(sebuah pengenalan) Free Open Source Software & Linux
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(sebuah pengenalan) Free Open Source Software & Linux

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Sebuah pengenalan perangkat lunak bebas (FOSS). Berbicara Linux khususnya

Sebuah pengenalan perangkat lunak bebas (FOSS). Berbicara Linux khususnya

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  • 1. (sebuah pengenalan) Open Source Software & Linux Lintasarta, 30 Juni 2010 Ronald R Saragih System Administrator ts@antarmedia.com
  • 2. Agenda • Sejarah Ringkas Open Source • Konsep Open Source • Aplikasi FOSS • Pengenalan Linux • Keuntungan FOSS • Kesimpulan
  • 3. Ringkas Sejarah FOSS ● 1960s to 70s – Software sharing culture in US labs (Stanford, Berkeley, Carnegie Mellon, MIT) ● 1976 – Bill Gates' “Open Letter to Hobbyists” advocating that software should be paid for, includaing royalties ● Early 80s – LISP programming language was taken by MIT, to the dismay of hackers. ● January 1984 – Richard Stallman quit job at MIT. Started to worked on GNU, a set of programming tools.
  • 4. …lanjutan ● 1986 – Free Software Foundation was born. To promote 'free software' and the GNU project. ● 1990 – Bringing 'free software' to the corporate world with Cygnus. ● 1991 – Linus Torvalds distributed a Unix-like kernel and encouraged everyone to help improve it. The kernel was later named “Linux” and then integrated with GNU into an operating system called “GNU/Linux”.
  • 5. …lanjutan ● 1986 – Free Software Foundation was born. To promote 'free software' and the GNU project. ● 1990 – Bringing 'free software' to the corporate world with Cygnus. ● 1991 – Linus Torvalds distributed a Unix-like kernel and encouraged everyone to help improve it. The kernel was later named “Linux” and then integrated with GNU into an operating system called “GNU/Linux”.
  • 6. …lanjutan ● 1992 – Xfree86 was born, the start of bringing GNU/Linux to the desktop level. ● 1993 – Debian and Slackware as implementations of GNU/Linux were born. ● 1994 – Apache, the now popular web server system, was born. ● 1995 – Red Hat was born. ● 1995 – Codebase of Unix incorporated into systems such as FreeBSD, NetBSD, and OpenBSD.
  • 7. …lanjutan ● 1996 – KDE as desktop environment was born. ● 1997 – GNU/Linux grabbed the 25% share of the server market and grew at 25% per year. ● 1997 – GNOME desktop manager was born. ● 1998 – Netscape released Netscape Navigator code base under open source. This paved the way for development of Mozilla Firefox.
  • 8. …lanjutan ● 1998 – The term 'open source' was coined. Led to the formation of Open Source Initiative and formulation of open source definition. ● 1999 – Red Hat was transformed into a corporation. Other corporations were established around “selling” Linux: not charging for the software but for the support services.
  • 9. Gambar @http://www.thetechherald.com/media/images/200911/OpenSourceCode.jpg
  • 10. .………………………………………. Apa tuh, Linux..?
  • 11. Linus Torvalds Unix – Minix – LINUX Hobby seorang mahasiswa @Finlandia Agustus 1991, Linux 0.01 Oktober 1991, Linux 0.02 FITUR : shell bash, gcc http://www.thinkgeek.com/images/products/front/just-for-fun.jpg
  • 12. http://bharatikunal.files.wordpress.com/2008/10/linux-wallpaper-for-beginners.jpg
  • 13. improvisasi tampilan yang jauh menarik Gambar @http://farazinux.wordpress.com
  • 14. Linux Distro timeLine DistroWatch database summary * Number of all distributions in the database: 662 * Number of active distributions in the database: 317 * Number of dormant distributions: 51 * Number of discontinued distributions: 294 * Number of distributions on the waiting list: 214
  • 15. Distro Linux Indonesia http://nakula.rvs.uni-bielefeld.de/~made/Distro-Indo/distro.png
  • 16. Siapa saja yang pake..? ...........................……. ………….………………..............….
  • 17. Fakta|nya Market Share for Top Servers Across All Domains August 1995 - June 2010 (Netcraft.com) With 206,956,723 sites Develo May 2010 Percent June Percent Change per 2010 Apache 112,663,5 54.68% 111,792, 54.02% -0.67 33 321 Microso 52,062,15 25.27% 53,865,3 26.03% 0.76 ft 4 45 Google 12,357,21 6.00% 15,375,9 7.43% 1.43 2 50
  • 18. detik.com – PostgreSQL – PHP – Nginx – GlusterFS – MapServer, dan lainnya
  • 19. Gambar @http://translinux.net/images/header1.jpg • Lion Air Training Center • Ristek – http://itc.liorair.co.id (e-Learning Moodle) • LAPAN • Universitas Sumatera Utara • Diknas • Nusanet • Pemerintahan Provinsi Sumatera Utara • ANJ Agri • Venezuella • Lintasarta Hotel Swiss Bell Medan • Brazil • • Prapanca FM Medan • Afrika Selatan • Wahana Pantai Cermin • Perancis dan lainnya
  • 20. Multimedia
  • 21. Mengapa harus FOSS..? ……. ……….……………………………………….
  • 22. Keuntungan FOSS Banyaknya SDM yang mengerjakan Kesalahan (bugs, error) lebih cepat ditemukan dan diperbaiki Standar terbuka dan tidak tergantung satu vendor Lebih aman (secure) Hemat biaya Tidak mengulangi development Mengurangi Pembajakan
  • 23. Kelemahan FOSS Aplikasi bisnis kurang lengkap Interoperabilitas dengan sistem propietary Dokumentasi kurang lengkap
  • 24. Biggest Players Gambar @http://www.cnet.co.uk/i/c/blg/cat/blog/open_source/open-source-crave-0.jpg
  • 25. dukungan Lokal KPLI MEDAN
  • 26. Kapan menggunakannya? – Ketika memiliki banyak waktu – Dukungan vendor yang jelas – Menghargai HaKI – Tidak ada pilihan, selain FOSS
  • 27. Kesimpulan • Open Source itu bukan hanya ‘Linux’ • Menggunakan FOSS bukan ttg nilai ‘gratis’, tapi lebih dari itu – kebebasan “menjalankan”, “mempelajari”, “mendistribusi ulang”, “meng- improvisasi” menuju kesempurnaan sistem pengembangan
  • 28. Referensi • www.cert.or.id/~budi/articles/open-source-for- corporation.doc • http://distrowatch.com/weekly.php?issue=20100628
  • 29. TERIMA KASIH