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Chapter 12
 

Chapter 12

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    Chapter 12 Chapter 12 Presentation Transcript

    • CHAPTER 12 DISCUSSION QUESTIONS1) Define immunity.2) What are the 4 major groups of sleep disorders?3) On average, how many hours per night do college students sleep?4) Approximately what % of college students report chronic sleep difficulties?5) What % of college students report sleeping 8+ hours per night?6) According to the National Sleep Foundation, how many hours of sleep per night domost people get?7) What hours during sleep do most exerts believe are the most vital for well-being?8) Define the terms: stress, stressor, eustress, distress9) What are the 3 stages of the General Adaptation Syndrome?10) The habitual manner in which people explain the things that happen to them is knownas what?11) A way of viewing & assessing yourself is known as what?12) The healthy expression of emotions (negative or positive) is known as what?13) What are the characteristics of Type A behavior?14) What are the characteristics of Type B behavior?15) What are the 5 steps to time management?
    • IMMUNITY“THE FUNCTION THAT GUARDS THE BODY FROM INVADERS, BOTH INTERNAL& EXTERNAL”LYMPHOCYTES:-IMMUNE SYSTEM CELLS RESPONSIBLE FOR WAGING WAR AGAINST DISEASEOR INFECTIONANTIBODIES:-SYBSTANCES PRODUCED BY THE WHITE BLOOD CELLS IN RESPONSE TO ANINVADING AGENT-PHYSICAL & PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS ALTERS THE IMMUNE SYSTEM-STRESS CAUSES THE BODY TO RELEASE NEUROHORMONES THAT BIND WITHLYMPHOCYTES & SUPPRESS IMMUNE FUNCTION
    • SLEEP & WELLNESSSLEEP-A NATURAL STATE OF REST VITAL FOR GOOD HEALTH & WELLNESS-ALLOWS BODY TO RESTORE & HEAL ITSELF-WE REPLENISH DEPLETED ENERGY LEVELS & ALLOW BRAIN, MUSCLES,ORGANS, & BODY TISSUES TO REPAIR THEMSELVES
    • SLEEP & WELLNESSSLEEP DEPRIVATION:-WEAKENS IMMUNE SYSTEM-IMPAIRS MENTAL FUNCTION-HAS NEGATIVE IMPACT ON PHYSICAL, SOCIAL,ACADEMIC, & JOB PERFORMANCE, & STRESSLEVELS-LONGTERM CONSEQUENCES INCLUDE ANINCREASE IN RISK FOR:-CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, HIGHBLOOD PRESSUE, OBESITY, DIABETES, &PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS-40,000+ INJURIES & 1,500 DEATHS EACH YEARARE ATTRIBUTED TO SLEEPY DRIVERS
    • SLEEP DISORDER GROUPS1) PROBLEMS WITH FALLING &STAYING ASLEEP2) DIFFICULTIES STAYING AWAKE3) DIFFICULTY ADHERING TO AREGULAR SLEEP SCHEDULE4) SLEE-DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIORS(SLEEP WALKING & SLEEPTERROR DISORDER)
    • SLEEP FACTSACCORDING TO THE NATIONAL SLEEP FOUNDATION, HOW MANY HOURS OFSLEEP/NIGHT DO MOST PEOPLE GET?7 HOURSWHAT HOURS DURING SLEEP DO MOST EXPERTS BELIEVE ARE THE MOST-VITAL FOR WELL-BEING?THE LAST 2 HOURS
    • SLEEP & COLLEGE STUDENTSON AVERAGE, HOW MANY HOURS/NIGHTDO COLLEGE STUDENTS SLEEP?6 1/2 HOURSWHAT % OF COLLEGE STUDENTS REPORTSLEEPING 8+ HOURS/NIGHT?8%APPROXIMATELY WHAT % OF COLLEGESTUDENTS REPORT CHRONIC SLEEPDIFFICULTIES?30%
    • STRESS“THE MENTAL, EMOTIONAL, & PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSE OF THE BODY TO ANYSITUATION THAT IS NEW, THREATENING, FRIGHTENING, OR EXCITING”
    • THE COST ($) OF STRESS-ANNUAL COST OF STRESS & STRESS-RELATED DISEASES IN U.S.EXCEEDS $100 BILLION-A DIRECT RESULT OF:-HEALTH CARE COSTS-LOST PRODUCTIVITY-ABSENTEEISM
    • STRESSOR:-STRESS-CAUSING EVENTEUSTRESS:-POSITIVE STRESS-HEALTH & PERFORMANCE CONTINUE TO IMPROVE, AS STRESS INCREASESDISTRESS:-NEGATIVE STRESS-HEALTH & PERFORMANCE CONTINUE TO DETERIORATE, AS STRESS INCREASES
    • GENERAL ADAPTATION SYNDROMETHE BODY’S REACTION TO STRESSORS3 STAGES:1) ALARM REACTION-THE IMMEDIATE RESPONSE TO A STRESSOR2) RESISTANCE-BODY BUILDS UP RESISTANCE TO MAINTAIN HOMEOSTASIS**A NATURAL STATE OF EQUILIBRIUM3) EXHAUSTION/RECOVERY-BODY LOSES ITS ABILITY TO COPE
    • STRESS VULNERABILITY QUESTIONNAIRE1: STRONGLY AGREE 2: MILDLY AGREE 3: MILDLY DISAGREE 4: STRONGLY DISAGREE1. I TRY TO INCORPORATE AS MUCH PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AS POSSIBLE IN MY DAILY SCHEDULE. 12. I EXERCISE AEROBICALLY 20 MINUTES OR MORE AT LEAST 3 TIMES/WEEK. 13. I REGULARLY SLEEP 7-8 HOURS/NIGHT. 14. I TAKE MY TIME EATING AT LEAST 1 HOT, BALANCED MEAL/DAY. 15. I DRINK THE EQUIVALENT OF OR FEWER THAN 2 CUPS OF COFFE/DAY. 26. I AM AT RECOMMENDED BODY WEIGHT. 27. I ENJOY GOOD HEALTH. 18. I DO NOT USE TOBACCO IN ANY FORM. 19. I LIMIT MY ALCOHOL INTAKE TO NO MORE THAN 1 DRINK (WOMEN) & 2 DRINKS (MEN) PER DAY. 210. I DO NOT USE HARD DRUGS. 111. I HAVE SOMEONE I LOVE, TRUST, & CAN RELY ON FOR HELP IF I HAVE A PROBLEM OR NEED T MAKE AN ESSENTIAL DECISION. 112. THERE IS LOVE IN MY FAMILY. 113. I ROUTINELY GIVE & RECEIVE AFFECTION. 214. I HAVE CLOSE RELATIONSHIPS WITH OTHER PEOPLE WHP PROVIDE ME WITH A SENSE OF EMPTIONAL SECURITY. 115. THERE ARE PEOPLE CLOSE BY WHOM I CAN TURN FOR GUIDANCE IN TIME OF STRESS. 116. I CAN SPEEK OPENLY ABOUT FEELINGS, EMOTIONS, & PROBLEMS WITH PEOPLE I TRUST. 117. OTHER PEOPLE RELY ON ME FOR HELP. 118. I AM ABLE TO KEEP MY FEELINGS OF ANGER & HOSTILITY UNDER CONTROL. 319. I HAVE A NETWORK OF FRIENDS WHO ENJOY THE SAME SOCIAL ACTIVITIES I DO. 120. I TAKE TIME TO DO SOMETHING FUN AT LEAST ONCE A WEEK. 121. MY RELIGIOUS BELIEFS PROVIDE GUIDANCE & STRENGTH TO MY LIFE. 422. I OFTEN PROVIDE SERVICE TO OTHERS. 123. I ENJOY MY JOB. 224. I AM A COMPETENT WORKER. 125. I GET ALONG WELL WITH COWORKERS. 226. MY INCOME IS SUFFICIENT FOR MY NEEDS. 427. I MANAGE TIME ADEQUATELY. 228. I HAVE LEARNED TO SAY “NO’ TO ADDITIONAL COMMITMENTS WHEN I AM ALREADY PRESSED FOR TIME. 329. I TAKE DAILY QUIET TIME FOR MYSELF. 130. I PRACTICE STRESS MANAGEMENT AS NEEDED. 2
    • STRESS VULNERABILITY QUESTIONNAIRE0-30 POINTS: EXCELLENT (GREAT RESISTANCE TO STRESS)31-40 POINTS: GOOD (LITTLE VULNERABILITY TO STRESS)41-50 POINTS: AVERAGE (SOMEWHAT VULNERABLE TOSTRESS)51-60 POINTS: FAIR (VULNERABLE TO STRESS)61+ POINTS: POOR (HIGHLY VULNERABLE TO STRESS)ME: 48 POINTS
    • WHAT ARE STRESSORS (EUSTRESS/DISTRESS) IN YOUR LIFE?TOP 5 COLLEGE STUDENT STRESSORS
    • 5) RELATIONSHIPS
    • 4) ROOMMATE CONFLICTS
    • 3) TIME MANAGEMENT
    • 2) ACADEMICS
    • 1) FINANCES
    • COLLEGE STRESS COPING MECHANISMS1) SLEEP2) FOOD3) EXERCISE4) DISTANCE5) PERSPECTIVE
    • PERCEPTIONS & HEALTH
    • EXPLANATORY STYLE”THE WAY PEOPLE PERCEIVE THE EVENTS IN THEIR LIVES”-A WAY OF THINKING WHEN ALL OTHER FACTORS ARE EQUAL & THERE ARE NO CLEAR-CUT RIGHT &WRONG ANSWERS.-2 TYPES1) OPTIMISTIC EXPLANATORY STYLE: PEOPLE INTERPRET EVENTS POSITIVELY (GLASS 1/2 FULL)-TENDS TO INCREASE STRENGTH OF IMMUNE SYSTEM-ENHANCES ABILITY TO RESIST: INFECTIONS, ALLERGIES, AUTOIMMUNITIES, & EVEN CANCER2) PESSIMISTIC EXPLANATORY STYLE: PEOPLE INTERPRET EVENTS NEGATIVELY (GLASS 1/2 EMPTY)-CAN DEALY HEALING TIME & WORSEN THE COURSE OF ILLNESS-THESE PEOPLE HAVE HIGHER RISK OF DEVELOPING HEART DISEASE
    • SELF-ESTEEM-A WAY OF VIEWING & ASSESSING YOURSELF
    • FIGHTING SPIRIT-THE HEALTHY EXPRESSION OF EMOTIONS, WHETHER THEY ARENEGATIVE OR POSITIVE“To me, there are three things we allshould do every day. We should dothis every day of our lives. Numberone is laugh. You should laugh everyday. Number two is think. You shouldspend some time in thought. Andnumber three is, you should have youremotions moved to tears, could behappiness or joy. But think about it. Ifyou laugh, you think, and you cry,thats a full day. Thats a heck of a day.You do that seven days a week, youregoing to have something special.”
    • PERSONALITY TYPES
    • TYPE A-HARD-DRIVING,OVERAMBITIOUS, OVERLYCOMPETITIVE-OFTEN SET THEIR OWNGOALS, ARE SELF-MOTIVATED, & TRY TO MANYTASKS AT THE SAME TIMETYPE B-CALM, CASUAL, RELAXED,EASY-GOING-TAKE ONE THING AT A TIME,DO NOT FEEL PRESSUREDOR HURRIED, & SELDOM SETTHEIR OWN DEADLINES
    • TYPE C-AS HIGHLY STRESSED AS TYPE A BUT NOT AT A HIGHER RISK FORDISEASE THAN TYPE B-PERFORM WELL UNDER PRESSURE-KEYS FOR SUCCESS (3 C’S):-COMMITMENT, CONFIDENCE, CONTROL
    • 5 STEPS TO TIME MANAGEMENT1) FIND THE TIME KILLERS2) SET LONG-RANGE & SHORT-RANGE GOALS3) IDENTIFY & PRIORITIZE YOUR IMMEDIATE GOALS4) USE A DAILY PLANNER5) CONDUCT NIGHTLY AUDITS
    • COMMON TIME WASTERS
    • 1) TV
    • 2) COMPUTERS
    • 3) CELL PHONES
    • 4) VIDEO GAMES
    • 5) WORRYING