Education alternatives
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Education alternatives

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  • Is pace different in different classrooms?

Education alternatives Education alternatives Presentation Transcript

  • Education alternatives
    Objectives:
    Describe different educational settings and factors that influence whether one setting will be appropriate for a given child.
    Define Least Restrictive Environment and discuss what that means in terms of children with severe to profound loss.
  • Educational services
    Residential/Day school
    Self-contained classroom
    Mainstream
    Resource room
    Inclusion
    Coenrollment
  • Residential/Day School
    Many schools for the Deaf offer residential programs
    Classes taught in ASL
    English taught as second language
    Bilingual-Bicultural
    Teachers may also have hearing loss
    Day schools
    No residential program
    Not restricted to Bi-Bi programs
  • Self-contained Classroom
    Separate classroom designed to address needs of children with hearing loss
    Housed in regular education school, so opportunities exist for interaction with typical children
  • Mainstream Classroom
    Inclusion
    Child placed in regular education classroom
    May spend some time in resource room
    May have support of itinerant teacher
    Coenrollment
    Two teachers work simultaneously
    One for children using audition
    One for children using manual communication
  • Auditory/Oral Day School
  • Least Restrictive Environment
    IDEA definition of LRE unclear
    Sacramento City USD v. Holland (1994) provides four points:
    Educational benefits of integrated versus segregated setting
    Nonacademic benefits (interactions with typically-developing peers)
    Effect of student on teacher and peers
    Cost of supplementary services to support student in integrated setting
  • Least Restrictive Environment
    LRE doesn’t require BEST academic setting, just APPROPRIATE setting
    Springdale School District v. Grace (1982)
    “The district court, although convinced that the best place for Sherry is the School for the Deaf, correctly followed the Act’s requirements when it determined that it was not the State’s duty to provide the best education, but instead states are required to provide an appropriate education. Our holding today is further supported by the mainstreaming requirements of the Act which require that “to the maximum extent” possible, without sacrificing the child’s right to an appropriate education, the handicapped must be educated with the non-handicapped.”
  • Performance of included D/HOH
    Antia 2009
  • Areas of academic risk
    Reading and Language
    As an AR specialist, how could you support students with hearing loss in developing these skills?