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Facebook Scaling Overview
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Facebook Scaling Overview


Tiny presentation i did for a course.

Tiny presentation i did for a course.

Published in Technology
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  • 1. Facebook Scaling WalkthroughMoritz Haarmann - Ultrasuperlargescale Systems
  • 2. Numbers
  • 3. • 800.000.000 active users• > 50% log on every given day• 250.000.000 Photos every single day ( Flickr: 6Bn total )• new pieces of content monthly
  • 4.
  • 5. if everyone now living on earth posts 4.28 updates every month.
  • 6. Building Blocks
  • 7. Facebook is built using• Web Servers ( Running Hip-Hop PHP )• Services ( Search, Ads )• Memcached & MySQL• Immense amounts of glue
  • 8. Write Strategy• Writes take place centrally in California• 3.5 Million Changed Rows per Second ( Peak )• 2010: 1800 DB Servers• horizontal scaling approach not disclosed• consistency is important ( avoiding „unhappy users“ )
  • 9. Glue• Massively distributed architecture• Glue keeping it together• Many systems built in-house to meet giiaaanoourmus requirements
  • 10. Haystack• Photos• Handles everything from HTTP to storage• Aimed at minimizing IO-Operations• Append-Only!
  • 11. Memcached• Placed between MySQL and Web Tier• Stores only „plain data“, no joins or other complicated stuff• Faster if Web Server works on data
  • 12. BigPipe• Assembles the output pages• everything that is needed retrieved in parallel• Fault tolerant, will work even if parts of a page are not available
  • 13. What else?
  • 14. Live Profiling• Facebook monitors their life systems continously at a PHP-Method level ( using XHProf ).
  • 15. Graceful Degradation• High awareness ( Monitoring ) of perfomance problems• Features can be disabled ( very ne-grained ) to keep the core features running smoothly
  • 16. Keeping it running• New features are launched ,dark‘, without visible elements, to stress test the backend with real load• Incremental roll-outs decrease the impact of bug or malfunction
  • 17. Open Source• Most parts are open source• Either used or created and then os‘d
  • 18. Big Bang • On September 23, 2010, Facebook was down for most users for about 3 hours • A wrongly identi ed ,invalid‘ cache value lead to requests hammering the DB tier • A system designed to prevent failures created one! • Only way to recover was to completely shut down access to the DB - downtimehttps://www.facebook.com/note.php?note_id=431441338919&id=9445547199&ref=mf ( great comments, too )
  • 19. Thanks.
  • 20. Sources• http://royal.pingdom.com/2010/06/18/the-software-behind- facebook/• https://www.facebook.com/note.php?note_id=76191543919• https://www.facebook.com/notes/facebook-engineering/bigpipe- pipelining-web-pages-for-high-performance/389414033919• http://blog.kissmetrics.com/facebook-statistics/