A functional resume takes the skills and accomplishments you have learned
from previous employment and experiences (i.e., classroom and/or volunteer)
and divides them into three or more categories according to a common, skill-based theme.
This format allows the writer to focus on relevant skills rather than recent positions.
Who uses it?
People who are changing career paths.
Those who lack experience directly related to the job they are trying to get.
Anyone who only has seasonal or temporary employment experience.
Candidates who have significant gaps between employment experiences.
Who should not use it ?
Individuals who have little work or leadership experience.
People who are entering a traditional field (education, government, etc.) where employment history is important.
Candidates who want to emphasize their career growth.
Functional Resume Cont. What do employers think? This type of resume is sometimes hard for employers to follow . It does not make it immediately evident what type or amount of work experience a candidate has and it also does not clearly demonstrate employment growth and development. The benefit of using this type of resume is that it allows one to highlight skills sets, as they relate to a specific job, and to show an employer what you can bring to their organization (experience and capabilities).
Functional Resume Sample
Sample 5: Entry or Experienced Level Resume Packet
What is it?
A Combination resume is a mixture or “combination” of the Chronological and Functional resume types . It
has a section that highlights specific skill sets. The combination resume also has an experience section that includes
some information about your job function. This type of resume, like the Functional, draws attention to skill sets while
still showcasing your place of employment and role.
Who uses it?
People who are looking to de-emphasize gaps in their work history. Candidates who have experience that is widely
varied or not clearly related to the job description. Those who have limited professional experience but have a lot of
leadership and other skills they would like to showcase.
Who should not use it?
Individuals who have little work or leadership experience. People who are entering a traditional field (education,
government, etc.) where employment history is important. Candidates who want to emphasize their career growth.
What do employers think?
Some employers may not favor this approach because it is not a traditional chronological format. However, it is easier
for them to follow than the functional format.
Combination Resume Sample
Sample 2: Entry or Experienced Level Resume Packet
Resume Know How
Think of your resume as a marketing tool that promotes you as an ideal candidate to potential employers.
The goal in writing a resume is to make yourself attractive to the potential employer, securing you the opportunity to interview with the organization.
Lead with your strengths: The first half of your resume should be strengths and skills that can connect you to the job. Plus, follow the same format for each bullet pointed job description.
Placement and Style
When organizing the content of your resume, put your most marketable information at the top of your resume .
The rule on page length is this: if you are a recent graduate or have not had at least 3-5+ years of professional experience, then you should try to limit your resume to one page maximum .
If you have had 3-5+ years of experience you may use 2-3 pages for your resume.
Dressing up your resume
The right way: make it look professional with no spelling or grammatical errors, use italics or bold lettering to draw attention to significant points.
The wrong way: using colors to attract attention or highlight certain areas, using too many fonts, making it too dense and/or using pictures.
Make your resume look professional: After you are done putting your resume together, have it printed on resume paper . Resume paper is thicker, more expensive paper. Just like when you have to dress up for an interview, your resume needs to look dressed up to be the best representation of you .
An objective is an optional component in your resume.
There is some controversy concerning objectives, some believe it can help and others believe it can hurt.
It can help you to organize your thoughts and determine what should be included on your resume.
A well written objective provides the employer with a framework of what kind of experience you are pursuing.
It helps you think more concretely of what kind of skills you have to offer to your prospective employer.
If done correctly an objective will help focus your resume.
If too general, it will be ignored and therefore become irrelevant.
Depending on the employer, an objective may limit your chances of getting a job within the company.
Human error: You may not remember to always update your objective to reflect the position you are applying for.
If too specific, will also have to go through the task of changing it every time you send out your resume.
If you feel very strongly about the information you have in your objective but are unsure about your objective as a whole you can put the information in your cover letter.
A Summary of Summaries
It is a comprehensive professional summary of who you are as a professional.
Someone who has worked 5+ years in his or her
chosen industry generally utilizes it because it allows for an employer to get a brief synopsis of work history.
Summary of Qualifications
List of your qualifications for the current position you are trying to obtain (use bullet points for easy reading).
Example Summary Statements
Over 3 years of experience managing and organizing staff of 3 direct subordinates and 10 indirect
Comfortable with multitasking; achieved high GPA as a full-time evening student while working
Strong sales skills, received top manager award based on production
Build highly motivated management teams focused on achieving revenue goals
Certified Internet Web Developer
Instructed administrators in all levels of Windows NT, Linux, MS Word, and Excel
10 year’s experience in planning, developing and implementing of information projects
Professional Memberships, Civic Activities, Extracurricular Activities
STUDENT ORGANIZATION EXPERIENCE
Generate a timeline of every professional position and select the most relevant work experience
It is important to include:
Bullets highlighting your accomplishments and demonstrated skills
Skills and Accomplishments
When disclosing your work experience, be as specific as possible to show exactly what you have done.
Tip: Remember that positions you are currently in are written in present tense while previous postions are written in past tense.
When writing the experience section be sure to include the responsibilities you had, the skills you have acquired and accomplishments you’ve made.
To effectively present your work experiences use this formula action verb + phrase
Writing Accomplishment Statements
A well-formulated accomplishment has two parts:
1) The results or benefits that came as a result of your work. These results should be stated in terms of the value added, tangible, and quantified.
2) The action you took to achieve the benefits/results.
Increased membership in ABC student club by 50% through creative advertising
Presented training for new email system to approximately 30% of the staff
Presided over monthly council meetings and presented group goals
Routed over 100 calls daily to an Annual Giving staff of 10
Double Check Your Work
Does the statement begin with an action verb?
Is that action word as colorful and descriptive as possible?
Are all other words/adjectives as descriptive as possible?
Are all unnecessary words eliminated?
Have you quantified everything that can be quantified?
Has the statement been put in terms of interest to the employer?
Have the results been stated before the action that you took to achieve them?
Other Relevant Information
OPTIONAL : Bullets highlighting your accomplishments and responsibilities
Professional Membership/Civic Activities/Extracurricular Activities
Student Organization Experience
Dates participated in the program
OPTIONAL : Bullets highlighting your accomplishments and responsibilities
* Tip : In order to distinguish yourself from other applicants highlight your activities or positions where you obtained a leadership role .
LEADERSHIP EXPERIENCE :
Student Government Association, XYZ University
Vice President/Academic Affairs 2003-2004
Chaired 60-member body representing each academic department and student perspectives on curricular issues
Participated in college-wide policy decisions concerning commuter students
Met with President of the University, to advise administration concerning student issues
Additional Skills Section
Technical Summary (Word, Excel, PowerPoint)
Why write a cover letter?
A cover letter introduces you and your resume to your employer. You should send one with every resume you submit.
It gives you the opportunity to draw your readers’ attention to specific qualifications.
It provides a sample of your written communication skills.
It gives you the opportunity to network
Cover Letter Outline
Address the cover letter to a person not “to whom it may concern” if possible
3 Key Elements of a cover letter:
What job are you interested in and where did you hear about it?
Introduce who you are, i.e. your major, current job, etc.
Why are you qualified for this position?
One to three paragraphs
Why are you interested in the position?
Explain how your academic background makes you a qualified candidate for the position
Point out specific, relevant achievements/ qualifications in your work experience
Try not to repeat the same information the reader will find in the resume
Refer the reader to the enclosed resume or application, which summarizes your qualifications, training, and experience
Indicate your desire for a personal interview
Repeat your phone number in the letter and offer any assistance to help in a speedy response
Close your letter with a statement or question that will encourage a response
Ex. Say that you will be in the city where the organization is located on a certain date and would like to set up an interview
Thank You Letter
Be sure to send a thank you letter after an interview
Send via e-mail to ensure quick delivery
Send a professional-style letter to reiterate your professionalism
Send a thank you card to make the sentiment personal
Contact the Career Center http://www.careercenter.depaul.edu