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Chapter 12

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Chapter 12 Chapter 12 Presentation Transcript

  • CHAPTER 12 DISCUSSION QUESTIONS1) Define immunity.2) What are the 4 major groups of sleep disorders?3) On average, how many hours per night do college students sleep?4) Approximately what % of college students report chronic sleep difficulties?5) What % of college students report sleeping 8+ hours per night?6) According to the National Sleep Foundation, how many hours of sleep per night domost people get?7) What hours during sleep do most exerts believe are the most vital for well-being?8) Define the terms: stress, stressor, eustress, distress9) What are the 3 stages of the General Adaptation Syndrome?10) The habitual manner in which people explain the things that happen to them is knownas what?11) A way of viewing & assessing yourself is known as what?12) The healthy expression of emotions (negative or positive) is known as what?13) What are the characteristics of Type A behavior?14) What are the characteristics of Type B behavior?15) What are the 5 steps to time management?
  • IMMUNITY“THE FUNCTION THAT GUARDS THE BODY FROM INVADERS, BOTH INTERNAL& EXTERNAL”LYMPHOCYTES:-IMMUNE SYSTEM CELLS RESPONSIBLE FOR WAGING WAR AGAINST DISEASEOR INFECTIONANTIBODIES:-SYBSTANCES PRODUCED BY THE WHITE BLOOD CELLS IN RESPONSE TO ANINVADING AGENT-PHYSICAL & PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS ALTERS THE IMMUNE SYSTEM-STRESS CAUSES THE BODY TO RELEASE NEUROHORMONES THAT BIND WITHLYMPHOCYTES & SUPPRESS IMMUNE FUNCTION
  • SLEEP & WELLNESSSLEEP-A NATURAL STATE OF REST VITAL FOR GOOD HEALTH & WELLNESS-ALLOWS BODY TO RESTORE & HEAL ITSELF-WE REPLENISH DEPLETED ENERGY LEVELS & ALLOW BRAIN, MUSCLES,ORGANS, & BODY TISSUES TO REPAIR THEMSELVES View slide
  • SLEEP & WELLNESSSLEEP DEPRIVATION:-WEAKENS IMMUNE SYSTEM-IMPAIRS MENTAL FUNCTION-HAS NEGATIVE IMPACT ON PHYSICAL, SOCIAL,ACADEMIC, & JOB PERFORMANCE, & STRESSLEVELS-LONGTERM CONSEQUENCES INCLUDE ANINCREASE IN RISK FOR:-CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, HIGHBLOOD PRESSUE, OBESITY, DIABETES, &PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS-40,000+ INJURIES & 1,500 DEATHS EACH YEARARE ATTRIBUTED TO SLEEPY DRIVERS View slide
  • SLEEP DISORDER GROUPS1) PROBLEMS WITH FALLING &STAYING ASLEEP2) DIFFICULTIES STAYING AWAKE3) DIFFICULTY ADHERING TO AREGULAR SLEEP SCHEDULE4) SLEE-DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIORS(SLEEP WALKING & SLEEPTERROR DISORDER)
  • SLEEP FACTSACCORDING TO THE NATIONAL SLEEP FOUNDATION, HOW MANY HOURS OFSLEEP/NIGHT DO MOST PEOPLE GET?7 HOURSWHAT HOURS DURING SLEEP DO MOST EXPERTS BELIEVE ARE THE MOST-VITAL FOR WELL-BEING?THE LAST 2 HOURS
  • SLEEP & COLLEGE STUDENTSON AVERAGE, HOW MANY HOURS/NIGHTDO COLLEGE STUDENTS SLEEP?6 1/2 HOURSWHAT % OF COLLEGE STUDENTS REPORTSLEEPING 8+ HOURS/NIGHT?8%APPROXIMATELY WHAT % OF COLLEGESTUDENTS REPORT CHRONIC SLEEPDIFFICULTIES?30%
  • STRESS“THE MENTAL, EMOTIONAL, & PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSE OF THE BODY TO ANYSITUATION THAT IS NEW, THREATENING, FRIGHTENING, OR EXCITING”
  • THE COST ($) OF STRESS-ANNUAL COST OF STRESS & STRESS-RELATED DISEASES IN U.S.EXCEEDS $100 BILLION-A DIRECT RESULT OF:-HEALTH CARE COSTS-LOST PRODUCTIVITY-ABSENTEEISM
  • STRESSOR:-STRESS-CAUSING EVENTEUSTRESS:-POSITIVE STRESS-HEALTH & PERFORMANCE CONTINUE TO IMPROVE, AS STRESS INCREASESDISTRESS:-NEGATIVE STRESS-HEALTH & PERFORMANCE CONTINUE TO DETERIORATE, AS STRESS INCREASES
  • GENERAL ADAPTATION SYNDROMETHE BODY’S REACTION TO STRESSORS3 STAGES:1) ALARM REACTION-THE IMMEDIATE RESPONSE TO A STRESSOR2) RESISTANCE-BODY BUILDS UP RESISTANCE TO MAINTAIN HOMEOSTASIS**A NATURAL STATE OF EQUILIBRIUM3) EXHAUSTION/RECOVERY-BODY LOSES ITS ABILITY TO COPE