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  • Module XLVIII - Investigating Social Networking Websites for Evidence: MySpace, Facebook and Orkut
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited News: Google Gives Brazil Senate User Info Source: http://www.sfgate.com/
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited News: Police Tap Student Sites to Fight Crime Source: http://www.eschoolnews.com/
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited News: Child Pornography on Social Networking Websites Source: http://www.ndtv.com/
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Module Objective • Introduction: Social Networking Websites • MySpace • Facebook • Orkut • Crime Using Social Networking Website • Investigation Process • Investigation in MySpace • Investigation in Facebook • Investigation in Orkut • Report Generation This module will familiarize you with:
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Module Flow Introduction: Social Networking Websites Crime Using Social Networking Website Investigation Process Investigation in MySpace Investigation in Facebook Investigation in Orkut Report Generation
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Social Networking Sites
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Introduction: Social Networking A social network is a social structure made of nodes of individuals and organizations that are tied by one or more specific types of interdependency, such as values, visions, idea, financial exchange, friendship etc. Social networking phenomenon is rapidly increasing among the youth, since it provides a chance to put forth the ideas and views to other individuals over the web
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Social Networking Sites
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited MySpace
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited MySpace MySpace is a social networking site which provides: Online community to talk with the friends and make a new ones Helps in creating business network Private community to share photos, journals, and any of the interests Internet marketers to advertise their products and services
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited MySpace: Screenshot
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Searching Persons on MySpace
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Facebook
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Facebook Facebook is the social networking site which connects people with friends and others who work, study and live around them People use Facebook to keep up with friends, upload an unlimited number of photos, share links and videos, and learn more about the people they meet About Facebook: • Anyone can join Facebook • Discover the people around you
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Facebook: Screenshot
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Facebook: Screenshot
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Orkut
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Orkut Orkut is an online social networking site designed similarly as MySpace and Facebook Launched in January 2004, by Google search company It provides a network for friends and businesses with: • A public profile which can be viewed by anyone within the community • Pictures, messages, and video sharing According to Alexa, Orkut is the eleventh largest web property
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Orkut: Screenshot
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Orkut: Screenshot
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Crime Using Social Networking Website Identity Theft Phasing Phishing Blackmailing Child Harassment Child Pornography Social Engineering
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Use of Social Networking Websites in Investigations Social networking websites are increasingly used in legal and criminal investigations Personal information posted on social networking sites is used by police and law enforcement agencies to prosecute users of said sites Information recovered from social networking sites can be used in court to corroborate a case Facebook is mainly used by law enforcement agencies as a source of evidence against student users
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Investigation Process Search for convict’s account on the social networking site Mirror the web pages in the CD-ROM Search on social networking sites Documenting the evidence gathered
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Search for Convict’s Account on The Social Networking Site Search for convict’s account on the social networking site using the his email address Email address of the convict can be gathered during interrogation If the email address is not founded the search him by his name and address in the social networking website Investigator should also have an account with the social networking site in order to search for the information related to victim
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Mirror the Web Pages in the CD- ROM Mirror the web pages in the CD-ROM using the following tools: • HTTrack Web Site Copier offline browser • Webcrawl • cURL and Libcurl • W3Mir • Web Copier • Folder Synchronization Tools • File Dog • BlackWidow Website Mirror
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Investigation on MySpace • Bulletins: It is the broadcasting method delivering chain messages in the friend list • Groups: Groups allow to share a common page and message board in the friend list • MySpaceIM: It is the instant messenger in the MySpace account where the notification of new MySpace messages, friend requests, and comments are delivered • MySpaceTV: It is the video sharing application in MySpace • Applications: Here users could create applications for other users to post on their profiles • MySpace Mobile: It is environment in which users can access MySpace content on their mobile phone Search for the following in MySpace account:
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Investigation on MySpace (cont’d) • MySpace News: Here, news is displayed from RSS feeds which users had submitted • MySpace Classifieds: Classified service • MySpace Karaoke: Here, user to upload audio recordings • MySpace polls: Here, users post polls on their profile and share them with other users • MySpace forums: Community server is implemented for the MySpace users Search for the following in MySpace account:
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Investigation on Facebook • Friend list • It is the name and profile of the friends present in the user profile • News Feed • It highlights information regarding profile changes, upcoming events, and birthdays, other updates in the user profile • Wall • It is the space where friends can post messages • Photos • It is the photo sharing application of Facebook • Gifts • It is the virtual gift shop • Marketplace • Here, the users can post free classified ads Facebook is widely used for the surveillance, the main area of the investigation are as following:
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Investigation on Facebook (cont’d) Pokes • It is the way of interaction with friends on Facebook Status • It inform current whereabouts and actions of a friend Events • It shows the upcoming events Networks and groups • Facebook have many networks and groups to which many users can join Video • It is the video sharing application in Facebook Chat • Here, users can chat with their Facebook friends and on a one-to-one basis
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Investigation on Orkut In Orkut account search the following for gathering evidence: • Profile • Scrapbook • Photos • Videos • Testimonials • View Events • Friendlist • Communities
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Investigating Profile Investigator can find out personal, professional and social information of the convict Personal information include height, weight, eye color, hair color etc about the person Professional information include education, occupation, industry etc about the person Social information include religion, alternative email address, telephone number about the person
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Investigating Scrapbook Scrapbook is the main source of investigation here the messages are received online or offline The conversation or chatting done by the convict can be easily archived from here
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Investigating Photos and Video The photograph or the video recording of the convict can be gathered here Photo or video folder are locked in some accounts
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Investigating Testimonials It is the part of the Orkut account where any body can write about the personality of convict Here, the investigator can learn about the personality of the person
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Investigating View Events The investigator can find the event calendar of the convict Important dates are found here
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Investigating Friend Lists The friend list contains the profiles of all his friends It provides a detailed information of who are directly connected as a friend with the convict
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Investigating Communities The communities which has joined shows interest of the person Community is the group of people where sharing of knowledge is done
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Report Generation Note the name of Investigator List of evidence acquired from social networking website Documents of the evidence and other supporting items List of tools used for investigation Devices and set up used in the examination Brief description of examination steps Details about the finding: • Information about the files • Internet related evidence • Data and image analysis Conclusion of the investigation
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited Summary A social network is a social structure made of nodes of individuals and organizations that are tied by one or more specific types of interdependency Web sites providing the social network are referred as social networking sites MySpace, Facebook, and Orkut are the social networking site which provides online community to talk with the friends and make new ones Social networking websites are increasingly used in legal and criminal investigations
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited
  • EC-Council Copyright © by EC-Council All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited