lineNeobiotech Is system
Osteem Gs,Ts systems
Astra Aqua system
AB dent All system
Alpha bio All system
Xive All system
Myth of zirconium
0.5mm minimal thickness can withstand daily occlusion force
0.5mm minimal thickness set up during abutment design(CAD)
Hex as anti rotation structure
Retentive groove increase retention
Zero degree Ti-base structure ,intimacy between ti-base &zirconium(0.03mm,30um)
which increase resistance(CAM)
Experimental zirconia abutments for implant-supported single-tooth restorations in esthetically
demanding regions: 4-year results of a prospective clinical study.
The International Journal of Prosthodontics [2004, 17(3):285-290]
An overview of zirconia ceramics: Basic properties and clinical applications
J Dent. 2007 Nov;35(11):819-26. Epub 2007 Sep
Bacterial Adhesion on Commercially Pure Titanium and Zirconium Oxide Disks: An In Vivo Human Study
Journal of Periodontology
February 2004, Vol. 75, No. 2, Pages 292-296 , DOI 10.1902/jop.2004.75.2.292
The mucosal barrier at implant abutments of diﬀerent materials
Clinical Oral Implants Research Volume 19, Issue 7, pages 635–641, July 2008
Survival rate, fracture strength and failure mode of ceramic implant abutments after chewing simulation
Journal of Oral Rehabilitation Volume 32, Issue 11, pages 838–843, November 2005
Zirconia implant abutment fracture: clinical case reports and precautions for use.
Int J Prosthodont. 2009 Nov-Dec;22(6):616-9.
Single-tooth implant reconstructions: esthetic factors inﬂuencing the decision between titanium and
zirconia abutments in anterior regions
Eur J Esthet Dent. 2007 Autumn;2(3):296-310.
Fracture Resistance of Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia Dental Implant Abutments
Journal of Prosthodontics Volume 18, Issue 1, pages 17–22, January 2009