ul><li>REAL LEISURE vs PERCEIVED LEISURE </li></ul><ul><li>AMERICANS ACTUALLY HAVE MORE THAN TWICE THE AMOUNT OF LEISURE TIME THAN THEY THINK THEY HAVE. </li></ul><ul><li>WHY? </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>1) INACCURATE SURVEY DATA </li></ul><ul><li>THE DATA USED TO SHOW LEISURE TIME DECREASING COMES FROM SURVEY QUESTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>PEOPLE EXAGGRATE/LIE ON SURVEYS </li></ul><ul><li>SURVEY QUESTION: HOW MANY HOURS OF LEISURE TIME DO YOU HAVE PER WEEK? </li></ul><ul><li>-WHY WOULD SOMEONE UNDERVALUE THEIR LEISURE TIME WHEN ANSWERING THIS QUESTION? </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>2) PASSIVE LEISURE </li></ul><ul><li>SEDENTARY LEISURE ACTIVITIES THAT WE DON’T THINK OF AS BEING LEISURE ACTIVITIES </li></ul><ul><li>PASSIVE LEISURE IS LESS MEMORABLE </li></ul><ul><li>INCREASE IN PASSIVE LEISURE IS A RESULT OF TECHNOLOGY </li></ul><ul><li>-TV </li></ul><ul><li>-COMPUTER </li></ul><ul><li>-PHONE </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>3) STRUCTURED LEISURE </li></ul><ul><li>ORGANIZED SPORTS & RECREATION CLASSES ARE MUCH MORE POPULAR </li></ul><ul><li>-CHILDREN: TRAVEL TEAMS </li></ul><ul><li>ADULTS: WORK OUT CLASSES </li></ul><ul><li>MANY TIMES WHEN WE CHOOSE STRUCTURED LEISURE ACTIVITIES WE DO NOT ASSOCIATE THEM WITH LEISURE. </li></ul>
  15. 15. FUTURE TRENDS IN FREE TIME A) FACTORS CAUSING A DECLINE IN FREE TIME
  16. 16. 1) LIMITLESS MATERIALISM <ul><ul><li>Desire for more material items may lead to desire to work more. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Luxuries vs Necessities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Living beyond our means. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What types of material items do you want? </li></ul><ul><li>Are you willing to work longer hours for them? </li></ul><ul><li>Which lifestyle would you rather have? </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>2) WOMEN IN THE WORK FORCE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Working women’s work time increase, their free time decreases and the overall impact on society’s free time will decrease. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Just because a woman is not working does that mean she has free time? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3) SERVICE JOBS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The service industry requires nights and weekends to be available to the working public. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overtime may increase </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4) COMPLEX SOCIETY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free time is used to keep up with changes </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. FUTURE TRENDS IN FREE TIME B) FACTORS CAUSING AN INCREASE IN FREE TIME
  19. 19. <ul><li>1) TECHNOLOGY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Things get done faster, easier, more efficiently </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Automation: Replaces human labor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impacting higher unemployment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2) BABY BOOM GENERATION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More retired people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical advancements causing people to live longer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3) EDUCATION LEVELS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Birthrates decline leading to smaller families </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waiting longer to start families, using more contraceptives </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. LEISURE RELATED PROBLEMS
  21. 21. <ul><li>SPECTATORSHIP </li></ul><ul><li>PASSIVE SPORTS PARTICIPATION VS ACTIVE SPORTS PARTICIPATION. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>2) BOREDOM </li></ul><ul><li>RESULTS IN NEGATIVE USE OF FREE TIME. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>3) NONLIVING </li></ul><ul><li>HIGHER EMPHASIS ON MATERIALISM & CONSUMERISM. </li></ul><ul><li>$$$ = HAPPINESS? </li></ul>

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