Panic disorders

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Panic disorders

  1. 1. o provide a correctdiagnosis or relief.
  2. 2.  DOCTORS OFTEN TRY TO RULEWHAT ARE SOME OUT EVERY OTHER POSSIBLESYMPTOMS OF PANIC ALTERNATIVE BEFOREDISORDERS? DIAGNOSING PANIC DISORDER.•SWEATING TO BE DIAGNOSED AS HAVING•HOT OR COLD FLASHES PANIC DISORDER, A PERSON•CHOKING OR A MUST EXPERIENCE AT LEASTSOMOTHERINGSENSATIONS FOUR OF THE FOLLOWING•RACING HEART SYMPTOMS DURING A PANINC•LABORED BREATHING ATTACK.TREMBLING CHEST PAINS  A PANIC ATTACK CAN LAST LESS•FAINTNESS THAN 10 MINS OR AS LONG AS 45•NUMBNESS MINS. 10 MINS IS THE AVERAGE•NAUSEA TIME FOR AN ATTACK TO LAST.•DISORIENTATION OR ASENSE OF UNREALITY  AFTER A PANIC ATTACK A•FEELINGS OF DYING, PERSON CAN FEEL ANXIOUS ORLOSING CONTROL, OR JITTERY FOR MANY HRS AFTERLOSING ONE’S MIND HAVING A PANIC ATTACK.
  3. 3. MANY PEOPLE WITH PANIC DISORDERDEVELOPE INTENSE ANXIETY BETWEENEPISODES. IT IS ALSO NOT UNUSUAL FORA PERSON WITH PANIC DISORDER TODEVELPE PHOBIAS ABOUT PLACES ORSITUATIONS WHERE PANIC ATTACKSHAVE OCCURRED. THE MORETHEATTACKS HAPPEN THE MORE THEPERSON BEGINS TO AVOID SITUATIONSWHERE THEY FEAR ANOTHER ATTACKMAY OCCUR OR WHERE HELP WOULDNOT BE IMMEDIATELY AVAILABLE.
  4. 4.  NO ONE REALLY KNOWS WHAT CAUSES PANIC DISORDER. HOWEVER, SEVERAL IDEAS ARE BEING RESEARCHED TO SEE WHAT CAN CAUSE THIS DISORDER. PANIC DISORDER SEEMS TO RUN IN FAMILIES, WHICH SUGGESTS THAT IT HAS AT LEAST SOME GENETIC BASIS. BIOLOGICAL THEORIES POINT TO POSSIBLE PHYSICAL DEFECTS IN A PERSON’S AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM. GENERAL HYPERSENSITIVITY IN THE NERVOUS SYSTEM, INCREASED AROUSAL, OR A SUDDEN CHEMICAL IMBALANCE CAN TRIGGER PANIC ATTACKS. CAFFEINE, ALCOHOL, AND SEVERAL OTHER AGENTS CAN ALSO TRIGGER THESE SYMPTOMS.
  5. 5. PHOBIAS ARE IRRATIONAL,INVOLUNTARY, AND INAPPROPRIATEFEARS OF (OR RESPONSES TO) ORDINARYSITUATIONS OR THINGS. PEOPLE WHOHAVE PHOBIAS CAN EXPERIENCE PANICATTACKS WHEN CONFRONTED WITH THESITUATION OR OB JECT ABOUT WHICHTHEY FEEL PHOBIC. A CATEGORY OFSYMPTOMS CALLED PHOBIC DISORDERFALLS WITHING THE BROADER FIELD OFANXIETY DISORDERS.
  6. 6. 1. SPECIFIC PHOBIA- AN EXTREME OR EXCESSIVE FEAR OF AN OBJECT OR SITUATION THAT IS NOT HARMFUL UNDER GENERAL CONDITIONS. PEOPLE WITH SPECIFIC PHOBIAS KNOW THAT THEIR FEAR IS EXCESSIVE, BUT THEY ARE UNABLE TO OVERCOME THE EMOTION.2. SOCIAL PHOBIA (also called Social Anxiety Disorder)- SIGNIFICANT ANXIETY AND DISCOMFORT RELATED TO FEAR OF BEING EMBARRASSED OR SCORNED IN SOCIAL OR PERFORMANCE SITUATIONS (E.G., PUBLIC SPEAKING, MEETING PEOPLE, OR USING PUBLIC RESTROOMS). MOST PEOPLE EXPERIEINCING SOCIAL PHOBIA TRY TO AVOID SITUATIONS THAT PROVOKE THE DREAD, OR ENDURE THEM WITH MUCH DISTRESS.3. AGORAPHOBIA- THEFEAR OF EXPERIENCING A PANIC ATTACK IN SITUATIONS FROM WHICH ESCAPE MAY BE DIFFICULT OR EMBARRASSING. THE ANXIETY OF AGORAPHOBIA IS SO SEVERE THAT INDIVIDUALS TYPICALLY SEEK TO AVOID THE SITUATIONS ALTOGETHER. UNTREATED, AGORAPHOBIA CAN BECOM SO DEBILITATING THAT A PERSON MAY REFUSE TO LEAVE THE HOUSE.
  7. 7. Many people with phobias or panic disorder"fear the fear," or worry about when the nextattack is coming. The fear of more panic attackscan lead to a very limited life. People who havepanic attacks often begin to avoid the thingsthey think triggered the panic attack and thenstop doing the things they used to do or theplaces they used to go.
  8. 8.  2 TYPES OF TREATMENT ARE AVAILABLE FOR PANIC DISORDER 1. MEDICATION- THIS DISORDER IS TREATED WITH BENZODIAZEPINES (XANAX, KLONOPIN, VALIUM ETC.) 2. COGNITIVE THERAPY- IS USED TO HELP PEOPLE THINK AND BEHAVE APPROPRIATLEY. PATIENTS LEARN TO MAKE THE FEARED OBJECT OR SITUATION LESS THREATENING AS THEY ARE EXPOSED TO AND SLOWLY GET USE TO, WHATEVER IS SO FREIGHTENING TO THEM.

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