The evolution of firearms

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The evolution of firearms

  1. 1. Jack DePaolis and Bobby Mcdonald
  2. 2. Early Guns: Matchlock  The matchlock was the first firearm ever invented.  The matchlock was invented in the mid 15th century.  The first illustration of the matchlock was in 1475 in Austria. A Primer on firearms, from matchlock to flintlock . (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.google.com/imgres? imgurl=http://blindkat.hegewisch.net/pirates/matchlock.jpg&imgrefurl=http://blindkat.hegewisch.net/pirates/primerW.html&usg=__71zOP8duJC5- R8swgYNnEki1iMo=&h=311&w=408&sz=15&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=wRvzDWWuzruYAM:&tbnh=134&tbnw=198&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dthe%2Bfirst%2Bmatchlock%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den %26safe%3Dactive%26biw%3D1003%26bih%3D558%26tbs %3Disch:10%2C3&um=1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=137&vpy=210&dur=671&hovh=196&hovw=257&tx=119&ty=82&ei=mq6HTMupI4fCnAe3_LnADg&oei=mq6HTMupI4fCnAe3_LnADg&esq=1&page=1&nds p=13&ved=1t:429,r:4,s:0&biw=1003&bih=558&safe=active
  3. 3. How the Matchlock Works  When you pull the trigger, the burning end of the match is pressed into the priming powder, shooting the gun.  Pros: First gun ever introduced.  Cons: Wick was easily extinguished by rain. Dangerous around gunpowder. Wick burns out eventually. Slow reload.
  4. 4. Early Guns: Wheel Lock •The Wheel Lock first appeared in 1517. •It was an updated version of the Matchlock. •It was invented in Germany. •Leonardo da Vinci drew diagrams of a similar device. http://www.silcom.com/~vikman/isles/scriptorium/firearm/wheel.html
  5. 5. How the Wheel Lock Works. •The wheel lock works much like a cigarette lighter. A spring, connected to the steel wheel, is wound by a crank. Pulling the trigger releases the spring, spinning the wheel against a flint. Sparks fall onto the priming, lighting the powder. •Pros: More reliable and less dangerous than the Matchlock. •Cons: Slow reload. Heavy. Mechanism breaks down. Parts wear out. Hand winding the spring became tiresome.
  6. 6. Early Guns: Flint-Lock  The Flint-Lock was invented in London in the early seventeenth century.  Ezekiel Baker from London invented the shotgun, which was an example of a Flint-Lock.  Some Flint-Locks had rifling, which is a swirled pattern inside the barrel, which improves accuracy. http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/412- pkRLueL.jpg&imgrefurl=http://press.pakpost.net/mp7airsoftgun/tag/holster/&usg=__2Uhq8dHm8w_05n- IvdHtS7dVYb4=&h=375&w=385&sz=17&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=JtxILsIoLxKCyM:&tbnh=136&tbnw=140&prev=/images%3Fq %3Dflintlock%2Bgun%2Bevolution%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26sa%3DN%26biw%3D1003%26bih %3D558%26tbs %3Disch:1&um=1&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=405&ei=IFWKTJmqO6W2nAfcg5naCQ&oei=IFWKTJmqO6W2nAfcg5naCQ&esq=1&page=1& ndsp=15&ved=1t:429,r:7,s:0&tx=103&ty=46&safe=active
  7. 7. How the Flint-Lock Works  When the Flint-Lock’s trigger is released, the tension of the spring’s tension causes the flint to fly forward. The flint strikes a steel object, giving off sparks into a pan of gun powder to begin the ignition.  Pros: Rifling introduced, You can cock it like some of today’s pistols.  Cons: flint and springs wear out or break, slow reload and number of shots limited to number of barrels.
  8. 8. Cartridges and Magazines  The Breech Loading Percussion Paper Cartridge combined paper cartridges and percussion caps. They were introduced in the mid-nineteenth century.  Also invented at the same time were Breech Loading Percussion Metallic Cartridges.
  9. 9. Cartridges and Magazines http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Rifle_ca rtridge_comparison.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:9mm_p istol_magazine.jpg
  10. 10. Cartridge and Magazine Guns  A cartridge gun is a single shot gun.  Cartridge guns are still used today.  Magazine guns use a magazine full of bullets, which inserts a new bullet after the previous one has been fired.
  11. 11. Cartridge and Magazine Guns http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Openboltcr opped.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:G36_C Mag.jpg
  12. 12. Semi-Automatic Guns  A semi-automatic gun is able to fire each time you pull the trigger without having to cock it.  A famous example of a semi-automatic gun is the M1 carbine. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Garand.jpg
  13. 13. Automatic Guns  An automatic gun allows you to fire continuously when you hold the trigger down.  The gun will keep firing until it needs to be reloaded.  The first automatic gun was invented in 1862 by American Richard Gatling.
  14. 14. Automatic Guns  The automatic didn’t become widely used until the Prohibition Era, when the Thompson 1928A1 was invented. http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://3.bp.blogspot.com/__fNZeJhAG5s/Sw2v4- tU89I/AAAAAAAAAAU/yA0Ey4cIoEs/s1600/thompson.jpg&imgrefurl=http://myfavguns.blogspot.com/&usg=__wXTHEiVzahuEpme1PwK_EWjER48=&h=900&w=1600&sz=313&hl=en&start=0&zo om=1&tbnid=C0tj-Mgi5TtEqM:&tbnh=144&tbnw=202&prev=/images%3Fq%3DThompson%2Bsubmachine%2Bgun%2Bdrum%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN%26biw%3D1259%26bih %3D819%26tbs %3Disch:1&um=1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=107&vpy=350&dur=2859&hovh=168&hovw=300&tx=217&ty=98&ei=ctOLTP_UOJCbnwfqgunUCQ&oei=ctOLTP_UOJCbnwfqgunUCQ&esq=1&page=1&n dsp=24&ved=1t:429,r:6,s:0
  15. 15. Bibliography  Evolution of firearms. (1998). Retrieved from http://6fbd21e64bc817fd097aa54148bd3dab37bc10 ee.gripelements.com/documents/pg03_evolution.pdf  Evolution of firearms. (2010, September 11). Retrieved from http://www.nps.gov/spar/historyculture/evolution-of- firearms.htm  History of firearms. (2010, September 10). Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_firearms  Pirates of the carribean. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://blindkat.hegewisch.net/pirates/primer_main.ht ml

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