Student created cheat sheets in examinations
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Student created cheat sheets in examinations

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Results of a study that explored the use of student created cheat-sheets and the impact on performance.

Results of a study that explored the use of student created cheat-sheets and the impact on performance.

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Student created cheat sheets in examinations Student created cheat sheets in examinations Presentation Transcript

  • Student Created Cheat-Sheets in Examinations
    Michael de Raadt
  • Examinations
    Closed book
    Open book
    Restricted
    Teacher created notes
    Student created notes  cheat-sheets
    Purpose = exploring use of cheat-sheets
    Context = introductory programming
  • Research about Open Book
    Advantages
    Reduced anxiety
    Shift from memorisation to reasoning
    Reduction of cheating
    Better average performance
    Disadvantages
    Less preparation time  superficial learning
    Lookup time  reliance on text  poorer performance
  • Research about Cheat-sheets
    Dickson and Miller (psychology exams)
    No help in learning
    Erbe (education) and others
    Help with learning lower Blooms levels
    Help prepare students, exam is learning activity
    (awards for best cheat-sheet)
  • Research Questions
    Do students who create cheat-sheets perform better?
    Do cheat-sheets lift performance?
    What features can be identified on cheat-sheets?
    Do features relate to performance?
  • Examination Setting
    Introductory programming
    Prior
    Sample exam
    Told about cheat-sheet
    Hand-written
    A4, double sided
    Examination
    50 marks
    Included language reference
    89 students (21% on-campus, 79% external)
    72 cheat sheets (81%)
  • Performance
    32.5
    23.9
    T-test (equality of means) t=2.5, p=0.016
  • Improvement
  • Features
  • Conclusions
    Evidence supports theory that cheat-sheets have impact
    Recommendations
    Use cheat sheets
    Advise students
    thorough review, match course content order
    general, abstract representations
    don’t assume sample answers will help
    Future work
    replications (cross-institutional, interdisciplinary, longitudinal)
  • Questions
    Please ask in forum