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E4 Det Food Evu48

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  • 1. Unit 48 Food
  • 2. UNIT 48 Food card 2 A. Meat, Fish, Seafood, Vegetables, Spices, Herbs
  • 3. UNIT 48 Food card 3 A1. Meat
  • 4. UNIT 48 Food card 4 A1.1 Red meat
  • 5. UNIT 48 Food card 5
  • 6. UNIT 48 Food card 6 • Animal : a cow • Meat : beef
  • 7. UNIT 48 Food card 7
  • 8. UNIT 48 Food card 8 • Animal : a lamb • Meat : lamb
  • 9. UNIT 48 Food card 9
  • 10. UNIT 48 Food card 10 • Animal : a sheep • Meat : mutton
  • 11. UNIT 48 Food card 11
  • 12. UNIT 48 Food card 12 • Animal : a deer • Meat : venison
  • 13. UNIT 48 Food card 13 A1.2 White meat
  • 14. UNIT 48 Food card 14
  • 15. UNIT 48 Food card 15 • Animal : a calf • Meat : veal
  • 16. UNIT 48 Food card 16
  • 17. UNIT 48 Food card 17 • Animal : a pig • Meat : pork, ham, bacon
  • 18. UNIT 48 Food card 18
  • 19. UNIT 48 Food card 19 • Animal : a chicken • Meat : chicken
  • 20. UNIT 48 Food card 20
  • 21. UNIT 48 Food card 21 • Animal : a turkey • Meat : turkey
  • 22. UNIT 48 Food card 22
  • 23. UNIT 48 Food card 23 • Animal : a duck • Meat : duck
  • 24. UNIT 48 Food card 24 • Chicken, turkey and duck are sometimes referred to as p__________.
  • 25. UNIT 48 Food card 25 • Chicken, turkey and duck are sometimes referred to as poultry.
  • 26. UNIT 48 Food card 26 A2. Fish
  • 27. UNIT 48 Food card 27 c__________
  • 28. UNIT 48 Food card 28 • Fish : cod • /kɒd//kɑːd n [C or U] (plural cod) / a large sea fish which can be eaten Cod and chips, please.
  • 29. UNIT 48 Food card 29 ha__________ • ha__________
  • 30. UNIT 48 Food card 30 • Fish : hake /heɪk/ n [C or U] (plural hake or hakes) a big sea fish which can be eaten Dutch : stokvis, heek
  • 31. UNIT 48 Food card 31 • pl__________pl__________
  • 32. UNIT 48 Food card 32 • Fish : plaice /pleɪs/ n [C or U] (plural plaice) a sea fish with a flat circular body, or its flesh eaten as food
  • 33. UNIT 48 Food card 33 ma__________ ma__________
  • 34. UNIT 48 Food card 34 • Fish : mackerel /ː mæk.rəl/ n [C or U] (plural mackerel or mackerels) a sea fish that can be eaten and which has a strong taste smoked mackerel
  • 35. UNIT 48 Food card 35 he__________
  • 36. UNIT 48 Food card 36 • Fish : herring
  • 37. UNIT 48 Food card 37 sa__________
  • 38. UNIT 48 Food card 39 tr__________
  • 39. UNIT 48 Food card 38 • Fish : sardine /sɑːː diːn //sɑːr n [C] -/ a small sea fish which can be eaten a tin of sardines
  • 40. UNIT 48 Food card 40 • Fish : trout /traʊt/ n [C or U] (plural trout or trouts) a fish that is a popular food, especially a brown type that lives in rivers and lakes or a silver type that lives in the sea but returns to rivers to reproduce Thousands of young salmon and trout have been killed by the pollution. Loch Leven is famous for its trout fishing. [U] the flesh of this fish eaten as food I love smoked trout, don't you? Dutch : forel
  • 41. UNIT 48 Food card 41 sa__________
  • 42. UNIT 48 Food card 42 • Fish : salmon /ː sæm.ən/ n [C or U] (plural salmon) a medium-sized silvery fish which lives in the sea and swims up rivers to produce its eggs. Its pink flesh is eaten as a food fresh/smoked/tinned salmon salmon mousse/fishcakes salmon fishing
  • 43. UNIT 48 Food card 43 • A3. Seafood
  • 44. UNIT 48 Food card 44 pr__________
  • 45. UNIT 48 Food card 45 • Fish : prawns /prɔːn //prɑːn n [C] mainly UK (US / usually shrimp) a small sea animal that can be eaten and which has a shell and ten legs Prawns are grey when they're raw, and turn pink when they're cooked. peeled prawns
  • 46. UNIT 48 Food card 46 sh__________
  • 47. UNIT 48 Food card 47 Fish : shrimps /ʃrɪmp/ n [C or U] (plural shrimps or shrimp) (UK also prawn) a small sea animal with a thin shell, ten legs and long tail, or its pink curved body eaten as food shrimp cocktail/paste
  • 48. UNIT 48 Food card 48 cr__________
  • 49. UNIT 48 Food card 49 • Fish : crab /kræb/ n [C or U] a sea animal that has five pairs of legs and a round flat body covered by a shell, or its flesh eaten as food We walked along the beach collecting small crabs. All the shops on the seafront had crab for sale. This crab meat/salad is delicious!
  • 50. UNIT 48 Food card 50 lo__________
  • 51. UNIT 48 Food card 51 • Fish : lobster /ː lɒb.stər//ː ɚ/ lɑːb.st n [C or U] an animal which lives in the sea and has a long body covered with a hard shell, two large claws and eight legs, or its flesh when used as food
  • 52. UNIT 48 Food card 52 cr__________fish
  • 53. UNIT 48 Food card 53 • Fish : crayfish /ː kreɪ.fɪʃ/ n [C or U] (plural crayfish or crayfishes) (US also crawfish) a small animal which lives in rivers and is similar to a lobster, or its flesh eaten as food
  • 54. UNIT 48 Food card 54 sq__________
  • 55. UNIT 48 Food card 55 • Fish : squid /skwɪd/ n [C or U] (plural squid) a sea animal with a long body and ten arms situated around the mouth, or this animal eaten as food
  • 56. UNIT 48 Food card 56 co__________
  • 57. UNIT 48 Food card 57 • Fish : cockles /ː kɒk.l ̩//ː kɑː.kl ̩/ n [C]   a small rounded sea creature with a shell, common in Europe, which can be eaten Dutch : kokkel
  • 58. UNIT 48 Food card 58 mu__________
  • 59. UNIT 48 Food card 59 • Fish : mussels /ː mʌs.əl/ n [C] a small sea animal that can be eaten and which lives inside a black shell with two parts that close tightly together
  • 60. UNIT 48 Food card 60 oy__________
  • 61. UNIT 48 Food card 61 • Fish : oysters /ː ɔɪ.stər//-stɚ/ n [C] a large flat sea creature that lives in a shell, some types of which can be eaten either raw or cooked, and other types of which produce pearls (= small round white precious stones)
  • 62. UNIT 48 Food card 62 A4. Vegetables
  • 63. UNIT 48 Food card 63 ca__________
  • 64. UNIT 48 Food card 64 • vegetables : cabbage /ː kæb.ɪdʒ/ n [C or U] a large round vegetable with large green, white or purple leaves, which can be eaten cooked or raw a savoy cabbage /səˌ vɔɪˌ kæb.ɪdʒ/ n [C] red/white cabbage (coleslaw)
  • 65. UNIT 48 Food card 65 ca__________
  • 66. UNIT 48 Food card 66 • vegetables : cauliflower /ː kɒl.ɪːflaʊ.ər /n [C or U] (UK informal cauli) a large round white vegetable which is eaten cooked or raw
  • 67. UNIT 48 Food card 67 br__________
  • 68. UNIT 48 Food card 68 • vegetables : broccoli /ː brɒk.əl.i/ n [U] a vegetable with a thick green stem and a tree-like dark green top
  • 69. UNIT 48 Food card 69 sp__________
  • 70. UNIT 48 Food card 70 • vegetables : spinach /ː spɪn.ɪtʃ/ n [U] a vegetable which has wide dark green leaves which are eaten cooked or uncooked spinach lasagne/salad
  • 71. UNIT 48 Food card 71 cu__________
  • 72. UNIT 48 Food card 72 • vegetables : cucumber /ː kjuː.k ʌm.bər //-bɚ/ n [C or U] a long thin pale-green vegetable with dark green skin, usually eaten uncooked in salads
  • 73. UNIT 48 Food card 73 l__________
  • 74. UNIT 48 Food card 74 • vegetables : leeks /liːk n [C] / a vegetable which looks like a white stick with long green leaves on top and which tastes and smells like an onion
  • 75. UNIT 48 Food card 75 m__________
  • 76. UNIT 48 Food card 76 • vegetables : mushrooms /ː mʌʃ.ruːm /-rʊm/ n [C] /, a fungus with a round top and short stem. wild/cultivated mushrooms; button (= very small) mushrooms; dried/grilled/stuffed/sliced mushrooms; cream of mushroom soup; For this recipe choose mushrooms with large caps (= top parts).
  • 77. UNIT 48 Food card 77 Br. E. : c_________/Am. E. : z_________
  • 78. UNIT 48 Food card 78 • vegetables : courgettes /kɔːː ʒet//kʊr-/ n [C] UK American English : zucchini /zʊːkiː. ni//zuː n [C] (plural zucchini -/ or zucchinis) a long thin vegetable with a dark green skin. It is a type of small marrow.
  • 79. UNIT 48 Food card 79 Br. E. : a_________/Am. E. e_____ p_____
  • 80. UNIT 48 Food card 80 • vegetables : aubergines (UK) American English : eggplants /ː əʊ.bə.ʒiːn //ː oʊ.bɚ-/ n [C] an oval purple vegetable which is white inside and which is usually eaten cooked
  • 81. UNIT 48 Food card 81 A.5 Spices
  • 82. UNIT 48 Food card 82 cu__________ A mixture of spices such as cumin, cardamom, coriander, paprika, turmeric and ginger
  • 83. UNIT 48 Food card 83 • spices : curry /ˈkʌr.i/
  • 84. UNIT 48 Food card 84 cu__________
  • 85. UNIT 48 Food card 85 • spices : cumin /ː kjuː.m ɪn/ n [U] (a plant with) seeds that smell pleasant and are used as a spice, especially in South Asian and Middle Eastern cooking Dutch : komijn
  • 86. UNIT 48 Food card 86 card__________
  • 87. UNIT 48 Food card 87 • spices : cardamom (UK also cardamum – US also cardamon /ː kɑː.d ə.məm//ː kɑːr n [C or U] -/ a South Asian plant, the seeds of which are used as a spice cardamom seeds Add two teaspoonfuls of ground cardamom Dutch : kardemom
  • 88. UNIT 48 Food card 88 cor__________
  • 89. UNIT 48 Food card 89 • spices : coriander /ː ər kɒr.iːæn.d //ː ɚ/ kɔːr.i.æn.d n [U] a plant whose leaves or seeds are added to food to give a special flavour
  • 90. UNIT 48 Food card 90 pa__________
  • 91. UNIT 48 Food card 91 • spices : paprika /ː pæp.rɪ.kə/, /pəːpri -/ n [U] ː a red powder used as a spice to give a slightly hot flavour to food, especially in meat dishes
  • 92. UNIT 48 Food card 92 tur__________
  • 93. UNIT 48 Food card 93 • spices : turmeric /ː tɜː.m ər.ɪk//ː ɚ-/ tɝː.m n [U] a yellow powder which is used as a spice to flavour particular foods, especially curry, and give them a yellow colour. It is made from the root of an Asian plant. Dutch : kurkuma
  • 94. UNIT 48 Food card 94 gi__________
  • 95. UNIT 48 Food card 95 • spices : ginger /ː dʒɪn.dʒər //-dʒɚ/ n [U] the spicy root of a tropical plant which is used in cooking or eaten preserved in sugar Dutch : gember
  • 96. UNIT 48 Food card 96 ci__________
  • 97. UNIT 48 Food card 97 • spices : cinnamon /ː sɪn.ə.mən/ n [U] the bark (= hard outer covering) of a tropical tree, or a brown powder made from this, used as a spice to give a particular taste to food, especially sweet food a cinnamon stick Dutch : kaneel
  • 98. UNIT 48 Food card 98 n__________
  • 99. UNIT 48 Food card 99 • spices : nutmeg /ːn ʌt.meg/ n [C or U] the hard fruit of a tropical tree, or a brown powder made from this and used as a spice to add flavour to food Grate some nutmeg on top of the pudding. Dutch : nootmuskaat
  • 100. UNIT 48 Food card 100 A6. Herbs
  • 101. UNIT 48 Food card 101 pa__________
  • 102. UNIT 48 Food card 102 • herbs : parsley /ː pɑː.sli /ː / pɑːr n [U] -/ a herb with curly or flat leaves, used to add flavour to food and also to make it look attractive Dutch : peterselie
  • 103. UNIT 48 Food card 103 ro__________
  • 104. UNIT 48 Food card 104 • herbs : rosemary /ː rəʊz.mə.ri//ː roʊz.mer.i/ n [U] a bush whose leaves are used to add flavour in cooking and are used in some perfumes, or the leaves themselves
  • 105. UNIT 48 Food card 105 th__________
  • 106. UNIT 48 Food card 106 • herbs : thyme /taɪm/ n [U] a herb used in cooking
  • 107. UNIT 48 Food card 107 sa__________
  • 108. UNIT 48 Food card 108 • herbs : sage /seɪdʒ/ n [U] a plant whose greyish green leaves are used as a herb to give flavour to some foods sage-and-onion stuffing Dutch : salie
  • 109. UNIT 48 Food card 109 ch__________
  • 110. UNIT 48 Food card 110 • herbs : chives /tʃaɪvz/ n a plant with long thin leaves and purple flowers, or its leaves when cut into small pieces and used in cooking to give a flavour similar to onions Dutch : bieslook
  • 111. UNIT 48 Food card 111 ta__________
  • 112. UNIT 48 Food card 112 • herbs : tarragon /ː tær.ə.gən//-gɑːn n [U] / a plant with whitish flowers whose narrow leaves are used in cooking as a herb which has a taste similar to liquorice Dutch : dragon
  • 113. UNIT 48 Food card 113 or__________
  • 114. UNIT 48 Food card 114 • herbs : oregano /ː ɒr.ɪːg ɑː.n əʊ//ɔːː reg.ə.noʊ/ n [U] a herb whose dried leaves are used in cooking to add flavour, especially in Italian cooking
  • 115. UNIT 48 Food card 115 • B. Flavours and tastes – adjectives and some opposites (≠)
  • 116. UNIT 48 Food card 116 • swe__________ ≠ b__________ (= sharp/unpleasant)
  • 117. UNIT 48 Food card 117 • sweet ≠ bitter (= sharp/unpleasant)
  • 118. UNIT 48 Food card 118 • s__________ (e.g. unripe fruit)
  • 119. UNIT 48 Food card 119 • sour (e.g. unripe fruit)
  • 120. UNIT 48 Food card 120 • h__________ , sp_____ (e.g. curry) ≠ m__________
  • 121. UNIT 48 Food card 121 • hot ,spicy (e.g. curry) ≠ mild
  • 122. UNIT 48 Food card 122 • bl__________ (= rather negative) adj usually disapproving not having a strong taste or character or not showing any interest or energy I find chicken a little bl__________. Pop music these days is so bl__________.
  • 123. UNIT 48 Food card 123 • bland (= rather negative) /blænd/ adj usually disapproving not having a strong taste or character or not showing any interest or energy I find chicken a little bland. Pop music these days is so bland.
  • 124. UNIT 48 Food card 124 • s__________ (= a lot of salt)
  • 125. UNIT 48 Food card 125 • salty (= a lot of salt)
  • 126. UNIT 48 Food card 126 • sa__________ (= pleasant, slightly salty of with herbs)
  • 127. UNIT 48 Food card 127 • savoury (= pleasant, slightly salty of with herbs)
  • 128. UNIT 48 Food card 128 • ta__________ (= has a good taste/ flavour) ≠ ta__________ (= no flavour all)
  • 129. UNIT 48 Food card 129 • tasty (= has a good taste/ flavour) ≠ tasteless (= no flavour all)
  • 130. UNIT 48 Food card 130 • del__________
  • 131. UNIT 48 Food card 131 • delicious /dɪˌ lɪʃ.əs/
  • 132. UNIT 48 Food card 132 • C. General appearance, presentation and quality
  • 133. UNIT 48 Food card 133 • These chips are terribly g__________/o__________. (= too much oil/fat)
  • 134. UNIT 48 Food card 134 • These chips are terribly greasy /oily. (= too much oil/fat)
  • 135. UNIT 48 Food card 135 This meat is • over-c__________/overd__________ • under-c__________/underd__________
  • 136. UNIT 48 Food card 136 This meat is • over-cooked/overdone • under-cooked/underdone
  • 137. UNIT 48 Food card 137 British cooking can be very st__________. (heavy, hard to digest) adj UK informal disapproving describes food which is heavy and unhealthy, sometimes in an unpleasant way I've been eating too many st__________ puddings.
  • 138. UNIT 48 Food card 138 British cooking can be very stodgy. (heavy, hard to digest) /ː stɒdʒ.i/ adj UK informal disapproving describes food which is heavy and unhealthy, sometimes in an unpleasant way I've been eating too many stodgy puddings.
  • 139. UNIT 48 Food card 139 Mm this chicken’s d__________ to a t__________. (just perfect, not overdone)
  • 140. UNIT 48 Food card 140 Mm this chicken’s done to a turn. (just perfect, not overdone)
  • 141. UNIT 48 Food card 141 These pistachio nuts are terribly m__________-ish. (informal; you want to eat more)
  • 142. UNIT 48 Food card 142 These pistachio nuts are terribly more-ish. (informal; you want to eat more)
  • 143. UNIT 48 Food card 143 • D. Ways of cooking food - verbs
  • 144. UNIT 48 Food card 144
  • 145. UNIT 48 Food card 145 boil
  • 146. UNIT 48 Food card 146
  • 147. UNIT 48 Food card 147 fry
  • 148. UNIT 48 Food card 148
  • 149. UNIT 48 Food card 149 bake
  • 150. UNIT 48 Food card 150
  • 151. UNIT 48 Food card 151 roast
  • 152. UNIT 48 Food card 152
  • 153. UNIT 48 Food card 153 grill
  • 154. UNIT 48 Food card 154
  • 155. UNIT 48 Food card 155 stir-fry
  • 156. UNIT 48 Food card 156 Lamb chops are nice b__________. (over hot coals, usually ootdoors)
  • 157. UNIT 48 Food card 157 Lamb chops are nice barbecued. (over hot coals, usually ootdoors)
  • 158. UNIT 48 Food card 158 Have you s__________ the stew?(added herbs/spices/salt/pepper)
  • 159. UNIT 48 Food card 159 Have you seasoned the stew?(added herbs/spices/salt/pepper)
  • 160. UNIT 48 Food card 160 • E. Courses and dishes
  • 161. UNIT 48 Food card 161 In the Uk a meal in a restaurant would typically be three courses : •a s__________ (light snack/appetiser) •a m__________ course (the most important/substantial part of the meal), followed by • a dessert (sometimes called a s__________/p__________/a__________, especially at home).
  • 162. UNIT 48 Food card 162 In the Uk a meal in a restaurant would typically be three courses : •a starter (light snack/appetiser) •a main course (the most important/substantial part of the meal), followed by • a dessert (sometimes called a sweet/pudding/afters, especially at home).