Unit 50 Towns
• A. City and town
     towns    card 3

The words, c__________ and t________, are
sometimes used interchangeably but a
__________ is genera...
     towns     card 4

The words, city and town, are sometimes used
interchangeably but a city is generally large
with a ...
     towns     card 5

This is a description of Cork, one of Ireland’s
main cities. Which words or phrases might be
usefu...
     towns     card 6

Cork c__________ is the major
metr__________ of the south, indeed with a
p__________ of about 135,...
      towns     card 7

Cork city is the major metropolis of the south,
indeed with a population of about 135,000 it is
t...
     towns    card 8

 The m__________ business and sh__________
c__________ of the town lies on the island
created by tw...
      towns    card 9

 The main business and shopping centre of the
town lies on the island created by two channels
of t...
   towns         card 10

• The b__________ tend to be
  overcr__________ and the __________ - way
  tr__________ system ...
     towns     card 11

The buses tend to be overcrowded and the one -
way traffic system is fiendishly* complicated.



...
      towns    card 12

 In the h__________ a__________ of the city is
the famous Shandon Steeple, the b__________ -
towe...
      towns     card 13

 In the hilly area of the city is the famous
Shandon Steeple, the bell - tower of St Anne’s
Chur...
     towns    card 14

Back across the River Lee lies the city’s
cath__________, an i__________sing 19th
century building...
     towns     card 15

Back across the River Lee lies the city’s
cathedral, an imposing 19th century building in
the Fre...
      towns    card 16

 Cork has two m__________. Neither caters
specifically for tou__________ but those who
enjoy the ...
      towns     card 17

 Cork has two markets. Neither caters
specifically for tourists but those who enjoy the
atmosphe...
     towns   card 18

The Crawford A__________ G__________ is
w__________ w__________ a visit.
It regularly mounts advent...
      towns    card 19

The Crawford Art Gallery is well worth a
visit.
It regularly mounts adventurous exhibitions
by co...
     towns    card 20

 The fash__________ res__________ districts
of Cork city overl__________ the
har__________.
There ...
      towns     card 21

 The fashionable residential districts of Cork
city overlook the harbour.
There are other reside...
• B. Facilities
     towns      card 23

 Sports :
sw__________ p__________
sp__________ centre
golf c__________
tennis c__________
footb...
     towns   card 24

 Sports :
swimming pool
sports centre
golf course
tennis courts
football pitch
skating rink
     towns      card 25

 Cultural :
th__________
o__________ house
co__________ h__________
radio s__________
a_________...
   towns   card 26

 Cultural :
theatre
opera house
concert hall
radio station
art gallery
     towns   card 27

 Educational :
school
coll__________
university
li__________
a__________ e__________ centre
mus____...
      towns   card 28

 Educational :
school
college
university
library
adult education centre
museum
      towns    card 29

 Catering, accommodation and night - life :
restaurant
nightcl__________
take - __________
B & __...
      towns    card 30

 Catering, accommodation and night - life :
restaurant
nightclub
take - away
B &B (bed and breakf...
      towns    card 31

 Catering, accommodation and night - life :
est__________ ag__________
hous__________ est________...
      towns    card 32

 Catering, accommodation and night - life :
estate agency
housing estate
    towns   card 33

Transport :
bus s__________
taxi r__________
car h__________
car p__________
p__________ meters
     towns   card 34

Transport :
bus service
taxi rank
car hire
car park
parking meters
      towns      card 35

Other :
h__________ centre
l__________ courts
reg__________ office
c__________’ advice bureau
j...
      towns   card 36

Other :
health centre
law courts
registry office
citizens’ advice bureau
job centre
bottle bank
    towns     card 37

Other :
d __________ store
che__________’s
ga__________ centre
police __________
Town or City ____...
        towns   card 38

Other :
department store
chemist’s
garden centre
police station
Town or City Hall
suburbs
indust...
C. Typical problems of large
 cities now
      towns card 40

 problem :
tr__________ j__________
effect :
tr__________ very slow
co__________ get very stressed
c...
      towns card 41

 problem :
traffic jams
effect :
traffic very slow
commuters get very stressed
cause :
too much traf...
     towns card 42

 problem :
sl__________
effect :
h__________ in a bad condition
cause :
p__________ - people don’t ha...
      towns card 43

 problem :
slums
effect :
housing in a bad condition
cause :
poverty - people don’t have money to sp...
      towns card 44

 problem :
vand__________
effect :
pointless destruction of pr_________
cause :
pov__________ , lack...
      towns card 45

 problem :
vandalism
effect :
pointless destruction of property
cause :
poverty, lack of hope
     towns card 46

 problem :
overcr__________
effect :
difficult l_________ conditions
cause :
too m__________ people l...
     towns card 47

 problem :
overcrowding
effect :
difficult living conditions
cause :
too many people living in one pl...
     towns card 48

 problem :
pol__________
effect :
deterio__________ in h__________
cause :
traffic and industrial
      towns card 49

 problem :
pollution
effect :
deterioration in health
cause :
traffic and industrial
     towns card 50

 problem :
cr__________
effect :
See Unit 61
cause :
po__________, ineq_________
       towns card 51

 problem :
crime
effect :
See Unit 61
cause :
poverty , inequality
• D. Useful adjectives for
  describing towns
         towns card 53

• pict__________ (adj. especially of a place, attractive in
  appearance, especially in an old-fa...
          towns card 54

• picturesque /ˈpɪk.tʃərˈesk/ (adj. especially of a place,
  attractive in appearance, especiall...
         towns card 55

• eleg__________ (adj. graceful and attractive in
  appearance or behaviour : an eleg__________ w...
         towns card 56

• elegant /ˈel.ɪ.gənt/ (adj. graceful and attractive in
  appearance or behaviour : an elegant wo...
         towns card 57

• qua__________ (adj. attractive because of being unusual
  and especially old-fashioned : a qua_...
         towns card 58

• quaint /kweɪnt/ (adj. attractive because of being unusual and
  especially old-fashioned : a qu...
          towns card 59
• des__________ (adj. empty            If a place is des__________
  there are no people in it : ...
          towns card 60

• deserted /dɪˈzɜˈ.tɪd/             (adj. empty If a place is deserted,
  there are no people in...
        towns card 61

• pac__________ (adj. completely full         : The train was so
  pac__________ that I couldn't f...
         towns card 62

• packed      /pækt/ (adj. completely full : The train was so packed
  that I couldn't find a sea...
         towns card 63

• r__________ - down (adj. describes buildings or areas
  that are in very bad condition : a r___...
         towns card 64

• run- down /ˈrʌnˈdaʊn/ (adj. describes buildings or areas
  that are in very bad condition : a r...
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E4 Det Towns Evu50

  1. 1. Unit 50 Towns
  2. 2. • A. City and town
  3. 3.  towns card 3 The words, c__________ and t________, are sometimes used interchangeably but a __________ is generally large with a wider range of facilities.
  4. 4.  towns card 4 The words, city and town, are sometimes used interchangeably but a city is generally large with a wider range of facilities.
  5. 5.  towns card 5 This is a description of Cork, one of Ireland’s main cities. Which words or phrases might be useful for describing your own or another town?
  6. 6.  towns card 6 Cork c__________ is the major metr__________ of the south, indeed with a p__________ of about 135,000 it is the second l__________ in the Republic.
  7. 7.  towns card 7 Cork city is the major metropolis of the south, indeed with a population of about 135,000 it is the second largest in the Republic.
  8. 8.  towns card 8 The m__________ business and sh__________ c__________ of the town lies on the island created by two channels of the R__________ Lee, with most places within w__________ d__________ of the centre.
  9. 9.  towns card 9 The main business and shopping centre of the town lies on the island created by two channels of the River Lee, with most places within walking distance of the centre.
  10. 10.  towns card 10 • The b__________ tend to be overcr__________ and the __________ - way tr__________ system is fiendishly* complicated. /ˈ n.dɪʃ.li/ fiˈ (adv informal; syn. : extremely : fiendishly difficult)
  11. 11.  towns card 11 The buses tend to be overcrowded and the one - way traffic system is fiendishly* complicated. /ˈ n.dɪʃ.li/ (adv informal; syn. : extremely : fiˈ fiendishly difficult)
  12. 12.  towns card 12 In the h__________ a__________ of the city is the famous Shandon Steeple, the b__________ - tower of St Anne’s Ch__________, built on the s_________ of a church destr__________ when the city was besieged by the Duke of Marlborough.
  13. 13.  towns card 13 In the hilly area of the city is the famous Shandon Steeple, the bell - tower of St Anne’s Church, built on the site of a church destroyed when the city was besieged by the Duke of Marlborough.
  14. 14.  towns card 14 Back across the River Lee lies the city’s cath__________, an i__________sing 19th century building in the French Go__________ style.
  15. 15.  towns card 15 Back across the River Lee lies the city’s cathedral, an imposing 19th century building in the French Gothic style.
  16. 16.  towns card 16 Cork has two m__________. Neither caters specifically for tou__________ but those who enjoy the atmosphere of a real working m__________ will appreciate their char__________.
  17. 17.  towns card 17 Cork has two markets. Neither caters specifically for tourists but those who enjoy the atmosphere of a real working market will appreciate their charm.
  18. 18.  towns card 18 The Crawford A__________ G__________ is w__________ w__________ a visit. It regularly mounts adventurous e__________ by con_________ a__________.
  19. 19.  towns card 19 The Crawford Art Gallery is well worth a visit. It regularly mounts adventurous exhibitions by contemporay artists.
  20. 20.  towns card 20 The fash__________ res__________ districts of Cork city overl__________ the har__________. There are other res__________ ar__________ on the outs__________.
  21. 21.  towns card 21 The fashionable residential districts of Cork city overlook the harbour. There are other residential areas on the outskirts.
  22. 22. • B. Facilities
  23. 23.  towns card 23 Sports : sw__________ p__________ sp__________ centre golf c__________ tennis c__________ football p__________ skating r__________
  24. 24.  towns card 24 Sports : swimming pool sports centre golf course tennis courts football pitch skating rink
  25. 25.  towns card 25 Cultural : th__________ o__________ house co__________ h__________ radio s__________ a__________ g__________
  26. 26.  towns card 26 Cultural : theatre opera house concert hall radio station art gallery
  27. 27.  towns card 27 Educational : school coll__________ university li__________ a__________ e__________ centre mus__________
  28. 28.  towns card 28 Educational : school college university library adult education centre museum
  29. 29.  towns card 29 Catering, accommodation and night - life : restaurant nightcl__________ take - __________ B & __________ (b__________ and b__________) y__________ h__________ dis___________
  30. 30.  towns card 30 Catering, accommodation and night - life : restaurant nightclub take - away B &B (bed and breakfast) youth hostel disco
  31. 31.  towns card 31 Catering, accommodation and night - life : est__________ ag__________ hous__________ est__________
  32. 32.  towns card 32 Catering, accommodation and night - life : estate agency housing estate
  33. 33.  towns card 33 Transport : bus s__________ taxi r__________ car h__________ car p__________ p__________ meters
  34. 34.  towns card 34 Transport : bus service taxi rank car hire car park parking meters
  35. 35.  towns card 35 Other : h__________ centre l__________ courts reg__________ office c__________’ advice bureau j__________ centre b__________ bank
  36. 36.  towns card 36 Other : health centre law courts registry office citizens’ advice bureau job centre bottle bank
  37. 37.  towns card 37 Other : d __________ store che__________’s ga__________ centre police __________ Town or City __________ sub__________s industrial e__________
  38. 38.  towns card 38 Other : department store chemist’s garden centre police station Town or City Hall suburbs industrial estate
  39. 39. C. Typical problems of large cities now
  40. 40.  towns card 40 problem : tr__________ j__________ effect : tr__________ very slow co__________ get very stressed cause : too much tr__________ especially in the r__________ - hour
  41. 41.  towns card 41 problem : traffic jams effect : traffic very slow commuters get very stressed cause : too much traffic especially in the rush - hour
  42. 42.  towns card 42 problem : sl__________ effect : h__________ in a bad condition cause : p__________ - people don’t have money to spend on housing
  43. 43.  towns card 43 problem : slums effect : housing in a bad condition cause : poverty - people don’t have money to spend on housing
  44. 44.  towns card 44 problem : vand__________ effect : pointless destruction of pr_________ cause : pov__________ , lack of hope
  45. 45.  towns card 45 problem : vandalism effect : pointless destruction of property cause : poverty, lack of hope
  46. 46.  towns card 46 problem : overcr__________ effect : difficult l_________ conditions cause : too m__________ people living in one place
  47. 47.  towns card 47 problem : overcrowding effect : difficult living conditions cause : too many people living in one place
  48. 48.  towns card 48 problem : pol__________ effect : deterio__________ in h__________ cause : traffic and industrial
  49. 49.  towns card 49 problem : pollution effect : deterioration in health cause : traffic and industrial
  50. 50.  towns card 50 problem : cr__________ effect : See Unit 61 cause : po__________, ineq_________
  51. 51.  towns card 51 problem : crime effect : See Unit 61 cause : poverty , inequality
  52. 52. • D. Useful adjectives for describing towns
  53. 53.  towns card 53 • pict__________ (adj. especially of a place, attractive in appearance, especially in an old-fashioned way : the pict__________ narrow streets of the old city) • histo_________ (adj important or likely to be important in history : histo__________ buildings) • spac__________ (adj approving large and with a lot of space : a spac__________ house/living room; spac_____ accommodation)
  54. 54.  towns card 54 • picturesque /ˈpɪk.tʃərˈesk/ (adj. especially of a place, attractive in appearance, especially in an old-fashioned way : the picturesque narrow streets of the old city) • historic /hɪˈstɒr.ɪk/ (adj important or likely to be important in history : historic buildings) • spacious /ˈ speɪ.ʃəs/ (adj approving large and with a lot of space : a spacious house/living room; spacious accommodation)
  55. 55.  towns card 55 • eleg__________ (adj. graceful and attractive in appearance or behaviour : an eleg__________ woman; an eleg__________ dining room) • magn__________ (adj very good, beautiful or deserving to be admired : a magn__________ view) • atmosph__________ (adj. MOOD approving creating a special feeling, such as mystery or romance : atmosph__________ lighting/music; I quite like fog because it's atmosph__________
  56. 56.  towns card 56 • elegant /ˈel.ɪ.gənt/ (adj. graceful and attractive in appearance or behaviour : an elegant woman; an elegant dining room) • magnificent /mægˈnɪf.ɪ.sənt/ (adj very good, beautiful or deserving to be admired : a magnificent view) • atmospheric/æt.məsˈfer.ɪk/ (adj. MOOD approving creating a special feeling, such as mystery or romance : atmospheric lighting/music; I quite like fog because it's atmospheric.)
  57. 57.  towns card 57 • qua__________ (adj. attractive because of being unusual and especially old-fashioned : a qua__________ old cottage) • li__________ (adj. having or showing a lot of energy and enthusiasm, or showing interesting and exciting thought ; a li__________ city) • hec__________ (adj full of activity; very busy and fast : a hectic schedule; The area has become a haven for people tired of the hectic pace of city life.)
  58. 58.  towns card 58 • quaint /kweɪnt/ (adj. attractive because of being unusual and especially old-fashioned : a quaint old cottage) • lively / ˈlaɪv.li/ (adj. having or showing a lot of energy and enthusiasm, or showing interesting and exciting thought ; a lively city) • hectic /ˈhek.tɪk/ (adj full of activity; very busy and fast : a hectic schedule; The area has become a haven for people tired of the hectic pace of city life.)
  59. 59.  towns card 59 • des__________ (adj. empty If a place is des__________ there are no people in it : a des_________ building/street; The coastal resorts are des________ (= do not have many visitors) in winter.) • bust__________ (adj If a place is bust________ it is full of busy activity .; This used to be a bust_________town but a lot of people have moved away over recent years.; The house, usually bustl________ with activity, was strangely silent.) • cro__________ (adj. If a place is cro__________it is full of people ; By ten o'clock the bar was cro________.)
  60. 60.  towns card 60 • deserted /dɪˈzɜˈ.tɪd/ (adj. empty If a place is deserted, there are no people in it : a deserted building/street; The coastal resorts are deserted (= do not have many visitors) in winter.) • bustling /ˈbʌs.lɪŋ/ (adj If a place is bustling, it is full of busy activity .; This used to be a bustling town but a lot of people have moved away over recent years.; The house, usually bustling with activity, was strangely silent.) • crowded /ˈkraʊ.dɪd/ (adj. If a place is crowded, it is full of people ; By ten o'clock the bar was crowded.)
  61. 61.  towns card 61 • pac__________ (adj. completely full : The train was so pac__________ that I couldn't find a seat.; This book is pac__________ with useful information.) • fil__________ (adj. extremely or unpleasantly dirty : Wash your hands - they're fil__________!)
  62. 62.  towns card 62 • packed /pækt/ (adj. completely full : The train was so packed that I couldn't find a seat.; This book is packed with useful information.) • filthy/ˈfɪl.θi/ (adj. extremely or unpleasantly dirty : Wash your hands - they're filthy!)
  63. 63.  towns card 63 • r__________ - down (adj. describes buildings or areas that are in very bad condition : a r__________-down building/cemetery • sh__________ (adj. looking old and in bad condition because of being used for a long time or not being cared for : Her home is a rented one-bedroom flat in a sh__________ part of town.)
  64. 64.  towns card 64 • run- down /ˈrʌnˈdaʊn/ (adj. describes buildings or areas that are in very bad condition : a run- down building/cemetery • shabby /ˈʃæb.i/ (adj. looking old and in bad condition because of being used for a long time or not being cared for : Her home is a rented one-bedroom flat in a shabby part of town.)
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