Focusing your research

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Focusing your research

  1. 1. Focusing your research question LIBR 2100 Introduction to Research in the Information Age
  2. 2. Distinguishing assignment words <ul><li>We can distinguish three types of words and phrases. </li></ul><ul><li>Task words provide instructions on how to approach an assignment e.g. “ critically analyse ”, compare, discuss, evaluate. </li></ul><ul><li>Keywords convey the significant meaning of a topic e.g. “computer technology”. </li></ul><ul><li>Context words are considered when choosing and evaluating resources e.g. “profound and irreversible” and “aspects of daily life”. </li></ul>&quot; Our dependence on computer technology is both profound and irreversible . Critically analyse this statement as it relates to an aspect of daily life”.
  3. 3. Narrowing an assignment topic <ul><li>Who – is there a specific person/people/group on which to focus? e.g. social or recreational computer users </li></ul><ul><li>Where – is there a geographical aspect to the topic? e.g. Cyberspace </li></ul><ul><li>When – is there a particular timeframe or period of interest? e.g. during the last 5 years </li></ul><ul><li>What – is there a specific event or set of circumstances involved? e.g. online social communication </li></ul><ul><li>How – is there a particular point of view to use? e.g. dependence on technology </li></ul>
  4. 4. Focusing your topic <ul><li>An analysis of our dependence on technology for online communication in a social context. </li></ul>&quot;Our dependence on computer technology is both profound and irreversible. Critically analyse this statement as it relates to an aspect of daily life”.
  5. 5. Creating an initial search strategy We need to identify keywords to use in our initial search strategy . An analysis of our dependence on technology for online communication in a social context .
  6. 6. Creating an initial search strategy <ul><li>Analysis? </li></ul><ul><li>a task word indicating how to approach the paper </li></ul><ul><li>NOT USEFUL AS A KEYWORD </li></ul>We need to identify keywords to use in our initial search strategy . An analysis of our dependence on technology for online communication in a social context .
  7. 7. Creating an initial search strategy <ul><li>Dependence ? </li></ul><ul><li>a context word indicating a view point to take and resources to locate </li></ul><ul><li>NOT USEFUL AS A KEYWORD </li></ul>An analysis of our dependence on technology for online communication in a social context .
  8. 8. Creating an initial search strategy <ul><li>Technology? </li></ul><ul><li>Could be keyword but is too broad for this paper </li></ul><ul><li>NOT A KEYWORD FOR THIS PAPER </li></ul>An analysis of our dependence on technology for online communication in a social context .
  9. 9. Creating an initial search strategy <ul><li>Online? </li></ul><ul><li>YES! </li></ul><ul><li>A KEYWORD FOR OUR INTIAL SEARCH </li></ul>An analysis of our dependence on technology for online communication in a social context .
  10. 10. Creating an initial search strategy <ul><li>Communication? </li></ul><ul><li>YES! </li></ul><ul><li>A KEYWORD FOR OUR INTIAL SEARCH </li></ul>An analysis of our dependence on technology for online communication in a social context .
  11. 11. Creating an initial search strategy <ul><li>Social? </li></ul><ul><li>YES! </li></ul><ul><li>A KEYWORD FOR OUR INTIAL SEARCH </li></ul>An analysis of our dependence on technology for online communication in a social context .
  12. 12. Creating an initial search strategy <ul><li>context? </li></ul><ul><li>Not really . . . except that. . . </li></ul><ul><li>you would not use context by itself because it adds no value. You would only use it in the phrase “social context” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Social context” </li></ul><ul><li>A POSSIBLE KEYWORD FOR OUR INTIAL SEARCH </li></ul>An analysis of our dependence on technology for online communication in a social context .
  13. 13. Brainstorming for keywords <ul><li>The keywords identified in an assignment do not always pinpoint the specific information required. </li></ul><ul><li>Keywords used in assignments may not be the ones used by writers. </li></ul><ul><li>Word variations must be considered, to find alternative keywords. </li></ul>
  14. 14. The brainstorm includes: <ul><li>• abbreviations e.g. Email </li></ul><ul><li>• plurals e.g. social aspects </li></ul><ul><li>• acronyms e.g. www </li></ul><ul><li>• spelling variations e.g. socialise, socialize </li></ul><ul><li>• different endings of a root word e.g. communicate, communication </li></ul><ul><li>• synonyms e.g. internet, world wide web </li></ul>
  15. 15. Brain storming Keywords online communication social cyberspace “world wide web” www internet communicate “electronic mail” email “instant message” chat “ text message” socialise socialize “social relationships” “social aspects”
  16. 16. Connecting the concepts with boolean terms online AND communication AND social OR cyberspace communicate socialize “ world wide web” email “ social relationships” www chat “ social aspects” internet instant message friendships

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