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Material used in the class. Topic: Conjunctions, advanced level

Material used in the class. Topic: Conjunctions, advanced level

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  • 1. CONJUNCTIONSA. COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS (FANBOYS) for, and, nor, but, or, yet, soCoordinating conjunctions join equals to one another: words to words, phrases to phrases, clauses to clauses.B. CORRELATIVE CONJUNCTIONS either. . .or both. . . and neither. . . nor not only. . . but alsoThese pairs of conjunctions require equal (parallel) structures after each one.C. CONJUNCTIVE ADVERBSThese conjunctions join independent clauses together.The following are frequently used conjunctive adverbs:after all in addition nextalso incidentally nonetheless
  • 2. as a result indeed on the contrarybesides in fact on the other handconsequently in other words otherwisefinally instead stillfor example likewise thenfurthermore meanwhile thereforehence moreover thushowever neverthelessPunctuation: Place a semicolon before the conjunctive adverb and a comma after the conjunctive adverb.D. SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONSThese words are commonly used as subordinating conjunctionsafter in order (that) unlessalthough insofar as untilas in that whenas far as lest wheneveras soon as no matter how whereas if now that whereveras though once whetherbecause provided (that) whilebefore since whyeven if so thateven though supposing (that)how thanif thatinasmuch as thoughin case (that) tillSubordinating conjunctions also join two clauses together, but in doing so, theymake one clause dependent (or "subordinate") upon the other.
  • 3. A subordinating conjunction may appear at a sentence beginning or betweentwo clauses in a sentence.A subordinate conjunction usually provides a tighter connection betweenclauses than a coordinating conjunctions does.Loose: It is raining, so we have an umbrella.Tight: Because it is raining, we have an umbrella.Complete source available in:http://www.towson.edu/ows/conjunctions.htm