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  • General Information on Krygyzstan Official Name: Kyrgyz Republic Capital: Bishkek Government Type: Republic Population: 5.36 million Area: 77,181 square miles Languages: Kyrgyz (official), Uzbek, Russian (official), Dungun
  • Kyrgyzstan  Kyrgyz Republic, is a country located in Central Asia. Landlocked and mountainous, Kyrgyzstan is bordered by Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west, Tajikistan to the southwest and China to the east.
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Kyrgyzstan • Manas, an epic poem • Komuz, a three-stringed lute • Tush kyiz, large, elaborately embroidered wall hangings • Shirdak, flat cushions made in shadow-pairs • Falconry
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Kyrgyzstan •The 40-rayed yellow sun in the center of the flag represents 40 warriors of the mythical hero Manas. •The lines inside the sun represent the crown or tündük (Kyrgyz түндүк) of a yurt, a symbol replicated in many facets of Kyrgyz architecture. •The red portion of the flag represents peace and openness of Kyrgyzstan.
  • Kyrgyzstan An ethnic Kyrgyz teenager girl from the Ulupamir village in the Van province, Turkey. 21.06.2009. Bübüsara Beyşenalieva, ballet dancer, as shown on the Kyrgyz 5 som note. Chinghiz Aitmatov – author Orzubek Nazarov who won the bronze medal at the 1986 World Amateur Boxing Championships in Reno. He is a former WBA Lightweight Champion.
  • Kyrgyzstan  JSC National Air Carrier "Kyrgyzstan Airlines" It operated scheduled international and domestic services, as well as charter flights. Its main base was Manas International Airport, with a hub at Osh Airport.  An Tupolev Tu-154 in the newest livery of Kyrgyzstan Airlines in 2003.
  • CAMBODIA General Information on Cambodia Official Name: Kingdom of Cambodia Capital: Phnom Penh Government Type: Constitutional Monarchy Monetary unit: Riel Population: 14.8 million Area: 69,898 sq mi Languages: The Khmer language is a member of the Mon–Khmer subfamily of the Austroasiatic language group. French, once the language of government in Indochina, is still spoken by many older Cambodians.
  • Geography Cambodia  Located in the southern portion of the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. bordered by Thailand to the northwest, Laos to the northeast, Vietnam to the east, and the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest.
  • Cambodia  The most famous period in Cambodia's history came from 900 to 1400 AD during the rule of the Khmer Kingdom. The Khmer Kingdom ruled the area and was Southeast Asia's largest empire for part of its history. Their capital city was Angkor where its possible more than 1 million people lived at the height of its power. There are many famous temples build here including the most famous Angkor Wat. In the 15th century the Khmer Kingdom collapsed and never regained its former glory.  In 1863 Cambodia became a protectorate of France. This continued for nearly 100 years until it gained full independence on November 9, 1953.  In the early 1970's Cambodia became embroiled into the Vietnam War. However, things got even worse after the war. A group called the Khmer Rouge took over led by a man named Pol Pot. They forced people into horrible work conditions and around 1 million Cambodians, around 12% of the total population, were killed.
  • CULTURE Cambodia Sampeah (Cambodian greeting) Various factors contribute to the Cambodian culture including Theravada Buddhism, Hinduism, French colonialism, Angkorian culture, and modern globalization. The Cambodian Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts is responsible for promoting and developing Cambodian culture. Angkor Wat or "City of Temples“ is largest religious monument in the world the most popular dine out dish, kuy teav, is a pork broth rice noodle soup with fried garlic, scallions, green onions that may also contain various toppings such as beef balls, shrimp, pork liver or lettuce. The cuisine is relatively unknown to the world compared to that of its neighbours Thailand and Vietnam.
  • Cambodia Bon Om Tuuk (Festival of Boat Racing), the annual boat rowing contest, is the most attended Cambodian national festival.  Football (soccer) is one of the most popular sports, Western sports such as volleyball, bodybuilding, field hockey, rugby union, golf, and baseball are gaining popularity. Volleyball is by far the most popular sport in the country. Native sports include traditional boat racing,buffalo racing, Pradal Serey, Khmer traditional wrestling and Bokator.
  • Cambodia Khmer Apsara dancers The music of crooner Sinn Sisamouth and Ros Sereysothea from the 1960s to the 1970s is considered to be the classic pop music of Cambodia.
  • Tourism In 2009 there were 2,161,577 international tourists. Cambodia
  • Cambodia
  • Cambodia Flag Symbols Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports People Angkor Wat Integrity, Justice and Heritage Theravada Buddhism Blue Liberty, Cooperation and Brotherhood King Red Bravery People
  • Famous People Cambodia POL POT (1925-1998)Cambodian communist who led the Khmer Rouge revolutionary group from 1963 to 1988. PISITH PILIKA (19651999)Cambodian actress and dancer who starred in over 60 movies and appeared in numerous advertisements throughout her lengthy career. HUN SEN 65 Cambodian politician and dictator who became Prime Minister of Cambodia in 1985. CHHET SOVAN PANYA 27 Famous Cambodian pop singer who made it to the top of Cambodia's music charts with little to no self-promotion.
  • Flag Carriers Cambodia  Cambodia Angkor Air is the national flag carrier airline of Cambodia, headquartered in Phnom Penh. It commenced operations on 28 July 2009. The airline is owned by the Cambodian government (51%) and Vietnam Airlines (49%), the latter allowing for codeshare flights.
  • General Information on Iraq Official Name: Republic of Iraq Capital: Bhagdad Government Type: Federal, Parliamentary, Constitutional republic Monetary unit: Iraqi Dinar Population: 2012 estimate 31,129,225 Area: 169,234 sq mi Languages: Arabic Kurdish
  • Iraq borders Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest, and Syria to the west.
  • From earliest times Iraq was known as Mesopotamia—the land between the rivers—for it embraces a large part of the alluvial plains of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. An advanced civilization existed in this area by 4000 B.C. Sometime after 2000 B.C., the land became the center of the ancient Babylonian and Assyrian empires. Mesopotamia was conquered by Cyrus the Great of Persia in 538 B.C. and by Alexander in 331 B.C. After an Arab conquest in 637– 640, Baghdad became the capital of the ruling caliphate. The country was pillaged by the Mongols in 1258, and during the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries was the object of Turkish and Persian competition.
  • Iraq is known primarily for its rich maqam  The National Theatre of Iraq was looted during the 2003 invasion, but efforts are underway to restore it. Some important cultural institutions in the capital include the Iraqi National Symphony Orchestra – rehearsals and performances were briefly interrupted during the Occupation of Iraq but have since returned to normal.  there were a period of significant growth in the broadcast media in Iraq. Immediately, and the ban on satellite dishes is no longer in place.  Some characteristic ingredients of Iraqi cuisine include – vegetables. 
  • Babylon Arch of Ctesiphon •Despite the fact that Iraq lies in ruins as a result of modern violence, it is still a beautiful ancient city. Since the war, security has increased to quite an extent. There are many tourist attractions in Iraq for those who are willing to take the challenge and risk of visiting Iraq. Baghdad Bazaars Ali Baba Square
  • The flag of Iraq has been in use since 1963, although the design has undergone many changes since then. The current one uses three bands of red, white, and black as the background, with the takbir written on it in green.
  • Iraqi Airways Company, operating as Iraqi is the national carrier of Iraq, headquartered on the grounds of Baghdad International Airport in Baghdad. One of the oldest airlines in the Middle East, Iraqi Airways operates domestic and regional service. Its main base is Baghdad International Airport.
  • TURKEY General Information on Turkey Official Name: Republic of Turkey Capital: Ankara Government Type: Unitary, parliamentary, constitutional republic Monetary unit: Turkish Iira Population: 2013 estimate75,627,384 Area: 302,535 sq mi Languages: Turkish
  • GEOGRAPHY TURKEY Turkey is bordered by eight countries: Bulgaria to the northwest; Greece to the west; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, Iran and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the southeast.  The Mediterranean Sea is to the south; the Aegean Sea is to the west; and the Black Sea is to the north. The Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles (which together form the Turkish Straits) demarcate the boundary between Thrace and Anatolia. 
  • HISTORY TURKEY Anatolia (Turkey in Asia) was occupied in about 1900 B.C. by the Indo-European Hittites and, after the Hittite empire's collapse in 1200 B.C. , by Phrygians and Lydians. The Persian Empire occupied the area in the 6th century B.C. , giving way to the Roman Empire,  the Ottoman Empire was not only one of the most powerful empires in the history of the Mediterranean region, but it generated a great cultural outpouring of Islamic art, architecture, and literature. 