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Chapter 12

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  • 1. CHAPTER 12 DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 1) How do you effectively deal with negative stress? 2) Define: Stress, Stressor, Eustress, Distress 3) Explain the 3 stages of the General Adaptation Syndrome. 4) Define explanatory style & explain the 2 types: optimistic & pessimistic. 5) Explain how self-esteem & fighting spirit can be used to deal with stress. 6) What is the difference between Type A, Type B, & Type C people? 7) What are the 5 steps to time management? 8) What is the fight or flight mechanism?
  • 2. STRESS: -THE MENTAL, EMOTIONAL, & PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSE OF THE BODY TO ANY SITUATION THAT IS NEW, THREATENING, FRIGHTENING, OR EXCITING. STRESSOR: -STRESS-CAUSING EVENT. EUSTRESS: -POSITIVE STRESS. DISTRESS: -NEGATIVE STRESS.
  • 3. WHAT ARE STRESSORS (EUSTRESS/DISTRESS) IN YOUR LIFE?
  • 4. TOP 5 COLLEGE STUDENT STRESSORS
  • 5. 1) FINANCES
  • 6. 2) ACADEMICS
  • 7. 3) TIME MANAGEMENT
  • 8. 4) ROOMMATE CONFLICTS
  • 9. 5) RELATIONSHIPS
  • 10.
    • COLLEGE STRESS COPING MECHANISMS
    • SLEEP
    • FOOD
    • EXERCISE
    • DISTANCE
    • PERSPECTIVE
  • 11. GENERAL ADAPTATION SYNDROME THE BODY’S ADAPTATION TO SUSTAINED STRESS. 3 STAGES: 1) ALARM -THE IMMEDIATE RESPONSE TO A STRESSOR. 2) RESISTANCE -BODY BUILDS UP RESISTANCE TO MAINTAIN HOMEOSTASIS. 3) EXHAUSTION/RECOVERY -BODY LOSES ITS ABILITY TO COPE.
  • 12. EXPLANATORY STYLE -”THE WAY PEOPLE PERCEIVE THE EVENTS IN THEIR LIVES.” -A WAY OF THINKING WHEN ALL OTHER FACTORS ARE EQUAL & THERE ARE NO CLEAR-CUT RIGHT & WRONG ANSWERS. -3 COMPONENTS: 1) PERSONAL: IN A SITUATION, PEOPLE SEE THEMSELVES AS THE CAUSE. “ I ALWAYS FORGET TO MAKE THAT TURN.” 2) PERMANENT: PEOPLE SEE THE SITUATION AS UNCHANGEABLE. “ I ALWAYS LOSE MY KEYS.” 3) PERVASIVE: PEOPLE SEE THE SITUATION AS AFFECTING ALL ASPECTS OF LIFE. “ I CAN’T DO ANYTHING RIGHT.”
  • 13. OPTIMISTIC EXPLANATORY STYLE -PEOPLE INTERPRET EVENTS POSITIVELY.
  • 14. PESSIMISTIC EXPLANATORY STYLE -PEOPLE INTERPRET EVENTS NEGATIVELY.
  • 15. COPING WITH STRESS
  • 16. SELF-ESTEEM -”A PERSON’S OVERALL EVALUATION OR APPRAISAL OF HIS/HER OWN SELF WORTH.”
  • 17. FIGHTING SPIRIT -”THE HEALTHY EXPRESSION OF EMPTIONS, WHETHER THEY ARE NEGATIVE OR POSITIVE.”
  • 18. FIGHT OR FLIGHT -”PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSE OF THE BODY TO STRESS THAT PREPARES THE INDIVIDUAL TO TAKE ACTION BY STIMULATING THE BODY’S VITAL DEFENSE SYSTEMS.”
  • 19. PERSONALITY TYPES
  • 20. TYPE A -HARD-DRIVING, OVERAMBITIOUS, OVERLY COMPETITIVE. -OFTEN SET THEIR OWN GOALS, ARE SELF-MOTIVATED, & TRY TO MANY TASKS AT THE SAME TIME. TYPE B -CALM, CASUAL, RELAXED, EASY-GOING. -TAKE ONE THING AT A TIME, DO NOT FEEL PRESSURED OR HURRIED, & SELDOM SET THEIR OWN DEADLINES.
  • 21. TYPE C -AS HIGHLY STRESSED AS TYPE A BUT NOT AT A HIGHER RISK FOR DISEASE THAN TYPE B -PERFORM WELL UNDER PRESSURE. -KEYS FOR SUCCESS (3 C’S): -COMMITMENT, CONFIDENCE, CONTROL
  • 22. MYERS-BRIGGS (BASED ON CARL JUNG) TYPOLOGY TEST ATTITUDES -EXTRAVERSION (ACTION ORIENTED) -INTROVERSION (THOUGHT ORIENTED) INFORMATION GATHERING FUNCTIONS -SENSING (TRUST INFORMATION IN THE PRESENT) -INTUITION (TRUST INFORMATION THAT IS MORE THEORETICAL) DECISION MAKING FUNCTIONS -THINKING (MAKE DECISIONS FROM A MORE DETACHED STANDPOINT) -FEELING (MAKE DECISIONS BY ASSOCIATING WITH THE SITUATION) LIFESTYLE -JUDGMENT (THINK/FEEL WHEN RELATING TO THE OUTSIDE WORLD) -PERCEPTION (SENSE/INTUITION WHEN RELATING TO THE OUTSIDE WORLD)
  • 23.
    • 5 STEPS TO TIME MANAGEMENT
    • FIND THE TIME KILLERS
    • SET LONG-RANGE & SHORT-RANGE GOALS
    • IDENTIFY & PRIORITIZE YOUR IMMEDIATE GOALS
    • USE A DAILY PLANNER
    • CONDUCT NIGHTLY AUDITS
  • 24. COMMON TIME WASTERS
  • 25. 1) TV
  • 26. 2) COMPUTERS
  • 27. 3) CELL PHONES
  • 28. 4) VIDEO GAMES
  • 29. 5) WORRYING