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  • 1. Module LIX - Ethics in Computer Forensics
  • 2. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Module Objective • Computer Forensics Ethics • Procedure to Implement Ethics • Challenges in Teaching Computer Forensics Ethics • Ethics in Preparation of Forensic Equipments • Ethics of Computer Forensic Investigator • Ethics in Obtaining the Evidence • Ethics in Documenting Evidence • Ethics in Bringing Evidence to Courtroom This module will familiarize you with:
  • 3. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Module Flow Computer Forensics Ethics Ethics in preparation of Forensic Equipments Challenges in Teaching Computer Forensics Ethics Ethics in Bringing Evidence to Courtroom Ethics in Documenting Evidence Ethics in Obtaining the Evidence Ethics of Computer Forensic Investigator Procedure to Implement Ethics
  • 4. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Computer Forensic Ethics Ethics refers to the behavior of a person in relation to a subject It tells about the norms that distinguishes between the acceptable and unacceptable behavior Organizations implement policies to provide guidelines for ethics
  • 5. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Importance of Computer Ethics Computer ethics help computer professionals how to behave in a forensic domain It will teach how to avoid computer abuse, computer failure, corruption of the evidence The advance of computing technology will continue to create temporary policy vacuums The use of computing permanently transforms certain ethical issues to the degree that their alterations require independent study
  • 6. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Ethical Predicaments Discovery of the confidential data which is non-related to the case Acknowledgement of errors may create problems to overcome Removing bias from investigation Time-consuming nature of the computer investigations
  • 7. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited The Ethical Requirements During Investigation • Investigator should carry required tasks that he/she has accepted for the assignment Thoroughness: • Examinations and tests within the investigation should be related to the issues Relevance: • The work of the criminalist should be reviewed Reviewability:
  • 8. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Ethics in Preparation of Forensic Equipments Equipment must be monitored and documented to ensure that a minimum performance level is always maintained Only suitable and fully functional equipments shall be employed The manufacturer’s operation manual and other relevant documentation for each piece of equipment should be accessible Ethics
  • 9. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Ethics of Computer Forensic Investigator • Refuse any evidence because that may cause failure in the case • Expose confidential matters without having any authorized permission • Work against the law • Exceed assignments beyond his/her skills • Present the training, credentials, or association membership in a wrong way • Provide personal or prejudice opinions • Cross authorization limits in conducting examinations Computer forensic investigator should not:
  • 10. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Maintaining Professional Conduct Professional conduct determines the credibility of a forensic investigator Always dress professionally – wear a tie and a coat Investigators must display the highest level of ethics and moral integrity, as well as confidentiality Discuss the case at hand only with the person who has the right to know Keep the case investigation information confidential Learn about the latest crime investigation techniques for better investigation
  • 11. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Ethics in Logical Security • Privacy and confidentiality • Integrity - Ensuring that data and programs are not modified without proper authority • Consistency - Ensuring that the data and behavior of the computing systems do not change with the time • Controlling access to resources Ethics involved in logical security of computer:
  • 12. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Ethics in Obtaining the Evidence No outsiders should be allowed in the incident area except the authorized investigators Hire a skilled person for searching evidence who can examine the scene in an efficient and proactive manner Use the latest technology and devices for capturing the evidence The evidence captured should be safely placed: • Physical evidence should be placed in a secured covers • Digital evidence should be stored in a digital media
  • 13. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Ethics while Preserving the Evidence Have a secured work station to preserve the evidence Avoid the access for outsiders to the evidence protected area Avoid complexity when dealing with evidence that result in evidence loss or evidence identity loss Take proper care while labeling the evidence, which is used to identify them individually Do not test on the original evidence; it will result in tampering of the evidence Computer forensics professional should maintain the secrecy and privacy of the customer Maintain integrity, accuracy ,and authenticity of the evidence
  • 14. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Ethics in Documenting Evidence Evidence should be documented properly to make it acceptable in the court of the law Do not misdirect the evidence from the original one Document the evidence in the manner of their occurrence Document all the evidence exactly in the manner of the evidence acquired and the case proceedings
  • 15. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Ethics in Bringing Evidence to Courtroom The original evidence and documents should be submitted to the court Do not give the evidence to other parties to avoid tampering the evidence in the last stage
  • 16. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Summary Ethics form a major part in the society and the computer world It tells about the norms that distinguishes between the acceptable and unacceptable behavior Computer ethics help computer professionals on how to behave in a forensic domain Equipment must be monitored and documented to ensure proper performance is maintained Hire a skilled person for searching evidence who can examine the scene in an efficient and proactive manner Evidence should be documented efficiently to make it acceptable in the court room
  • 17. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited
  • 18. EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited

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