Chapter 12

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Chapter 12

  1. 1. CHAPTER 12 DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 1) Why is it important to consider ethical concerns when developing a personal leisure philosophy & in selecting leisure activities? 2) What criteria should be used when determining ethics for leisure selection? 3) State & explain the major internal obstacles to leisure fulfillment. 4) State & explain recreational ways to increase norepinephrine levels.
  2. 2. WHAT IS ETHICS?
  3. 3. <ul><li>“ A system of moral principles relating to human conduct.” </li></ul><ul><li>From the Ancient Greek &quot;ethikos,&quot; meaning &quot;arising from habit.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>A major branch of philosophy. </li></ul><ul><li>Not clearly defined in the way that laws are (Personal). </li></ul><ul><li>Goes beyond laws in defining proper behavior and conduct. </li></ul><ul><li>Seeks to address how a moral outcome (right vs wrong) can be achieved in a specific situation. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethics and laws together form a code of acceptable behavior that makes it possible for people to live together. </li></ul><ul><li>HOW DO WE FORM OUR MORAL PHILOSOPHY? </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>IMPORTANCE OF MORAL VIRTUES </li></ul><ul><li>CONTRIBUTE TO SOCIAL HARMONY. </li></ul><ul><li>ENABLE US TO ACT IN ACCORDANCE WITH REASON. </li></ul><ul><li>ENABLE US TO HAVE THE RIGHT INTENTION. </li></ul><ul><li>CONTRIBUTE TOWARDS THE MEAN, NOT THE EXTREME. </li></ul><ul><li>-COURAGE IS A MORAL VIRTUE THAT FALLS BETWEEN CONFIDENCE & FEAR, BUT CLOSER TO CONFIDENCE. </li></ul>
  5. 5. WHY DOES OUR SOCIETY HAVE LAWS & RULES? OBJECTIVE VS SUBJECTIVE DECISION MAKING OBJECTIVE: -”NOT INFLUENCED BY PERSONAL FEELINGS OR PREJUDICE.” SUBJECTIVE: -”INFLUENCED BY PERSONAL FEELINGS OR PREJUDICE.” RIGHT VS WRONG RATIONALIZE: -”TO INVENT PLAUSIBLE EXPLANATIONS FOR ACTIONS, DECISIONS, ETC.”
  6. 6. ETHICAL THEORIES
  7. 7. UTILITARIANISM -THE MORAL WORTH OF AN ACTION IS DETERMINED SOLELY BY ITS OUTCOME. -”THE GREATEST GOOD FOR THE GREATEST NUMBER OF PEOPLE.”
  8. 8. DEONTOLOGY -DETERMINES GOODNESS/RIGHTNESS FROM EXAMINING ACTS, RATHER THAN 3RD PARTY CONSEQUENCES. -”ONE SHOULD DO UNTO OTHERS AS THEY WOULD HAVE DONE UNTO THEM.” -EVERYONE HAS A DUTY TO DO THE RIGHT THING EVEN IF IT PRODUCES A BAD CONSEQUENCE.
  9. 9. VIRTUE THEORY -EMPHASIZES THE CHARACTER OF THE PERSON AS THE KEY ELEMENT OF ETHICAL THINKING, RATHER THAN RULES OR CONSEQUENCES. -AN ACT OR CHOICE IS MORALLY RIGHT IF, IN CARRYING OUT THE ACT, ONE EXERCISES, EXHIBITS, OR DEVELOPS A MORALLY VIRTUOUS CHARACTER.
  10. 10. WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO CONSIDER ETHICAL CONCERNS WHEN DEVELOPING A PERSONAL LEISURE PHILOSOPHY & IN SELECTING LEISURE ACTIVITIES? ________________________________________________ CRITERIA FOR DETERMINING ETHICS 1) Likelihood of physical harm to others. 2) Likelihood of emotional harm to others. 3) Likelihood of physical harm to self. 4) Likelihood of emotional harm to self. 5) Likelihood of negative impact on society in general.
  11. 11. WHAT ARE COMMON OBSTACLES TO LEISURE FULFILLMENT? 2 CATEGORIES OF OBSTACLES: 1) INTERNAL: Obstacles that can be controlled A) Inadequate knowledge of leisure resources B) Lack of free time C) Lack of motivation 2) EXTERNAL: Circumstances beyond our control A) Weather B) Work commitments C) Family obligations

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