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Chapter 1
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Chapter 1

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  • 1. CHAPTER 1 DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 1) Define "leisure." 2) Explain Neulinger's Paradigm. 3) Explain the Classical View of Leisure. 4) Explain the Antiutilitarian View of Leisure? 5) Explain the Social Instrument View of Leisure? 6) Explain the Leisure as a Symbol of Social Class View of Leisure?
  • 2. LEISURE <ul><li>UNOBLIGATED TIME WHEN ONE IS NOT WORKING OR PERFORMING OTHER LIFE-SUSTAINING FUNCTIONS. </li></ul><ul><li>FREE TIME. </li></ul>
  • 3. CASUAL LEISURE VS SERIOUS LEISURE CASUAL: -IMMEDIATELY INTRINSICALLY REWARDING -SHORT-LIVED BENEFITS -REQUIRE LITTLE OR NO SPECIAL TRAINING SERIOUS: -DURABLE, LASTING BENEFITS -IDENTIFY STRONGLY WITH THE ACTIVITY -EXPERIENCE DIFFERENT STAGES OF ACHIEVEMENT/INVOLVEMENT IN THE ACTIVITY DURING LIFETIME
  • 4. WORK -OBLIGATED TIME. -INVOLVES CONSTRAINT/COMMITMENT.
  • 5. PERSONAL CARE -TIME DEVOTED TO THE MAINTENANCE OF AN INDIVIDUAL’S WELL-BEING. -BASIC NECESSITIES OF LIFE.
  • 6. RECREATION -AN ACTIVITY PERFORMED DURING LEISURE TIME FOR THE PURPOSE OF ENJOYMENT. -LEISURE SPORTING ACTIVITIES.
  • 7. CHARACTERISTICS OF RECREATION 1) Participation is voluntary, not obligatory (mandatory, required) 2) Participation purposes: fun, enjoyment, revitalization 3) Involves activity as opposed to idleness/rest 4) Participation usually intrinsically motivated 5) Attitude toward the activity, not the activity itself 6) Benefits: Physically, Mentally and/or Socially
  • 8. <ul><li>WORK, PERSONAL CARE, RECREATION, LEISURE </li></ul><ul><li>Sleep: Is it personal care or a leisure activity? </li></ul><ul><li>Enjoyable Work: Can work time be considered leisure time because it is so enjoyable? </li></ul><ul><li>Unenjoyable Free Time:( working out) Work time or leisure time? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Personal care when the sleep is required for well-being. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leisure activity when it’s sleep for the sake of sleep (weekends). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Always classified as work time. If you win the lottery would you still work? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leisure because it is voluntary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If activity is one of free choice it is a leisure activity. </li></ul></ul>
  • 9. VIEWS OF LEISURE
  • 10. 1) NEULINGER’S PARADIGM OF LEISURE -DIVIDES ALL ACTIVITIES INTO 2 CATEGORIES: 1) LEISURE: PERCEIVED FREEDOM 2) NONLEISURE: PERCEIVED CONSTRAINT -CLASSIFIES LEISURE & NONLEISURE ACTIVITIES BY MOTIVATION TYPE 1) INTRINSIC (INTERNAL) -MOTIVATION COMES FROM REWARDS INHERENT TO AN ACTIVITY ITSELF. -EXAMPLE: LOVING TO PLAY BASEBALL. 2) EXTRINSIC (EXTERNAL) -MOTIVATION COMES FROM REWARDS OUTSIDE OF THE PERFORMER. -EXAMPLE: LOVING THE MONEY MADE FROM PLAYING BASEBALL. -ACTIVITES CAN BE INTRINSICALLY, EXTRINSICALLY, OR BOTH MOTIVATED.
  • 11. LEISURE CATEGORIES
  • 12. PURE LEISURE -ACTIVITIES THAT ARE FREELY ENGAGED IN & ARE TOTALLY INTRINSICALLY MOTIVATED. -DOING AN ACTIVITY FOR ITS OWN SAKE. NO EXTERNAL AWARDS OT INCENTIVES.
  • 13. LEISURE WORK -ACTIVITIES THAT ARE FREELY ENGAGED IN & COMBINE BOTH INTRINSIC & EXTRINSIC MOTIVATION. -THE REWARDS/INCENTIVES FOR DOING ACTIVITES COME FROM WITHIN & OUTSIDE THE PERFORMER.
  • 14. LEISURE JOB -ACTIVITIES THAT ARE FREELY ENGAGED IN & ARE TOTALLY EXTRINSICALLY MOTIVATED. -THE REWARDS/INCENTIVES FOR PARTICIPATING IN AN ACTIVITY COME SOLELY FROM OUTSIDE THE PERFORMER.
  • 15. NONLEISURE CATEGORIES
  • 16. PURE WORK -ACTIVITIES THAT ARE PARTICIPATED IN UNDER SOME KIND OF CONSTRAINT, & ARE TOTALLY INTRINSICALLY MOTIVATED.
  • 17. WORK JOB -ACTIVITIES THAT ARE PARTICIPATED IN UNDER SOME KIND OF CONSTRAINT & COMBINE BOTH INTRINSIC & EXTRINSIC MOTIVATION.
  • 18. PURE JOB -ACTIVITIES THAT ARE PERFORMED IN UNDER SOME KIND OF CONSTRAINT, & ARE TOTALLY EXTRINSICALLY MOTIVATED.
  • 19. CLASSICAL/TRADITIONAL VIEW OF LEISURE -LEISURE IS A HIGHLY STATE OF MIND/BEING THAT IS REALIZED THROUGH PARTICIPATION IN INTRINSICALLY MOTIVATED ACTIVITIES. -FREE TIME & LEISURE IN THIS VIEW ARE NOT SYNONYMOUS. -LEISURE IS HIGHLY VALUED & VIEWED AS AN ALMOST SPIRITUAL STATE EXPERIENCED THROUGH ACTIVITIES.
  • 20. ANTIUTILITARIAN VIEW OF LEISURE -LEISURE IS PERCEIVED AS A STATE OF MIND. -LEISURE DOES NOT NEED TO SERVE ANY USEFUL PURPOSE & NEEDS NO JUSTIFICATION.
  • 21. SOCIAL INSTRUMENT VIEW OF LEISURE -LEISURE IS SEEN AS A MEANS OF PROMOTING SELF-FROWTH & HELPING OTHERS. -LEISURE MUST SERVE A USEFUL PURPOSE.
  • 22. LEISURE AS A SYMBOL OF SOCIAL CLASS -LEISURE IS SEEN AS A SYMBOL OF SOCIAL STATUS. -CONSPICUOUS CONSUMPTION: -THE LAVISH SPENDING ON GOODS/SERVICES ACQUIRED MAINLY FOR THE PURPOSE OF DISPLAYING TO OTHERS INCOME/WEALTH.

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