E3 Det Animals And Insects Definitions Evu45

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E3 Det Animals And Insects Definitions Evu45

  1. 1. Unit 45 Animals and insects
  2. 2. • A. Pets and farm animals
  3. 3. • Pets
  4. 4. • a small animal with fur, four legs, a tail and claws, usually kept as a pet or for catching mice, or any member of the group of similar animals such as the lion
  5. 5. • a cat • Dogs, cats and horses can be microchipped. Sound : miaow/purr. He-cat or she-cat.Young one : a kitten./A pedigree cat./Neutering (spaying or castrating).Kattebak : litter box. Krabpaal : scratching post/A cat bed/a cat basket/A pet leash. Mijn kat is loops : My cat is in heat. Deworm your cat.
  6. 6. • a common animal with four legs, especially kept by people as a pet or to hunt or guard things
  7. 7. • a dog • Sound : bark. 800 dog breeds./A mixed- breed dog or mongrel or mutt./A litter : a group of offspring./Young one : a pup/a puppy. Neutering (spaying females and castrating males) refers to the sterilization of animals . • Male dog/Female dog. post/A dog bed/a dog basket/A pet leash
  8. 8. • a small mammal with short fur, a pointed face, and a long tail
  9. 9. • a mouse/two mice • Sound : squeak
  10. 10. • a small animal with long ears and large front teeth, which moves by jumping on its long back legs
  11. 11. • a rabbit
  12. 12. • a small, shiny, gold or orange fish which is often kept as a pet in a bowl or garden pool
  13. 13. • a goldfish/two goldfish • bowl
  14. 14. • Farm animals
  15. 15. • a type of bird kept on a farm for its eggs or its meat, or the meat of this bird which is cooked and eaten
  16. 16. • a chicken • Sound : cackle .Female : hen Male : rooster or cock, young male : cockerel Young : chick
  17. 17. • a large female farm animal kept to produce meat and milk
  18. 18. • a cow • Sound : • Female : cow/Male : bull (castrated : ox) Young : calf • Meat : beef/veal. • Dairy cow. • vee : cattle.
  19. 19. • an animal which is related to sheep, which usually has horns, and which lives wild on mountains or is kept on farms to provide milk, meat, wool, etc
  20. 20. • a goat • sound : bleat
  21. 21. • a large animal with four legs which people ride on or use for carrying things or pulling vehicles
  22. 22. • a horse • Male horse : a stallion. • Female horse : a mare. • Young horse : a foal.
  23. 23. • a large pink, brown or black farm animal with short legs and a curved tail, kept for its meat
  24. 24. • a pig • Female pig : a sow • Male pig : a boar. • Young pig : piglet, suckling.
  25. 25. • a farm animal with thick wool, that eats grass and is kept for its wool, skin and meat
  26. 26. • a sheep/two sheep • Sound : bleat • Male sheep : ram, buck • Female sheep : ewe. • Young one : lamb. Meat : young : lamb/old : mutton
  27. 27. • B. Wild animals
  28. 28. • a large, strong wild mammal with a thick fur coat that lives especially in colder parts of Europe, Asia and North America
  29. 29. • a bear
  30. 30. • a large animal with a long neck, that lives in the desert and has one or two humps (= large raised areas of flesh) on its back
  31. 31. • a camel
  32. 32. • a very large grey mammal which has a trunk (= long nose) with which it can pick things up
  33. 33. • an elephant
  34. 34. • a large African animal with a very long neck and long legs
  35. 35. • a giraffe
  36. 36. • a large ape that comes from western Africa
  37. 37. • a gorilla
  38. 38. • a large wild cat that has yellow fur with black spots on it and lives in Africa and southern Asia
  39. 39. • a leopard
  40. 40. • a large wild animal of the cat family with yellowish brown fur which lives in Africa and southern Asia
  41. 41. • a lion • Sound : roar
  42. 42. • an animal that lives in hot countries, has a long tail and climbs trees. They are primates (= the group of animals which are most like humans
  43. 43. • a monkey
  44. 44. • a large wild animal of the cat family with yellowish orange fur with black lines which lives in parts of Asia
  45. 45. • a tiger
  46. 46. • an African wild animal which looks like a horse, and which has black or brown and white lines on its body
  47. 47. • a zebra
  48. 48. • C. Insects
  49. 49. • a very small insect which lives under the ground in large and well-organized social groups
  50. 50. • an ant
  51. 51. • a yellow and black flying insect which makes honey and can sting you
  52. 52. • a bee • Sound : buzz • Produces honey
  53. 53. • a type of insect with large often brightly coloured wings
  54. 54. • a butterfly
  55. 55. • a small insect with two wings
  56. 56. • a fly
  57. 57. • a small flying insect that bites people and animals, and sucks their blood
  58. 58. • a mosquito
  59. 59. • a small creature similar to an insect with eight thin legs which catches other insects in a web (= a net made from sticky threads)
  60. 60. • a spider • It makes a web.
  61. 61. • D. In the water, in the air and on the ground
  62. 62. • In the water
  63. 63. • a very large sea mammal that breathes air through a hole at the top of its head
  64. 64. • a dolphin
  65. 65. • a sea mammal that is large, smooth and grey, with a long pointed mouth
  66. 66. • a whale
  67. 67. • In the air
  68. 68. • a large strong bird with a curved beak which eats meat and can see very well
  69. 69. • an eagle
  70. 70. • On the ground
  71. 71. • a small creature with a soft wet body and a round shell, that moves very slowly and often eats garden plants
  72. 72. • a snail
  73. 73. • a reptile with a long cylindrical body and no legs
  74. 74. • a snake • Sound : hiss

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