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(sebuah pengenalan)

  Open Source Software & Linux
Lintasarta, 30 Juni 2010


Ronald R Saragih
System Administrator
ts@an...
Agenda
•   Sejarah Ringkas Open Source
•   Konsep Open Source
•   Aplikasi FOSS
•   Pengenalan Linux
•   Keuntungan FOSS
•...
Ringkas Sejarah FOSS
●
    1960s to 70s – Software sharing culture in US labs (Stanford,
    Berkeley, Carnegie Mellon, MI...
…lanjutan

●
    1986 – Free Software Foundation was born. To promote 'free
    software' and the GNU project.
●
    1990 ...
…lanjutan

●
    1986 – Free Software Foundation was born. To promote 'free
    software' and the GNU project.
●
    1990 ...
…lanjutan

●
    1992 – Xfree86 was born, the start of bringing GNU/Linux to
    the desktop level.
●
    1993 – Debian an...
…lanjutan

●
    1996 – KDE as desktop environment was born.
●
    1997 – GNU/Linux grabbed the 25% share of the server
  ...
…lanjutan

●
    1998 – The term 'open source' was coined. Led to the
    formation of Open Source Initiative and formulat...
Gambar @http://www.thetechherald.com/media/images/200911/OpenSourceCode.jpg
.……………………………………….
                    Apa tuh, Linux..?
Linus Torvalds
                                                                  Unix – Minix – LINUX
                    ...
http://bharatikunal.files.wordpress.com/2008/10/linux-wallpaper-for-beginners.jpg
improvisasi tampilan yang jauh menarik


Gambar @http://farazinux.wordpress.com
Linux Distro timeLine




DistroWatch database summary

  * Number of all distributions in the database: 662

  * Number o...
Distro Linux Indonesia




      http://nakula.rvs.uni-bielefeld.de/~made/Distro-Indo/distro.png
Siapa saja yang pake..?



                                ...........................…….
                          ………….…...
Fakta|nya


                               Market Share for Top Servers Across All
                                 Domain...
detik.com
  – PostgreSQL
  – PHP
  – Nginx
  – GlusterFS
  – MapServer, dan lainnya
Gambar @http://translinux.net/images/header1.jpg

•   Lion Air Training Center                          •   Ristek
     – ...
Multimedia
Mengapa harus FOSS..?




                 …….
……….……………………………………….
Keuntungan FOSS
Banyaknya SDM yang mengerjakan
Kesalahan (bugs, error) lebih cepat ditemukan
dan diperbaiki
Standar terbuk...
Kelemahan FOSS
Aplikasi bisnis kurang lengkap
Interoperabilitas dengan sistem propietary
Dokumentasi kurang lengkap
Biggest Players




Gambar @http://www.cnet.co.uk/i/c/blg/cat/blog/open_source/open-source-crave-0.jpg
dukungan Lokal




KPLI MEDAN
Kapan menggunakannya?
– Ketika memiliki banyak waktu
– Dukungan vendor yang jelas
– Menghargai HaKI
– Tidak ada pilihan, s...
Kesimpulan
• Open Source itu bukan hanya ‘Linux’
• Menggunakan FOSS bukan ttg nilai
  ‘gratis’, tapi lebih dari itu – kebe...
Referensi
•   www.cert.or.id/~budi/articles/open-source-for-
    corporation.doc
•   http://distrowatch.com/weekly.php?iss...
TERIMA KASIH
(sebuah pengenalan) Free Open Source Software & Linux
(sebuah pengenalan) Free Open Source Software & Linux
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(sebuah pengenalan) Free Open Source Software & Linux

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Sebuah pengenalan perangkat lunak bebas (FOSS). Berbicara Linux khususnya

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Transcript of "(sebuah pengenalan) Free Open Source Software & Linux"

  1. 1. (sebuah pengenalan) Open Source Software & Linux Lintasarta, 30 Juni 2010 Ronald R Saragih System Administrator ts@antarmedia.com
  2. 2. Agenda • Sejarah Ringkas Open Source • Konsep Open Source • Aplikasi FOSS • Pengenalan Linux • Keuntungan FOSS • Kesimpulan
  3. 3. Ringkas Sejarah FOSS ● 1960s to 70s – Software sharing culture in US labs (Stanford, Berkeley, Carnegie Mellon, MIT) ● 1976 – Bill Gates' “Open Letter to Hobbyists” advocating that software should be paid for, includaing royalties ● Early 80s – LISP programming language was taken by MIT, to the dismay of hackers. ● January 1984 – Richard Stallman quit job at MIT. Started to worked on GNU, a set of programming tools.
  4. 4. …lanjutan ● 1986 – Free Software Foundation was born. To promote 'free software' and the GNU project. ● 1990 – Bringing 'free software' to the corporate world with Cygnus. ● 1991 – Linus Torvalds distributed a Unix-like kernel and encouraged everyone to help improve it. The kernel was later named “Linux” and then integrated with GNU into an operating system called “GNU/Linux”.
  5. 5. …lanjutan ● 1986 – Free Software Foundation was born. To promote 'free software' and the GNU project. ● 1990 – Bringing 'free software' to the corporate world with Cygnus. ● 1991 – Linus Torvalds distributed a Unix-like kernel and encouraged everyone to help improve it. The kernel was later named “Linux” and then integrated with GNU into an operating system called “GNU/Linux”.
  6. 6. …lanjutan ● 1992 – Xfree86 was born, the start of bringing GNU/Linux to the desktop level. ● 1993 – Debian and Slackware as implementations of GNU/Linux were born. ● 1994 – Apache, the now popular web server system, was born. ● 1995 – Red Hat was born. ● 1995 – Codebase of Unix incorporated into systems such as FreeBSD, NetBSD, and OpenBSD.
  7. 7. …lanjutan ● 1996 – KDE as desktop environment was born. ● 1997 – GNU/Linux grabbed the 25% share of the server market and grew at 25% per year. ● 1997 – GNOME desktop manager was born. ● 1998 – Netscape released Netscape Navigator code base under open source. This paved the way for development of Mozilla Firefox.
  8. 8. …lanjutan ● 1998 – The term 'open source' was coined. Led to the formation of Open Source Initiative and formulation of open source definition. ● 1999 – Red Hat was transformed into a corporation. Other corporations were established around “selling” Linux: not charging for the software but for the support services.
  9. 9. Gambar @http://www.thetechherald.com/media/images/200911/OpenSourceCode.jpg
  10. 10. .………………………………………. Apa tuh, Linux..?
  11. 11. Linus Torvalds Unix – Minix – LINUX Hobby seorang mahasiswa @Finlandia Agustus 1991, Linux 0.01 Oktober 1991, Linux 0.02 FITUR : shell bash, gcc http://www.thinkgeek.com/images/products/front/just-for-fun.jpg
  12. 12. http://bharatikunal.files.wordpress.com/2008/10/linux-wallpaper-for-beginners.jpg
  13. 13. improvisasi tampilan yang jauh menarik Gambar @http://farazinux.wordpress.com
  14. 14. Linux Distro timeLine DistroWatch database summary * Number of all distributions in the database: 662 * Number of active distributions in the database: 317 * Number of dormant distributions: 51 * Number of discontinued distributions: 294 * Number of distributions on the waiting list: 214
  15. 15. Distro Linux Indonesia http://nakula.rvs.uni-bielefeld.de/~made/Distro-Indo/distro.png
  16. 16. Siapa saja yang pake..? ...........................……. ………….………………..............….
  17. 17. Fakta|nya Market Share for Top Servers Across All Domains August 1995 - June 2010 (Netcraft.com) With 206,956,723 sites Develo May 2010 Percent June Percent Change per 2010 Apache 112,663,5 54.68% 111,792, 54.02% -0.67 33 321 Microso 52,062,15 25.27% 53,865,3 26.03% 0.76 ft 4 45 Google 12,357,21 6.00% 15,375,9 7.43% 1.43 2 50
  18. 18. detik.com – PostgreSQL – PHP – Nginx – GlusterFS – MapServer, dan lainnya
  19. 19. Gambar @http://translinux.net/images/header1.jpg • Lion Air Training Center • Ristek – http://itc.liorair.co.id (e-Learning Moodle) • LAPAN • Universitas Sumatera Utara • Diknas • Nusanet • Pemerintahan Provinsi Sumatera Utara • ANJ Agri • Venezuella • Lintasarta Hotel Swiss Bell Medan • Brazil • • Prapanca FM Medan • Afrika Selatan • Wahana Pantai Cermin • Perancis dan lainnya
  20. 20. Multimedia
  21. 21. Mengapa harus FOSS..? ……. ……….……………………………………….
  22. 22. Keuntungan FOSS Banyaknya SDM yang mengerjakan Kesalahan (bugs, error) lebih cepat ditemukan dan diperbaiki Standar terbuka dan tidak tergantung satu vendor Lebih aman (secure) Hemat biaya Tidak mengulangi development Mengurangi Pembajakan
  23. 23. Kelemahan FOSS Aplikasi bisnis kurang lengkap Interoperabilitas dengan sistem propietary Dokumentasi kurang lengkap
  24. 24. Biggest Players Gambar @http://www.cnet.co.uk/i/c/blg/cat/blog/open_source/open-source-crave-0.jpg
  25. 25. dukungan Lokal KPLI MEDAN
  26. 26. Kapan menggunakannya? – Ketika memiliki banyak waktu – Dukungan vendor yang jelas – Menghargai HaKI – Tidak ada pilihan, selain FOSS
  27. 27. Kesimpulan • Open Source itu bukan hanya ‘Linux’ • Menggunakan FOSS bukan ttg nilai ‘gratis’, tapi lebih dari itu – kebebasan “menjalankan”, “mempelajari”, “mendistribusi ulang”, “meng- improvisasi” menuju kesempurnaan sistem pengembangan
  28. 28. Referensi • www.cert.or.id/~budi/articles/open-source-for- corporation.doc • http://distrowatch.com/weekly.php?issue=20100628
  29. 29. TERIMA KASIH
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