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Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
Tour 12 World Tourism
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Tour 12 World Tourism

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  • 1. General Information on Krygyzstan Official Name: Kyrgyz Republic Capital: Bishkek Government Type: Republic Population: 5.36 million Area: 77,181 square miles Languages: Kyrgyz (official), Uzbek, Russian (official), Dungun
  • 2. Kyrgyzstan  Kyrgyz Republic, is a country located in Central Asia. Landlocked and mountainous, Kyrgyzstan is bordered by Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west, Tajikistan to the southwest and China to the east.
  • 3. Kyrgyzstan
  • 4. Kyrgyzstan • Manas, an epic poem • Komuz, a three-stringed lute • Tush kyiz, large, elaborately embroidered wall hangings • Shirdak, flat cushions made in shadow-pairs • Falconry
  • 5. Kyrgyzstan
  • 6. Kyrgyzstan
  • 7. Kyrgyzstan
  • 8. Kyrgyzstan •The 40-rayed yellow sun in the center of the flag represents 40 warriors of the mythical hero Manas. •The lines inside the sun represent the crown or tündük (Kyrgyz түндүк) of a yurt, a symbol replicated in many facets of Kyrgyz architecture. •The red portion of the flag represents peace and openness of Kyrgyzstan.
  • 9. Kyrgyzstan An ethnic Kyrgyz teenager girl from the Ulupamir village in the Van province, Turkey. 21.06.2009. Bübüsara Beyşenalieva, ballet dancer, as shown on the Kyrgyz 5 som note. Chinghiz Aitmatov – author Orzubek Nazarov who won the bronze medal at the 1986 World Amateur Boxing Championships in Reno. He is a former WBA Lightweight Champion.
  • 10. Kyrgyzstan  JSC National Air Carrier "Kyrgyzstan Airlines" It operated scheduled international and domestic services, as well as charter flights. Its main base was Manas International Airport, with a hub at Osh Airport.  An Tupolev Tu-154 in the newest livery of Kyrgyzstan Airlines in 2003.
  • 11. CAMBODIA General Information on Cambodia Official Name: Kingdom of Cambodia Capital: Phnom Penh Government Type: Constitutional Monarchy Monetary unit: Riel Population: 14.8 million Area: 69,898 sq mi Languages: The Khmer language is a member of the Mon–Khmer subfamily of the Austroasiatic language group. French, once the language of government in Indochina, is still spoken by many older Cambodians.
  • 12. Geography Cambodia  Located in the southern portion of the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. bordered by Thailand to the northwest, Laos to the northeast, Vietnam to the east, and the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest.
  • 13. Cambodia  The most famous period in Cambodia's history came from 900 to 1400 AD during the rule of the Khmer Kingdom. The Khmer Kingdom ruled the area and was Southeast Asia's largest empire for part of its history. Their capital city was Angkor where its possible more than 1 million people lived at the height of its power. There are many famous temples build here including the most famous Angkor Wat. In the 15th century the Khmer Kingdom collapsed and never regained its former glory.  In 1863 Cambodia became a protectorate of France. This continued for nearly 100 years until it gained full independence on November 9, 1953.  In the early 1970's Cambodia became embroiled into the Vietnam War. However, things got even worse after the war. A group called the Khmer Rouge took over led by a man named Pol Pot. They forced people into horrible work conditions and around 1 million Cambodians, around 12% of the total population, were killed.
  • 14. CULTURE Cambodia Sampeah (Cambodian greeting) Various factors contribute to the Cambodian culture including Theravada Buddhism, Hinduism, French colonialism, Angkorian culture, and modern globalization. The Cambodian Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts is responsible for promoting and developing Cambodian culture. Angkor Wat or "City of Temples“ is largest religious monument in the world the most popular dine out dish, kuy teav, is a pork broth rice noodle soup with fried garlic, scallions, green onions that may also contain various toppings such as beef balls, shrimp, pork liver or lettuce. The cuisine is relatively unknown to the world compared to that of its neighbours Thailand and Vietnam.
  • 15. Cambodia Bon Om Tuuk (Festival of Boat Racing), the annual boat rowing contest, is the most attended Cambodian national festival.  Football (soccer) is one of the most popular sports, Western sports such as volleyball, bodybuilding, field hockey, rugby union, golf, and baseball are gaining popularity. Volleyball is by far the most popular sport in the country. Native sports include traditional boat racing,buffalo racing, Pradal Serey, Khmer traditional wrestling and Bokator.
  • 16. Cambodia Khmer Apsara dancers The music of crooner Sinn Sisamouth and Ros Sereysothea from the 1960s to the 1970s is considered to be the classic pop music of Cambodia.
  • 17. Tourism In 2009 there were 2,161,577 international tourists. Cambodia
  • 18. Cambodia
  • 19. Cambodia Flag Symbols Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports People Angkor Wat Integrity, Justice and Heritage Theravada Buddhism Blue Liberty, Cooperation and Brotherhood King Red Bravery People
  • 20. Famous People Cambodia POL POT (1925-1998)Cambodian communist who led the Khmer Rouge revolutionary group from 1963 to 1988. PISITH PILIKA (19651999)Cambodian actress and dancer who starred in over 60 movies and appeared in numerous advertisements throughout her lengthy career. HUN SEN 65 Cambodian politician and dictator who became Prime Minister of Cambodia in 1985. CHHET SOVAN PANYA 27 Famous Cambodian pop singer who made it to the top of Cambodia's music charts with little to no self-promotion.
  • 21. Flag Carriers Cambodia  Cambodia Angkor Air is the national flag carrier airline of Cambodia, headquartered in Phnom Penh. It commenced operations on 28 July 2009. The airline is owned by the Cambodian government (51%) and Vietnam Airlines (49%), the latter allowing for codeshare flights.
  • 22. General Information on Iraq Official Name: Republic of Iraq Capital: Bhagdad Government Type: Federal, Parliamentary, Constitutional republic Monetary unit: Iraqi Dinar Population: 2012 estimate 31,129,225 Area: 169,234 sq mi Languages: Arabic Kurdish
  • 23. Iraq borders Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest, and Syria to the west.
  • 24. From earliest times Iraq was known as Mesopotamia—the land between the rivers—for it embraces a large part of the alluvial plains of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. An advanced civilization existed in this area by 4000 B.C. Sometime after 2000 B.C., the land became the center of the ancient Babylonian and Assyrian empires. Mesopotamia was conquered by Cyrus the Great of Persia in 538 B.C. and by Alexander in 331 B.C. After an Arab conquest in 637– 640, Baghdad became the capital of the ruling caliphate. The country was pillaged by the Mongols in 1258, and during the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries was the object of Turkish and Persian competition.
  • 25. Iraq is known primarily for its rich maqam  The National Theatre of Iraq was looted during the 2003 invasion, but efforts are underway to restore it. Some important cultural institutions in the capital include the Iraqi National Symphony Orchestra – rehearsals and performances were briefly interrupted during the Occupation of Iraq but have since returned to normal.  there were a period of significant growth in the broadcast media in Iraq. Immediately, and the ban on satellite dishes is no longer in place.  Some characteristic ingredients of Iraqi cuisine include – vegetables. 
  • 26. Babylon Arch of Ctesiphon •Despite the fact that Iraq lies in ruins as a result of modern violence, it is still a beautiful ancient city. Since the war, security has increased to quite an extent. There are many tourist attractions in Iraq for those who are willing to take the challenge and risk of visiting Iraq. Baghdad Bazaars Ali Baba Square
  • 27. SADDAM HUSSEIN (1937-2006) IBN AL-HAYTHAM (965-1040) HUSSAM AL RASSAM 35 KADIM AL SAHIR 56
  • 28. The flag of Iraq has been in use since 1963, although the design has undergone many changes since then. The current one uses three bands of red, white, and black as the background, with the takbir written on it in green.
  • 29. Iraqi Airways Company, operating as Iraqi is the national carrier of Iraq, headquartered on the grounds of Baghdad International Airport in Baghdad. One of the oldest airlines in the Middle East, Iraqi Airways operates domestic and regional service. Its main base is Baghdad International Airport.
  • 30. TURKEY General Information on Turkey Official Name: Republic of Turkey Capital: Ankara Government Type: Unitary, parliamentary, constitutional republic Monetary unit: Turkish Iira Population: 2013 estimate75,627,384 Area: 302,535 sq mi Languages: Turkish
  • 31. GEOGRAPHY TURKEY Turkey is bordered by eight countries: Bulgaria to the northwest; Greece to the west; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, Iran and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the southeast.  The Mediterranean Sea is to the south; the Aegean Sea is to the west; and the Black Sea is to the north. The Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles (which together form the Turkish Straits) demarcate the boundary between Thrace and Anatolia. 
  • 32. HISTORY TURKEY Anatolia (Turkey in Asia) was occupied in about 1900 B.C. by the Indo-European Hittites and, after the Hittite empire's collapse in 1200 B.C. , by Phrygians and Lydians. The Persian Empire occupied the area in the 6th century B.C. , giving way to the Roman Empire,  the Ottoman Empire was not only one of the most powerful empires in the history of the Mediterranean region, but it generated a great cultural outpouring of Islamic art, architecture, and literature. 
  • 33. CULTURE  TURKEY Turkey has a very diverse culture that is a blend of various elements of the Oğuz Turkic, Anatolian, Ottoman and Western culture and traditions, which started with the Westernisation of the Ottoman Empire and still continues today.  During the first years of the republic, the government invested a large amount of resources into fine arts; such as museums, theatres, opera houses and architecture.  Architectural elements found in Turkey are also testaments to the unique mix of traditions that have influenced the region over the centuries. Turkey won the Eurovision Song Contestfor the first time with "Everyway That I Can" by Sertab Erener in Riga, 2003. Orhan Pamuk is one of the leading contemporary Turkish novelists and the recipient of the 2006 Nobel Prize in Literature.
  • 34. TURKEY
  • 35. TOURISM TURKEY The Turkish national basketball team won the silver medal in the 2010 FIBA World Championship, losing to the USA in the Final. The Ottoman era waterfront houses (yalı) on the Bosphorus also reflect the fusion between classical Ottoman and European architectural styles during the aforementioned period. Türk Telekom Arena is the new home ground of Galatasaray.
  • 36. FAMOUS PEOPLE TURKEY KENAN DOGULU 39Tu rkish pop star who released the 2006 album Festival and his 2009 album Patron. HULYA AVSAR 50Si nger, actress, and editor of the magazine Hulya. Tarkan:(Turkey) He is a famous singer of turkey and also has cool personality and dashing look. He has born in Germany but then move to turkey and stays there. He has won many awards relating music.
  • 37. TURKEY FLAG  The flag of Turkey (Turkish: Türk bayrağı, meaning: Turkish flag) is a red flag with a white crescent moon and a star in its centre. The flag is called Ay-yıldız (moon-star) or Al bayrak (red flag). The Turkish flag is referred to asAl sancak (red banner) in the Turkish national anthem.
  • 38. FLAG CARRIER TURKEY
  • 39. General Information on Qatar Official Name: State of Qatar Capital: Doha Government Type: Unitary, constitutional monarchy Monetary unit: Riyal Population: 2013 estimate 2,035,136 Area: 4,467.6 sq mi Languages: Arabic
  • 40. Geography Located in Western Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeasterly coast of the much larger Arabian Peninsula. Its sole land border is with Saudi Arabia to the south, with the rest of its territory surrounded by the Persian Gulf. A strait in the Persian Gulf separates Qatar from the nearby island state of Bahrain.
  • 41. History Qatar was once controlled by the sheikhs of Bahrain  Oil was discovered in the 1940s, bringing wealth to the country in the 1950s and 1960s. About 85% of Qatar's income from exports comes from oil.  Qatar permitted the international forces to use Qatar as a base during the 1991 Persian Gulf War.  Qatar introduced its first constitution on June 9, 2005. It guarantees freedom of expression, assembly, and religion and calls for a 45-seat parliament. 
  • 42. Culture The Qatar National Day hosted every 18 December is the day Qataris celebrate their national identity and history.  The Museum of Islamic Art, opened in 2008, has quickly come to be regarded as one of the great museums of the world.  Qatar's media was classified as "not free" in the 2012 Freedom of the Press report by Freedom House. Criticism of the Emir in the media is illegal: according to article 46 of the press law “The emir of the state of Qatar shall not be criticized and no statement can be attributed to him unless under a written permission from the manager of his office.” 
  • 43. Football is the most popular sport in Qatar. The Qatar under-20 national football team finished second in the 1981 FIFA World Youth Championship after a 4–0 defeat to Germany in the final.  Doha, Qatar, is also home to Qatar Racing Club, a drag racing facility.  Through the Qatar Foundation, the country has built an “Education City”,  Citizens are required to attend government-provided education from kindergarten through high school 
  • 44. Hummus Ghuzi Waraq enab
  • 45. Tourism Qatar Adventure QATAR ADVENTURE become the leader in Doha, offering Hotel bookings, Desert safaris, Dhow trips, Water sports, Fishing Trips, Culture tours, City tours, North of Qatar, Events, Conferences and Overnight camping.  The Pearl The Pearl-Qatar, A Riviera-style man-made island developed in an exclusive environment in Doha,Qatar and the Middle East's most glamorous address, covering 400 hectares of reclaimed land, is Qatar's first international urban development venture.  Museum of Islamic Art The Museum of Islamic Art is dedicated to reflecting the full vitality, complexity, and diversity of the arts of the Islamic world. It is a world-class collecting institution, which preserves, studies, and exhibits masterpieces spanning three continents 
  • 46. Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani former emir Nada Zeidan rally racer, archer Fahad Al Kubaisi singer Mohammed bin Thani former ruler
  • 47. The meaning of Qatar's flag is: The white colour reflects the internationally recognised symbol of peace The maroon colour symbolises the blood shed during the several wars Qatar has undergone, particularly in the second half of the 19th century. The nine-point serrated line indicates that Qatar is the 9th member of the "reconciled Emirates" of the Persian Gulf in the wake of concluding the Qatari-British treaty in 1916. Qatar's flag is the only national flag having a width more than twice its height
  • 48.  Qatar Airways Company Q.C.S.C. , operating as Qatar Airways, is the state-owned flag carrier of Qatar. Headquartered in the Qatar Airways Tower in Doha, the airline operates a huband-spoke network, linking over 100 international destinations from its base in Doha, using a fleet of more than 100 aircraft.  The airline has more than 30,000 staff, with 17,000 people employed directly and a further 13,000 in its subsidiaries.
  • 49. United Arab Emirates GENERAL INFORMATION ON UAE OFFICIAL NAME: EMIRATES OR THE UAE CAPITAL: ABU DHABI GOVERNMENT TYPE: FEDERAL, PRESIDENTIAL, ABSOLUTE MONARCHY MONETARY UNIT: UAE DIRHAM POPULATION: 2010 ESTIMATE 8,264,070 AREA: 32,278 SQ MI LANGUAGES: ARABIC
  • 50. United Arab Emirates  a country located in the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing sea borders withQatar, Iran and Pakistan.
  • 51. History United Arab Emirates  Originally the area was inhabited by a seafaring people who were converted to Islam in the 7th century.  The British withdrew from the Persian Gulf in 1971, and the Trucial states became a federation called the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Two of the Trucial states, Bahrain and Oman , chose not to join the federation, reducing the number of states to seven.  After the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks on the U.S., the UAE was identified as a major financial center used by al-Qaeda in transferring money to the hijackers.  The late Sheikh Zayed, ruler of Abu Dhabi and the first president of the UAE, oversaw the development of the Emirates and steered oil revenues into healthcare, education and infrastructure. Today, Emirates oil reserves are ranked as the seventhlargest in the world,
  • 52. United Arab Emirates The United Arab Emirates has a diverse and multicultural society. Major holidays in Dubai include Eid al Fitr, which marks the end of Ramadan, and National Day (2 December), which marks the formation of the United Arab Emirates. Ancient Emirati poetry was strongly influenced by the 8th-century Arab scholar Al Khalil bin Ahmed. The earliest known poet in the UAE is Ibn Majid.
  • 53. United Arab Emirates  The Dubai Desert Rock Festival is also another major     festival consisting of heavy metal and rock artists. The Media of the United Arab Emirates plays an important role in the region. Football is a popular sport in the UAE. Cricket is one of the most popular sports in the UAE Formula One is particularly popular in the United Arab Emirates, and is annually held at the picturesque Yas Marina Circuit. The race is held at evening time, and is the first ever Grand Prix to start in daylight and finish at night.
  • 54. Famous People Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum prime minister, vice president UAE United Arab Emirates Elham Al Qasim first Arab woman to reach North Pole Ousha bint Khalifa Al Suwaidi poet Ahlam singer
  • 55. United Arab Emirates It contains the Pan-Arab colors red, green, white and black, which symbolize Arabian unity.
  • 56. United Arab Emirates  Etihad Airways is the flag carrier airline of the United Arab Emirates. Established by Royal decree in July 2003 and based in Abu Dhabi.  The airline operates more than 1,000 flights per week to 96 passenger and cargo destinations in the Middle East, Africa, Europe, Asia, Australia and the Americas, with a fleet of 85 Airbus and Boeing aircraft  Etihad Airways is the fourth largest airline in the Middle East and it is the second largest airline in the United Arab Emirates, after the Dubai-based airline Emirates.

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