How A Bill Becomes Law In Colorado
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How A Bill Becomes Law In Colorado

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An introduction to the law-making process here in Colorado.

An introduction to the law-making process here in Colorado.

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How A Bill Becomes Law In Colorado Presentation Transcript

  • 1. How a bill becomes law in Colorado
  • 2. Introducing a bill
    Bills are introduced by legislators
    A bill can be introduced in the Colorado House or the Colorado Senate
  • 3. In the House …
    Introduction
    First reading by the House clerk
    Assigned to committee by speaker of the House
    You can search for, and look up the status of a bill here:
    http://www.leg.state.co.us/Clics/CLICS2009A/csl.nsf/BillFoldersHouse?openFrameset
  • 4. House Committees
    Agriculture, Livestock, and Natural Resources
    Appropriations
    Business Affairs and Labor
    Education
    Health and Human Services
    Judiciary
    Local Government
    State, Veterans, and Military Affairs
    Transportation and Energy
    You can find House Committee Membership Here:
    http://www.leg.state.co.us/clics/clics2009a/directory.nsf/HouCommWp?OpenView
    You can find Bills by Committee Here (Click on “By Committee” on the lower line)
    http://www.leg.state.co.us/Clics/CLICS2009A/csl.nsf/BillFoldersCom?OpenFrameSet
  • 5. In Committee
    Committee hearing
    Public and Expert Testimony
    Amendments may be offered
    A passing vote from the Committee sends the bill back to the House
    Committees publish their calendars here:
    http://www.leg.state.co.us/Clics/CLICS2009A/csl.nsf/Calendars?OpenFrameSet
    You can listen to committee hearings on a bill here:
    http://www.leg.state.co.us/clics/clics2009a/cslFrontPages.nsf/Audio?OpenForm
  • 6. Back on the House Floor
    Committee reports offered (committees report on the status of a bill that was assigned to it)
    House floor and second reading (may include debate and additional amendments)
    House floor and third reading final passage
  • 7. On to the Senate…
    Introduction
    First reading by the Senate clerk
    Assigned to committee by Senate President
    Committee hearing (may contain any amendments)
    Committee reports offered
    Senate floor and second reading (may include debate and additional amendments)
    Senate floor and third reading final passage (without any additional amendments)
  • 8. Senate Committees
    Agriculture and Natural Resources
    Appropriations
    Business, Labor, and Technology
    Education
    Finance
    Health and Human Services
    Judiciary
    Local Government and Energy
    State, Veterans, and Military Affairs
    Transportation
  • 9. Decision Time
    If a bill passes the Senate without amendments, it goes to the Governor
    Otherwise, it goes to Conference Committee.
  • 10. Conference Committee
    A conference committee is composed of 3 members from each house, meeting to work out language acceptable to both houses on a bill that passed each house in different forms.
    A majority of the members of the committee must agree before the Conference Committee Report may be submitted to the Senate and House
    The bill then returns to each house for a final up-or-down vote
  • 11. If a bill requires appropriations…
    Legislative Legal Services, the non-partisan research staff of the Legislature, analyzes a bill to determine it effect on the state’s spending or revenues
    Any bill that would require funding (or would reduce revenue without reducing spending) if implemented is sent to the Appropriations Committee as part of the process.
    In the Appropriations Committee an appropriation clause is added to the bill that includes the amount of funding required.
  • 12. The Governor
    Once passed by the House or Senate, the bill becomes Colorado law when signed by the governor.
    If the governor fails to sign a bill within 10 days upon receiving a bill while the General Assembly is in session or within 30 days if the General Assembly is adjourned, the bill becomes Colorado law.
  • 13. If the governor vetoes …
    If vetoed, the governor sends a veto message to the General Assembly
    If the General Assembly decides to override the governor's veto, it must have two-thirds votes of all members from both the House and Senate.
  • 14. The People
    May approve Constitutional amendments and statutory changes proposed by the legislature (Referenda)
    May approve Constitutional amendments and statutory changes placed on the ballot by petition (Initiatives)
    • People have the right to review all laws passed by the legislature, unless…
    • 15. The law has a clause, known as, “The Safety Clause,” that this law is necessary for the public safety.
    • 16. As a result, most laws now contain the Safety Clause