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AGORA
INTRODUCTION                                  4Task	 	      	       	   	   	   	   	   	    4Thulema	                    ...
In information and knowledge based societies like ours most of the work is done in offices.  The way how work is done chan...
We worked with and for the Estonian office furniture brand THULEMA. Since 2010 Thulema isowned by KITMAN, an Estonian deve...
Our team brought together three different nations: India, China and Germany and two  professions: product design and engin...
In order to develop a goodproduct the first step was tounderstand the context:THE OFFICE                                Re...
First, we searched the internet for competing producers of office furniture to find out how  they interpret the changing n...
Steelcase is an U.S. American company, who issues regularly a magazine on workplace research.www.steelcase.com            ...
Turnstone is one of Steelcase’s brands. Their Bivi series offers modular products for various   settings and pictures a fr...
Vitra is a Swiss business that produces and trades home and office furniture. On their homepagethey introduce their concep...
Knoll is another U.S. American company which produces office furniture. Their Antenna   Workspaces program addresses some ...
These office examples show that the occupied office space is open and divided by furniture orfurniture-like elements in or...
The Facebook offices in Palo Alto, California, are a good example of how an office can be a   creative space. The designer...
Facebook offices                   Research 15
Second, we visited three different offices in Tallinn to gain first-hand insight. We focused on   offices that are likely ...
Therefore we prepared a questionaire:How did you change your office compared to the former one and why (if they moved rece...
Garage48 HUB (www.garage48.org) is a co-working space for start-ups in the field of technology   in Tallinn. The idea was ...
Lounge area on the first floorMeeting table and beanbags               KitchenView into an office on the upper floor   Bas...
DER TANK (www.tank.ee) is a graphic design and media agency based in Tallinn. Their office   space is designed by an inter...
Working areaLounge area with pond and tabletop soccer   LibraryMeeting room                                View to the han...
Tehnopol (www.tehnopol.ee) is a science park situated in Tallinn. We visited their old Startup   Incubator, which is still...
The new Startup IncubatorCo-working office in the old Incubator   Cable management from the ceilingThe wooden wall is rear...
Third, we collected information about working habits and environments by a multiple-choice   question survey. Baolian comp...
Design studio in HongkonkDesign studio in New YorkDesk of a german administration secretary                               ...
After accumulating all this   information we needed to   structure it.   We found that the office context is characterized...
MANAGEMENT                               ORGANISATION                                 END USER SPACE             PEOPLE   ...
The problems we found according to the three groups are:   Power supply   —not enough plug-ins   —hard to reach   —cables ...
Thinking about these problemslead to the requirements for:THE FURNITUREWe presented them to THULEMA during the sixth week ...
We collected images to show our idea of the aesthetics visually.30 Requirements
SIMPLECLEARPLAYFULNATURALHOMELIKE   Requirements 31
Those requirements were the basis for our first sketches.32 Ideas
Ideas 33
But soon we realized by the help of our tutors that our requirements stayed on the level of   functions. We did not have a...
SurfaceArchiveKiosk (metaphor): meeting point in the public selling newspapers, magazines, drinks, food, cigarettes, ticke...
We tried to translate this idea into sketches and ended up thinking about a modular system that   would allow the user to ...
Kiosk sketchesBoard sketches                 Concept 37
After we had the archetype on paper we discussed how to put the three components together   and built a card board mock-up...
Product 39
After we discussed the mock-up with our tutors we simplified our design. The board and the   shelves became one element wh...
Product 41
It took the last four weeks of the semester to build the prototype. We made changes on the   dimensions, added details and...
Product 43
44 Product
Side view             Top viewFront view   Back view                         Product 45
Use as a shelf   Use as a space divider46 Product
Use as a shelf in another wayUse as a half open temporary meeting place                                             Produc...
1                                            2                                                       3                    ...
4                                                  5                                                   6                  ...
1                                              2                                               3                          ...
Oak wood frame                      1                                            2                                        ...
1                                      2                                                          3                       ...
Assembled sheet metal board                              Product 53
1                                                           2                                                   3         ...
Calculation: an eight mm solid steel bar can carry 20kgShelf support with shelf                                    Assembl...
1                                            2                                                3                           ...
The stools for the prototype are made up of rigid foam covered with synthetic felt                                        ...
Prototype58 Product
Product 59
References:   —www.thulema.ee   —www.kitman.ee   —www.martela.com   —www.steelcase.com   —www.myturnstone.com   —www.vitra...
Thank you:Pent, Martin, Maarjus and Henri for your enduring help with everything.Rein Erdel for building the wood frame fo...
Spring 2012www.design-engineering.ee
Agora
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Agora

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Agora is a furniture element with different functions. It combines a whiteboard, a bookshelf and space divider into one elegant unit. It is re-arrangeable and one can create temporal meeting corners with it, divide working areas etc. Wooden structure is combined with sheet metal and felt.

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Transcript of "Agora"

  1. 1. AGORA
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION 4Task 4Thulema 5Team and tutors 6THE OFFICERESEARCH 7Competitors 8Open Offices 13Fieldwork 16Survey 24Analysis 26THE FURNITUREREQUIREMENTS 29Functional 29Aesthetical 29IDEAS 32Sketches 32CONCEPT 34Kiosk 34Board+X 36PRODUCT 38Mock-Up 38Drawings 40Renderings 43Technical Drawings 48Prototype 58 REFERENCES 60ACKNOWLEDGMENT 61
  3. 3. In information and knowledge based societies like ours most of the work is done in offices. The way how work is done changed rapidly over the last decades due to new technologies and management methods — not so much the work environment itself. Working processes are more project and teamwork based, working structures are more flexible and flat, office spaces are more open and the atmosphere in the office and the well-being of the employee is important as such - but the furniture stayed quite the same. The aim of this project was to find new solutions for teamwork furniture in open space.4 Introduction
  4. 4. We worked with and for the Estonian office furniture brand THULEMA. Since 2010 Thulema isowned by KITMAN, an Estonian developer, manufacturer and marketeer of shop fittings andpublic spaces. Their expertise lies in metal processing. We visited THULEMA’s showroom inTallinn to get familiar with their products and KITMAN’s factory to see how they produce theirgoods.www.thulema.ee www.kitman.eeShowroom Introduction 5
  5. 5. Our team brought together three different nations: India, China and Germany and two professions: product design and engineering. The team: Madhes Chidam Baolian Suo Franziska Porsch Mechanical Engineer Product Designer Product Designer India China Germany Our tutors supported us developping the product and helped us when we did not know how to continue. The tutors: Pent Talvet Maarjus Kirs Product Designer Engineer Estonia Estonia Martin Pärn Henri Lend Product Designer Engineer Estonia Estonia6 Introduction
  6. 6. In order to develop a goodproduct the first step was tounderstand the context:THE OFFICE Research 7
  7. 7. First, we searched the internet for competing producers of office furniture to find out how they interpret the changing needs within the office and looked for examples of how offices are already adapted to the new needs of today. The research showed that companies, both producers and consumers, are aware of the change. Martela is a Finish producer. Their desk MyBox is lockable and movable. That relates to a flexible office environment. The user can lock it when he is not there and move it away. www.martela.com MyBox8 Research
  8. 8. Steelcase is an U.S. American company, who issues regularly a magazine on workplace research.www.steelcase.com Research 9
  9. 9. Turnstone is one of Steelcase’s brands. Their Bivi series offers modular products for various settings and pictures a fresh and creative working atmosphere. www.myturnstone.com Bivi10 Research
  10. 10. Vitra is a Swiss business that produces and trades home and office furniture. On their homepagethey introduce their concept „Citizen Office – the productive office“, where they show thatworking nowadays requires different spaces and settings for the variety of tasks employees haveto carry out. They suppose that the office environment directly shapes the performance of theemployees.www.vitra.com The Citizen Office Research 11
  11. 11. Knoll is another U.S. American company which produces office furniture. Their Antenna Workspaces program addresses some of the keywords which have to be balanced in an office of today. www.knoll.com antenna workspaces12 Research
  12. 12. These office examples show that the occupied office space is open and divided by furniture orfurniture-like elements in order to create islands for different kinds of work. The style is eitherplayful or clean. Research 13
  13. 13. The Facebook offices in Palo Alto, California, are a good example of how an office can be a creative space. The designers of this space state the following on their homepage: „At Studio O+A we believe work environments grow organically from the culture of the client. Our focus is on identifying and understanding that culture and translating it into spatial terms. We recognize the economic and sociological forces that are transforming the way people work and live: the blurring boundaries between home and office, the ever increasing mobility of the workforce and the fluid movement of information.“ (www.o-plus-a.com)14 Research
  14. 14. Facebook offices Research 15
  15. 15. Second, we visited three different offices in Tallinn to gain first-hand insight. We focused on offices that are likely to suit to our brief of teamwork and open space, which we found within the creative industry and start-ups. Retrospective we also should have taken conservative offices in consideration to get a bigger picture of how people work. Since we were introduced to the research methods of anthropology during our course at Tallinn University, we conducted our visits as fieldwork. Fieldwork is a qualitative method that distinguishes anthropology from other human and social science. The researcher tries to live in or at least tries to study as close as possible the foreign culture. The aim is to understand the culture from the natives point of view. The same idea worked for us as designers, even though our fieldwork was limited in time and deepness. We visited these three offices to understand their culture from the users point of view and to make us aware of what we have to take in consideration in order to create a good product.16 Research
  16. 16. Therefore we prepared a questionaire:How did you change your office compared to the former one and why (if they moved recently)?Why do you promote open space offices?What is the structure of the company? How do the teams form?What is the structure of an average working day?How much work is teamwork in a group, how much concentrated work alone?How do you communicate within the office? How do you wish to communicate?Which spaces can you define/name (example: kitchen, working, meeting)?What things do you have on your desk (useful/standing around)?What things are highly necessary on your desk?How personal is your desk? Do you have the need to personalize it?Which things do you take home and which do you always leave at the office?Do you eat at your desk?How much space do you need to work?How much space do you need for storage?Do you move things around the office a lot (example: computer, paper for meetings)?Do you need a wall to visualize things for yourself?Do you work standing sometime? Do you wish to do that?We did not necessarily read every question from the paper during the visits, they more served asa mnemonic. Other questions arose spontaneously during the talk and some derived from whatwe saw in the office space. Usually we spent one hour in there and only talked to the person wehad the appointment with. The following pages show our findings. Research 17
  17. 17. Garage48 HUB (www.garage48.org) is a co-working space for start-ups in the field of technology in Tallinn. The idea was to give the start-ups originating from the events Garage48 is organizing some space to carry out their business. Start-ups working at the HUB usually consist of two to four people, but also individuals work there. They use the space on average three months until they are settled enough to move to their own office. The working modes are divers: individual work, group work, meetings, workshops and get-togethers. The HUB is accessible 24/7 for members. That means the characteristics of this office space are a high fluctuation of people, short-term and temporary work, flexible working hours and a multifunctional work environment. The upper floor is mainly a working area. Into those three seperated spaces they tried to fit as many desks as possible. They are not moved around because their actual constellation is the only possible for so many workstations. The small room on the side functions as phone and skype booth so that others are not disturbed. Every member can rent his personal desk. But since the teams and individuals change so often it can happen that the HUB manager asks to move to another desk. When we visited the HUB at nine o’clock in the morning there was one person working there. The manager told us that most of the people come to work around lunch time. Moreover he told us that people who rent their desk do not necessarily work there all the time. Some prefer to work in the lounge areas on the first floor or basement. That means that the degree of capacity utilization is suboptimal, even though the manager told us that the HUB has to be as efficient as possible because it is not profitable. But to save money was the reason for the furniture they have in the first place. Most of the furniture used in the space is there because it was for free or cheap. Besides that the manager also mentioned that it was hard for him to even find furniture in shops or the internet that would be suitable for the needs of a co-working space. The area on the first floor is mainly used by people who do not have their own desk or for meetings and get-togethers. The problem here is, that the furniture is not very adaptable to the different kinds of settings. The big meeting table for example is hard to be removed when they need an empty space. The manager also told us that the beanbags are very popular. Concluding we find that the furniture does not master the given situation in the HUB. booth kitchen office office office office office meeting table lounge First floor Upper floor18 Research
  18. 18. Lounge area on the first floorMeeting table and beanbags KitchenView into an office on the upper floor Basement Research 19
  19. 19. DER TANK (www.tank.ee) is a graphic design and media agency based in Tallinn. Their office space is designed by an interior designer for their purpose and they share it with other companies in their field. At the moment 25 people work at TANK full-time, associated in teams and projects. The space is characterized by natural materials and a calm and creative atmosphere. The space consists of different areas: the working area including a small handicraft and photography niche, the lounge area with library, two seperated meeting rooms and the kitchen. We were told that the hirarchy is necessarily flat, which is reflected in the open working space: every part is accessible. Nevertheless they use semipervious space diving elements, which islolate the project managers from the rest. The disadvantages of TANK’s open working area are: First they lack private space for concentrated work, second they wish their desks would be easier moveable and modular so that they can build different group constellations more often and third they do not have a good storage system, which leads to messy desks. The lounge area and the library are very popular for team meetings and as alternative working space to personal desks. It also offers idle time activities: tabletop soccer and fishes in the pond. That gives the space a homelike character. The meeting rooms are mainly used for meetings with a client and less for team meetings, because the rooms are very formal. Some people use the kitchen to prepare meals, others prefer to go out for lunch to escape the office for a while. The kitchen is also used for events and get-togethers. TANK’s office is a creative and communicative space that reflects their working culture. Nevertheless they still have problems for which a different kind of furniture would be a solution. niche lounge office office soccer meeting room pond library kitchen lounge meeting room TANK office20 Research
  20. 20. Working areaLounge area with pond and tabletop soccer LibraryMeeting room View to the handicraft and photography niche Research 21
  21. 21. Tehnopol (www.tehnopol.ee) is a science park situated in Tallinn. We visited their old Startup Incubator, which is still in use, but we were given a presentation on a totally new building which is under construction. The Incubator provides office infrastructure for start-up companies in the field of technology. The old Incubator we saw is a renovated building, which offers either seperated offices to the start-ups or workplaces in a bigger co-working office. The rooms are arranged along a small corridor. The furniture is conventional. The new Incubator will capture one complete level in the new building and will consist of a wide range of functional areas: seperated offices of different sizes, office boxes in open space, skype calling boxes, conference and meeting rooms, laboratory, kitchen and lounge. Interesting findings about the new Incubator were: They will solve the problem of cable management by having the cables hanging from the ceiling. The size of the offices is so flexible because they will use wooden walls that are easy to rearrange. By developing the open boxes for the open space area they try to balance having concentrated work and group work in the same space. offices meeting rooms open boxes laboratory kitchen offices skype boxes offices offices offices The new Incubator22 Research
  22. 22. The new Startup IncubatorCo-working office in the old Incubator Cable management from the ceilingThe wooden wall is rearrangeable Research 23
  23. 23. Third, we collected information about working habits and environments by a multiple-choice question survey. Baolian compiled it, sent it and got answers from 60 informants. They have an average working experience of 10 years, 32 persons are female and 28 male and they work mainly in asian countries in the fields of technology, finance, human resources, marketing, mass media, medical science, education and the army. The results were: The majority prefers —to work in a common size open space seperated with screens —to work in a homelike atmosphere —to sit near the window —to have two desks of the size 160cm on 120cm —a rectangular desk to an oval or irregular shape —to have a walk around the office when they feel tired —not to have pictures of their family on their desk —to change the arrangement of the office furniture once a year —to eat in a dining room than at their desk —to listen to music with headphones than via speakers (if they listen to music) They also —spend 10 percent of their working time per day in meetings —spend up to 70 percent of their working time per day on individual work —use pen, paper and a water cup most frequently besides their computer and phone —are disturbed by discussions of other colleagues and people walking up and down Documents and papers are the things which are usually in a mess and a pen is the thing most difficult to find on the desk. The design researcher Uta Brandes (www.be-design.info) analyzed 686 desks on 5 continents for her survey „My desk is my castle“. On the right side are three examples.24 Research
  24. 24. Design studio in HongkonkDesign studio in New YorkDesk of a german administration secretary Research 25
  25. 25. After accumulating all this information we needed to structure it. We found that the office context is characterized by three factors: the type of organization, the end user and the management. The organisation and the end user define what work is done and how it is done. Management means that there is somebody who decides what furniture is to be bought. This person usually wants the furniture to either improve the performance of the employees and make more profit or the furniture to save space and pay less money for the rent. Though being aware of this economical user value, we wanted to focus on the end user itself, the employee. Again we found that the user is characterized by five factors: space, person, activity, objects and process. These factors can define every possible situation the employee can be in: where he does what as which person with which objects and during what time. For example: In the morning the project manager briefs his team on the new project in the meeting room by showing some slides projected on the wall. Or: The secretary is writing an e-mail on her computer sitting at her desk next to her colleague’s while drinking the coffee she prepared five minutes ago in the kitchen. Or: The designer and the engineer discuss the technical drawing at the engineer’s desk after they accidentally met at the printer on the other side of the room. We tried to generate complete lists of the five factors to finally group them again. This new layer of three groups helped us to think about the problems that could occur in an office. The groups are: power supply, storage (meaning the organization of objects and furniture) and interaction (refering to the interaction between the employees and between the furniture and the employees).26 Research
  26. 26. MANAGEMENT ORGANISATION END USER SPACE PEOPLE ACTIVITIES OBJECTS PROCESS—open space for —worker —individual —electronic —activities working —manager work equipment in time—defined —clients —group —light —movement, spaces: —externals work —materials noise, kitchen, —private —tools distractions (skype) activities —private meeting —leisure belongings room, activities —personalized lounge, decoration entrance area etc. lamp walking around POWER SUPPLY STORAGE INTERACTION Research 27
  27. 27. The problems we found according to the three groups are: Power supply —not enough plug-ins —hard to reach —cables messy (ugly, not in order) —cables too short —incompatibility of connectors Storage —desks are messy —there is not enough space to work —things are not in order —it is difficult to find things —things are not easy to reach —there are individual differences in the way of storaging things —storage is not made for different functions —personal things are confused and mistaken during group work Interaction —furniture is hard to move —furniture is not adaptable to different working processes —furniture is not supporting interaction between employees —furniture does not provide enough temporary privacy —there is no isolation from noise and distraction —not possible to store furniture in a space saving way28 Research
  28. 28. Thinking about these problemslead to the requirements for:THE FURNITUREWe presented them to THULEMA during the sixth week of the semester.Functional requirements:—the furniture should manage the power supply and communications to the benefit of the user—the furniture should be easy to move (by one person)—the furnitur e should be rearrangeable and changeable to adapt to different working processes (modular, multifunctional)—the furniture should use space effectively—the furniture should provide the possibility to isolate/seperate people temporarily—storage should be more functional and logical—the furniture should help distinguish personal things used in a groupWe also decided on the aesthetical requirements:—appear simple and clear—communicate its functions easily—promote communication and interaction by its appearance—invite the employees to use the furniture actively and whenever needed by a playful appearance—have a variety of materials with natural feel—create a homelike atmosphere Requirements 29
  29. 29. We collected images to show our idea of the aesthetics visually.30 Requirements
  30. 30. SIMPLECLEARPLAYFULNATURALHOMELIKE Requirements 31
  31. 31. Those requirements were the basis for our first sketches.32 Ideas
  32. 32. Ideas 33
  33. 33. But soon we realized by the help of our tutors that our requirements stayed on the level of functions. We did not have a concept yet. Martin introduced this idea of the design process to us: When someone perceives a product he instantly sees the aesthetics. Shortly after he realizes the structure and based on the structure he can understand the functions. When he starts useing it he can discover the usability of the product and when he uses it regularly the product can start to mean something to him. The design process goes in revers. The designer should know the meaning of the product before he thinks about the usability, before he defines the functions and finally designs the structure and the aesthetics. Pent showed us a speech of Simon Sinek about „How great leaders inspire action“ (http://www.ted.com/talks/simon_sinek_how_great_leaders_inspire_action.html). The bottom line of the speech is that most of the companies know what products they do and how they do it. But they are lacking of the reason why they do it. Even though this should be the starting point of every successful idea. Both impulses helped us to think about our concept. Still it took several steps until it was fully developed. We went back to think about the office as a whole. Our finding was that the office mainly consists, speaking on a more abstract level, of horizontal surfaces and archives. The surfaces support the work in progress. The archives store the temporary or long-term results of the work. What is missing in this sequence is the point before the surfaces and archives, where we get the tools and the materials we need to start working. That lead to the idea of a central supply point within the office. We called it KIOSK, because it functions like a kiosk in everyday life. We made a list of what activities and functions our KIOSK should support and arranged them according to our preference: 1 meeting and talking 2 information board (formal and informal information) 3 magazine display 4 tools and materials supply (like pencils and paper) 5 coffee machine 6 seating As you can see we favored the social components this KIOSK can offer. We wanted the KIOSK to not only supply tools and materials but also information and inspiration by inviting to stay there for a while and read or talk.34 Concept
  34. 34. SurfaceArchiveKiosk (metaphor): meeting point in the public selling newspapers, magazines, drinks, food, cigarettes, tickets Concept 35
  35. 35. We tried to translate this idea into sketches and ended up thinking about a modular system that would allow the user to build his KIOSK out of different functions tailored to his needs. But that did not lead to a satisfying result. To simplify things we decided to focus on one function we find characterizes what the furniture is supposed to do best and then add functions to it. We decided on the board, because it is a necessary tool during meetings and discussions to share ideas and also can function as a screen to seperate the meeting space from others. Starting from the board we did sketches again and found the archetype of our furniture. It already had the three functions the final product has now: the board to write and stick paper on it, shelves to store things like pencils, paper, magazines and books and a stool to sit down if the meeting lasts longer. In summary: Our concept is to design a furniture that helps employees to communicate, to get inspired, to be creative and to share ideas and knowledge. This kind of furniture completes the open office system and uses the whole potential of the open space. In other words: Only if a new kind of furniture is used in combination with the conventional furniture, the value of the open space is maximised. We named our product AGORA. It is the name of a public meeting point in the city in ancient greece.36 Concept
  36. 36. Kiosk sketchesBoard sketches Concept 37
  37. 37. After we had the archetype on paper we discussed how to put the three components together and built a card board mock-up to figure out how it works. The idea was, that the components can be used as one and also be taken apart and used seperately. The stool functions as a carrier for the shelf and the board at the same time. The drawings show the use and the dimensions. They are geared to the different positions the user can be in: standing, sitting and leaning.38 Product
  38. 38. Product 39
  39. 39. After we discussed the mock-up with our tutors we simplified our design. The board and the shelves became one element which is movable and carries two stools at its bottom. We showed the following slides to THULEMA during the 13th week of the semester. The use shows that AGORA does not only combine three different components (board, shelves, stools) but is able to create different spaces within the open space tailored to the needs of the employees. We selected the materials according to our requirements of having a variety of materials which create a homelike atmosphere: steel sheet metal (white coating), wooden frame (preferably ash wood) and grey felt as a material with a warm texture.40 Product
  40. 40. Product 41
  41. 41. It took the last four weeks of the semester to build the prototype. We made changes on the dimensions, added details and had to answer a lot of questions: How are the wood parts connected? How is the sheet metal joined with the wood frame? How to make the sheet metal stiff enough? How do the shelves look like in detail? How are the shelves connected to the wood frame? How do the stools look like so that they are stable but produced as simple as possible? Madhes built AGORA in SolidWorks and was in contact with Pent and the engineer Tarmo Liloson at KITMAN, to make sure that it is possible to produce the parts as they were. The following pages show the results as renderings, technical drawings and finally as prototype. What happened during this time: We changed the width of the furniture from 500mm to 750mm. Even though we wanted to keep the appearance as light and slim as possible we found that it is necessary for the user to properly work on the board. To stiffen the sheet metal board we added two bends to its shape. The one in the middle functions as pen holder and the one at the top replaces the wood part. For the prototype the board is produced in two parts (p.52), because it was easier for KITMAN to do. But it is possible to punch the shape as one part. Every steel metal part is powder-coated in white. The wood frame has to be assembled around the sheet metal board. It holds the sheet metal by a groove in the wood (p.50). For the prototype the wood frame is made up of oak. The shelves are not directly connected to the wood frame. They are supported by a 8mm bent solid steel bar (p.54). To find out the proper diameter for the bar Maarjus Kirs helped us to calculate it. The 8mm bar is able to support a weight of 20kg. We planned the shelves to be made up of grey synthetic felt. The five shelves would be molded in one part and then cut out. They are lying on the steel bar construction, retained by two bends on their longer sides (p.55). We gave their surface a wave texture (p.55), which makes the stored objects better hold on to the shelves when the furniture is moved. For the prototype we were not able to mold the felt. This is why the shelves for the prototype are made up of steel sheet metal covered with felt. Also the stools are supposed to be molded out of grey synthetic felt. We wanted their appearance to be as simple as possible. The basic form originates from the wood frame. They are cupped and by the handhold on the buttom they can also be used as a container. To make them stable we added a bend on the front and back side. For the prototype we made them up of rigid foam which we covered with felt. The coaster wheels enable the furniture to move. Two of them are supposed to have a stopper.42 Product
  42. 42. Product 43
  43. 43. 44 Product
  44. 44. Side view Top viewFront view Back view Product 45
  45. 45. Use as a shelf Use as a space divider46 Product
  46. 46. Use as a shelf in another wayUse as a half open temporary meeting place Product 47
  47. 47. 1 2 3 30 30 750 60 A ° 95 335 95° 645 955 1255 B 1700 C D 650 370 400 400 750 E PROPRIETARY AND CONFIDENTIAL (UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED) ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MM THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS DRAWING IS THE SOLE PROPERTY OF AL-TECH INST. ANY REPRODUCTION TOLERANCES 3rd ANGLE PROJECTI IN PART OR AS A WHOLE WITHOUT THE WRITTEN X ± 1.0 ANGLE: PERMISSION OF AL-TECH INSTRUMENTATION IS DECIMALS: ± 2°SolidWorks Student License XX ± 0.5 XXX ± 0.2 PROHIBITED. 1 2 3Academic Use Only48 Product
  48. 48. 4 5 6 REVISIONS REV REQD DESCRIBITION DATE APPD A B C D TALLINN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY CLIENT: TULEMA Tallinn, Estonia www.ttu.ee Drawn by: Date: Approved by: Approved by date: E Mr. Madhes 17/05/2012 Mr. MARTIN/PENT 17/05/2012 Project/Title: Open office furniture - Technical drawing Material:ION Sheet size: XRef No: Scale: Qty: Finish: A3 1:10 4 5 6 Sheet: 1 of 01 Product 49
  49. 49. 1 2 3 4 5 6 REVISIONS 60 750 REV REQD DESCRIBITION DATE APPD A A 95° 95° 30 30 B B 1700 C C 85 ° ° 85 D D 650 400 400 TALLINN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY CLIENT: TULEMA Tallinn, Estonia www.ttu.ee 750 Approved by date: Drawn by: Date: Approved by: E E Mr. Madhes 17/05/2012 Mr. MARTIN/PENT 25/05/2012 PROPRIETARY AND CONFIDENTIAL (UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED) ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MM Open office furniture -Wooden stucture Wood frame Project/Title: Material: Oak Wood THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS DRAWING IS THE SOLE PROPERTY OF AL-TECH INST. ANY REPRODUCTION TOLERANCES 3rd ANGLE PROJECTION IN PART OR AS A WHOLE WITHOUT THE WRITTEN X ± 1.0 ANGLE: Sheet size: XRef No: Scale: Qty: 1 Finish: PERMISSION OF AL-TECH INSTRUMENTATION IS DECIMALS: ± 2°SolidWorks Student License XX ± 0.5 XXX ± 0.2 A3 1:10 PROHIBITED. 1 2 4 6 50 Product 3 5 Sheet: 1 of 2Academic Use Only
  50. 50. Oak wood frame 1 2 3 4 5 6 REVISIONS 750 REV REQD DESCRIBITION DATE APPD 60 670 A A 95° 95° 30 30 5 B B 1700 C C 85 ° ° 85 D D 650 400 400 TALLINN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY CLIENT: TULEMA Tallinn, Estonia www.ttu.ee 750 Approved by date: Drawn by: Date: Approved by: E E Mr. Madhes 17/05/2012 Mr. MARTIN/PENT 25/05/2012 PROPRIETARY AND CONFIDENTIAL (UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED) ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MM Project/Title: Open office furniture -Wooden stucture with sheet metal board Material: Oak Wood THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS DRAWING IS THE SOLE PROPERTY OF AL-TECH INST. ANY REPRODUCTION TOLERANCES 3rd ANGLE PROJECTION IN PART OR AS A WHOLE WITHOUT THE WRITTEN X ± 1.0 ANGLE: Sheet size: XRef No: Scale: Qty: 1 Finish: PERMISSION OF AL-TECH INSTRUMENTATION IS DECIMALS: ± 2°SolidWorks Student License XX ± 0.5 XXX ± 0.2 A3 1:10 PROHIBITED. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Sheet: 1 of 2Academic Use OnlyWood frame with sheet metal board Product 51
  51. 51. 1 2 3 4 5 6 REVISIONS REV REQD DESCRIBITION DATE APPD A A Bending drawings 1082 993.4 968 1.2 B 51 B 9 34 9 DOWN 85.29° R 33.80 DOWN 94.71° R 0.30 UP 90.00° R 2 670 finished product details 3.8 670 62.8 R3 C 94 C 33 .7 1° 10 5 9 34 2x 5 979.500 933.9 D D 9° .2 85 R2 ° TALLINN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY CLIENT: TULEMA 15 90 www.ttu.ee Sheet metal 1.2mm, 17.3 Tallinn, Estonia White matte color powder coat Drawn by: Date: Approved by: Approved by date: PART8 E E Mr. Madhes 17/05/2012 Mr. MARTIN/PENT 25/05/2012 PROPRIETARY AND CONFIDENTIAL (UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED) ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MM Project/Title: Open office furniture -Sheet metal Board part1 Material: Sheet metal 1.2mm Thick THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS DRAWING IS THE SOLE PROPERTY OF AL-TECH INST. ANY REPRODUCTION TOLERANCES 3rd ANGLE PROJECTION IN PART OR AS A WHOLE WITHOUT THE WRITTEN X ± 1.0 ANGLE: Sheet size: XRef No: Scale: Qty: 1 Finish: White matte color powder coat PERMISSION OF AL-TECH INSTRUMENTATION IS DECIMALS: ± 2° SolidWorks Student License XX ± 0.5 XXX ± 0.2 A3 1:10 PROHIBITED. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Sheet: 1 of 2 Academic Use Only Benbing drawings 1 2 3 4 5 6 REVISIONS REV REQD DESCRIBITION DATE APPD A A B B Bending drawings 703 668 1.2 DOWN 85.29° R 0.30 90° UP 90.00° R 2 finished product details 20.7 14 670 C C 94 .7 1 ° 667.3 680.5 R2 9 5 5 36.5 D D 2x 5 670 Sheet metal 1.2mm, White matte color powder coat PART9 TALLINN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY CLIENT: TULEMA Tallinn, Estonia www.ttu.ee Drawn by: Date: Approved by: Approved by date: E E Mr. Madhes 17/05/2012 Mr. MARTIN/PENT 25/05/2012 PROPRIETARY AND CONFIDENTIAL (UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED) ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MM Project/Title: Open office furniture - Material: Sheet metal 1.2mm thick THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS DRAWING IS THE SOLE PROPERTY OF AL-TECH INST. ANY REPRODUCTION TOLERANCES 3rd ANGLE PROJECTION Sheet metal Board part2 IN PART OR AS A WHOLE WITHOUT THE WRITTEN X ± 1.0 ANGLE: Sheet size: XRef No: Scale: Qty: 1 Finish: White matte color powder coat PERMISSION OF AL-TECH INSTRUMENTATION IS DECIMALS: ± 2° SolidWorks Student License XX ± 0.5 XXX ± 0.2 A4 1:10 PROHIBITED. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Sheet: 2 of 2 Academic Use Only Sheet metal board52 Product
  52. 52. Assembled sheet metal board Product 53
  53. 53. 1 2 3 4 5 6 REVISIONS REV REQD DESCRIBITION DATE APPD A A B B 130 8 73 ITEM NO. PART NUMBER DESCRIPTION QTY. 1 rack1 support round bar X=139 2 2 rack2 support round bar X=190 2 84° C C R 15 3 rack3 support round bar X=241 2 X 4 rack4 support round bar X=290 2 73 D D TALLINN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY CLIENT: TULEMA Tallinn, Estonia www.ttu.ee Note: 8mm round bar Drawn by: Date: Approved by: Approved by date: E E Mr. Madhes 17/05/2012 Mr. MARTIN/PENT 17/05/2012 (UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED) ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MM PROPRIETARY AND CONFIDENTIAL THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS DRAWING IS THE Project/Title: Open office furniture -rack support round bar Material: Sheet bar SOLE PROPERTY OF AL-TECH INST. ANY REPRODUCTION TOLERANCES 3rd ANGLE PROJECTION IN PART OR AS A WHOLE WITHOUT THE WRITTEN X ± 1.0 ANGLE: Sheet size: XRef No: Scale: Qty: 1 Finish: PERMISSION OF AL-TECH INSTRUMENTATION IS DECIMALS: ± 2° SolidWorks Student License XX ± 0.5 XXX ± 0.2 A3 1:2 PROHIBITED. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Sheet: 8 of 08 Academic Use Only Shelf support 1 2 3 4 5 6 REVISIONS REV REQD DESCRIBITION DATE APPD A A X 1.2 B B 9 9 ITEM NO. PART NUMBER DESCRIPTION QTY. 1 Shelve 1 X=147 Y=650 1 UP 85.00° R 1 UP 85.00° R 1 2 Shelve 2 X=198 Y=650 1 C C 3 Shelve 3 X=249 Y=650 1 Y 4 Shelve 4 X=298.5 Y=650 1 5 Shelve 5 X=330 Y=750 1 D D TALLINN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY CLIENT: TULEMA Tallinn, Estonia www.ttu.ee Drawn by: Date: Approved by: Approved by date: E E Mr. Madhes 17/05/2012 Mr. MARTIN/PENT 17/05/2012 PROPRIETARY AND CONFIDENTIAL (UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED) ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MM Project/Title: Open office furniture -Shelves Material: Sheet metal THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS DRAWING IS THE SOLE PROPERTY OF AL-TECH INST. ANY REPRODUCTION TOLERANCES 3rd ANGLE PROJECTION IN PART OR AS A WHOLE WITHOUT THE WRITTEN X ± 1.0 ANGLE: Sheet size: XRef No: Scale: Qty: 1 Finish: PERMISSION OF AL-TECH INSTRUMENTATION IS DECIMALS: ± 2° SolidWorks Student License XX ± 0.5 XXX ± 0.2 A3 1:5 PROHIBITED. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Sheet: 8 of 08 Academic Use Only Shelves made up of steel sheet metal for the prototype54 Product
  54. 54. Calculation: an eight mm solid steel bar can carry 20kgShelf support with shelf Assembly of the prototypeThe shelf is supposed to be made up of molded synthetic felt. The wave structure keeps objects from falling off. Product 55
  55. 55. 1 2 3 4 5 6 REVISIONS REV REQD DESCRIBITION DATE APPD A 36 36 A 375 B B k 10 Thic 255 R1 0 TY P C C 400 D D 100 3 R1 53 330 375 TALLINN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY CLIENT: TULEMA Tallinn, Estonia www.ttu.ee Drawn by: Date: Approved by: Approved by date: E E Mr. Madhes 17/05/2012 Mr. MARTIN/PENT 17/05/2012 PROPRIETARY AND CONFIDENTIAL (UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED) ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MM Project/Title: Open office furniture - Chair Material: THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS DRAWING IS THE SOLE PROPERTY OF AL-TECH INST. ANY REPRODUCTION TOLERANCES 3rd ANGLE PROJECTION IN PART OR AS A WHOLE WITHOUT THE WRITTEN X ± 1.0 ANGLE: Sheet size: XRef No: Scale: Qty: Finish: PERMISSION OF AL-TECH INSTRUMENTATION IS DECIMALS: ± 2°SolidWorks Student License XX ± 0.5 XXX ± 0.2 A3 1:5 PROHIBITED. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Sheet: 1 of 01Academic Use Only 56 Product Stool
  56. 56. The stools for the prototype are made up of rigid foam covered with synthetic felt Product 57
  57. 57. Prototype58 Product
  58. 58. Product 59
  59. 59. References: —www.thulema.ee —www.kitman.ee —www.martela.com —www.steelcase.com —www.myturnstone.com —www.vitra.com —www.knoll.com —www.o-plus-a.com —www.garage48.org —www.tank.ee —www.tehnopol.ee — www.be-design.info —http://www.ted.com/talks/simon_sinek_how_great_leaders_inspire_action.html —Duffy, Francis: The new office. London, 1997 (Conran Octopus Limited)60 References
  60. 60. Thank you:Pent, Martin, Maarjus and Henri for your enduring help with everything.Rein Erdel for building the wood frame for the prototype.Thulema (Ilo Rannu and Tarmo Liloson) for producing the metal parts for the prototype.Nordifa AB for sponsoring the felt for the stools and shelves. Acknowledgments 61
  61. 61. Spring 2012www.design-engineering.ee

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