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189

  1. 1. leo M S 0 I N T ERN A T ION ALe 0 U N elL 0 N M0 N U MEN T SAN D SIT E SCON S ElL I N T ERN A T ION A L DES M0 N U MEN T SET DES SIT E Sleo M0 S 7 5 RUE D U TEMPLE 7 500 3 PARIS TEL: 2 7 7. 35 76 LISlE DU PAIRIM)INE M)NJ)IAL WORlD HERUrAGE LIST N° 189 --=-~-- A) IDENTIFICATION A) IDENTIFICATICN Bien proE9se : Centre Historique de la tbrnination Historic Centre of the to,.m Vllie dOlinda of Olinda Lieu Etat de Pemarrbuco, region nord- Location Pemanbuco State, North-East est du Bresil Region of Brazil Etat eertie : Bresil State party: Brazil Date : 24 Decernbre 1981 Date : December 24, 1981 B) REX:OMMANDATION DE L ICOM)S B) IC()M)S RECOMMENDATION Que l inscription du bien cul turel !hat the inscription of the proposed propose sur la Liste du Patrimoine cul tural property on the World Heritage M)ndial soi t di fferee • L1St be deferred. C) JUSTIFICATION C) JUSTIFlCATICN Le centre historique dOlinda oonserve, The Historic Center of Olinda, which is a quelques kilanetres au nord des instal- located several kilareters to the north lations portuaires, des zones industriel:-o of the harbor installations, industrial les et des gratte-ciel de Recife, le zones and sky-scrapers of Recife, still charne d tme ville- rrusee de l ep:x:J1.le 0010- retains the charm of a city-museum of niale. the colonial period. Olinda fut fondee en 1537 par le portu- Olinda was founded in 1537 by the Portu- gais Duarte Coelho Pereira et dut sa rapi- guese Duarte Coelho Pereira and owed its de forttme a la canne a sucre, cul ti vee rapid rise to the sugar cane cultivated dans la reglon de Pernarrbouc. in the region of Pernambuco. Des la fin du XVIe siecle, des nussions Fran the 16th century, churches and con- religieuses y oonstrUisirent eglises et vents, of which only rare examples,such oouvents, dent ne subslstent que de rares as the Church of Sao Jooo,exist today, termins, oorrtre l eglise de Sao Joao. En were built by religious missions. In 1630, la ville, prise par les Hollandais, 1630, the city was taken by the Dutch, fut mise au plllage et ll1cendiee. La re- and was pillaged and burned. After the cons truction ne se fit que lenterrent, apr~ return of the Portuguese in 1654, its le retour des Portugais en 1654. . reconstruction proceded slowly.
  2. 2. - L. -Lessentiel du tissu urbain date du XVIlle Its essential urban fabric dates fromsiecle, rrais integre glElques nonurrents the 18 th century, although it incorpor-plus anciens. La quali te specifiglE du ates sore older rronurrents. The uniquecentre histori~ d Olinda resul te re quality of the Historic Center of Olinda1 equilibre, generalerrent preserve, entre arises from the balance, which has gener-les constructions et les Jard.i.ns du par- ally been rraintained, between the build-cellaire ancien. Une vingtaire d eglises ings and the gardens of the early parcel-barcques et de couvents, res "passos" ling. G, 1e of the twenty or so Barcque(chap:lles ou oratoires) surgissent comre churches and convents or the numerousaI inproviste au detour d une .J:I.E, la "passos" (chapels or oratories) appearsrecherche re leur decor contrastant avec unexpectedly as one turns a corner - thela pinpan te sinplici te des rnai.sons, p:in- studied refinerrent of their decor contras-tes re couleurs vives ou revetues de car- ting with the charming simplicity of thereaux de ceramiqu:. houses, which are painted in vivid colors or faced with ceramic tiles. Ville dart aim0e par les artistes, quisont norrbreux a y habi ter, Olll1da a fait Over the last years, Olinda - city of art,lobjet, au cours des derrueres annees de much appreCiated by artists - has been thenorrbreuses rresures de sauvegarde. L I eglise object of numerous preservation measures.da Gra<;a, avec lancien college des Jesui- The Church da Gra<;a, with the fonrertes, Ie couvent do Canro, Ie palais res Jesui t college, the Convent do Carm::>, theeveques ont ere restaures re fa<;on plus ou palace of the bishops have all been rrorenoins corrplete. La construction d I imreubles or less canpletely restored. The construc-nouveaux est reglerrentee par un plan eli:- tion of new complexes is regulated by arecteur et I aire de protection a ete e- master plan and the zone of protectiontendue en 1979. was extended in 1979. LICOMJS souhai te ~ le centre his tori- ICOMOS would suggest that the Historicque dOlinda soit compare a dautres en- Center of Olinda be compared with otherserrbles du dornaine colonial portugais ou COl1plexes in the Portuguese and Spanishespagnol et qu: le gouvemerrent bresilien colonial domain and that the Brazilianapporte des preCisions au sujet des rresu- government be rrore exact in its defini-res de protectJ.on Jur:idi~ qu.t s appli- tion of the juridic protective measuresqu:nt a ce centre. I.e develop~nt urbain which apply to this Center. The rapidrapide de la ville de Recife est une mma- urban developrent of the city of Recifece pour le centre lustoriqtE dOlinda; menaces the Historic Center of Olinda;lICOM)S souhai te obtenir re plus anples rcol1S would like to be informed rroreinforrrations sur ce sujet. fully on this subject. Pour ces raisons, l ICOM)S juge prefera-ble d ajourrer cette derrande dlnscription For these reasons, lCOMOS considers iten attendant que Ie BreSll ai tfourm 1.IDe preferable to defer this request for in-llste indicative de ses propositions et scription until Brazil has provided thedes preclsions sur les autres points. information noted above. lCOMJS, PariS; Mal 1982

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