Field hockey play book hitting


Published on

Published in: Sports
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Field hockey play book hitting

  1. 1. Field Hockey PlaybookThe HitDerek E. Pappas
  2. 2. Objectives Hit a pass that your teammate can receive-make your teammates job easier Hit the ball at a target-goal, teammate, gap between the defense-direction Hit the ball so that it arrives at a point on the field at the right time-space and timeDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  3. 3. The analysis of the golf swing is much more advanced than the analysis of field hockey hitting. I have been studying the golf swing for 40+ years and the hockey hit for 33. The fundamentals in golf are well understood. Not so in hockey.Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  4. 4. Al Pacino said in the movie Any Given Sunday "it is a game of inches". Bad technique results in bad hits. I have watched a lot of games and I think that hitting can determine the outcome of some games. Missed shots on goal Raised crosses that result in a foul Bad outlet passes that are intercepted Bad passes directly into the top of the D that are off target that would have resulted in goal scoring chancesDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  5. 5. Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  6. 6. Why hit the ball Shoot on goal Make a long pass across the field at speed Relieve pressure by hitting the ball through the defense up the fieldDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  7. 7. Objectives Hit the ball smoothly on the ground Hit the ball at the target Hit the ball at the right pace Hit the ball without any spin Hit the ball at the right timeDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  8. 8. Ever wonder about your hit?Ball is 1 foot off of thegroundWHY?????
  9. 9. “Good Technique is NotEnough” Lang Wedemeye The coach’s responsibility is to create the environment in which players are placed under immediate pressure. The role of the coach is to help players understand the cues that allow them to apply the proper technique in game-like situations. We always hear there are no tactics without technique. Well, there is no technique without tactics. The use of the proper technique comes from decision-making ability in pressure situations.Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  10. 10. Playing under pressure Lang Wedemeye On several occasions I have heard U.S. National Team coaches Bruce Arena and April Heinrichs mention that one of the biggest problems with our rising youth players, boys and girls alike, is that they do not have the ability to play effectively under pressure. The players’ technique breaks down when under pressure and their speed of play is not fast or accurate enough to create a flow in high-level games.Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  11. 11. Defining technique and skill Lang Wedemeye Technique is the mechanism with which the body maneuvers itself to be able to complete an objective. If the objective is to pass the ball 15 yards to a teammate, the brain informs the body to maneuver itself in order to kick the ball in that direction.Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  12. 12. Defining technique and skill(cont.) Lang Wedemeye How well the body adjusts to the demand determines how good the technique is, while how quickly the brain interprets the cues and the message sent to the muscles determines the speed of play. The better the technique, the greater the likelihood that the ball will go where we want it and how we want it played.Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  13. 13. What is the difference betweentechnique and skill?Lang WedemeyeAs taught to me by the late Mike Berticelli inmy first NSCAA National Course, techniqueis the mechanics behind solving a problemand skill is being able to solve the problemregardless of the mechanics. Skill isbasically getting the job done no matter howit looks. But with better technique, theplayer’s success rate is heightened.Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  14. 14. Hitting “Do not’s”Under normal situations Do not hit a bouncing ball Do not hit an off target pass/shot Do not hit the ball too fast or slowly Do not hit the ball with side spinDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  15. 15. Hitting “Do’s” Hit the back of the back Position the ball in the correct position relative to your feet Release/Sweep the stick through the ballDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  16. 16. Don’ts-under normalsituations Do not hit the top or bottom of the ball Do not get the ball outside of your shoulders Do not chop down on the ball uless it is deliberate to raise the ball for a shot on goalDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  17. 17. Fundamentals and pressure The relative orientation of the stick should be maintained throughout the swing. If the relative position of the stick is changed during the swing then the player will have to make a correction during the swing Corrections are easier to make when there is no pressure on the playerDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  18. 18. Fundamentals and pressure Fundamentals hold up under pressure Bad fundamentals cause bad hits under pressure If you have good fundamentals then under pressure when the adrenalin is flowing you will hit the ball better Under pressure bad fundamentals result in hits which are bouncing, miss the target, have side spin, are the incorrect speedDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  19. 19. Fundamentals and pressure(cont.) Corrections are not easy to make when the match is on the line and a smooth hit is required The orientation will be changed if any of the following occurs Rolling the hands Swaying the body Lifting the head up Many other causes (see later slides)Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  20. 20. Fundamentals and pressure Players with good fundamentals can deliver a proper hit under extreme pressure in match situations on the ground, at the target, no/top spin, correct speed Players with poor fundamentals will miss hit the ball under extreme pressure in match situationsDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  21. 21. Fundamentals and pressure The orientation in one or more axis will be changed if any of the following occurs If the stick rotated around the axis of the stick If the end of the stick is pulled in or pushed away from the player If the stick moves above or below the plane at addressDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  22. 22. Fundamentals Head moves towards ground for hard hits Shoulders parallel to target and ball between shoulders Take away-stick behind ball, sweep stick back along the ground and don’t change wrist position Turn stick back with shoulders not the arms Hips lead pulling torso and arms Stay on plane and watch the spot where the ball was after the shot with a limited follow throughDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  23. 23. Fundamentals Grip Footwork/body posture Take away turn Pivot point/plane weight shift releaseDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  24. 24. Grip 2 v’s formed by thumb and for finger face right chin Hands facing each other to work together Right Hand coves top of grip Hands are two fists holding the stick Relax the hands when holding the stick Right hand faces down the line towards the targetDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  25. 25. Grip- don’t do this Do not use a baseball grip where the hands are not facing each other Do not hold the stick in fingers only Do not wrap fingers aginst palm-wrap the fingers around the stickDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  26. 26. Triangle Hands and shoulders form a triangle The triangle is maintained at the take away to waist high The triangle compacts above the waist on the back swing, impact and follow through If the triangle shape is maintained and the orientation of the triangle is not changed then the toe of the stick will point up at address, when the stick is pointing awayDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  27. 27. Triangle (cont.) If the triangle shape is maintained and the orientation of the triangle is not changed then the toe of the stick will: point up at address when the stick is pointing away from the target on the back swing at impact on the follow through when the stick is pointing at the targetDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  28. 28. Toe of stick The toe of the stick stays up the entire time The toe of the stick should not change its orientation Do not twist the stick around the handleDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  29. 29. Angles End of stick is a pivot point-this is the point that should form the angle between the wrists and stick. Do not use the point between the hands or the right for finger to form the angle. You will push the stick down and change the plane of attackDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  30. 30. Ball position relative to thefeet The ball is positioned somewhere between the middle of the feet and the left footDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  31. 31. Shoulder turn The shoulders rotate around the spinal column The shoulders should turn as far as is possible physically and given the amount of time/space that the player hasDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  32. 32. Hands Hands stay a constant distance away from the body on take away because the triangle is maintained Do not pull hands towards the body push hands away from the body push hands down/up twist handsDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  33. 33. Stick position Toe up Address-between feet Back swing pointing away from target Follow through-pointing towards the targetDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  34. 34. Feet In a natural position-same as when you are runningDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  35. 35. Footwork Stationary hit step into ball off of the right foot pivot off of left foot and hit left pivot off of left foot and pull ball to the right Cross over moving left to right Hit on the run off of left, right feet, optionally turning shouldersDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  36. 36. Footwork Footwork really refers to the relative position of the feet and ball You adjust your feet and the ball to move your body into the correct position relative to the ballDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  37. 37. Footwork The body can be in motion running in a straight line, curl, forwards, backwards, cross over step, and in this case the player probably has to position the ball by placing the stick on the side of the ball opposite from the player to slow the ball down/”tee it up” or the player has to carry the ball by their right foot to allow the ball to travel forwards to the correct position at impactDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  38. 38. Footwork You do not want to position the ball outside your feet in normal sitations This means when running down the field position the ball relative to your right foot so that at impact the ball is between your feetDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  39. 39. Cross overstepUsed for movingsideways and hitting theballDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  40. 40. Footwork-exceptions If you are running with the ball and want to hit it backwards to the left the ball will be outside your left foot and your shoulders will face to the left and you will hit to right center of the ball ont he equator If you want to hit the ball to the right relative to the orientation of your feet you must rotate your shoulders and hands to hit the left center of the ball on the equatorDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  41. 41. Hips and right elbow Hips turn to generate power on the down swing Right elbow is touching right side on down swing Players who used this technique: Berman. Delme, Michael Peters, FabragasDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  42. 42. Hitting basics Grip pads of right hand on top of stick (cover the grip so you cannot see it) bottom of left hand on top of right hand stick at less than 45 degrees to ground bend back into ground as flat as possible as you hit bend left knee 90 degreesDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  43. 43. Hitting basics (cont.) Angle of attack of stick sweep the stick back and though point the stick at the target on the follow through the end of the stick points at the center of your body at address, back swing prior to cocking wrists, and at follow through Clip the ground-do not “chop wood”Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  44. 44. Hitting basics (cont.) Practice sweeping the stick back and forth across the same spot between your feet. position the ball between your feet to hit it if the ball is outside of your left foot you should hit it left not straight with a block out (no wrist release)Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  45. 45. Hitting basics (cont.) Hitting footwork free hit step past ball and hit it side ways cross over and hit run around ball and hit (Craig Davies) pull to right across body, rotate 90 degrees and hit hit off of right footDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  46. 46. Hitting basics (cont.) Keep left arm against rib cage (put a sock underneath your left arm and hold it in place during the swing) do not roll hands on the back swing (end of stick will point at target after a 1/4 swing which is wrong) Little finger on left hand is a pivot point (not the index finger on the right hand)Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  47. 47. Hitting basics (cont.) Toe of stick is always pointing up Right hand is always vertical Angle of wrists does not drop down on back swing Hit against the left tricept Hit the ball on the straight part of the stickDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  48. 48. HittingGripFootworkPostureWeight shiftSweepHalf wayUprightDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  49. 49. Hitting-cont.StationaryNormalOff of right footOn the runLeft footRight footChoke up on StickArgie reverse stick hitDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  50. 50. Stationary hitsDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  51. 51. Hitting fundamentals turn shoulders on back swing maintain triangle between shoulders and hands hands face each other top of left wrist touches bottom of right wrist right elbow into side hands by kneesDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  52. 52. Hitting fundamentals cover the top of the stick with the pad of your right hand shoulders, hips, feet square ball between feet-not outside left foot back is flat not arched right wrist is cupped sweep stick back-don’t pick it upDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  53. 53. Hitting fundamentals Left arm straight Hands close to bodyDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  54. 54. Player Analysis
  55. 55. Do’sSmeets has the ballbehind/even with theright foot-knees bentHands are close to thebody-eyes on the ballDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  56. 56. FootworkFootwork adjusted tothe position of the ballBall even with the rightfootBall will roll forward tothe correct position onthe downswingDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  57. 57. Right elbowRight elbow touchingthe right side of thebodyDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  58. 58. DownswingRight elbow stilltouching right sideToe upWrist angle maintainedLeft knee bentLeft arm straightPush off of right foot!Right knee bentHips turningDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  59. 59. FollowthroughWhat happened?Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  60. 60. Dont’sHelicopterElbow points straightback-flying elbowPlayer has to loop stickBall outside of feetRight hand in baseballpositionDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  61. 61. Right elbow faces targetRight elbow is facing 90degrees to the target linebecause of the grip andhelicopter swingRight elbow is too close toleft elbowHands roll over through theball to release the stick Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  62. 62. AnalysisGood: Elbow in side,hips turing, ball betweenfeet, left arm straight,wrist flat.Bad: stick off plane(dropped), left kneestraightening, where isthe weight (left or rightfoot)?Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  63. 63. World classplayerGood: Low position,right knee very close tothe ground-lungepostion, eye on spotwhere ball was hit.Ball position at impact?Baseball grip?Weight on toes?Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  64. 64. Right hand seems tostay under the stickNot pointing at thetarget line on releaseDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  65. 65. CompensationToe of stick at 45 degreeson follow throughRight side of body twistingdown towards the ballinstead of releasingthrough it-right hip shouldfollow through towards thetargetHands roll over the ball. Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  66. 66. Don’t lift thestick up on thebackswingEverything bentEyes on the ballWhy pull the stick in towards thebody. Requires an adjustment on thedownswingBall to far forward towards outside ofleft foot. Player will compensate inthe next photo. Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  67. 67. CompensationToo upright-hands far away frombodyRight foot swings in the oppositedirection of the hips/stick tocompensate for the ball beingoutside of the left foot.Leaning back away from the ball.Right leg twisting in the oppositedirection NOT good for your lefthipit band/knee in the long runLeft foot facing target-not 45Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  68. 68. Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  69. 69. HittingElbow in sideBut shoulders haverotated faster than thearmsDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  70. 70. Toe pointing to the left ofthe target.Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  71. 71. As a consequence thehands roll over the ball.Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  72. 72. Hitting followthroughPoint the stick at thetargetKey arms straightKeep the triangle intactLet the arms overlapWeight on left knee/foot(not your toes)Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  73. 73. Common hitting mistakes moving head, body, left wrist left/right or up/down back curved-no vision-can see ground-not field curve on ball rotating wrists instead of maintaining triangle between shoulders and hands right hand rotated counter clockwise-can see top of stick Hit ground not back of ballDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  74. 74. Common hitting mistakes- rotating wrists on back swing picking stick up pivot point is not left little finger bottom of right wrist not connected to top of left wrist ball to left of left foot and not between feet no weight transfer weight on right foot not leftDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  75. 75. Bad righthand gripBall is bouncingDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  76. 76. Out of planeFlying right elbow causesthe stick to be out of plane(pointing straight upinstead of at the ball)Player must make anadjustment on thedownswing Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  77. 77. Baseball gripDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  78. 78. Flying elbowStick pointing up andaway from body.Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  79. 79. Falling awayfrom the ballAs a result the playersweight is on their rightside instead of the leftside at impact.Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  80. 80. Making spacePut the ball in a positionaway form the defender.Here the ball is outsideof the players right foot.He will lean to the rightto hit it.Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  81. 81. Right handpositionSlide the right hand upthe stick to get ready forthe hitDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  82. 82. Problems Keep eyes on ball even after follow through Follow through is too long Twisting hands Pivoting off of the end of the right hand (picking it up) Pushing the left hand down on the back swing or follow through Not bending ankles, back, kneesDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  83. 83. Problems (cont.) Holding the stick with a baseball grip Cannot release right hand through the ball If the ball is between the feet the stick will hit the top of the ball If the ball is to the left of the body the sholders must turn on the follow through.Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  84. 84. Hitting drills Hit the ball with one hand (left and right) Hit the ball with feet together Hit the ball off of left and right feet Hit the ball and hit the ball left and right by changing hand position on the down swing Hit the ball on the run Cross by wing, shot on goal, pass forwardDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  85. 85. Hitting drills Swing stick backwards and forwards and sweep the stick across the same spot on the ground-Bulbir Singh 4 Oympic gold medals Wall hitting-cement is ideal Stand 1,5,10.20 yards from the wall Right hand only on stick (maintain angle between stick and forearm) Play tennis-hit ball against wall and stop itDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  86. 86. Hitting drills (cont.) Move left, right, forwards, backwards and hit ball against wall Hit off of left foot and right foot Face wall Stand 90 degrees to the wallDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  87. 87. Excercise 1 Bulbir Singh 4 time Olympic gold medalist for India Swing stick back and forth and sweep over the turf on the same spot.Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  88. 88. Excercise 2 Marshall Page Rhodesia-one of the best fullbacks in the world in 1974 Position the ball half way between your feet and hit it against the wall-repeatDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  89. 89. Excercise 3 Moin Iqbal full back Pakistan 1952 Foot work-rotate right foot forwards and hit the ball to the left. Popular in the Netherlands and Germany. Stephan Blocher used this move. Right hand pull and hit in one motion. Pul the ball to the right and slide hand up as the body rotates to the right, bend and hit the ball.Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  90. 90. Excercise 4 Steven Davies Australia Foot work-run around the left of the ball and hit it laterally to the right. Choke up on the stick.Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  91. 91. Excercise 5 Gavin Featherstone GB 1970’s While carrying the ball forwards look one direction and hit it in the other directionDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  92. 92. Excercise 6 Toen De Noor Nederlands While carrying the ball forwards look use a very short quick hit with no follow through to pass the ball to a team mate. Hands make the action.Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  93. 93. Excercise 7 move the stick in a T from address to back swing pointing away from target to impact position to follow through pointing at targetDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  94. 94. Excercise 8 Neville Berman captain of South Africa 1974 put the ball 1 yard from the end line and shoot it in the goal. repeat with 10 balls Move the ball in 1 foot - repeat Move the ball to 1 foot from the end line - repeat Put the balls on the 10 yard line run and shoot from 3 feet, 2 feet, 1 foot from the end lineDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  95. 95. Excercise 9 Neville Berman Put 10 balls on the 25 yard line. Dribble one ball to the top of the D and shoot run back to the 25 and repeatDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  96. 96. Baseball grip Ball is bouncing Toe of stick is pointing sideways on follow throughDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  97. 97. Slap shotDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  98. 98. Cross over step and hitDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  99. 99. Forearms touch on followthroughDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  100. 100. Curl to the right and hitDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  101. 101. Preparation Eyes on target Feet close together so that adjustments in aligntment to target can be made Right hand is sliding up stickDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  102. 102. Back swing Toe straight up left arm straightDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  103. 103. Folow through problem Left arm collapses Stick is pointing way left of the target on the follow throughDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  104. 104. Preparation When moving forwards in preparation of hitting the ball correct footwork is vital Position the ball at or behind the right foot The stick is angled over the ballDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  105. 105. Back swing Feet are positioned together ball is between feet and rolling forwards hands are close to the body eyes on the ballDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  106. 106. Down swing On the down swing the upper right arm is parallel to the upper body which is leaning forwards The right arm against the right side retains the angle of the stick and wrists which delays the release of the stick The delayed wrist release results in the maximum stick speed when hitting the ballDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  107. 107. Follow through Left knee is still bent hips turn still bent-stay downDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  108. 108. Leaning backwardsDerek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010
  109. 109. Leaning to the right Right foot swinging behind left The ball was outside of the shoulders and left foot.Derek E. Pappas Copyright © 2010