GCSE Design and Technology Project, Resistant Materials- Breadbin

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My GCSE DT Project, which gained 99/100 (minor breakage occured)and contributed to my overall A*

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  • You can hardly find a student who enjoys writing a college papers. Among all the other tasks they get assigned in college, writing essays is one of the most difficult assignments. Fortunately for students, there are many offers nowadays which help to make this process easier. The best service which can help you is DigitalEssay.net
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  • Hi Im a teacher from N.Ireland and this is a great example I could show my year 11 class to layout their coursework. Could you possibly email it to me please? stephenon84@googlemail.com
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  • Your coursework is brilliant, plenty of detail. Is at all possible to be able to download a version of this? I would really like to show it to my resistant materials classes that I teach to show best practice when it comes to coursework.

    Thank you in advance
    H Dunn
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GCSE Design and Technology Project, Resistant Materials- Breadbin

  1. 1. Name: Oliver Derham<br />Candidate Number:<br />Lord Wandsworth College<br />Centre Number: 58433<br />Resistance Materials<br />Edexcel GCSE<br />Year 2010<br />Page Number: 1<br />
  2. 2. Design Brief<br />Situation:<br />OLLI Derham is renowned for his simple design solutions for simple problems in the household. The latest problem is found in the kitchen. The mind boggler that we are going to solve this time is the breadbin. The reasoning for this is that on the work top there tends to be not enough space to cook without having something in the way, therefore other than being cluttered this can cause a variety of hazards, such as pans tipping up, sharp objects can cause injury to a person and if the breadbin itself is left open the bread can become off. Therefore the breadbin also needs to be airtight to stop the bread going off.<br />Design:<br />The way in which I intend to solve this is to make a universal bread bin. This will include an airtight breadbin with the usefulness of a pull out breadboard with handmade bespoke knives and a useful storage space for condiments and other kitchen objects. I also intend to put a rubber seal on the lid to stop air getting in and making the bread become off/ stale.<br />Design Requirements:<br /><ul><li>Must be able to be easily moved
  3. 3. Must be airtight to keep bread fresh
  4. 4. Must be safe to handle – so not cumbersome, i.e. not too heavy, and must not have sharp edges for health and safety reasons
  5. 5. Must to be able to fit most people’s home décor
  6. 6. Must be able to be easily cleaned
  7. 7. Knives must be kept in safe storage and not sticking out</li></ul>Page Number: 2<br />
  8. 8. Analysis of Design Brief<br />Wood could come from softwoods as it grows quicker, thus replenishing trees cut down<br />Metal could be recycled<br />So bread doesn’t go off<br />Wood could be recycled<br />Lid must not slam down in case of hand injury<br />i.e. round edges<br />Buffing machine + polish for finish<br />Knives must be in protected casing in case of hand injury<br />No sharp edges<br />Materials must be environmentally friendly<br />Bread must be kept airtight<br />Knives must not blunt easily<br />Acrylic<br />Whole unit must be of a compact size<br />Must be easily cleaned<br />Steel<br />Lid must not break off<br />Must not dent easily<br />Acrylic<br />Former<br />Each item of the product must be <br />easily accessible<br />Cad/ Cam<br />To agree with specification<br />Strip heater<br />Mild Steel<br />Seal must not disintegrate<br />Aluminium Ingot<br />Forge<br />User Requirements<br />Safety<br />Sand Caster<br />Must have chopping board for meat and bread<br />Equipment<br />sustainability<br />Aluminium<br />Metal could be recycled<br />Steel<br />Must keep bread fresh<br />Acrylic<br />Universal Bread Bin<br />Materials<br />Wood could come from softwoods as it grows quicker, thus replenishing trees cut down<br />Performance Requirements<br />Must keep kitchen tidy<br />Hard or soft wood, i.e. pine or oak<br />Finishes i.e. paint or varnish<br />Form<br />Must hold knives<br />Must hold a variety of breads and amounts<br />Finish<br />Components<br />Function<br />Contemporary version of classic cottage bread bin<br />Wood could be recycled<br />Research<br />To keep kitchen less cluttered<br />i.e. have chopping board and knives, storage for condiments and bread bin area<br />To be a universal bread bin<br />To keep bread fresh<br />Pictures<br />Body<br />Bread board<br />Knives<br />Home stores<br />Handles<br />Internet<br />Home owners<br />Feet<br />Varnished, polished, brush finish on metal, spray paint<br />i.e. Tesco, Homebase, e.t.c.<br />Temporary fixings, such as wood screws, nuts and bolts and other fixings such as glue<br />Page Number: 3<br />
  9. 9. Brief Evaluations of Existing Products<br />Simple design, easy to use and good economical price<br />Great look, easy to use, quite pricey however, especially in recent times<br />Name of Product, Wesco Grandy Breadbin:<br /><ul><li>Dimensions- Height 170mm, Width 420mm, Length 230mm
  10. 10. Price- £101.52
  11. 11. Style- Retro
  12. 12. Colour- Orange powder coat
  13. 13. Components- Sheet steel body, Tempered steel rod handle, piano hinge
  14. 14. Special Features- Air tight seal runs around entire rim</li></ul>Name of Product, Pro Cook Breadbin:<br /><ul><li>Dimensions- 270mm Length x 190mm Height x 390mm Wide
  15. 15. Price- £20
  16. 16. Style- modern
  17. 17. Colour- jet black and brushed steel
  18. 18. Components- Chrome plated tempered steel formed handle, Aluminium Lid, Aluminium Base, Two pivot hinges
  19. 19. Special Features- Holes for air circulation</li></ul>Simple look, will fit most kitchen designs, compact, easy to use, reasonably priced and window gives a more spacious feel<br />Great modern look, maybe could be priced lower, special feature very different and stands out<br />Name of Product, Stow 1406 Breadbin:<br /><ul><li>Dimensions- Height 150mm, Width 150mm, </li></ul> Length 300mm<br /><ul><li>Price- £25.43
  20. 20. Style- Classic/ modern
  21. 21. Colour- Natural white oak
  22. 22. Components- White oak body, white oak lid, white oak knob handle
  23. 23. Special Features- Glass window on lid lets the user see how much bread is remaining</li></ul>Name of Product, EVA Solo Breadbin:<br /><ul><li>Dimensions- 420mm Length x 220mm Height x 160mm Width
  24. 24. Price- £71
  25. 25. Style- modern
  26. 26. Colour- jet black and brushed steel
  27. 27. Components-Aluminium Base, Bendy Plastic sheet for lid with magnetic strips for lid to seal
  28. 28. Special Features- Materials thin but durable to allow optimum bread capacity</li></ul>Page Number: 4<br />
  29. 29. Product Research<br />Hinges or other lid mechanisms are important for style/ look, ease of operation and for as much space conservation as possible<br />Size of loaf is important for overall dimensions of the shell<br />Hinge mechanisms:<br />There is a variety of hinge mechanisms, the following are the best designs for use-<br /><ul><li>“door hinge”, this common mechanism is simple to fit and use, is cheap and durable
  30. 30. Pull off lid,the most reliable system, it involves a lid with a projection. All that needs to be done is for the lid to pull off
  31. 31. Cupboard hinge, a variation on a door hinge, usually found in cupboards. Slightly difficult to fit and tends to become loose on its own. Medium priced
  32. 32. Rolling slats, this has the best look and fun of operation. When fitted right moves smoothly. Slats need to be perfectly fitted and made and therefore not too cheap. Can slam down on fingers if rollers become loose</li></ul>Size of loaves:<br /><ul><li>Sizes of loaves generally vary. However the average size is 250mm by 150mm by 100mm.
  33. 33. Based on this data the breadbin must be larger than this at an estimated 50mm per side to provide ease of access and room for more bread! </li></ul>Types of handles:<br />Handles are important as it is the first thing to use with the product-<br /><ul><li>Curved, this is very anthropometric with the hand and is comfortable to use, can be made out of wood or metal, easy and cheap to make
  34. 34. Block, This requires less manufacturing processes as it is purely a block of a specific size. Can be made from wood or metal and is very cheap and easy to manufacture
  35. 35. Knob or hole, these again like the block require less manufacturing process (except the knob can also be made by sandcasting). The hole is purely a cu out made using a jig saw. This is cheap and easy to make and can give a classic look to the finished product</li></ul>Types of condiments and quantity important for storage space/ shelf dimensions<br />Important for style/ look and appeal for operation<br />Types of condiments people use:<br />Condiments that people have on their bread and meat (if using the board for meat) are-<br /><ul><li>Bread- Butter, jam (of varying sorts), marmalade, chocolate spread
  36. 36. Meat- seasoning (of varying sorts), salt, pepper</li></ul>Based on this data collected, the storage space must be tall and deep enough to fit a number of these items. The design will provide this for the smaller sizes of them, but the butter should be kept in the fridge for obvious reasons <br />Page Number: 5<br />
  37. 37. Materials + Processes<br />Could be used as a crumb separator<br />Expanded Aluminium sheet: <br />Advantages-<br /><ul><li>Good for shaping to desired design
  38. 38. can be used for crumbs to fall to a separate tray
  39. 39. Has a variety of shaped holes
  40. 40. Manufacture leaves no waste products
  41. 41. Light
  42. 42. Low cost</li></ul>Disadvantages-<br /><ul><li> Can be easily dented and deformed due to easy shaping</li></ul>Oak:<br />Advantages-<br /><ul><li>High durability due to slow growth
  43. 43. Can be stained
  44. 44. Attractive grain, over time can give great antique look especially if stained</li></ul>Disadvantages-<br /><ul><li>Prone to splitting
  45. 45. Needs to be treated properly
  46. 46. Blunts tools quickly
  47. 47. Very expensive because of slow growth and shorter supply</li></ul>Could be used as lid or base/ frame<br />Acrylic Sheet:<br />Advantages-<br /><ul><li>Comes with a ready finish
  48. 48. Is a thermo plastic and therefore can be formed to most desired shapes and can be recycled
  49. 49. Comes in a variety of colours</li></ul>Disadvantages-<br /><ul><li>Can scratch easily
  50. 50. Can dent easily
  51. 51. Can shatter easily
  52. 52. Can snap in manufacturing process</li></ul>Foam X®:<br />Advantages-<br /><ul><li>Texture is malleable and adds friction to objects it is fixed to
  53. 53. Easily fixed
  54. 54. Easily shaped
  55. 55. Good insulator of heat and cold </li></ul>Disadvantages-<br /><ul><li>Very easy to dent
  56. 56. Can tear
  57. 57. Heavy use can break the Foam X up</li></ul>Can be used as lid, Base/ frame, handle or decorative features<br />Can be used under the base as a way of friction<br />Page Number: 6<br />
  58. 58. Forming Materials<br />Can be used to make a multi-coloured acrylic body or lettering <br />Adhesives:<br />Process-<br />Araldite, <br />Place the desired pieces needed to be fixed together in front of you<br />On a separate board, squeeze out the need amount of glue and needed amount of hardener so that they are not touching<br />When reading, using a rod of some sort, mix the two together, then place onto the fixing area on the material<br />Hold together firmly for a few minutes<br />The pieces are now fixed<br />Solvent Cement,<br />Place the desired acrylic materials needing to be fixed in a bench clamp<br />Using a pipette, drip the solvent along the edges of the acrylic<br />By capillary action, the solvent should soon cover the area being joined<br />It should then harden quite quickly<br />Remove from clamp<br />PVA/ Wood Glue,<br />Add to surface and evenly spread<br />Join together<br />Sand Casting:<br />Process- <br />Create a solid mould of the desired component out of wood or plastic e.t.c.<br />Place the mould into the drag/ cope then pack sand around and on top of it.<br />Then remove the mould leaving the sand compact in the desired shape<br />Make a channel in the drag and cope to allow the molten aluminium ingot to flow into the mould<br />Leave for about an hour to cool then remove the cope and drag<br />The shape has been formed<br />Finally sand blast the component to remove flash and texture of the sand<br />Finish<br />This could be used to form lettering to go on outside of the breadbin<br />Can be used to give body of breadbin a different shape<br />Can be used to join different types of wood together for body<br />Metal former<br />Process-<br />Place metal on former<br />Use the machine handle to bend the metal around the former (round, square, e.t.c.)<br />Do this to desired degree of movement<br />The metal will now have a shape and not be flat<br />This could be used to mark the holes for lettering and hinges <br />Joints- Box Joints:<br />Process-<br />Comb/ finger Joint,<br />Take the two pieces of wood needing to be joined<br />Using a pencil, metal rule and marking gauge mark out the length for the fingers<br />Mark out a sort of castle ramparts<br />Cut out the alternate fingers using a tennon saw so that both pieces will fit together snuggly<br />Use an adhesive to fix together<br />Centre punches:<br />Process-<br />With a metal rule and pencil, accurately mark a centre point for a chosen hole to be drilled<br />Place a centre punch on this mark<br />Hit with a hammer<br />Check that it is in the right place<br />Then hit a few more times, but more firmly than the previous<br />This acts as a guide for the drill bit<br />Page Number: 7<br />
  59. 59. Finishes<br />Varnish- wood:<br />Process-<br />Using a suitable sized brush, apply a layer of varnish to the surface as if like paint<br />Once dry, repeat twice more<br />Advantages-<br />Nice look<br />Seals grains from moisture damage, i.e. rot<br />This can be used to give the product a nice finish and look<br />Protects wood and makes it easy to clean<br />Brush and polish- metal<br />Process-<br />Once specific shape is ready to be finished, it can be smoothed down using emery paper (like sand paper to wood)<br />This gets rid of dirt, oil and possible scratch/ cut marks<br />If left after this process a brush effect is created<br />If shiny surface is wanted, polish can be used after this process using polish and a rag of some sort<br />Surface coatings- metal:<br />Cellulite paint-<br />Process-<br />Apply to surface<br />Spray Paint-<br />Process-<br />Apply to surface<br />Plastic Dip-<br />Process-<br />Apply to surface<br />Protects surface from chemical changes, i.e. oxidation, and makes it look good <br />This can be used to Get rid of burr and give the wood a smooth finish <br />Hand Jig Saws, palm sanders, sand/ glass paper, wet and dry and files and rasps- wood/ metal:<br />Process-<br />Jig saws,<br />Draw desired shape on material<br />Clamp material onto two workbenches to leave gap in middle, using G clamps<br />Carefully go around the shape with the saw<br />The shape should fall out<br />Files and Rasps,<br />Place material in clamp<br />Depending on shape locate a suitable rasp/ file (i.e. round, half round, flat, e.t.c.)<br />File the edges where cut marks or in accurate cuts have been made (rasps are more effective for this<br />Once suitable go to sanding stage<br />Palm sander and sand/ glass paper and wet and dry,<br />Place material in bench clamp<br />Going from roughest to softest grain of paper go over cut, dent or scratch marks<br />Carry on until completely smooth edges form and possibly rounded edges<br />If acrylic, wet and dry can be used to buffer the edges (and similarly for metal)<br />Stains- wood:<br />Process-<br />Using a suitable sized brush, apply to wood as if like paint<br />Once dry it may need another coat or two<br />Advantages-<br />Gives depth of colour<br />Comes in a variety of colours<br />Goes deep into the grains<br />Can change most woods to desired colour of product<br />Page Number: 8<br />
  60. 60. Detailed Existing Product Analysis<br />Overview: the product generally has a modern/ futuristic look to it, as when you first look at it you do not suspect that it is a cheese/ bread bin. The design for each segment is also very clever in the way it all folds down to save space when opened. This could be very good at the dinner table or at parties when serving particular food stuffs as not only does it look good and save space, but it also is very mobile.<br />Name: OLLI Derham Candidate Number: Centre Number: 58433<br />Page Number: 9<br />
  61. 61. 1<br />2<br />3<br />4<br />5<br />Specification<br />6<br />7<br />8<br />9<br />10<br />11<br />12<br />Page Number: 10<br />
  62. 62. What do I need to Research?<br />Must hold a valid amount of bread<br />Knock Down Fittings?<br />Packaging?<br />And Holder<br />Must not be cumbersome<br />Foam- X (for non slip base)<br />Lid <br />Breadboard<br />Base<br />Knives<br />Body<br />Must be within a 500mm x 500mm x 500mm boundary <br />Handle must fit hand shape<br />Aluminium<br />Acrylic<br />Handle<br />Soft<br />Hard<br />Dimensions<br />Storage Space<br />Metals<br />Woods<br />Plastics<br />Flat Pack<br />Components<br />Anthropometrics<br />Are materials recycled?<br />Must not break after heavy use<br />Materials<br />See Page 6<br />Or 6th form students<br />e.g. Knives, lid hinge, board hinge and dents in the body<br />Tools and Equipment<br />University Students<br />Research Essentials<br />In shared kitchens<br />Sustainability<br />Market<br />Will it be environmentally friendly<br />Polished<br />Any Households<br />Source and strength of materials<br />Age 14+ due to knives<br />Costs<br />Or other<br />Finishes<br />Varnished<br />Production Techniques<br />Joining Materials Together<br />Existing Products<br />Paint<br />Consumer<br />What colours?<br />To be a universal bread bin<br />Brushed<br />To keep kitchen less cluttered<br />Production<br />Unit<br />To keep bread fresh<br />One off prototype<br />Materials<br />Stain<br />Screw fittings<br />What colours?<br />i.e. have chopping board and knives, storage for condiments and bread bin area<br />As cheap as possible<br />Hinges<br />Forged/ welded<br />Predicted to become mass produced<br />Intermediate price for good quality<br />Around 3 times cost of unit to pay for materials, labour and to make a profit <br />Dowel/ Box or comb joints<br />What types?<br />Production + materials<br />Adhesives<br />What types?<br />On production line<br />Page Number: 11<br />
  63. 63. Review<br />Page Number: 12<br />
  64. 64. Page Number: 13<br />
  65. 65. 14<br />Model Stage<br />The general shape of the lid is flush to the edges of the frame<br />The joints for joining the short side panels to the long side panels were tested, but for the model a simple butt joint was used to give a general idea of the shape of the frame<br />The lid support fits exactly into the top of the frame to hold it in place. It also is a good surface for cutting on<br />The modeling stage helped provide a basis for the actual product as it has developed into a rectangular structure<br />
  66. 66. Production Processes<br />3.Assembly of individual panels to form entire side panels<br />1. Side Panels<br />Start<br />Start<br />2. Teak transitional end panel pieces<br />Mark out design for Pine panels with pencil and metal rule and tri- square<br />Start<br />On each individual panel mark the half way point on edge to be joined using a tri square, pencil and metal rule<br />Mark out design for teak pieces using tri square, pencil and metal rule<br />NO<br />Check measurements against design<br />Check measurement against design<br />NO<br />NO<br />Check measurements against design<br />Yes<br />black out areas being cut<br />Yes<br />Clamp the individual panels onto a workbench using G- Clamps<br />Yes<br /> black out areas being cut against design<br />Put against bench hook to cut with tenon saw<br />Using a biscuit cutter, cut the slot for the biscuit joint, along the line drawn at the half way point<br />Put against bench hook to cut with tenon saw<br /> Sand down all edges and round corners <br />NO<br />Check for smoothness and non sharpness<br />Make sure all components fit flush together<br />Yes<br /> Sand down all edges and round corners <br />NO<br />Yes<br />Apply glue to edges to be joined and into the slot. Place the biscuit into the slot and the place resulting panel into several sash clamps to make sure that the joint is strong<br />NO<br />Check for smoothness and non sharpness<br />Yes<br />Finish<br />Yes<br />Yes<br />Finish<br />Yes<br />Finish<br />Yes<br />Page Number: 15<br />
  67. 67. Production Processes<br />4. Finger Joints<br />6. Mitre Joints for base support<br />Start<br />Start<br />5. Assembly of Breadbin Frame<br />Mark out 4 mitre joints, 35 x 20 x 110 (mm)using a mitre square and pencil<br />Using a marking gauge set at 20mm, a metal rule and a pencil, mark the ends of the now larger panels<br />Start<br />Prepare an area on the workbench with sash clamps<br />NO<br />NO<br />Check measurements against design<br />Check measurements<br />File finger joints to fit flush together<br />Cut each component out using a tenon saw and bench hook or a mitre saw<br />NO<br />Yes<br />Use a tri square and pencil to mark out fingers for finger joints<br />Make sure that the finger joints fit together properly<br />Black out areas to be cut<br />Yes<br />Use elephant sander to produce flush edges<br />Apply glue to edges to be fixed together<br />NO<br />Check for smoothness <br />Using a tenon saw cut out the fingers to specification on a bench hook<br />Assemble the panels to become a frame<br />If ready, mark out holes in the centre of two edges which will be fixed to frame. Use a centre punch to create a guide for bench drill to create a pilot hole<br />NO<br />Put sash clamps in relevant places so that the frame will be square and strongly fixed together<br /> Sand down all edges and round corners <br />NO<br />Check for smoothness and non sharpness<br />Finish<br />Yes<br />Screw the mitre joint s into the bottom corners of the frame<br />Yes<br />Finish<br />Finish<br />Page Number: 16<br />
  68. 68. Production Processes<br />7. Base<br />9. Sandcasting<br />8. Lettering<br />Start<br />Start<br />Start<br />Mark out design for base on plywood (roughly 360 x 210 [mm])<br />Compact casting sand into two halves of the die.<br />Pick a font on word and type “BREAD.” Enlarge it to fit whole page and print<br />Check that there are no gaps and that the sand is level<br />NO<br />Stick onto MDF board and cut to form individual letters<br />Check measurements against design<br />File and sand them down <br /> On one half, gently push the MDF letters into the sand so that they create an impression<br />Yes<br />black out areas being cut<br />Check size fits onto side of bread bin shell<br />Put against bench hook to cut with tenon saw<br /> After removing the MDF letters, use a trowel to dig a small trench between each impression and at either end, to allow the Aluminium Ingot to flow to each.<br />NO<br />Yes<br />Move on to step 9.<br /> Sand down all edges and round corners <br />Finish<br />Check for smoothness and non sharpness<br /> Then using a conical shaped piece of metal, create a hole at the end of the outer trenches.<br />Yes<br />Yes<br />Yes<br />Yes<br />Fix to the mitre joints and edges surrounding by wood glue<br />NO<br />Continued Next Page<br />Make sure that all the impressions are smooth and that there is no excess sand<br />Yes<br />Yes<br />Finish<br />Yes<br />Page Number: 17<br />
  69. 69. Production Processes<br />Yes<br /> Using wood glue, rub join the two halves together.<br />9. Sandcasting Continued<br />10. Lid<br />…Continue from Previous Page…<br /> Measure width and length of the inner pat of the top of the bread bin <br />Start<br />After making sure the Aluminium is molten place both sides of the mould together and place next to the furnace. Carefully pour the aluminium into one of the holes until it comes through to the other hole at the other end<br /> Get two rectangular pieces of wood (one pine, one teak) cut to the same width and length of the frame<br />On another rectangular piece of pine mark these measurements on it in order for it to fit perfectly as a guide for the lid<br />NO<br />Use a hacksaw to saw the now aluminium mould into the individual letters<br />Check measurements against design<br />NO<br />Check measurements<br />Use the various needed files to remove any rough edges, shape the lettering and remove any gaps<br />Yes<br /> Mark out a diagonal across the same area on both pieces so that they are identical to each other.<br />Yes<br /> Cut out the new shape and sand the edges so that they are smooth<br />NO<br />Check the edges are smooth and that they are still within the size constraints<br />Attach to the underneath of the upper section of lid previously made, centrally, using wood glue and 4 screws in each corner<br />Cut using a <br />Yes<br />Find the centre point on the upper section and centre punch<br />Sand and file edges to smooth and shape<br />NO<br />Once finished, use araldite to stick lettering onto one side panel<br />Use a hole saw (roughly hand sized) to drill through to the pine layer. Sand the circular piece down so it is about 20 mm smaller in radius and then re join it in the centre of the hole just made with wood glue. This is now the handle.<br />Yes<br /> Use wet and dry paper (with heavier to lighter grains) and WD40 to create a smooth, shiny and brushed finish<br />Check for smoothness and non sharpness<br />Yes<br />Finish<br />Finish<br />Page Number: 18<br />
  70. 70. Production Processes<br />Page Number: 19<br />
  71. 71. Gantt chart<br />Page Number: 20<br />
  72. 72. Health and Safety During Certain Tasks<br />Drilling<br />Hole Saw<br />Sanding<br />Filing<br />Varnishing<br />Sawing<br />Marking<br />Wet and dry with WD40<br />Gluing<br />Screwing<br />Sandcasting<br />Centre Punching<br />Biscuit Joining<br />Page Number: 21<br />
  73. 73. Cutting List<br />Page Number: 22<br />
  74. 74. Proof of Manufacture<br />Frame<br />Sand Casted Lettering<br />Other Processes:<br />Transitional Wood Lid<br />Acrylic Handle<br />Page Number: 23<br />
  75. 75. 24<br />Other Tools Used<br />Centre punch for marking holes for bench drill<br />Safety mask and goggles to protect eyes and respiration system from debris<br />Hammer for use with centre punch<br />Scroll saw for cutting MDF lettering for Sand cast moulding<br />Bench drill for drilling pilot holes for screws and for using the hole saw attachment<br />Coping saw to cut parts of comb joints and for MDF lettering<br />Tenon saw to cut panels to initial size and to cut mitre joints <br />Tri- square to get right angled lines when marking<br />Marking gauge for use with comb joint marking<br />Mallet to help compact sand casting sand into moulds<br />File for shaping the wood and sand casted aluminium into the desired shape<br />Work bench clamp to hold materials in place whilst working with them<br />Sash clamps for forming frame<br />Palm sander for sanding edges and faces smooth<br />Varnish for finish and protection of body<br />
  76. 76. 25<br />Finished product<br />
  77. 77. 26<br />Key Features: In Use<br />
  78. 78. Test and Evaluate<br />Page Number: 27<br />
  79. 79. Page Number: 28<br />Test and Evaluate<br />
  80. 80. Client Feedback<br />Page Number: 29<br />
  81. 81. Folder Contents<br />4) Plan<br /><ul><li> Production Plan * including quality control checks
  82. 82. Production Schedule
  83. 83. Cutting List</li></ul>5) Make<br /><ul><li> Working drawing
  84. 84. Evidence of Making
  85. 85. Manufacturing
  86. 86. Health & Safety</li></ul>5) Test & Evaluate<br /><ul><li> Testing & Checks
  87. 87. Evaluation
  88. 88. Modifications</li></ul>1) Investigate<br /><ul><li>Front Cover
  89. 89. Index *including page numbers
  90. 90. Situation (Problem) & Design Brief
  91. 91. Analysis of Brief
  92. 92. Product Analysis
  93. 93. Research
  94. 94. Specification</li></ul>2) Design<br /><ul><li> Initial Ideas
  95. 95. Chosen Idea
  96. 96. Review Evaluation of Ideas</li></ul>3) Develop<br /><ul><li>Development of Idea
  97. 97. CAD Drawings
  98. 98. Models
  99. 99. Final Idea </li>

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