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Mymo wireless presentation_30_jul'10

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  • 1. 4 th Generation Wireless Systems Focus on 3GPP LTE Dr. Sondur Lakshmipathi MYMO Wireless Technology Pvt Ltd Entrepreneurship Center Indian Institute of Science Bangalore 30 Sept 2010
  • 2. Agenda
    • KEY DRIVERS FOR THE 4G TECHNOLOGIES
    • 3GPP LTE: AN EMERGING 4G STANDARD
    • KEY TECHNOLOGIES FOR LTE
  • 3. KEY DRIVERS FOR THE 4G TECHNOLOGIES
  • 4. Cellular Evolution: GSM Phones Enhancing to IP Based LTE
    • Phenomenal growth of cellular users across globe
      • GSM Global coverage is 80%
      • Spread across 219 countries and 750 Operators around the globe
      • In India alone, 500 Million cell phone users presently – TOI , Dec’09
      • In-Stat surveys show 3 out of 5 users prefer handheld phones with one-stop communications  LTE will be the one stop solutions device
      • LTE being standardized as Advanced GSM  Huge Mkt opportunities
    3GPP LTE* is the natural successor to GSM *Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP)
  • 5. Cellular Evolution: (contd..) GSM Phones Enhancing to IP Based LTE
    • We are at the beginning of a new revolution of 3G & 4G communications
      • More than 80% of cellular operators are adopting LTE
      • Emergence of new Competitive & Complementary wireless with unbelievable speeds and quality – WiFi, WHD exceed 100Mbps
      • Voice-service by cellular networks is transforming to totally IP-based networks through LTE
    • LTE Mobile Broadband to Generate $70 Billion in Revenues Within 5 Years - Juniper Research, 31 Mar’10
  • 6. Business drivers: Evolution of new cellular standard
    • Phenomenal growth of cellular users across globe
      • In India crosses 500M cell phone users
      • Worldwide 3 billion users
  • 7. 1G 2G 3.5G 3G
    • Analog
    • Cellular
    • Voice
    • AMPS
    • TACS
    • GSM,CDMA
    • Voice
    • Pager
    • 10kbps data
    • TDMA/CDMA
    • eHSPA, EVDO
    • Voice/Video
    • Email/Web
    • 10Mbps data
    • TDMA/CDMA
    • LTE
    • Voice over IP
    • Video over IP
    • Email/Web
    • DVB, Multimedia
    • 100 Mbps data
    • MIMO-OFDM
    4G
    • LTE++
    • Voice over IP
    • Video over IP
    • Email/Web
    • DVB, Multimedia
    • 1 Gbps data
    • MIMO-OFDM
    2G 3.5G 3G
    • IEEE 802.11b
    • Email/Web
    • 11Mbps data
    • CSMA-CA
    • CCK
    • IEEE 802.11g,a
    • Voice over IP
    • Video over IP
    • Email/Web
    • 54 Mbps data
    • CSMA-CA
    • OFDM
    • IEEE 802.11n
    • Voice over IP
    • Video over IP
    • Email/Web
    • 600 Mbps data
    • CSMA-CA
    • MIMO-FODM
    4G
    • IEEE 802.11VHT
    • HDTV, OH Projector
    • Voice.Video over IP
    • Email/Web
    • 1.2 Gbps data
    • CSMA-CA
    • MIMO-FODM
    WiFi Evolution Cellular Evolution 1980 1994-98 2008-09 2010-11 2012-14 Cellular & WiFi: The two most successful technologies that hold great promise for future markets Cellular & WiFi: Two Decades of Phenomenal Growth
  • 8. Emerging 3G and 4G Standards
    • Application Segments
      • Voice, Video, Data, Multimedia Broadcast
    • Differentiation
      • Low Power & Low Gate Count , Small Form Factor, High Performance
      • Innovative solutions
    WiFi IEEE 802.11n 600 Mbps IEEE 802.11vht 1.2 Gbps WIMAX IEEE 802.16e 72 Mbps IEEE 802.16m 100+ Mbps 3gpp LTE 3gpp LTE 100 Mbps 3gpp LTE+ 180 Mbps WirelessHD Ver1.0 4 Gbps Ver2.0 25 Gbps UWB MBOA 480 Mbps IEEE 802.15.3a+ 1 Gbps Technology Emerging 3G 2008-2010 Future 4G Stds 2011-2014 NFC RFID Smart Cards NFC & WSN Combos WCDMA EVDO UMB 1 Gbps
  • 9. 3GPP LTE: EMERGING 4G STANDARD
  • 10.
    • What is 3GPP LTE? Why is 3GPP LTE?
      • A flat all IP-architecture with an air-interface that exploits latest advances in communications like SC-FDMA, OFDMA and MIMO.
      • A next-generation enhancement to GSM and CDMA
  • 11. LTE Uplink uses Multi-User MIMO, which pairs-up UEs to share the same UL resource to increase cell Throughput At any given instant, cell’s spectral resource is shared between all active users Multi Users per Cell: Active, Idle and MU-MIMO modes
  • 12. Great Scope for LTE Technology Innovations: Cooperative Communications WiFi 2.4GHz LTE 2.7GHz LTE Tx-Rx in SISO/MIMO WiFi Tx-Rx in SISO/MIMO LTE SISO WiFi SISO Connectivity to WiFi and LTE in SISO/MIMO mode NB non-LTE WiLTE HH Phone LTE BS WiFi Connectivity to Notebook and LTE BS WiLTE Phone WiFi Access Point LTE BS Switching b/w AP or LTE BS
  • 13. Global Commitments on LTE March, 2009 Compilation: List compiled from Informa Telecoms & Media and public announcements. It includes a variety of commitment levels including intentions to trial, deploy, migrate, etc. For additional information contact info@3gamericas.org http://www.3gamericas.org/documents/LTE%20Commitments%20Mar%202009.pdf
  • 14. Global Commitments on LTE (contd..) http://www.3gamericas.org/documents/LTE%20Commitments%20Mar%202009.pdf
  • 15. MYMO LTE IP & PRODUCTS
  • 16. About MYMO Wireless Technology Pvt Ltd
  • 17. MW1000 : Test Engineers Delight RF Unit GPS 10MHz ANT ANT Ref Clk 1 PPS MW1000 Desktop CPU eNodeB R R H DL & UL Results
  • 18. MW1000 : Wave Capture eNodeB R R H RF Unit GPS 10MHz ANT ANT Ref Clk 1 PPS MW1000 Desktop CPU LTE UE eNodeB DL UE RACH REQ Splitter Splitter Splitter
  • 19.
  • 20.
  • 21. Differentiating Factors State-of-the-art algorithm Designs Patented methods & algorithms for low power and gate count Seamlessly integrated & partitioned code for HW: PHY-MAC-RLC-PDCP-RRC Meeting real-time latency constraints as per UE Specs on Quadcore Pentium Fully verified by 3 rd party test tools RTL Build for SoC/ ASIC Highly optimized soft IP
  • 22. MYMO Wireless Confidential DST-Lockheed Martin Gold Medal 2009 NASSCOM-2009 Top 6 Finalists Award
  • 23. KEY TECHNOLOGIES FOR LTE
  • 24. OFDM: Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing
    • Illumination by single light
    • Illumination not uniform in all corners of a hall
    • Break down of bulb  complete loss of light
    • Illumination by many small light
    • Illumination is uniform in all points of a hall
    • Break down of a bulb  continue illumination by other lights
    Equal Power P 1 P 2 P 3 P 4 P 5 P 6 P 7 P 8 P 9 P P = P 1 +P 2 +P 3 +P 4 +P 5 +P 6 +P 7 +P 8 f c f c f c + Δ f f c +2 Δ f F c - Δ f F c -2 Δ f Single Carrier Modulation Multi-carrier Modulation Equal Power
  • 25. Fading Channel Performance Comparison: Single Carrier and OFDM Direct path Multipath Multipath Fading Affects spectrum of Single Carrier Modulation f  Fading Affecting Multi-carrier Modulation c c f 
  • 26. OFDMA: Multiplexing of Multi User OFDM Signals User 1 Channel freq response User 2 Channel freq response
    • For User-1 and User-2
    • subcarriers are selected
    • with better SNR.
    • Then User-1 and User-2
    • subcarriers are Multiplexed
    • forming the OFDMA signal
    • In LTE Channel Quality
    • Indicator (CQI) is used to
    • select the subcarriers by
    • eNodeB
    User 1 & User 2 subcarriers multiplexed
  • 27. Frequency domain Time domain Time domain SC-FDMA Transmitter at the User Equipment SC-FDMA Receiver at the eNodeB Up Link: SC-FDMA Transmitter and Receiver + BRP = Bit Rate Processing QAM Mapping Resource Allocation M Point DFT Map Mapping to Subcarriers Perform N-point IFFT Add CP; N>M RF Up Conversion QAM De-Mapping Resource Demux M Point DFT Map Mapping to Subcarriers Perform N-point IFFT Add CP; N>M RF Down Conversion BRP Transform Precoding OFDM Data & Control M A C BRP M A C
  • 28. Code Block Segmentation Channel Coding Rate Matching Code Block Concatenation Circular Buffering MAC Logic Channel Transport Channels Code Word-0 Code Word-1 Scrambling QAM Map QPSK 16QAM 64QAM Scrambling QAM Map QPSK 16QAM 64QAM Layer Mapper Tx Div: CDD SFBC Beamform Precoding 2x2 MIMO Precoding Subcarrier Mapper Subcarrier Mapper OFDM OFDM Down Link: OFDMA 2x2 MIMO Transmitter Bit Rate Processing RF
  • 29. THANK YOU Q & A