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  • 1. CHAPTER 1 DISCUSSION QUESTIONS1) Define "health." 2) Scientific findings have shown that what 2 things seriously threaten health & hasten the deterioration rate of the human body? 3) Advances in what have almost completely eliminated the necessity for physical exertion in daily life? 4) What is the second greatest threat to public health in the US? 5) What is the number-one threat to public health in the US? 6) What account for 60% of all deaths worldwide? 7) What are the 3 basic factors that determine our health & longevity? 8) What is the life expectancy for: A) US B) Men C) Women 9) What does the US rank in the world for life expectancy? 10) What % of the adult population in the US is obese? 11) What are the 4 leading causes of death in the US? 12) What are the "big five" factors that are responsible for almost 1.5 million deaths each year? 13) What 4 factors affect health & well-being? 14) What is the difference between physical activity & exercise?15) The National Health Objectives for the Year 2020 address what 3 important points? 16) The most recent data from the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention indicate that: A) What % of adults meet the minimal recommendation of 30 minutes of moderate physical activity at least 5 days/week? B) What % of adults report no leisure physical activity at all? C) What % of adults are completely inactive? 17) What are the 7 dimensions of wellness? Write a brief description of each.
  • 2. 10 QUESTIONS ABOUT FITNESS & NUTRITION
  • 3. HOW MANY CUPS OF WATER DO YOU NEED TO DRINK PER DAY TO GET THE DAILY RECOMMENDED AMOUNT? TECHNICALLY NONEYOU NEED TO DRINK THE EQUIVALENT OF 64 OUNCES OF WATER PER DAY BUT STUDIES SHOW THAT ABOUT 80% OF OUR DAILY WATER REQUIRMENT COMES FROM WATER BASED DRINKS (COFFEE) & THE OTHER 20% COMES FROM FOODS (FRUIT)
  • 4. HOW MANY CALORIES/DAY SHOULD YOU GET FROM DRINKS? 200MOST AMERICANS CONSUME 458 CALORIES/DAY FROM BEVERAGES, MORE THAN TWICE WHAT WE SHOULDONLY 10% OF YOUR DAILY CALORIES SHOULD COME FROM DRINKS
  • 5. YOU’RE NOT A BIG BREAKFAST PERSON SO THE BEST THING TO EAT IN THAT CASE IS: A DOUGHNUT OR A BRAN MUFFIN A GLAZED DOUGHNUT HAS ABOUT 125 CALORIES VS THE BRAN MUFFIN WHICH CAN HAVE AS MUCH AS 450 PEOPLE WHO EAT BREAKFAST GENERALLY WEIGH LESS, ARE BETTER ABLE TO MEET THEIR NUTRITIONAL NEEDS, & ARE MENTALLY SHARPER
  • 6. A BAGEL IS EQUAL TO HOW MANY SLICES OF BREAD? 5 THAT’S MORE THAN 2/3 OF YOUR DAILY INTAKE
  • 7. HOW MANY CALORIES MAKE UP ONE POUND OF FAT? 3,500IT TAKES 7 HOURS OF JOGGING TO BURN THAT MANY CALORIES
  • 8. HOW MANY CALORIES DOES THE AVERAGE AMERICAN EAT EACH DAY? 4,000
  • 9. WHAT BURNS MORE CALORIES: STRENGTH TRAINING OR CARDIO? TECHNICALLY STRENGTH TRAINING, BUT OVER A TIME PERIOD YOUWILL PROBABLY BURN MORE CALORIES WITH CARDIO BECAUSE YOU TAKE BREAKS WHEN LIFTING WEIGHTS WHEREAS CARDIO IS CONSTANT THE MOST BALANCED EXERCISE PLAN IS AEROBIC/CARDIO (RUNNING), STRENGTH TRAINING (WEIGHT LIFTING), & FLEXIBILITY TRAINING (YOGA)
  • 10. HOW LONG WOULD YOU HAVE TO WALK TO BURN OFF ONE SODA? 1 HOUR 18 MINUTESSODA IS THE BIGGEST SINGLE SOURCE OF CALORIES IN THE US DIET WE DRINK MORE THAN 49 GALLONS OF IT PER PERSON PER YEAR
  • 11. HOW LONG (TIME) WOULD YOU HAVE TO RUN TO BURN OFF A 180- CALORIE ENERGY BAR? 17 MINUTES RUNNING AT 6 MILES/HOUR (10-MINUTE MILE PACE)LOOK FOR BARS THAT HAVE AT LEAST 7-8 GRAMS OF PROTEIN, 2+ GRAMS OF FIBER, & LESS THAN 180 CALORIES
  • 12. HOW MANY CALORIES SHOULD AN ACTIVE ADULT WOMAN EAT IN A DAY? 2,000HOW MANY CALORIES SHOULD AN ACTIVE ADULT MAN EAT IN A DAY? 2,500 GENERAL RULE OF THUMB: IF YOU WORK OUT 3 OR MORE TIMES PER WEEK FOR AT LEAST 30 MINUTES YOU SHOULDCONSUME ABOUT 17 CALORIES PER POUND TO MAINTAIN YOUR WEIGHT IF THE SAME PERSON IS LOOKING TO LOSE WEIGHT, YOU WOULD CUT ABOUT 500 CALORIES/DAY
  • 13. SUPER BOWL FOODS QUIZ
  • 14. 1) MOST CALORIES?A) 3 12 OZ. CANS OF BUD LIGHT.B) 1 12 OZ. CAN OF BUD LIGHT & 1 12 OZ. CAN OF BUDWEISER.C) 1 12 OZ. CAN OF BUDWEISER. A-BUD LIGHT: 110 CALORIES-BUDWEISER: 145 CALORIES-THE DIETARY GUIDELINES FOR AMERICANS DEFINE MODERATE DRINKING AS NO MORE THAN 2 DRINKS/DAY FOR MEN & 1 DRINK/DAY FOR WOMEN.
  • 15. 2) HOW MANY TORTILLA CHIPS ADD UP TO 140 CALORIES?A) 7B) 14C) 10 A
  • 16. 3) WHICH HAS THE LEAST CALORIES PER 1 TABLESPOON?A) ALL NATURAL TOSTITOS CHUNKY SALSA, MEDIUMB) TOSTITOS SALSA CON QUESO, MEDIUMC) SANTA BARBARA GUACAMOLE, MEDIUMD) TGI FRIDAYS SPINACH & ARTICHOKE CHEESE DIP A-QUESO ADDS 20 CALORIES/TABELSPOON.
  • 17. 4) HOW MANY PIGS IN A BLANKET EQUAL 270 CALORIES?A) 3B) 5C) 4 C-THE 4 PIGS IN A BLANKET ALSO COME WITH 660 MG OF SODIUM (28% OF YOUR DAILY VALUE).
  • 18. 5) WHICH PLATE ADDS UP TO 160 CALORIES?A) 9 RUFFLES ORIGINAL CHIPS & 2 TABLESPOONS OF MARZETTI BLUE CHEESE VEGGIE-DIP.B) 12 RUFFLES ORIGINAL CHIPS.C) 24 RUFFLES ORIGINAL CHIPS. B-STUDIES HAVE FOUND THAT CHIPS ARE THE TOP FOOD ASSOCIATED WITH WEIGHT GAIN OVER A 4 YEAR PERIOD.
  • 19. 6) HOW MANY TGI FRIDAY’S CHEDDAR & BACON POTATO SKINS ADD UP TO 140 CALORIES?A) 1B) 2C) 4 B
  • 20. 7) HOW MUCH DIP CAN YOU ADD ONTO VEGGIES FOR AN ADDITIONAL 70 CALORIES & 6.5 GRAMS OF FAT?A) 1 TABLESPOONB) 2 TABLESPOONSC) 3 TABLESPOONS B-ONE OF THE INGREDIENTS IN MOST DIPS IS MSG WHICH HAS BEEN LINKED TO ADVERSE HEALTH EFFECTS LIKE HEADACHES & NAUSEA.
  • 21. 8) HOW MANY DOMINO’S HOT SAUCE CHICKEN WINGS EQUAL 200 CALORIES?A) 2B) 3C) 4 C
  • 22. 9) HOW MANY PIECES OF A LARGE DOMINO’S HAND TOSSED PIZZA COUNT AS A SERVING?A) 1 PIECE OF CHEESEB) 2 PIECES OF PEPPERONIC) 3 PIECES OF CHEESED) 1 PIECE OF CHEESE & 1 PIECE OF PEPPERONI A-ACCORDING TO DOMINO’S, ONE CHEESE SLICE HAS 190- 375 CALORIES.-PEPPERONI RANGES FROM 200-375.
  • 23. 10) HOW MANY CUPCAKES EQUAL 220 CALORIES?A) 1/2B) 1C) 2 B
  • 24. HEALTH “A STATE OF COMPLETE WELL-BEING”-REGULAR PHYSICAL ACTIVITY & POSITIVE LIFESTYLE HABITSLEADS TO BETTER HEALTH, QUALITY OF LIFE, & OVERALLWELL-BEINGSCIENTIFIC FINDINGS HAVE SHOWN THAT WHAT 2 THINGSSERIOUSLY THREATEN HEALTH & HASTEN THE DETERIORATIONRATE OF THE HUMAN BODY?1) PHYSICAL INACTIVITY2) NEGATIVE LIFESTYLE
  • 25. FACTORS THAT AFFECT HEALTH
  • 26. 1) LIFESTYLE (53%)
  • 27. 2) ENVIRONMENT (21%)HEALTHIEST & LEAST HEALTHIEST STATE IN 2011?
  • 28. 3) GENETICS (16%)
  • 29. 4) HEALTH CARE (10%)
  • 30. WHAT IS THE #1 THREAT TO PUBLIC HEALTH IN THE UNITED STATES? TOBACCO USE -THE LARGEST CAUSE OF PREVENTABLE DEATHS.
  • 31. WHAT IS THE #2 THREAT TO PUBLIC HEALTH IN THE UNITED STATES? PHYSICAL INACTIVITY
  • 32. ADVANCES IN WHAT HAVE ALMOST COMPLETELYELIMINATED THE NECESSITY FOR PHYSICAL EXERTION IN DAILY LIFE? TECHNOLOGY
  • 33. SEDENTARY DEATH SYNDROME (SeDS):-TERM USED TO DESCRIBE DEATHS ATTRIBUTED TO A LACK OFREGULAR PHYSICAL ACTIVITY.
  • 34. LIFE EXPECTANCY VS HEALTHY LIFE EXPECTANCYLIFE EXPECTANCY (LE):-HOW LONG AN INDIVIDUAL IS EXPECTED TO LIVE-AVERAGE LE IN US IS: -78.3 YEARS (38TH IN THE WORLD)-AVERAGE LE FOR MEN IS: -75.7 YEARS-AVERAGE LE FOR WOMEN IS: -80.8 YEARSHEALTHY LIFE EXPECTANCY (HLE):-OBTAINED BY SUBTRACTING THE YEARS OF ILL HEALTH FROM TOTALLIFE EXPECTANCY-AVERAGE HLE IN US IS 70 YEARS
  • 35. WHAT ARE THE 3 BASIC FACTORS THAT DETERMINE OUR HEALTH & LONGEVITY?1)GENETICS1)THE ENVIRONMENT1)OUR BEHAVIOR
  • 36. IN ORDER, WHAT ARE THE LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH IN THE UNITED STATES?
  • 37. 1) DISEASES OF THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM-30% OF ALL DEATHS ATTRIBUTED TO DISEASES OF THE HEART &BLOOD VESSELS-81.1 MILLION PEOPLE IN THE UNITED STATES ARE AFFLICTED WITHDISEASES OF THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM
  • 38. 2) CANCER-23% OF ALL DEATHS IN THE UNITED STATES ARE ATTRIBUTABLE TOCANCER-LUNG CANCER IS THE MAJOR CONTRIBUTOR TO THE INCREASE IN THEINCIDENCE OF CANCER DURING THE LAST 50 YEARS -87% IS CAUSED BY TOBACCO USE
  • 39. 3) CHRONIC LOWER RESPIRATORY DISEASE (CLRD)-INCLUDES DISEASES: CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE,EMPHYSEMA, & CHRONIC BRONCHITIS
  • 40. 4) ACCIDENTS-ACCIDENTS DON’T JUST HAPPEN; THEY ARE CAUSED-DRUG/ALCOHOL USE, NOT WEARING SEAT BELTS, & DISTRACTIONS (CELLPHONES) ARE MAJOR CONTRIBUTORS -ALCOHOL ABUSE IS THE #1 CAUSE OF ALL ACCIDENTS
  • 41. WHAT ARE THE “BIG 5” FACTORS THAT ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR ALMOST 1.5 MILLION DEATHS EACH YEAR?TOBACCO SMOKINGHIGH BLOOD PRESSUREOVERWEIGHT & OBESITY -34% OF US ADULT POPULATION IS OBESEPHYSICAL INACTIVITYHIGH BLOOD GLUCOSE
  • 42. PHYSICAL ACTIVITY VS EXERCISEPHYSICAL ACTIVITY:-BODILY MOVEMENT PRODUCED BY SKELETAL MUSCLES-REQUIRES ENERGY EXPENDITURE & PRODUCESPROGRESSIVE HEALTH BENEFITS-EXAMPLES: TAKING THE STAIRS, SNOW SHOVELINGEXERCISE:-TYPE OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY THAT REQUIRES PLANNED,STRUCTURED, & REPETITIVE BODILY MOVEMENT TOIMPROVE OR MAINTAIN ONE OR MORE COMPONENTS OFPHYSICAL FITNESS-EXAMPLES: RUNNING, CYCLING, STRENGTH TRAINING
  • 43. THE MOST RECENT DATA FROM THE CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL & PREVENTION INDICATE THAT:A) WHAT % OF ADULTS MEET THE RECOMMENDATION OF 30 MINUTES OFMODERATE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AT LEAST 5 DAYS/WEEK? -49%B) WHAT % OF ADULTS REPORT NO LEISURE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AT ALL? -24%C) WHAT % OF ADULTS ARE COMPLETELY INACTIVE? -14%
  • 44. PHYSICAL FITNESS-THE ABILITY TO MEET THE ORDINARY AS WELL AS THE UNUSUAL DEMANDS OF DAILY LIFE SAFELY & EFFECTIVELY WITHOUT BEING OVER FATIGUED & STILL HAVE ENERGY LEFT FOR LEISURE & RECRATIONAL ACTIVITIES2 CATEGORIES OF PHYSICAL FITNESS:1) HEALTH-RELATED FITNESS2) SKILL-RELATED FITNESS
  • 45. HEALTH-RELATED FITNESS:-THE ABILITY TO PERFORM ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING WITHOUT UNDUEFATIGUE-COMPONENTS: AEROBIC ENDURANCE, MUSCULAR STRENGTH &ENDURANCE, MUSCULAR FLEXIBILITY, & BODY COMPOSITIONSKILL-RELATED FITNESS:-RELATED PRIMARILY TO SUCCESSFUL SPORTS & MOTOR SKILLPERFORMANCE-COMPONENTS: AGILITY, BALANCE, COORDINATION, REACTION, TIME,SPEED, & POWER
  • 46. NATIONAL HEALTH OBJECTIVES FOR 20201) PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR HEALTHY BEHAVIOR2) HEALTH BENEFITS FOR ALL PEOPLE IN ALL COMMUNITIES3) HEALTH PROMOTION & DISEASE PREVENTION
  • 47. WELLNESS-THE CONSTANT & DELIBERATE EFFORT TO STAY HEALTHY & ACHIEVETHE HIGHEST POTENTIAL FOR WELL-BEING-IT IS A LIFESTYLEHEALTH PROMOTION:-THE SCIENCE & ART OF ENABLING PEOPLE TO INCREASE CONTROLOVER THEIR LIFESTYLE TO MOVE TOWARD A STATE OF WELLNESS
  • 48. THE 7 DIMENSIONS OF WELLNESS* THE TEXTBOOK REFERS TO INTELLECTUAL AS MENTAL.
  • 49. PHYSICAL WELLNESS-GOOD PHYSICAL FITNESS & CONFIDENCE IN YOUR PERSONAL ABILITY TO TAKE CARE OF HEALTHPROBLEMSEMOTIONAL WELLNESS-THE ABILITY TO UNDERSTAND YOUR OWN FEELINGS, ACCEPT YOUR LIMITATIONS, & AVHIEVE EMOTIONALSTABILITYMENTAL WELLNESS-A STATE IN WHICH YOUR MIND IS ENGAGED IN LIVELY INTERACTION WITH THE WORLD AROUND YOUSOCIAL WELLNESS-THE ABILITY TO RELATE WELL TO OTHERS, BOTH WITHIN & OUTSIDE THE FAMILY UNITENVIRONMENTAL WELLNESS-THE CAPACITY TO LIVE IN A CLEAN & SAFE ENVIRONMENT THAT IS NOT DETRIMENTAL TO HEALTHOCCUPATIONAL WELLNESS-THE ABILITY TO PERFORM YOUR JOB SKILLFULLY & EFFECTIVELY UNDER CONDITIONS THAT PROVIDEPERSONAL & TEAM SATISFACTION & ADEQUATELY REWARD EACH INDIVIDUALSPIRITUAL WELLNESS-THE SENSE THAT LIFE IS MEANINGFUL, THAT LIFE HAS PURPOSE, & THAT SOME POWER BRINGS ALLHUMANITY TOGETHER