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Chapter 12

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  • 1. CHAPTER 12 DISCUSSION QUESTIONS1) How do you effectively deal with negative stress?2) Define: Stress, Stressor, Eustress, Distress3) Explain the 3 stages of the General Adaptation Syndrome.4) Define explanatory style & explain the 2 types: optimistic &pessimistic.5) Explain how self-esteem & fighting spirit can be used todeal with stress.6) What is the difference between Type A, Type B, & Type Cpeople?7) What are the 5 steps to time management?8) What is the fight or flight mechanism?
  • 2. STRESS TESTScores of 1-6: Few HasslesScores of 7-12: Pretty Good ControlScores of 13-17: Danger Zone. Watch out!Scores of 18+: Stressed Out. You may need help.Your score is = 15
  • 3. STRESS:-THE MENTAL, EMOTIONAL, & PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSEOF THE BODY TO ANY SITUATION THAT IS NEW,THREATENING, FRIGHTENING, OR EXCITING.STRESSOR:-STRESS-CAUSING EVENT.EUSTRESS:-POSITIVE STRESS.DISTRESS:-NEGATIVE STRESS.
  • 4. WHAT ARE STRESSORS (EUSTRESS/DISTRESS) IN YOUR LIFE?
  • 5. TOP 5 COLLEGE STUDENT STRESSORS
  • 6. 1) FINANCES
  • 7. 2) ACADEMICS
  • 8. 3) TIME MANAGEMENT
  • 9. 4) ROOMMATE CONFLICTS
  • 10. 5) RELATIONSHIPS
  • 11. COLLEGE STRESS COPING MECHANISMS3) SLEEP4) FOOD5) EXERCISE6) DISTANCE7) PERSPECTIVE
  • 12. GENERAL ADAPTATION SYNDROME THE BODY’S ADAPTATION TO SUSTAINED STRESS.3 STAGES:1) ALARM-THE IMMEDIATE RESPONSE TO A STRESSOR.2) RESISTANCE-BODY BUILDS UP RESISTANCE TO MAINTAINHOMEOSTASIS.3) EXHAUSTION/RECOVERY-BODY LOSES ITS ABILITY TO COPE.
  • 13. EXPLANATORY STYLE-”THE WAY PEOPLE PERCEIVE THE EVENTS IN THEIR LIVES.”-A WAY OF THINKING WHEN ALL OTHER FACTORS ARE EQUAL & THERE ARENO CLEAR-CUT RIGHT & WRONG ANSWERS.-3 COMPONENTS:1) PERSONAL: IN A SITUATION, PEOPLE SEE THEMSELVES AS THE CAUSE.“I ALWAYS FORGET TO MAKE THAT TURN.”2) PERMANENT: PEOPLE SEE THE SITUATION AS UNCHANGEABLE.“I ALWAYS LOSE MY KEYS.”3) PERVASIVE: PEOPLE SEE THE SITUATION AS AFFECTING ALL ASPECTS OFLIFE.“I CAN’T DO ANYTHING RIGHT.”
  • 14. OPTIMISTIC EXPLANATORY STYLE-PEOPLE INTERPRET EVENTS POSITIVELY.
  • 15. PESSIMISTIC EXPLANATORY STYLE-PEOPLE INTERPRET EVENTS NEGATIVELY.
  • 16. COPING WITH STRESS
  • 17. SELF-ESTEEM-”A PERSON’S OVERALL EVALUATION OR APPRAISAL OFHIS/HER OWN SELF WORTH.”
  • 18. FIGHTING SPIRIT-”THE HEALTHY EXPRESSION OF EMOTIONS, WHETHERTHEY ARE NEGATIVE OR POSITIVE.” “To me, there are three things we all should do every day. We should do this every day of our lives. Number one is laugh. You should laugh every day. Number two is think. You should spend some time in thought. And number three is, you should have your emotions moved to tears, could be happiness or joy. But think about it. If you laugh, you think, and you cry, thats a full day. Thats a heck of a day. You do that seven days a week, youre going to have something special.”
  • 19. FIGHT OR FLIGHT-”PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSE OF THE BODY TO STRESSTHAT PREPARES THE INDIVIDUAL TO TAKE ACTION BYSTIMULATING THE BODY’S VITAL DEFENSE SYSTEMS.”
  • 20. PERSONALITY TYPES
  • 21. TYPE A-HARD-DRIVING, OVERAMBITIOUS, OVERLY COMPETITIVE.-OFTEN SET THEIR OWN GOALS, ARE SELF-MOTIVATED, & TRY TO MANYTASKS AT THE SAME TIME. TYPE B-CALM, CASUAL, RELAXED, EASY-GOING.-TAKE ONE THING AT A TIME, DO NOT FEEL PRESSURED OR HURRIED, &SELDOM SET THEIR OWN DEADLINES.
  • 22. TYPE C-AS HIGHLY STRESSED AS TYPE A BUT NOT AT A HIGHERRISK FOR DISEASE THAN TYPE B-PERFORM WELL UNDER PRESSURE.-KEYS FOR SUCCESS (3 C’S): -COMMITMENT, CONFIDENCE, CONTROL
  • 23. MYERS-BRIGGS (BASED ON CARL JUNG) TYPOLOGY TESTATTITUDES-EXTRAVERSION (ACTION ORIENTED)-INTROVERSION (THOUGHT ORIENTED)INFORMATION GATHERING FUNCTIONS-SENSING (TRUST INFORMATION IN THE PRESENT)-INTUITION (TRUST INFORMATION THAT IS MORE THEORETICAL)DECISION MAKING FUNCTIONS-THINKING (MAKE DECISIONS FROM A MORE DETACHED STANDPOINT)-FEELING (MAKE DECISIONS BY ASSOCIATING WITH THE SITUATION)LIFESTYLE-JUDGMENT (THINK/FEEL WHEN RELATING TO THE OUTSIDE WORLD)-PERCEPTION (SENSE/INTUITION WHEN RELATING TO THE OUTSIDE WORLD)
  • 24. 5 STEPS TO TIME MANAGEMENT3) FIND THE TIME KILLERS4) SET LONG-RANGE & SHORT-RANGE GOALS5) IDENTIFY & PRIORITIZE YOUR IMMEDIATE GOALS6) USE A DAILY PLANNER7) CONDUCT NIGHTLY AUDITS
  • 25. COMMON TIME WASTERS
  • 26. 1) TV
  • 27. 2) COMPUTERS
  • 28. 3) CELL PHONES
  • 29. 4) VIDEO GAMES
  • 30. 5) WORRYING