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SCHOOL of DENTISTRY Document Transcript

  • 1. SCHOOL of DENTISTRY DOCTOR of DENTAL SURGERY BACHELOR of SCIENCE IN DENTAL HYGIENE 2006 – 08 CATALOG
  • 2. Table of Contents A Tradition of Pioneers 2 Overview of the School 5 Student Life 9 Bachelor of Science in Dental Hygiene 12 Doctor of Dental Surgery 20 The University of Minnesota and the Twin Cities 31 Quick Facts 32 Resource Guide 33 Index 35
  • 3. On behalf of our students, staff and faculty, I am pleased to learn of your interest in the dental profession and the University A Letter from the Dean of Minnesota School of Dentistry. With the unprecedented level of dental treatment needs in our society, the confidence and trust the public has for our judgments, and the availability of some amazing technologies, I contend that there has never been a better time to enter our profession. As one of the outstanding dental schools in the world, we are committed to: • Graduating dental professionals who provide the highest quality of care and service to the people of Minnesota and the world; • Discovering new knowledge through research, which will inspire innovation in the biomedical, behavioral and clinical sciences; • Providing oral health care to a diverse patient population in a variety of settings; and • Providing objective, evidence-based clinical and independent learning experiences for dental professionals. Our students enjoy a challenging clinical education in a supportive environment that is rich with opportunities for professional growth and community involvement. We are proud of our school and our reputation for excellence, and invite you to explore more fully the opportunities we offer. Patrick M. Lloyd, D.D.S., M.S. Dean  The University of Minnesota is chartered. In 1858, Minnesota becomes the 32nd state in the union. The University closes from 1861 through 1867 for the Civil War. 85 
  • 4. In 1888, Edith H. White set aside her love for travel, fencing and mountain climbing to join 21 young colleagues at the University of A Tradition of Pioneers Minnesota College of Dentistry. They were the first class at a new dental school, and a faculty of four taught these inaugural students how to run a dental engine with a foot pedal, how to make their own lab and clinical instruments and Dr. Edith H. White, how to protect the oral health of future patients. When the new dentists graduated three years seen here in fencing later and launched their practices—some in attire, was the first Midwestern hometowns and others as far away woman graduate of the as Alaska’s Yukon Territory, where Edith White followed the gold rush—they were hailed not University of Minnesota only as health care experts with valued skills, but College of Dentistry. also as true pioneers. That leadership tradition still thrives at the School of Dentistry. The dental hygiene baccalaureate program is the only dental hygiene program in the state that offers a baccalaureate degree and is associated with a dental school. The faculty is known throughout the world for significant contributions to ongoing dental research and technology. And although today’s students no longer make their own instruments, they remain pioneers— in research, in education, in clinical services, in outreach and in excellence. Pioneering Through Research Were Edith White in today’s class, she would not have to navigate the Yukon to find excitement. Exploring current research would offer adventure enough. The School of Dentistry has pioneered research in pain control, fluoridation, microbiology and disease prevention. In 1990, a $2.5 million National Institutes of Health grant helped launch the Oral Health Clinical Research Center, one of only four U.S. centers funded to transfer research and technology advances into clinical areas to enhance diagnosis, prevention and treatment of oral diseases. The School is also a world leader in cancer pain research, discoveries that link oral disease with  St. Joseph’s Oil sells for 50 cents and promises relief from toothaches, sprains, frostbite and quinsy. An ad for Smith’s Bile Beans promised to purify the blood by “acting directly and promptly on the Liver, Skin and Kidneys.” 880
  • 5. “There are a variety of different backgrounds, but you still get that small school feeling.” Kirsten Enget Third-Year Dental Student heart disease, and knowledge about molecular communication, practice management, clinical motors and how DNA is packaged into viruses. experiences and business skills. The Minnesota Center for Biomaterials and Students pursuing advanced training can choose Biomechanics, which works closely with 11 clinical specialty or special focus areas, manufacturers to develop new dental products including clinical research, oral biology and and materials, has contributed major innovations public health. Master’s and Ph.D. programs, to the field. The Virtual Dental Patient, a offered in conjunction with the University of computerized imaging program capable of Minnesota Graduate School, prepare general predicting a patient’s oral health problems, is dentists, specialists, and dental hygienists one example. Another is an artificial mouth that for academic, research and administration duplicates one year of chewing in a single day. careers. Graduates of dental schools outside Invaluable technology for testing the durability of the United States and Canada train here, as of dental materials, this unique invention earned well. And a five-year award from the National display rights at the Smithsonian Institution in Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research Faculty members Washington, D.C. provides generous support for a Dentist- are skilled dentists, Scientist Training Program (D.D.S./Ph.D. clinicians, scientists Choosing the Best, degree). Then Training Them Well and researchers. Dental equipment has changed—a lot—since But where you are Dental students at the School of Dentistry rank 1888. The School’s Center for Contemporary high in their undergraduate classes, with an concerned, they are Dentistry is a state-of-the-art dental clinic that overall 3.63 grade point average. Nationally, features cutting-edge technology. Generous teachers first. You get their Dental Admission Test scores are among support from Patterson Dental Supply, Inc. the personal attention the highest. Students accepted into the bachelor ensures that the clinic is equipped with the latest of science dental hygiene program are also you need. innovations. among the best and brightest, and pursue teaching and research as well as clinical careers. The School of Dentistry trains nearly 80 percent of Minnesota’s dentists and a majority of those The days of Edith White’s three-year dentistry in neighboring states. Yet graduates also pursue program, however, are long gone. Today the careers as far away as Madagascar and Peru. four-year D.D.S. program, which typically Their education is ongoing; more than 5,000 follows four years of undergraduate classes, dentists and dental hygienists return to the features diverse courses in basic, clinical and School of Dentistry each year and select from behavioral sciences, as well as interpersonal more than 100 continuing education programs.  University of Minnesota College of Dentistry is founded as a division of the Department of Medicine. Started with four professors, the College is the 8th university-based dental school in the U.S. Dr. Gainsford Ridgeway is the School’s first graduate. 888
  • 6. Clinic, located 200 miles north of the Twin Cities on the campus of the Hibbing Community College, and they treat patients in metropolitan and out-state communities aboard a three-chair mobile dental clinic. The School of Dentistry has also exchanged students and faculty with countries throughout the world since 1921. By the 1980s, these teaching, research and consulting experiences had touched 88 countries, from Australia to Tobago. Faculty and students have provided dental care to a vast array of international Our work affects Reaching Out to Support patients, from Republic of Malagasy villagers virtually every person in Communities to Vietnamese refugees to members of the royal family in Qatar (where the palace dental clinic Minnesota. We educate Edith White and her classmates gained part of boasts Persian rugs and Italian marble walls). their clinical experience by dispensing free care nearly 80 percent of in a building on Seven Corners in Minneapolis, the state’s practicing near their school. That community outreach Launching Leaders tradition not only continues, it has expanded Like Edith White, whose career took her dentists, 58 percent of beyond city and county borders. from Minneapolis to Chicago to Alaska, those its practicing dental who choose a career in dentistry can expect specialists and Today, School of Dentistry students treat a challenging and rewarding future. An aging patients in on-site clinics—more than 100,000 population, changing patterns of dental care and 49 percent of its dental patient visits annually—where they provide an expanding health care sector point to a strong hygiene educators. general dental and dental hygiene services, as demand for dentists and dental hygienists in the well as pediatric and geriatric dental services next 10 to 15 years. Research and technology (the geriatric dentistry training program is the advances promise that tomorrow’s dentists and nation’s first). dental hygienists will deliver a wider range of dental and dental hygiene services than ever The School also provides a full range of before. specialty services, including orthodontic, endodontic, periodontic, oral diagnosis/ Many dentists and dental hygienists work in radiology, oral pathology, prosthodontic, and private or group practices. Excellent career oral and maxillofacial surgery. Patients with opportunities also exist in teaching and research, special needs also visit clinics that work with in government agencies, or in industry. cleft lips and palates, facial dental anomalies, smoking cessation, temporomandibular joint/ As the face of dentistry across the country chronic facial pain, and dental implants. continues to grow and change, so, too, must the way in which dental schools teach and students Dental and dental hygiene students also enhance learn. The pioneering tradition that has served their skills in community-based service learning the School of Dentistry since 1888, and led to programs. At the Union Gospel Mission in St. outstanding performance in research, education Paul, the low-income and homeless receive free and community service, is not just important services. Students treat patients at two inner- to the future of today’s aspiring dental health city clinics and five Twin Cities nursing homes. care providers. Like the leaders it launches, it is They travel to the School’s Hibbing Dental essential.  Gophers play their first football game against Wisconsin and win 6-0. At the intramural level, the “Dents” and “Medics” compete fiercely to defend the honor of their respective schools. 890
  • 7. “The Center for Contemporary Dentistry places Minnesota on the cutting edge of contemporary dental education.” Dr. Dan Skaar Interim Chair Department of Primary Dental Care The Center for Overview of the The School of Dentistry is part of the health sciences complex on the University of Contemporary Dentistry is a state-of-the-art School of Dentistry Minnesota’s Minneapolis campus. Its main offices, classrooms, clinics, laboratories, reading restorative clinic. and resource rooms are located in the Malcolm Vision: We set the standard in education, Moos Health Sciences Tower, a state-of-the-art research and service. setting for research, teaching and practicing dentistry and dental hygiene. Anatomy and Mission: The University of Minnesota School histology laboratories are located in an adjacent building. of Dentistry improves oral and craniofacial health by educating clinicians and scientists Administrative Offices: School of Dentistry who translate knowledge and experience into 15-209 Malcolm Moos Health Sciences Tower clinical practice. 515 Delaware Street S.E. Minneapolis, MN 55455 The School is committed to: www.dentistry.umn.edu • graduating professionals who provide the Accreditation and Membership highest quality care and service to the Predoctoral dental and undergraduate dental people of Minnesota and the world; hygiene programs and all specialty training programs are accredited by the Commission on • discovering new knowledge through Dental Accreditation. The School of Dentistry is a member of the American Dental Education research, which will inspire innovation in Association. the biomedical, behavioral and clinical sciences; and Degrees Offered The dental and dental hygiene programs • providing oral health care to a diverse emphasize scientific, scholarly, interpersonal patient population in a variety of clinical communication and practice management skills required of graduates in a continually changing settings. 5 School’s first dean, William X. Sudduth, introduces hypnotism as an “anesthetic” in his popular oral surgery lectures. In 1894, patients wishing to have teeth extracted with ether pay a deposit of one dollar on artificial teeth. 89 
  • 8. profession. Career planning is integrated into Advanced clinical specialty training programs the core curriculum. Each curriculum offers a are offered in endodontics, geriatrics, oral wide range of courses in: and maxillofacial surgery, orofacial pain, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, periodontics (1) basic sciences; and prosthodontics. (2) pre-clinical and clinical sciences; (3) behavioral sciences; A Master of Science (M.S.) in dentistry is (4) professional, interpersonal and offered through the University’s Graduate communications skills; and School to train leaders in dental research, (5) practice management and business skills. education, administration, and advanced clinical and oral sciences. This program is open to Teaching methods are tailored to course content dentists in advanced clinical training programs and include traditional lectures, small group and dental hygienists with baccalaureate tutorials, cooperative learning teams, routine degrees (see the Graduate School Catalog or laboratories and advanced simulation, clinical www.catalogs.umn.edu/grad for details). practice in a comprehensive care facility, and community-based clinical experiences. M.S. and Ph.D. programs in oral biology are offered through the University’s Graduate Doctor of Dental Surgery (D.D.S.) School for those who wish to pursue advanced The D.D.S. program is a four-year degree. basic science training. The School of Admission and graduation requirements are on pp. 20–30. M.S. and Ph.D. degrees are also offered in Dentistry has earned clinical research, biological sciences and public an international A Bachelor of Science (B.S.) in dentistry is not health through the University Graduate School reputation for its offered through the School of Dentistry. and the School of Public Health. educational, clinical, However, students can earn a B.S. degree while Minnesota Craniofacial Research research, service and completing a D.D.S. degree if the college Training Program patient care programs. at which they completed pre-professional The Minnesota Craniofacial Research Training coursework recognizes the School of (MinnCResT) Program, funded by a five-year Dentistry’s coursework and awards the degree award from the National Institute of Dental independently. For more information, contact and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR), provides your undergraduate institution. generous support for a Dentist-Scientist Training Program (D.D.S./Ph.D.) degree. MinnCResT Bachelor of Science (B.S.) trainees pursue novel interdisciplinary research in Dental Hygiene that expands the frontier and scope of dental, The B.S. program is open to entry-level students craniofacial, and oral health knowledge in and the Degree Completion Program is open their choice of laboratory settings in more than to graduates of accredited associate degree 20 research fields with 80 acclaimed faculty programs in dental hygiene. Admission and mentors. graduation requirements are on pp. 12–19. Other graduate degree programs include Advanced Education Medical Scientist Training Program (M.D. and and Graduate Programs Ph.D.); Ph.D.; postdoctoral (post-Ph.D.); post- Advanced education and graduate programs D.D.S.; postdoctoral/Ph.D.; postdoctoral/M.S. prepare dental professionals for careers in in clinical research; and a short-term research specialty practice, as well as research, education experience for current D.D.S. students. 6 and administration. The use of x-rays as a diagnostic tool becomes available for dental practice and instruction. In 1905, the School’s operating costs are $21,387, of which half is earned from clinic services. 90 
  • 9. defects. A head and facial pain clinic evaluates and treats patients with chronic pain. On-Site Patient Care Clinics, staffed by students and faculty, account for more than 100,000 patient visits annually. Students also fine-tune clinical skills in off-site clinics that provide dental and dental hygiene services to rural Minnesota communities, children of migrant workers and the urban homeless. Continuing Education An Acclaimed Research Institution Internationally recognized for excellence The School’s research faculty has pioneered in continuing dental education, the School discoveries in cancer pain research, fluoride, the provides objective, evidence-based lecture, link between bacteria in dental plaque and heart laboratory, clinical and independent learning disease, and is making promising advancements experiences for dental professionals. Dental in knowledge about molecular motors and how and dental hygiene students are encouraged DNA is packaged into viruses. to participate in selected courses during their The Artificial Mouth, a research tool for senior year. Dental graduates are eligible to measuring the strength of dental materials attend lecture programs at no cost for 18 months was developed here. The Artificial Mouth can after graduation. duplicate the effects of one year of chewing in a single day, allowing a unique opportunity to Alumni Support evaluate new dental materials. The School has an active alumni organization whose generous mentoring and financial School researchers also developed the commitments support educational programs, Virtual Dental Patient, a computerized, three- endowments and research projects. Dentistry dimensional imaging program capable of magazine is published twice a year for alumni, indexing and measuring clinical outcomes and friends, donors, students and parents to inform predicting a patient’s oral health problems. them about School news and activities. Special Clinics Policies The Center for Contemporary Dentistry For a complete listing of School of Dentistry offers students and faculty an opportunity to policies, see the Student Handbook or go to the use the most advanced technology available. School’s Web site, www.dentistry.umn.edu. For The Center features the latest in operatory a complete listing of University of Minnesota equipment, clinical and administrative software, policies, go to www.umn.edu/usenate. digital radiology, intra-oral camera and air abrasion systems, clinical microscopy and International applicants who are accepted to a CADCAM restorative system. The center the four-year dental program must guarantee is generously supported by Patterson Dental sufficient funds to meet all educational and Supply, Inc. personal expenses during their F-1 status at the University. The Cleft Palate, Craniofacial Anomalies, and Orofacial Pain Clinics provide Smoking is prohibited in all facilities of interdisciplinary student training and patient the University except for designated private services for people with congenital or acquired residence hall rooms.  Fire damages Medical Hall; dental classes resume 0 days later in temporary facilities. In 1916-17, the School’s D.D.S. program expands to four years for “preparation of dental surgeons of the best type.” 9
  • 10. Access to Student Educational Records—In Student Services accordance with regents policy on access to Refer to Campus Resources, on p. 33, to contact student records, information about a student the organizations below. generally may not be released to a third party without the student’s permission. (Exceptions Disability services: Disability Services under the law include state and federal ensures access to courses, services, activities, educational and financial aid institutions.) employment and facilities for students, faculty and staff with disabilities. Some student information—name, address, electronic (e-mail) address, telephone number, Students with a documented disability (i.e., dates of enrollment and enrollment status (full physical, learning, psychiatric, vision or time, part time, not enrolled, withdrawn, and hearing) who need to arrange reasonable date of withdrawal), college and class, major, accommodations must contact Disability adviser, academic awards and honors received, Services to be eligible for services. Assistance is and degrees earned—is considered public or available to document disability conditions and directory information. Students may prevent the determine/implement accommodations, and for release of public information. To do so, they information, referral, consultation and training. The Reading Room, must notify the records office on their campus. All services are confidential. Learning Resource Students have the right to review their Counseling: Counseling is available from Center and Bio-Medical educational records and to challenge the individual faculty members, University Library are all located contents of those records. The regents policy is Counseling and Consulting Services, Boynton in the health sciences available for review on the Web at http:// Health Service, the Division of Dental Hygiene onestop.umn.edu/onestop/Grades_Transcripts and the Office for Student Affairs. complex. These facilities /RecordsPolicy.html, at 200 Fraser Hall, contain more than Minneapolis, and at records offices on other Financial aid: The Office of Student Finance campuses of the University. Questions may be offers financial assistance and advising. 420,000 reference books, Applications should be filed after January 1 directed to One Stop Student Services Center, periodicals and research 200 Fraser Hall (612-624-1111). of the year of matriculation. Dental hygiene abstracts. students are advised to apply for financial aid Students are responsible for updating their at the time they apply for admission. personal information, which can be done online through the “Personal Information” link at Student employment: The Office of Human http://onestop.umn.edu/onestop. Resources Job Center posts part-time and summer job openings, but the demands of the E-Mail: the University’s Official Means of dental and dental hygiene programs make it Communication—Students are responsible for difficult for students to devote much time to all information sent via their University e-mail outside employment. A number of summer account. Students who forward their e-mail research fellowships are available to School of account are still responsible for all information, Dentistry students. including attachments, sent to the account. 8 Early graduation allows two-thirds of the dental class to serve in the U.S. Army as first lieutenants in the Dental Reserve Corps. In 1918, the entire class of 90 students enlists in the Dental Reserve Corps. 9
  • 11. “You can treat patients in Australia, lobby legislators, and make friends you’ll keep for life.” Ryan Ritchie Senior Dental Student Student Life Undergraduate dental and dental hygiene students have representatives with voting “Education must be involved in the privileges on School of Dentistry committees Dental and dental hygiene students participate that deal with student concerns, including the affairs of the world, in a variety of organizations that provide an Educational Policy Committee, Council of concerned with the Students, Student Affairs Committee, School community and introduction to professional life and a voice in of Dentistry Alumni Society, admissions shaping the future of dentistry. committees, and various task force groups. committed to caring.” These committees address issues related to admissions, educational policy and programs, Dedication Plaque student affairs, ethics, alumni relations, Moos Tower publications, financial aid, counseling, tutorial assistance and clinical affairs. Students also participate in student organizations, including the Center for Health Interdisciplinary Participation, an organization for students in the Academic Health Center, and the Graduate and Professional Student Association, which represents the interests of University graduate and professional students. National Organizations The American Student Dental Association is a student-run organization representing the interests of dental students. The Minnesota chapter sponsors student functions and provides information about practice management, managed care and legislative issues. Two representatives from each class serve as board members. Students may serve on eight standing 9 Two-year dental hygiene program, restricted to women, begins. In 1919, the State of Minnesota started licensing “dental nurses.” 90
  • 12. committees or apply for national positions or Fraternities and Honor Societies externships. Leaders in the local chapter are Fraternities: There are two professional dental elected and many attend national and regional fraternities at the University of Minnesota: Delta meetings. Benefits include publications; life, Sigma Delta and Psi Omega. These fraternities health, and disability insurance programs; credit have undergraduate chapters in this country, as card program; etc. well as active international alumni chapters. The American Dental Education Association Professional fraternities enable dental students is open to faculty, dental students, dental to develop close ties with their peers and hygiene students and individuals with an interest alumni. After graduation, fraternity alumni in dental education. Membership benefits organizations across the nation provide valuable include dental education advocacy, professional professional and social contacts, expert advice development opportunities, publications, and professional guidance. workshops and conferences. Dental fraternities feature speakers, tours and The Student American Dental Hygienists’ forums, as well as social activities. Additional Association is a dental hygiene student’s first benefits include on-campus residence and/or link to the profession. Members join the student parking. chapter of the national association. Benefits include publications, health and insurance Honor societies: Graduating dental students programs, legislative advocacy, etc. Activities may be elected by the faculty to the Beta Beta include community outreach, lunch and learn Chapter of the national dental honor society, sessions, and social activities. Omicron Kappa Upsilon. Graduating dental There are two hygiene students may be elected to the Eta professional dental State Professional Organizations Chapter of the National Dental Hygiene Honor fraternities at the Minnesota Dental Association: Dental students Society, Sigma Phi Alpha. belong to the Minnesota Student District Dental University of Minnesota: Society, which is the eighth district of the Community Outreach Programs Delta Sigma Delta Minnesota Dental Association, the state affiliate Any dental professional will say that “doing” and Psi Omega. of the American Dental Association. dentistry is the best way to learn: Pre-clinical students work on typodonts (models), while Minnesota was the first state to extend more advanced students treat patients under membership privileges to dental students. supervision and mentoring by faculty. This included participation on all Association committees and voting representation on its But one of the School’s most popular programs Board of Trustees and at policy-making sessions offers learning experiences beyond those of its House of Delegates. Dental and dental available in the classroom or clinic. The hygiene students are also invited to attend the School’s community outreach program enables Association’s annual scientific meeting. dental and dental hygiene students to refine clinical skills and develop a broad understanding Minnesota Dental Hygienists’ Association: of the health and social responsibilities they will One student from each dental hygiene class is have as dental professionals. selected to serve as a voting student delegate to the annual session of the Minnesota Dental Hygienists’ Association. 0 Graduate Dr. Jee Lum Wong returns to China and  years later is named dean of a new dental school in Nanking. By 1988 faculty and students had amassed teaching, research, consulting and study experience in 88 countries. 96
  • 13. Students can participate in the following: Hibbing Community College Dental Clinic: In 2002, the School of Dentistry launched its first regional dental clinic. Located 200 miles north of the Twin Cities on the campus of the Hibbing Community College, the clinic is a comprehensive care facility that provides real-life, community-based dental practice experience for student dentists. Dental students staff the clinic, usually working in two-week rotations, under supervision of a faculty member. Mobile Dental Unit: In 2003, the School International Exchange Opportunities: The Summer research fellows teamed with UCare (an area HMO) to turn a School has maintained an education exchange take projects from start 37-foot Winnebago into a dental office on program for more than 20 years. Current wheels. The three-chair clinic travels the state, exchange agreements are with the College of to finish in a dynamic making daily trips from the dental school to Dentistry in Århus, Denmark; the Universities program designed cities around the metro area and week-long trips of Greifswald and Heidelberg, Germany; to further careers in to communities in greater Minnesota. the University of Bergen, Norway; and the University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands. education and research. Community clinics: A number of off-campus programs help students define and refine their This program increases awareness of and clinical skills and assist residents of Twin Cities appreciation for dentistry in a global context. communities with access to dental care. Some Students experience a different culture, political are single day clinics, while others are one- or system and lifestyle, and return with greater multi-week experiences. understanding, sensitivity and acceptance of differences in people, their customs and culture. Special Opportunities Extramural Educational Program: Summer Research Fellowship: Summer Extramural clinical experiences (beyond the research scholarships are available to accepted outreach activities required in the curriculum) students for the summer before they matriculate. are available to students during the summer of Dental and dental hygiene students with an their fourth year in the doctor of dental surgery interest in research and postgraduate research program. These volunteer experiences broaden training also can apply for fellowships. Research students’ clinical experience and enhance fellows are paired with a faculty mentor. diversity in the School’s clinical training sites. During a 10-week period in the summer, they Students are selected for these experiences undertake a structured research program. First- based on completion of sufficient competency time research fellows attend a weekly training examinations for the faculty to be confident in seminar. The following spring, all summer their ability to operate effectively in meeting fellows prepare a written research report and a patient needs in a timely manner. poster (for presentations at local and regional student research meetings). Stipends are Union Gospel Mission: Students and faculty provided in the form of financial aid. For more provide volunteer dental care for the homeless application materials and information, go to in the St. Paul clinic. www.dentistry.umn.edu/research_fellowship.  Average U.S. dental school investment in dental research is $,955. In 1927, admission to the D.D.S. program required two years of college. 90
  • 14. Dental hygienists practice in a variety of settings including private dental offices and clinics; health departments, hospitals and long-term Bachelor of Science care facilities; school districts or departments of education; dental, dental hygiene and dental in Dental Hygiene assisting education programs; private business; correctional facilities; private and public centers for patients with special needs; and health The Division of Dental Hygiene is part of the maintenance organizations. A bachelor of School of Dentistry, located in the Academic science degree in dental hygiene provides the Health Center, on the University of Minnesota’s opportunity to serve as a commissioned officer Minneapolis campus. in the U.S. Public Health Service. Division of Dental Hygiene The Program 9-372 Malcolm Moos Health Sciences Tower The dental hygiene program was established 515 Delaware St. S.E. in 1919 and is accredited by the Commission Minneapolis, MN 55455 on Dental Accreditation. It is the only dental 612-625-9121 hygiene program in Minnesota that grants a 612-625-1605 (fax) baccalaureate degree and is affiliated with a e-mail: krue0191@umn.edu school of dentistry. The Division of Dental Hygiene offers two programs: 1) An entry-level program for those wishing to pursue a career in dental hygiene; and 2) A Degree Completion Program for graduates of accredited associate degree programs in dental hygiene. Graduates of both programs earn a baccalaureate (B.S.) degree. The programs blend a solid dental hygiene clinical education with the biological, behavioral and social sciences, and liberal arts. A commitment to community and service, and to intellectual development and critical thinking is emphasized. Tuition and Fees For information on tuition, fees and estimated total expense, consult the Class Schedule or the estimated expense information provided by the Division of Dental Hygiene. The School provides all instruments and supplies. Students pay a usage fee.  Faculty members collaborate with U.S. Public Health Service in research on topical application of fluoride on dental caries. In the same decade, the dental hygiene program moved from a nursing focus to an emplasis on dental hygiene and liberal arts. 90 – 9
  • 15. “If you want real-world learning— alongside dental students and faculty—you come here.” Megan Roberts Dental Hygiene Student Reciprocity and Resident Tuition Entry-level program requirements: The Dental hygienists Application for reciprocity is separate from following courses or their equivalents must be provide educational, application for admission. completed in the College of Liberal Arts or its equivalent at another regionally accredited clinical, research, Qualified residents of Wisconsin, North institution before entry (semester credits follow administrative, Dakota, South Dakota and Manitoba who in parentheses). All courses must be taken on an consumer advocacy, attend the University of Minnesota may apply A–F grading basis. Biology and chemistry will for reciprocity privileges and pay tuition equal be considered outdated if taken more than five change agent and or comparable to Minnesota residency rates. years before the time of application. therapeutic services. Residents of Kansas, Michigan, Missouri and Nebraska may be eligible for reduced tuition Biol 1009—General Biology (4) at the University through the Midwest Student Chem 1011—General Principles of Chemistry (4) Exchange Program. For more information, call EngC 1011 or 1013—University Writing and Critical the University residency adviser at Reading (4) 612-625-6330 or go to http://onestop.umn.edu. FScN 1112—Principles of Nutrition (3) InMd 3001—Human Anatomy (3) Admission Psy 1001—Introduction to Psychology (4) Applicants should have a genuine interest in Soc 1001—Introduction to Sociology (3) human services and in promoting public health Spch 1101—Introduction to Public Speaking (3) and welfare. A strong interest in the natural, Phsl 3051—Human Physiology (4)** social and behavioral sciences is encouraged. Liberal education requirements* * Students are encouraged to complete as many A class is admitted each fall and admission liberal education requirements as possible before is competitive. Applicants must complete entering the program. the University of Minnesota’s high school preparation requirements prior to entry into the **Beginning 2007, students will be required to take Stat 1001—Introduction to Statistics (3) in place of program. Documentation indicating completion Phsl 3051. of all requirements must be submitted to the Division of Dental Hygiene by August 15 of the Degree Completion Program requirements: year of proposed entry. The Division of Dental For information about the Degree Completion Hygiene sets its standards and requirements for Program, contact the Division of Dental admission.  Hygiene. Dental graduate program is created and School celebrates its 50th Anniversary. In 1941, the leading cause of rejection of WWII military inductees was dental defects. 99
  • 16. English proficiency: Applicants who are not Information for Accepted Applicants native English speakers must submit written Immunizations: Students are required to have evidence of a Test of English as a Foreign a health clearance as a condition of enrollment Language (TOEFL) score. The TOEFL is and must complete and submit an Academic offered in computerized format. A TOEFL score Health Center Immunization Record. The of at least 79 is required. The TOEFL must form must be returned for students to register have been administered within two years of the for classes. For more information, go to the date of application. See p. 33 for registration Boynton Health Service Web site at information. www.bhs.umn.edu/services/AHC.htm#AHC. Application Procedure Criminal background check: Minnesota law Applications are accepted from December 1 requires that a person who provides services to February 1 for entry the following fall. that involve direct contact with patients in Requirements include: health care facilities licensed by the Minnesota There’s a lot to learn. Department of Health have a background • High school graduation; check conducted by the state. The background A study partner shares • ACT, PSAT, or SAT scores; check covers a wide range of criminal offenses the workload and • Transcripts of all high school and college and agency-findings related to maltreatment provides support and courses; of children or vulnerable adults. Individuals • Evidence of plans to complete specified disqualified from having direct patient contact encouragement. prerequisite requirements before entry; as a result of the background check may • A minimum 2.00 GPA (cumulative, be determined ineligible for a degree in the prerequisite and science coursework). program. However, a GPA well above a 2.00 is usually necessary to be admitted; Leave of absence: A Leave of Absence Request • Biology or chemistry, and composition, must be submitted to the Director of Dental psychology and/or sociology grades must Hygiene. Leaves of absence are granted for appear on the transcript at the time of up to one academic year only; students must application. complete the program requirements in effect at the time they re-enter the program. University of Minnesota students: Students already enrolled at the University apply by submitting an Application for Undergraduate Change of College to the One Stop Student Services Center, 200 Fraser Hall. Forms are available at the center (624-1111) and online at www.onestop.umn.edu/onestop/forms.html. Other prospective students: Students not currently enrolled at the University of Minnesota may apply by submitting the Application for Undergraduate Admission at http://admissions.tc.umn.edu or to the University’s Office of Admissions.  First American Dental Association accreditation team visits the School, which is ranked 6th in the nation. In 1948, President Truman signs a law creating the National Institute of Dental Research as a branch of the National Institutes of Health. 9
  • 17. Curriculum Spring Semester DH 3221 Local Anesthesia and Pain Control 2 The following courses must be completed DH 3224W The Dental Hygiene Care Process: to satisfy graduation requirements (semester Clinical Application IV 4 credits follow in parentheses) and must be taken DH 3227 Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology: A–F unless otherwise noted. Dental hygiene Clinic II 0 students are also required to participate in DH 3231W Research Methods in Dental Hygiene 3 DH 3235 Dental Hygiene Care for one or more off-campus day and weeklong Special Needs Patients 2 community outreach programs. See p. 10. PubH 3001 Personal and Community Health 2 Sophomore Year Senior Year Fall Semester Credits Fall Semester The Bachelor of Science DH 2111 Dental Anatomy 2 DH 4125W The Dental Hygiene Care Process: DH 2121 The Dental Hygiene Care Process: Clinical Application V 6 degree expands your Clinical Application I 5 DH 4128 Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology: career options. That’s DH 2132 Head and Neck Anatomy 1 Clinic III 0 BioC 1001 Elementary Biochemistry 3 DH 4131 Epidemiology, Prevention, what sets us apart from MicB 4001 Microorganisms and Disease 2 Dental Public Health, and Liberal Education Requirements 3 Community Outreach 3 an associate degree DH 4132W Ethics, Jurisprudence, and Principles program. Spring Semester of Practice 2 DH 2210 Oral Histology and Embryology 2 DH 4137 Patient Management (PCG) 1 DH 2212 Dental Hygienist-Patient Relationship 2 DH 2221 Periodontology 3 Spring Semester DH 2222 The Dental Hygiene Care Process: DH 4226 The Dental Hygiene Care Process: Clinical Application II 3 Clinical Application VI 5 DH 2231 Cariology 2 DH 4229 Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology: Phsl 3051 Human Physiology 4 Clinic IV 3 DH 4231 Periodontology II Lecture 1 May/Summer Session DH 4232 Community Outreach 1 DH 2211 General and Oral Pathology 2 DH 4233 Legislative, Social, Economic, DH 2233 The Dental Hygiene Care Process: and Practice Factors in Oral Health 2 Clinical Application 1 DH 4238 Patient Management (PCG) 1 DH 2235 Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology 0 DH 3134 Dental Hygiene Care for Pediatric The Division of Dental Hygiene retains the right to Patients 1 revise, add and/or delete any course or requirement. Students will complete requirements in effect at the Junior Year time they enter/re-enter the program. Fall Semester DH 3111 Biomaterials and Principles of Student Support Program Restorative Techniques I 4 The Division of Dental Hygiene monitors DH 3123 The Dental Hygiene Care Process: academic performance and provides tutoring Clinical Application III 4 and consultation as necessary. Counseling and DH 3126 Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology: Clinic I 0 advising are available through the Division, the DH 3131 Periodontology I Lecture 1 University Counseling and Consulting Service DH 3132 Applied Nutrition in Dental Hygiene and faculty. Care 1 DH 3133 Pharmacology 2 DH 3135 Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology: Theory, Principles and Radiographic Analysis 2 5 All states require licensure of dental hygienists. In 1953, the School’s dean initiates the first university-based dental assistant program in the U.S. It is discontinued in 1982 under pressure of budget reductions. 95 
  • 18. Dental Hygiene (DH) DH 3123. The Dental Hygiene Care Process Clinical Application III. (4 cr Prereq-DH student) DH 2111. Dental Anatomy. (2 cr Prereq-DH student) Dental hygiene treatment planning, alternative instruments, and All deciduous/permanent teeth, including tooth form, function, advanced skills related to implementation of dental hygiene care. and relationship to oral health. Calcification, eruption, Clinical experience. exfoliation patterns. Ideal static occlusion, dental terminology, DH 3126. Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology Clinic I. (0 cr; A-F only. tooth annotation systems. Lab includes identification/annotation Prereq-DH student) of teeth. Exposing patient radiographs, interpretation, panoramic/extraoral DH 2121. The Dental Hygiene Care Process Clinical Application I. (5 cr; technique, quality assurance procedures. A-F only. Prereq-DH student) DH 3131. Periodontology I Lecture. (1 cr; A-F only. §DENT 5611. Prereq- Dental hygiene care process, assessment principles related DH student) to medical and oral health status, dental hygiene clinical Periodontal anatomy. Physiology/etiology of periodontal procedures, and development of instrumentation skills. diseases. Clinical, histopathological, and pathogenesis of DH 2132. Head and Neck Anatomy. (1 cr; A-F only. Prereq-DH student) gingivitis/periodontitis. Role of genetics, tobacco use, and Anatomical structures of head/neck as they relate to practice of systemic disorders. Preventive/therapeutic procedures associated dental hygiene. with diagnosis, prognosis, treatment planning, and initial phase of periodontal therapy. DH 2191. Independent Study. (0-6 cr [max 6 cr]. Prereq-DH student) Individually arranged study, instruction, or research with faculty DH 3132. Applied Nutrition in Dental Hygiene Care. (1 cr; A-F only. to meet student needs/interests. Prereq-DH student) Principles of diet/nutrition applied to dental hygiene patient care. DH 2210. General and Oral Pathology. (2 cr; A-F only. Prereq-DH student) Skills in dental dietary counseling. Topics in pathology related to dentistry and oral cavity. Oral benign/malignant tumors. Infectious, inflammatory, and DH 3133. Pharmacology. (2 cr; A-F only. Prereq-DH student) immunologically mediated lesions/diseases. Principles of pharmacology, physical/chemical properties of drugs, modes of administration, therapeutic/adverse effects, drug DH 2211. Oral Histology and Embroyology. (2 cr; A-F only. Prereq-DH actions/interactions. student) Development of orofacial region. Structural microscopic DH 3134. Dental Hygiene Care for Pediatric Patients. (1 cr; A-F only. anatomy of oral hard/soft tissues applicable for rendering clinical Prereq-DH student) treatment. Knowledge, skills, and attitudes required for providing dental hygiene care for pediatric patients. DH 2212. Dental Hygienist-Patient Relationship. (2 cr; A-F only. Prereq- DH student) DH 3135. Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology: Theory, Principles, and Use of clinical research and evidence-based clinical decision Radiographic Analysis. (2 cr; A-F only. Prereq-DH student) making when communicating scientifically based clinical therapy Atomic radiations. Characteristics, production, and control of and treatment modalities. Promotion of active participation by radiographs. Radiographic exposures, recent concepts. Radiation patient in clinical decision making. biology, dosimetry, protection, regulations. Discrepancies and technical errors in intraoral radiographs. Radiographic anatomy. DH 2221. Periodontology. (3 cr; A-F only. Prereq-DH student) Radiographic evidence of deviations from normal anatomic Periodontal diseases. Etiology, assessment, and treatment variations. options. Clinical experience in debridement, root planing, and placing periodontal dressings. DH 3136. Patient Care Group I (PCGs). (1 cr; A-F only) Small-group, cooperative learning integrating dental and dental DH 2222. Dental Hygiene Care Process Clinical Application II. (1-4 cr hygiene students. Application of patient care skills taught [max 4 cr]; A-F only. Prereq-DH student) in other courses. Focuses on communication skills, patient School of Dentistry clinical systems. Various medical/emergency management, team work, collegiality, and practice philosophy conditions affecting patient care and preventive strategies for necessary for practice of dental hygiene. dental diseases. Skill development in fluoride, sealant, and air polishing techniques. Evaluation of products used in treatment of DH 3191. Independent Study. (0 cr. Prereq-DH student) dental caries and periodontal diseases. Clinical experience in dental hygiene care. DH 2231. Cariology. (2 cr; A-F only. Prereq-DH student) DH 3203. Dental Hygiene Care for Special Needs Patients I. (2 cr; A-F Dental caries. Etiology, pathology, and prevention. only) Knowledge, skills, and attitudes required for providing dental DH 2233. Dental Hygiene Care Process: Clinical Application. (1 cr; S-N hygiene care for pediatric/orthodontic and geriatric patients and only. Prereq-DH student) individuals with disabilities. Clinical experience in dental hygiene patient care. DH 3221. Local Anesthesia and Pain Management. (2 cr; A-F only) DH 2235. Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology. (2 cr; A-F only. Prereq-DH Concepts in administration of local anesthesia, nitrous oxide- student) oxygen sedation, and other methods of pain management. General principles of radiology, radiation physics, dosimetry, Anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, patient assessment, biology, radiation protection, regulations, concepts of imaging. indications and contraindications, selection of agents, injection DH 3111. Biomaterials and Principles of Restorative Techniques I. (4 cr techniques, complications, emergency management, and legal/ Prereq-DH student) ethical considerations. Lecture, lab, clinic. Principles of biomaterials, restorative techniques. Lecture, DH 3224. The Dental Hygiene Care Process Clinical Application IV. (1-4 preclinical experiences. cr [max 4 cr]; A-F only) DH 3112. General and Oral Pathology. (2 cr; A-F only. Prereq-DH student) Evaluation of dental hygiene patient care and assurance of Circulatory disturbances, inflammation, and tumors. Emphasizes quality in the dental hygiene profession. Clinical experience in diseases affecting oral cavity, dental caries, periodontal diseases, dental hygiene patient care. oral neoplasias, and similar problems. 6 Faculty and students launch a community-based oral cancer detection program. Over the next 15 years, 32,391 people received free screenings for oral cancer in 17 Minnesota communities. 95 
  • 19. DH 3227. Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology Clinic II. (0 cr; A-F only. Prereq-DH student) Course Symbols Exposing patient radiographs, interpretation, panoramic/extraoral technique, and quality assurance procedures. ,........The comma, used in prerequisite listings, means “and.” DH 3231. Research Methods in Dental Hygiene. (3 cr; A-F only. Prereq- #.......Approval of the instructor is required for registration. DH student) Develop skills in scientific method and analyzing research §.......Credit will not be granted if credit has been received for the course listed after this symbol. findings; emphasis on types of research, problem selection, hypothesis writing, research planning and design, data collection A prerequisite course listed by number only (e.g., prereq 5246) is in the same department as the and measuring techniques, analysis and interpretation of data, course being described. and writing the research proposal. DH 3235. Dental Hygiene Care for the Geriatric Patient and the Patient With Special Needs . (2 cr; A-F only. Prereq-DH student) DH 4231. Periodontology III Lecture. (1 cr; A-F only. §DENT 6613. Prereq- Knowledge, skills, and attitudes required for providing dental DH student) hygiene care for geriatric patients and patients with special Clinical procedures associated with surgical phase of periodontal needs. therapy. Evaluation of periodontal treatment, maintenance DH 4125. The Dental Hygiene Care Process Clinical Application V. (1-7 phase, and relationship between periodontics and other dentistry cr [max 7 cr]; A-F only. Prereq-DH student) disciplines. Roles of clinical research in periodontics. Adapt dental hygiene care process to meet preventive/treatment DH 4232. Community Outreach. (1 cr; S-N only. Prereq-DH student) needs of traditional and special needs patients. Analyze patient Dental hygiene education in various community settings. preventive/treatment need through case presentation. Community service, cultural diversity, family violence issues. New products, DH 4233. Legislative, Social, Economic, and Practice Factors in Oral techniques, research. Health. (2 cr; A-F only. Prereq-DH student) Current status/trends in dentistry in relation to health care DH 4128. Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology Clinic III. (0 cr; A-F only. promotion, regulation, and delivery and political/legislative Prereq-DH student) process. Exposing patient radiographs, interpretation, panoramic/extraoral technique, quality assurance procedures. DH 4241. Extramural Clinical Dental Hygiene. (0-6 cr [max 6 cr]; A-F only. Prereq-#) DH 4131. Epidemiology, Prevention, Dental Public Health, and Com- Students participate in educational/clinical experiences with munity Outreach. (3 cr; A-F only. §DENT 5401. Prereq-DH student) diverse patient populations in community outreach clinics. Epidemiological methods of investigation, patterns of oral diseases. Scope/content of specialty of dental public health. DH 4250. Dental Hygiene Community Outreach Elective. (0-8 cr [max 8 Assess plan, implement a community dental health program. cr]; S-N only. Prereq-DH student) Individually arranged dental hygiene clinical experience in DH 4132. Ethics, Jurisprudence, and Principles of Practice. (2 cr; A-F community outreach clinics. only. Prereq-DH student) Career planning, team building, employment seeking, DH 4292. Curriculum Development in Dental Hygiene. (3 cr) jurisprudence, and ethical decision making. Curriculum development /management. Competency based education and outcomes assessment. Role of accreditation in DH 4191. Independent Study. (0-6 cr [max 6 cr]. Prereq-DH student) dental hygiene education. Individually arranged study, instruction, or research with faculty to meet student needs/interests. DH 4293. Course Development in Dental Hygiene. (0-4 cr [max 4 cr]; A-F only) DH 4211. Principles of Restorative Techniques II. (3 cr) Principles/practice of course development, testing, and Restorative Techniques. Clinical experiences. evaluation. DH 4226. Dental Hygiene Care Process Clinical Application VI. (1-5 cr DH 4294. Directed Research. (0-4 cr [max 4 cr]) [max 5 cr]; A-F only. Prereq-DH student) Critical literature review and/or individual empirical research Advanced dental hygiene care process. Analyze patient project leading to a written report, and/or intensive observation/ preventive/treatment need through case presentation. Community participation in the clinical research center. service, cultural diversity, family violence issues. New products, techniques, research. DH 4295. Instructional Methods in Dental Hygiene Education. (0-4 cr [max 4 cr]; A-F only) DH 4227. Advanced Dental Hygiene Clinical Experience I. (0-6 cr [max 6 Application of principles of learning, learning styles, teaching cr]. Prereq-DH student) styles, and instructional methods. Microteaching of selected Development of skills in sonic/ultrasonic scaling/assessment, instructional skills. treatment planning, documentation, implementation/evaluation of dental hygiene care. DH 4296. Issues in Dental Hygiene. (0-3 cr [max 3 cr]; A-F only) Issues, trends, and research related to dental hygiene. Current DH 4228. Advanced Dental Hygiene Clinical Experience II. (0-6 cr [max literature. 6 cr]. Prereq-DH student) Development of skills in sonic/ultrasonic scaling/assessment, DH 4297. Dental Hygiene Education: Supervised Teaching. (1-4 cr [max treatment planning, documentation, implementation/evaluation 4 cr]; A-F only) of dental hygiene care. Observation/participation in supervised teaching experience in dental hygiene education. DH 4229. Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology Clinic IV. (3 cr; A-F only. Prereq-DH student) DH 4298. Dental Hygiene Process of Care: Clinical Application. (1-4 cr Exposing patient radiographs, interpretation, panoramic/extraoral [max 4 cr]) technique, quality assurance procedures. Clinical care of patients.  Cleft Palate Clinic moves to the School from Sister Kenny Institute. The clinic provides diagnostic and comprehensive treatment-planning services for people with repaired cleft lip and palate and other maxillofacial anomalies. 965
  • 20. Shirley Burgen Lichtwardt Memorial Scholarship: For selected juniors and seniors who are in good academic standing and have The program blends a established financial need. solid dental hygiene Kathleen J. Newell Outstanding Dental education with the Hygiene Student Award: For selected juniors biological, behavioral and seniors who exhibit scholarship and leadership. and social sciences, and the liberal arts. Sigma Phi Alpha Eta Chapter Membership: National Dental Hygiene Honor Society established to recognize and honor excellence in scholarship, service, and character among graduating dental hygiene students. A maximum of 10 percent of each graduating class is selected for membership. Sigma Phi Alpha Award: Awarded to the sophomore, junior and senior who maintains the highest GPA. Procter & Gamble Excellence in Dental Hygiene Award: Awarded to a selected junior who exhibits scholarship, leadership, service and contribution to the dental hygiene profession. Scholarships and Awards The following awards are presented to dental Naomi Rhode Dental Hygienist-Patient hygiene students during the annual Honors Day Relationship Award: Awarded to a selected and Senior Recognition Reception programs. senior who exhibits the most interest and skill in the dental hygienist-patient relationship. Louise C. Ball Scholarship: For selected juniors and seniors who are in good academic Metro Dental Fellow Student Award: standing and have established financial need. Awarded to the senior student (selected by junior students) and junior student (selected by Gordon & Marie Hackborn Scholarship: sophomore students) who each exhibits a high For a selected sophomore in good academic level of interpersonal communication skills, standing who has had a personal or professional is involved in other activities, and serves as a challenge while pursuing his/her academic goals mentor to junior and sophomore students. in dental hygiene. Park Dental Service Excellence Award: Ione M. Jackson Scholarship: Established Awarded to a sophomore, junior, and senior to honor a former University of Minnesota student in recognition of commitment to quality program director, the scholarship is awarded patient care and service to the community and to a qualified senior who wishes to become a for being a true professional who provides dental hygiene educator. excellent patient service, education, and relationship building. 8 School researcher photographs viruses and extends knowledge of basic biology at the vascular level. In 1969, Minnesota was the first state to mandate continuing education for dentists and dental hygienists to maintain licensure. 966
  • 21. Special Interest/Achievement in Community The Diversified Core Curriculum Dentistry and Dental Public Health: Awarded Physical and Biological Sciences: At least to a senior student for outstanding achievement 8 credits including one course with lab or field in community dentistry. experience in the physical sciences and one course with a lab or field experience in the Student Total Achievement Recognition biological sciences. Award (STAR): Awarded to a senior student who demonstrates true dedication to the dental Social Sciences/Humanities: A minimum of at hygiene profession, exhibits compassion in least one5 credits distributed as follows: patient care, displays enthusiasm for community service, and enjoys the role of the dental • at least 6 credits in the social sciences hygienist. • at least 3 credits in historical perspectives You work together, study • at least 6 credits in the arts and humanities, together, learn together Donna Aker-Dehn/Kathleen J. Newell including one course in literature and one Scholarship: Awarded to a dental hygiene and build lifelong course in other humanities student who demonstrates academic progress. friendships. Mathematical Thinking: A minimum of one Graduation Requirements course totaling at least 3 credits. The bachelor’s degree will be recommended for Designated Themes: At least 3 credits in each students who earn a minimum GPA of 2.00 and of the following: cultural diversity, international have completed all required work and credits perspectives, environment, and citizenship and specified by the curriculum. public ethics. Students with a minimum GPA of 3.75 in upper Writing Intensive: All students must complete division courses are granted a degree with one first-year writing course. Four writing- distinction. Students with a minimum GPA of intensive courses are taken during the dental 3.90 in upper division courses are granted a hygiene curriculum. The first-year writing degree with high distinction. course and the four writing-intensive courses fulfill the writing-intensive requirement. Licensure Dental hygienists practice in accordance with Minnesota Transfer Curriculum: Students the requirements of individual state dental who have completed the Minnesota Transfer practice acts. Successful completion of a written Curriculum at any participating Minnesota National Board Dental Hygiene Examination college or university fulfill the University’s Twin and a clinical examination are required for Cities campus liberal education requirements. licensure in Minnesota. Many states require However, students still need to complete a continuing education for license renewal. portion of the writing requirements. For more information on transferring credits, contact the Liberal Education Requirements University of Minnesota Office of Admissions at The following requirements apply to 612-625-2008 or go to admissions.tc.umn.edu. undergraduate students enrolling at the Twin Cities campus. 9 Students start free dental clinic at Union Gospel Mission in St. Paul. In the same year, the Instructional Media Resource Center was formed to teach students how to make “verbal presentation and interrelate 90 better with patients, office personnel and community representatives.”
  • 22. The Program The Doctor of Dental Surgery (D.D.S.) degree carries with it the full authority of the Doctor of Dental Surgery University of Minnesota School of Dentistry. The D.D.S. is a broad degree that prepares graduates to practice in all disciplines of the dental profession: dental public health, endodontics, oral and maxillofacial pathology, The School of Dentistry is located in the oral and maxillofacial surgery, orthodontics, health sciences complex on the University of pediatric dentistry, periodontics, prosthodontics, Minnesota’s Minneapolis campus. and oral and maxillofacial radiology. Office of Enrollment Management Admission: General Information 15-106 Malcolm Moos Health Sciences Tower A first-year class is admitted each fall. 515 Delaware St. S.E. Minneapolis, MN 55455 Applicants should have a sound academic and 612-625-7149 (call collect) broad liberal arts college education. 612-624-2120 (fax) e-mail: ddsapply@umn.edu Preference for admissions is given to Minnesota www.dentistry.umn.edu residents. However, nonresidents are strongly encouraged to apply. For more information, contact the Office of Admissions. Diversity Policy: The School of Dentistry seeks to foster a diverse student body of thought, interest, background, and intellect. Diversity enhances the educational experience of all students and better prepares our graduates to practice dentistry in today’s world. The D.D.S. Admissions Committee considers the following factors: a. geographic diversity b. first generation college student c. financial need d. disadvantaged educational background e. racial and ethnic diversity f. evidence of outstanding leadership g. special talents h. high academic potential i. unique work or service experience j. community involvement k. experience or interest in research or teaching l. interest in providing dental services to underserved populations Tuition and Fees: For information about tuition, fees and estimated expenses, go to the 0 School’s Web site, www.dentistry.umn.edu. Groundbreaking ceremony for new Moos Tower, where School relocates in 96. In 1972, University students barricade Washington Avenue to protest the Vietnam War. 9
  • 23. “The curriculum is demanding but designed to support our goal of graduating compassionate, successful and well-balanced practitioners.” Dr. Judith Buchanan Associate Dean of Academic Affairs The School provides all dental instruments and supplies. Students pay a usage fee. Application for reciprocity is separate from application for admission. English Proficiency: Every applicant who is are encouraged to study test preparation not a native English speaker must submit an materials. The testing service will forward official score report from a Test of English as a scores to dental schools identified by the Foreign Language (TOEFL). This requirement applicant. The D.D.S. Admissions Committee applies regardless of the applicant’s citizenship strongly encourages candidates applying to the or high school or college attended. The TOEFL School of Dentistry to take the exam at least must have been administered within the last one year prior to entering dental school so that two years of the date of application. Official scores can be submitted by September 1 or score reports must be received by the School earlier. Deadline for receiving official score of Dentistry by December 1 of the year prior reports: December 1 (for entry the following to entry. TOEFL is administered via the summer). For information about the test, testing internet. For information about minimum scores centers, registration and study materials, go to required, and a definition of who is required to www.ada.org/prof/ed/testing/DAT. submit a test, go to: www.dentistry.umn.edu. To schedule a test: contact the agency that handles Program for Advanced Standing Students TOEFL registration in your country or go to (PASS): Dentists who are graduates of dental www.toefl.org. schools outside of the United States and Canada seeking to practice dentistry in the United Dental Admission Test (DAT): Applicants States may apply for admission to the Program must take the Dental Admission Test (DAT) for Advanced Standing Students (PASS). For within three years of the AADSAS application information and application materials, go to (see p. 25). The DAT test is prepared by the www.dentistry.umn.edu/programs_admissions. American Dental Association. This standardized exam consists of subtests in biology, general Course and Credit Requirements chemistry, organic chemistry, reading comprehension, quantitative reasoning and At least 87 semester credits or 130 quarter perceptual ability. Applicants should score at or credits of liberal arts courses from an accredited above the national average. U.S. or Canadian college or university are required. A maximum of 64 semester credits The DAT is administered by computer at from community or junior colleges will be Prometric Testing Centers throughout the United accepted (one semester credit equals 11⁄2 quarter States and in some foreign countries. Applicants credits).  School starts first interdisciplinary craniofacial pain clinic in the U.S. You know what pain feels like. This is what pain looks like. Figure shows a neuron firing in response to a pain stimulus. 980
  • 24. Required courses must be completed by the • Math—3 semester credits in one of the end of spring term for entry the following fall following: college algebra, pre-calculus, and should include the following minimum computer science or statistics. “Doing” dentistry is the requirements: • Applied Human Psychology—3 semester best way to learn. First- credits in general human psychology, child • English—8 semester credits. Two composition and adolescent human psychology or business year students work on and one speech course preferred; or one psychology. typodonts (models) and composition course, one speech course, and one additional course in either literature or Sciences must include both lecture and lab advanced students treat humanities with a composition component. instruction. Courses in biology, chemistry actual patients under • General Biology or Zoology—8 semester and physics may be considered outdated if faculty supervision. credits. General zoology alone is acceptable taken more than five years before the time of but not preferred. application. Although 87 semester credits are required, the majority of first-year dental students complete a bachelor degree. Evaluation of international coursework: The School will consider international coursework from an accredited college or university if supplied with official or certified transcripts, mark sheets and degree statements from all institutions attended. Applicants must also complete at least 30 semester credits (or 45 quarter credits) of prerequisite courses or upper division science courses from an officially accredited U.S. or Canadian college or university prior to matriculation. English courses taken from an international college or university do not fulfill the School of Dentistry English requirement for admission. Grade point average (GPA): High school credentials are not reviewed. GPA (overall, • Physics—8 semester credits. Complete course required courses and science) is viewed in terms series required. of consistency and improvement. The quality • General Principles of Chemistry—8 semester of coursework and challenge per term are also credits. Complete course series required. considered. An overall GPA of at least 2.70 is • Organic Chemistry—8 semester credits. required; however, acceptance is competitive Course content must include study of both the and a higher GPA is usually necessary. aliphatic and aromatic series. One-semester Applicants are required to provide written courses generally do not have sufficient depth documentation of academic difficulties (e.g., to be acceptable. “I,” “W,” “D” and “F” grades). • Biochemistry—3 semester credits. Course must show organic chemistry as a Recommended elective coursework: prerequisite. Survey courses generally do not Electives should reflect a broad, liberal have sufficient depth to be acceptable. (Only arts education. Competitive applicants will  lecture is required.) also take a combination of the following School creates nation’s first training program in geriatric dentistry. In 1984, School researchers patent a dental waterline filter to prevent bacteria from being transmitted to patients. 98 –8 
  • 25. preferred electives: art (3-D drawing or self around patients. A candidate must be able sculpture), cell biology, histology, human to operate controls utilizing fine movements, anatomy, microbiology, physiology, genetics, operate high or low speed dental instruments immunology and statistics. These requirements within less than one millimeter, and utilize hand are especially important for applicants who instruments (including scalpels for surgical have completed only the minimum credits procedures). required for admittance. Additional courses can be chosen from among those required for Sensory/Observation a bachelor degree or those of interest to the General: A candidate must be able to acquire student, such as courses in sciences, humanities, a defined level of required information social sciences or business. as presented through demonstrations and experiences in the basic and dental sciences. Technical Standards for Entry Specific: This includes, but is not limited to, The School of Dentistry is mindful of the information conveyed through physiologic and unique nature of the dental curriculum. pharmacological demonstrations and through It takes time and Applicants must possess the skills and abilities microbiological cultures and microscopic that will allow them to successfully complete practice to learn how images of microorganisms and tissues in normal the course of study and receive the full benefit and pathologic states. A candidate must be able to prepare a tooth for of the education. In the process, the student to acquire information from written documents restoration. You’re is required to direct or perform treatment on and to visualize information presented in images patients of the University of Minnesota Dental evaluated on 32 criteria, from paper, films, slides, video and computer. A Clinics and its affiliates. This includes the candidate must be able to interpret radiographs including smoothness, completion of treatment safely and within an (x-rays) and other graphic images, with or contours and margins. acceptable amount of time. With this in mind, without the use of assistive devices. A candidate students must be able to meet the following must have functional use of visual, auditory and technical standards with or without reasonable somatic sensation while being enhanced by the accommodation: functional use of sensory modalities. Motor Skills General: A candidate must be able to observe General: Candidates and students must have a patient accurately, at a distance and close at sufficient motor functions to execute movements hand, and observe and appreciate non-verbal reasonably required to provide general care communications when performing dental and treatment to patients within an acceptable operations or administering medications. amount of time. Specific: A candidate must be able to perform Specific: A candidate must possess the motor visual and tactile dental examinations and skills necessary to directly perform palpation, treatment, including use of visual acuity, percussion, auscultation and other diagnostic accommodation, and vision to discern the maneuvers, basic laboratory tests and diagnostic differences and variations in color, shape procedures. Such actions require coordination and general appearance between normal and of gross and fine muscular movements, abnormal, soft and hard tissues. Use of tactile equilibrium, and functional uses of the senses of senses may be by direct palpation or indirect touch and vision. through instrumentation. A candidate must also Specific: A candidate must be able to perform possess the visual acuity to read charts, records, basic life support (including CPR), position small print and handwritten notation, and disabled patients, physically restrain adults who distinguish variations in colors intra and extra lack motor control, and position and reposition orally.  Spearheaded by a student, School receives grant to teach students CARIBBEAN SEA how to communicate and treat people who are hearing impaired. Falmouth J Montego Bay Rio Bueno Runaway a Lucea Duncans Bay St. Ann's Bay m Green Island Wakefield Clark's Town Montpelier Galina In 1986, students and faculty travel to Jamaica to treat patients. In the Great Ocho Rios a Steawart Brown's Oracabessa Maroon Town Port Maria Riv Grange Hill Town Town ic er 797 Cabarita The Cockpit Country Claremont Frome Bethel Town Dry Negril Catadupa 748 Highgate Annotto Bay a Negril Point Harbour Troy Moneague 986 Mounts Buff Bay Orange Bay Little Bay Newmarket 838 Savanna Denham Troja Port Antonio Wag Wate r la Mar early 1980s, Jamaican children had one of the highest rates of dental Maggotty Balaclava C Frankfield Ewarton Hope Bay 985 T Belmont Linstead Boston Bay h Riv Baptist Black Rive r ha er Blue B 2076Mountain Peak Fellowship e Bog Walk Willamsfield Chapelton Stony Hill lu Long Bay 836 2256 Luana Point e Mo R io Santa Cruz Black River Mandeville Ri u n t Spanish Gordon Town Minho a i n s Manchioneal n n 725 oC Town KINGSTON Hectors River obre decay in the world. Parottee Point May Pen Old Portmore Harbour Bath Holland Bay Bull Savannah Port Bull Seaforth Rest Hayes Harbour Royal Bay Morant Point e l Treasure Beach Alligator Port Pond Yallahs Bowden Salt River Morant Great Pedro Cape Kaiser Polink Point Lionel Town Bay Carlisle Bay 160 Portland Cave Rocky Point Portland Point
  • 26. Specific: A candidate must be able to comprehend three-dimensional relationships and to understand the spatial relationships of You cannot be healthy structures. Problem solving, a critical skill without oral health. demanded of a dentist, requires all of these intellectual abilities. A candidate must be able to Oral disease affects perform these problem-solving skills in a timely our ability to eat, the fashion for effective patient treatment. foods we choose, how Behavioral we look and the way we General: A candidate must possess the communicate. It affects emotional health required for full utilization of his or her intellectual abilities, the exercise our ability to work at of good judgment, maintenance of patient home, at school and on confidentiality, the prompt completion of all the job. Communication responsibilities attendant to the diagnosis and General: A candidate must be able to care of patients, and the development of mature, communicate effectively and sensitively with sensitive and effective relationships with patients and/or guardian; convey or exchange patients. information at a level allowing development of a health history; identify problems presented; Specific: A candidate recognizes the curriculum explain alternative solutions; and give directions is physically, mentally and emotionally taxing. during treatment and post-treatment. For He/she must be able to tolerate demanding effective patient treatment, the candidate workloads, to include functioning effectively must be able to communicate effectively and under stress, adapting to changing environments, efficiently with all members of the health care displaying flexibility and learning to function in team, orally and in writing. the face of uncertainties inherent in the clinical problems of patients. Compassion, integrity, Specific: A candidate must have sufficient concern for others, interpersonal skills, interest facility with English to retrieve information and motivation are all personal qualities that from literature, computerized databases will be assessed during the admission and and lectures, to communicate concepts on educational processes. A candidate must also written exams and patient charts; elicit patient be able to manage apprehensive patients with backgrounds; describe patient changes in a range of moods and behaviors in a tactful, moods, activity and posture; and coordinate congenial, personal manner so as not to patient care with all members of the health care alienate or antagonize them. A candidate must team. reasonably be expected to accept criticism and respond by appropriate modification of Cognitive behavior. General: A candidate must be able to measure, calculate, reason, analyze, integrate, and The skills and abilities described above are synthesize. required to successfully complete the School’s competencies needed for graduation. These competencies are specified at www.dentistry .umn.edu.  School receives a $.8 million grant from the National Institute of Dental Research to fund periodontal disease. In 1988, the School’s Artificial Mouth was a featured exhibit at the Smithsonian Institution. 98 
  • 27. Early Admission Program and approve the decision to admit applicant to An early admission program is available for the Early Admission Program. prospective applicants. To be considered, Preference will be given to Early Admissions applicants must complete at least one year of applicants who will have completed a bachelor college, including science coursework. All degree or four years of postsecondary education applicants must submit an Early Admissions prior to entering dental school. Applications for Application. Application deadline: July 15. the Early Admission Program are considered on D.D.S. Early Admission Program eligibility a rolling admissions basis. For application and criteria: additional information, contact the Office of Admissions (e-mail: ddsapply@umn.edu). • U.S. citizen or permanent resident (with Third and fourth- preference given to Minnesota residents); Application Process year students provide • Completed basic course series, including and Selection Criteria comprehensive care lectures and labs, in biology, general and Applying to dental school: An application to organic chemistry; in School of Dentistry dental school is a commitment of time, effort • Overall GPA of ≥3.40 (calculated without and resources. Admission is based upon specific clinics. reference to +/- grades); selection criteria. The competitive nature of the • Science GPA (includes math/science courses) applicant pool is reviewed according to a rolling of ≥3.20 (calculated without reference to +/- admissions process. Two application forms are grades); required: • Meet the standards of the Criteria for D.D.S. Admissions Selections (see p. 27); AADSAS application: All applicants • Have observed in a general dental practice, (including re-applicants) must apply through outside of a family member’s practice, for at the Associated American Dental Schools least 15 hours; Application Service (AADSAS), a centralized • (If non-native speaker of English) a report application service sponsored by the American showing passing scores on the TOEFL exam; Dental Education Association. AADSAS • DAT scores. Applicants must score at or serves as an information clearinghouse only. above the national average in each subtest. For AADSAS application materials and Applicants may take the DAT only once as an requirements, go to: www.ADEA.org/AADSAS. early admissions applicant. Applicants must complete an online application Applicants must submit the following between May 15 and December 1 of the year information: an early-admission application; prior to matriculation. However, applicants are current transcripts from all institutions encouraged to complete and submit application attending/attended; a list of courses the materials as early as September 1. Applicants applicant plans to take before matriculation; are required to submit three strong letters of DAT scores; and TOEFL scores (if applicable). recommendation. The University of Minnesota requires that two of those letters be from science Applicants must demonstrate an interest in and faculty and the third from an employer. Students commitment to attending only the University must also submit official transcripts from all of Minnesota School of Dentistry. Applicant colleges/universities attended and DAT scores. must meet with the director of Admissions at the School of Dentistry after completing the AADSAS will forward application information basic series in biology and general and organic in a standardized format to the dental schools chemistry (on or after January 15). A member of identified by the applicant. Note: AADSAS the D.D.S. Admissions Committee must review takes four–six weeks to process and mail application materials. 5 School alumnus co-develops a prototype sonic toothbrush. By 2000, more than 7 million Sonicare toothbrushes have been sold worldwide. Late 980s
  • 28. University of Minnesota supplemental The School’s Admissions Committee reviews application: Upon completion of the AADSAS only completed applications. application, candidates must submit the University of Minnesota School of Dentistry Re-applicants (only): Re-applicants submit Supplemental Application (available online the same materials described above. However, at www.dentistry.umn.edu). Supplemental the School of Dentistry requires re-applicants application materials must be postmarked provide three new or updated letters of January 1 or earlier. recommendation. Applicants with foreign coursework must submit Invitations for an interview/visit: Invitations an official transcript, along with a certified are extended to candidates whose application The demands before, translation, prior to further consideration. materials are the most competitive. Applicants during and after with ties to the state of Minnesota and strong In addition to materials submitted to AADSAS, overall and science GPAs are given priority dental school are applicants are asked to provide (1) a $60 consideration. Applications of candidates not many, but the rewards processing fee; (2) an explanation of gaps in referred for an interview will be reviewed will be even greater. learning and/or academic difficulties (e.g., more again by a member of the D.D.S. Admissions than one incomplete or withdrawal per academic Committee. A committee member will make year); (3) a 2” x 2” passport photograph; and the final decision about whether to schedule the (4) other information for review by the D.D.S. applicant for an interview. Admissions Committee, including but not limited to a personal statement documenting the Interview: A personal interview is required. applicant’s contribution to diversity (see Interviews allow the admissions committee p. 20), social service experience, manual to gain further information on the following dexterity competence and grasp of spacial attributes that contribute to a student’s success relationships (see p. 23). in the program and career: communication skills, maturity, motivation for dentistry, Applicants are also required to observe responsibility, social awareness and empathy. and participate in patient care experiences in a general dentistry practice. Additional Selection criteria: The D.D.S. Admissions observation experience in a specialty practice is Committee reviews applications to determine also welcome. At least 30 hours of observation their competitiveness and ensure that all in practice is required. qualified applicants receive individualized consideration throughout the admissions For initial screening, the School’s D.D.S. process. The Admissions Committee includes Admissions Committee will accept copies of all students, representatives from the School of transcripts submitted to AADSAS. (Transcripts Dentistry’s pre-clinical, clinical and research must identify exemptions or advanced courses faculty, and the director of admissions. The with fewer credits, which will be individually committee is chaired by the assistant dean for evaluated.) Grades for required courses based admissions. The Admissions Committee will on a satisfactory/no-credit system are rarely determine which candidates will be admitted; accepted. Applicants may submit a maximum a quorum vote is needed for a decision. percentage of S credits in elective courses as follows: 10 percent of the minimum total The earliest notification of acceptance is credits for three-year students; 15 percent of the December 1. The entering class is typically minimum total credits for four-year students. filled by March 1. An alternate list is maintained. 6 Dental hygiene becomes a bachelor of science program. In 2001, it is the only dental hygiene baccalaureate program in Minnesota. 990
  • 29. Criteria for admissions selection: Applicants Community outreach: Participation in will be evaluated on quality of college community-based clinical experiences of from performance; completion of required courses; two to six weeks is required. elective coursework; DAT scores; orientation to dentistry statement; residency status; personal Leave of absence policy: Requests for a leave interest statement; personal interview; letters of of absence not to exceed one year will be recommendation; demonstrated interested in the considered on an individual basis in response University of Minnesota School of Dentistry; to student health, family, military or personal contribution to diversity; personal service; obligations. Students must be in good academic dexterity experiences; and evaluation of foreign standing (not on scholastic probation and with coursework (if applicable). no pending unsatisfactory grades). To apply for a leave of absence, call the Office of Academic Preference is given to Minnesota residents. Affairs at 612-625-9945. Applicants from other states are also strongly There’s a way to sit, encouraged to apply. Student Affairs Support Program: Student performance is reviewed frequently, and hold instruments and Information for Accepted Applicants academic assistance is recommended and position yourself around Official transcripts: Upon acceptance and prior provided for those in need. Dental students a patient that provides to matriculation, official transcripts must be sent serve as tutors. The Student Affairs Support Program promotes student study groups, a the best field of vision directly to the School of Dentistry from each student mentorship program and consultation and instrument control, undergraduate and graduate institution attended, and must verify sufficient credits and correct with faculty. and the greatest dentist courses. Basic science coursework that is older International applicants: International and patient comfort. than five years may be considered obsolete. applicants who have been accepted must also Immunizations: Students are required to have guarantee sufficient funds to meet all their a health clearance as a condition of enrollment educational and personal expenses for the and must complete and submit an Academic duration of their F-1 status at the University of Health Center Immunization Record form. The Minnesota. form must be returned for students to register for classes. For more information, go to the Scholarships and Awards Boynton Health Service Web site at The School provides scholarships and awards to www.bhs.umn.edu/services/AHC.htm#AHC. entering students based upon a holistic review of their credentials during the admissions Criminal background check: Minnesota law review process. Current dental students also requires that a person who provides services receive recognition for their accomplishments involving direct contact with patients in health while pursuing their dental degrees. The care facilities licensed by the Minnesota School provides merit scholarships to students Department of Health have a state-conducted based upon their academic achievements, background check, which covers a wide range along with awards based upon clinical skill, of criminal offenses and agency-findings related accomplishments in research, and leadership to maltreatment of children or vulnerable adults. and service to the School and the community. Individuals disqualified from having direct patient contact as a result of the background Evaluation of Student Performance check may be determined ineligible for a degree Student performance is evaluated through in these programs. written, oral and practical examinations, observation of clinical performance, and course assignments. Students must exercise their  School receives $.5 million federal grant to establish Oral Health Clinical Research Center. Research studies cover many subjects, ranging from new treatments and trends to alternative dental materials and toothpaste. 990
  • 30. clinical responsibilities with discretion and • Completed all clinical competency evaluations display concern for the dignity and importance • Completed all outreach requirements of patients. Students must also demonstrate • Completed treatment of their clinical patients competency in 26 areas, including patient care • Completed full-time clinic attendance for a (assessment, diagnosis and treatment planning minimum of five semesters and establishment and maintenance of oral • Returned all equipment and supplies assigned health); communication and interpersonal for their use skills; professionalism; informatics and critical • Earned a GPA of at least 2.00 thinking; practice management; and health • Discharged all financial obligations to the promotion. For more about “Competencies for University the General Dentist,” go to www.dentistry.umn • Been recommended by School of Dentistry Our students are .edu/programs_admissions/DDS. faculty for the degree professional leaders. Scholastic standing committees review each Licensure and Placement University of Minnesota student’s grades and course progress at the end Dental licensure requirements vary depending of each semester, evaluate achievement and upon the state in which you practice, but there dental students have personal conduct, and make recommendations are three common requirements: an educational held the highest to the Office of Academic Affairs on a student’s requirement, a written exam and a clinical positions of leadership status and promotion. Students are expected exam. Graduation from an accredited dental to learn professional behaviors outlined in the school fulfills the educational requirement. in the American Student student conduct code (see the School’s Student Dental Association Handbook) and may be dismissed from school Written examinations: All 53 licensing (ASDA). for disciplinary or scholastic reasons. jurisdictions in the United States require both parts of the written “National Board Dental Retention and promotion: A, A-, B+, B, B-, Examination.” C+, C, C-, D+, D and S are passing grades. F, N and I are not passing grades. Students who Clinical licensure examinations: All states receive I grades must arrange to complete the require a clinical board examination. Although coursework. After one term, an I grade may be some states offer their own examinations, most changed to an F at the discretion of the faculty. participate in one of four regional boards. Students may take any licensure examination A 2.00 GPA is required for promotion between appropriate to the state in which they choose academic years; a passing grade is required to practice. In Canada, the National Dental on all prerequisite coursework before students Examining Board of Canada (NDEB) certifies are permitted to begin patient care. For more dentists. For information, go to www.ndeb.ca. information on grading policies, go to the School’s Web site at www.dentistry.umn.edu or Reentry Program for Dentists refer to the Student Handbook. Dentists who take time out from their professional careers can update their Graduation Requirements information, clinical or technological skills Candidates for the doctor of dental surgery before returning to practice. (D.D.S.) degree must have Dentists may enroll as adult special students in • Complied with the rules and regulations of selected general dental practice courses. Special the School of Dentistry and the University of general dentistry clinical mentorships can also Minnesota be arranged as needed. For more information, • Demonstrated sound moral character contact the Office of Student Affairs. • Received a passing grade in all required 8 courses School launches Migradent program. Using portable dental units, dental and dental hygiene students provide preventive and restorative care to children of migrant workers. 996
  • 31. Curriculum Nsci 6110 Neuroscience for Dentistry Students 2 Phsl 6051 System Physiology 4 Fall semester begins after Labor Day; spring semester begins in January. Summer session Subtotal Credits 25 is required after the second and third years of Second Year: Basic science courses focus on study. Effective January 2007, the School will pathology. Technical dental courses culminate move to a 12-month schedule for all students. in treating patients. Students provide episodic patient care. The curriculum includes basic sciences—gross and microscopic human anatomy, human neuroanatomy, biochemistry, microbiology, Summer Session Community outreach Dent 5801 Operative Dentistry I 2 pharmacology, human physiology, pathology, Dent 5802 Operative Dentistry Laboratory I 3 programs are an oral histology and embryology, and genetics; Dent 5905 Preclinical Prosthodontics Technique and dentistry courses—operative dentistry, Lecture III 2 important part of our oral diagnosis, pediatric dentistry, oral surgery, Dent 5906 Preclinical Prosthodontics Technique educational and service anesthesia, periodontology, roentgenology, Lab III 2 Dent 5050 Summer Student Selectives 1–2 missions. biomaterials, fixed and removable or prosthodontics, management and supervision Dent 6330 Summer Research 2 of dental practice jurisprudence, and ethics. Subtotal Credits 12–13 Elective experiences are also available. Fall Semester Program in Dentistry (D.D.S.) Dent 5101 Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology 3 First Year: Coursework includes basic science Dent 5303 Microbiology for Dental Students 6 courses on normal human tissues, including the Dent 5611 Periodontology I Lecture 1 Dent 5803 Operative Dentistry II 2 molecular, cellular and organ systems. Technical Dent 5804 Operative Dentistry Laboratory II 3 dental courses, analysis of dental literature, and Dent 5907 Preclinical Prosthodontics Technique ethical training applicable to the profession Lecture IV 3 begin during the first year. Dent 5908 Preclinical Prosthodontics Technique Lab IV 3 LaMP 5100 General & Systemic Pathology 4 Fall Semester Credits BioC 6011 Biochemistry for Dental Students 3 Subtotal Credits 25 Dent 5401 Dental Care Delivery and Oral Epidemiology 3 Spring Semester Dent 5411 Professional Problem Solving 0 Dent 5102 Patient Management and Radiographic Dent 5901 Oral Anatomy I Lecture 2 Interpretation 2 Dent 5902 Oral Anatomy I Lab 2 Dent 5103 Oral Radiology Preclinical Laboratory 1 GCD 6103 Human Histology 5 Dent 5441 Patient Management II 3 InMd 6150 Gross Anatomy for Dental Students 8 Dent 5612 Periodontology Technique 2 Subtotal Credits 23 Dent 5805 Operative Dentistry III 3 Dent 5909 Preclinical Prosthodontics Technique Lecture V 3 Spring Semester Dent 5910 Preclinical Prosthodontics Technique Dent 5121 Physical Evaluation I 3 Lab V 3 Dent 5301 Introduction to Oral Biology 2 Dent 6316 Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology 4 Dent 5302 Topics in Dental Biochemistry 2 Phcl 5103 Pharmacology 3 Dent 5315 Oral Histology & Embryology & Medical Genetics 3 Subtotal Credits 24 Dent 5321 Introduction to Dental Biomaterials 2 Dent 5402 Prevention and Oral Health Promotion 2 Third Year: Clinical science courses occupy Dent 5412 Professional Problem Solving 1 much of the student’s time. Correlations among Dent 5903 Preclinical Prosthodontics Technique basic, behavioral and clinical sciences are Lecture II 2 established in the clinical setting. Students Dent 5904 Preclinical Prosthodontics Technique 9 establish their first dental practice and provide Lab II 2 comprehensive patient care. School faculty develops D Virtual Dental Patient. In the same year, a School professor receives the international Premio Phoenix Verdi Award in Genetics. 99 
  • 32. Summer Session Summer Session Dent 5201 Pain and Anxiety Control 2 Dent 6113 Oral Radiology Clinic 2 Dent 5322 Applied Dental Biomaterials 2 Dent 6133 Oral Medicine/Diagnosis Clinic III 1 Dent 5501 Pediatric Dentistry Pre-Clinic 2 Dent 6205 Role of Dentistry in the Hospital Dent 5701 Introduction to Endodontics Lecture Setting 1 and Laboratory 4 Dent 6221 Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Dent 5911 Introduction to Clinical Implant Clinic Rotation 2 Dentistry Lecture 2 Dent 6401 Patient Care: Special Issues 2 Dent 5912 Introduction to Clinical Implant Dent 6422 Current Legal Issues for the Dentistry Laboratory 2 New Dentist 2 Dent 6441 Treatment Planning & Patient Care Dent 6444 Treatment Planning Clinic 1 Clinic (only) 1 or 5 Dent 6452 Dental Auxiliary Utilization Clinic Dent 6330 Summer Research (elective) 2 (DAU) 0 Subtotal credits 17 or 21 Dent 6463 Emergency Clinic 0 Dent 6510 Clinical Pediatric Dentistry* 5 Dent 6623 Periodontology Clinic 2 Fall Semester Dent 6813 Operative Dentistry Clinic 3 Dent 6111 Oral Radiology Clinic 0 Dent 6919 TMJ Disorders 1 Dent 6122 Physical Evaluation II 3 Dent 6131 Oral Medicine/Diagnosis Clinic I 1 Subtotal Credits 22 Our students are the Dent 6202 Oral Surgery I 1 Dent 6413 Professional Problem Solving 0 Fall Semester first in the nation to Dent 6431 Patient Management III 1 Dent 6051 Comprehensive Care Clinic I 2 become full members of Dent 6442 Treatment Planning Clinic 1 Dent 6222 Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinic Dent 6510 Clinical Pediatric Dentistry* 5 Rotation 1 their state professional Dent 6521 Orthodontics I 2 Dent 6415 Professional Problem Solving 0 Dent 6621 Periodontology Clinic 2 Dent 6434 Patient Management IV 1 association. Dent 6806 Operative Dentistry IV 2 Dent 6445 Treatment Planning Clinic 1 Dent 6811 Operative Dentistry Clinic 4 Dent 6453 Dental Auxiliary Utilization Clinic Students constitute the Dent 6912 Fixed Prosthodontics Clinic I 5 (DAU I-II) 0 Eighth District Dental Dent 6921 Removable Prosthodontics Clinic I 5 Dent 6464 Emergency Clinic 0 Subtotal Credits 32 Dent 6523 Orthodontic Clinic Rotation 0 Society of the Minnesota Dent 6624 Periodontology Clinic 2 Spring Semester Dent 6711 Endodontics Clinic 2 Dental Association, Dent 6814 Operative Dentistry Clinic 4 Dent 6112 Oral Radiology Clinic 0 participate on Dent 6132 Oral Medicine/Diagnosis Clinic II 1 Dent 6914 Fixed Prosthodontics Clinic III 5 Dent 6203 Oral Surgery II 1 Dent 6923 Removable Prosthodontics Clinic III 3 association committees, Dent 6414 Professional Problem Solving 0 Subtotal Credits 21 have voting privileges Dent 6421 Management & Supervision of a Dental Practice 3 at its annual policy- Dent 6432 Patient Management III 1 Spring Semester Dent 6443 Treatment Planning Clinic II 1 Dent 6052 Comprehensive Care Clinic II 2 making meeting, and Dent 6223 Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinic Dent 6451 Dental Auxiliary Utilization Clinic are represented on the (DAU) 0 Rotation 1 Dent 6510 Clinical Pediatric Dentistry* 5 Dent 6416 Professional Problem Solving 1 association’s Board of Dent 6522 Orthodontics II 2 Dent 6435 Patient Management V 1 Dent 6613 Periodontology III Lecture 1 Dent 6454 Dental Auxiliary Utilization Clinic Trustees. (DAU I-II) 2 Dent 6622 Periodontology Clinic 2 Dent 6812 Operative Dentistry Clinic 4 Dent 6465 Emergency Clinic 2 Dent 6911 Prosthodontics I 2 Dent 6515 Pediatric Dentistry Clinic 5 Dent 6913 Fixed Prosthodontics Clinic II 5 Dent 6524 Orthodontic Clinic Rotation 1 Dent 6922 Removable Prosthodontics Clinic II 5 Dent 6625 Periodontology Clinic 2 Dent 6712 Endodontics Clinic 2 Subtotal Credits 33 Dent 6815 Operative Dentistry Clinic 4 Dent 6915 Fixed Prosthodontics Clinic IV 5 Fourth Year: More advanced clinical training Dent 6924 Removable Prosthodontics Clinic IV 3 with exposure to advanced techniques and Subtotal Credits 31 0 alternative treatments. School researcher links bacteria in dental plaque to heart disease. People with periodontal (gum) disease are almost twice as likely to suffer from coronary artery disease. 998
  • 33. Minnesota State Capitol The University University of Minnesota, Twin Cities Campus of Minnesota A classic Big Ten campus in the heart of the Minneapolis-St. Paul metropolitan area, and the Twin Cities the Minneapolis campus provides a world- class setting for lifelong learning. The largest With its four campuses, the University is one of the four campuses, it is made up of 20 colleges offering undergraduate, graduate and St. Paul of the nation’s most comprehensive public professional degrees. The Mississippi River institutions of higher learning. divides the campus into the East Bank—where the School of Dentistry and the Academic Health Center are located—and the West Bank. Adjacent neighborhoods cater to student interests, and downtown Minneapolis and St. Paul are only minutes away. Minneapolis The Twin Cities Area With more than 2.5 million residents, the Twin Cities provides every educational and cultural advantage of a major metropolitan area. From an urban sculpture garden to the Mall of America, the Twin Cities is rich Minneapolis Campus in entertainment and cultural events and offers something for everyone—a nationally recognized arts and theater community, a thriving entertainment industry, a host of Fortune 500 companies, exciting professional sports teams and shopping and restaurants for every taste. City neighborhoods feature unique shops and ethnic restaurants. The Mississippi River and numerous city lakes and parks provide year-round opportunities for outdoor recreation. Quality of life studies consistently rank the Twin Cities among the top metropolitan areas in the country.  Center for Contemporary Dentistry opens. In the same year, the School receives a $5.1 million research grant to study temporomandibular joint 00  disorders.
  • 34. Quick Facts University of Minnesota Mission Statement The University of Minnesota, founded in the belief Dentistry is one of the Enrollment that all people are enriched by understanding, is 10 most trusted and In the 2005–06 academic year, 761 students applied dedicated to the advancement of learning and the for 97 positions in the first-year class of dental search for truth; to the sharing of this knowledge ethical professions in students. Of those admitted, 69 percent were through education for a diverse community; and America. Minnesota residents; the average GPA was 3.64, to the application of this knowledge to benefit the the academic average on the DAT was 19.49, and people of the state, the nation and the world. More than 80 percent the mean perceptual-motor ability score was 18.11. The University’s mission, carried out on multiple Ninety-six percent had completed four or more years campuses and throughout the state, is threefold: of dentists are general of college. practitioners, about Research and Discovery: Generate and preserve In the 2005–06 academic year, 76 qualified students knowledge, understanding and creativity by 20 percent are dental applied for 24 positions in the first-year class of conducting high-quality research, scholarship and dental hygiene students. Of those admitted, 22 were artistic activity that benefit students, scholars, and specialists who limit Minnesota residents; the average GPA was 3.37. communities across the state, the nation and the their practices to one of world. In Spring 2006, the School of Dentistry graduated 85 nine dental specialties. dentists; 37 were women. The School also graduated Teaching and Learning: Share that knowledge, 35 dental hygienists. understanding and creativity by providing a broad Teaching, dental The School annually awards more than $108,000 in range of educational programs in a strong and diverse research and dental high-ability incentive scholarships to qualified first- community of learners and teachers, and prepare year dental students and $10,650 to dental hygiene graduate, professional and undergraduate students, industry are rewarding students. as well as non-degree-seeking students interested in career options, as well. continuing education and lifelong learning, for active School of Dentistry roles in a multiracial and multicultural world. Dentists also work in Mission Statement Outreach and Public Service: Extend, apply and public health agencies, Vision: We set the standard in education, research exchange knowledge between the University and hospitals, the military and service. society by applying scholarly expertise to community problems, by helping organizations and individuals and other settings. Mission: The University of Minnesota School of respond to their changing environments, and by Dentistry improves oral and craniofacial health by making the knowledge and resources created and educating clinicians and scientists who translate preserved at the University accessible to the citizens knowledge and experience into clinical practice. of the state, the nation and the world. The School is committed to: In all of its activities, the University strives to • graduating professionals who provide the highest sustain an open exchange of ideas in an environment quality care and service to the people of Minnesota that embodies the values of academic freedom, and the world; responsibility, integrity and cooperation; that provides an atmosphere of mutual respect, free from racism, • discovering new knowledge through research, sexism and other forms of prejudice and intolerance; which will inspire innovation in the biomedical, that assists individuals, institutions and communities behavioral and clinical sciences; and in responding to a continuously changing world; • providing oral health care to a diverse patient that is conscious of and responsive to the needs of population in a variety of clinical settings. the many communities it is committed to serving; that creates and supports partnerships within the Core values: Excellence in all we do; strong sense University, with other educational systems and of vision and purpose; serve the community and institutions and with communities to achieve common contribute to society; respect for the individual; goals; and that inspires, sets high expectations for, continual pursuit of knowledge; personal and and empowers the individuals within its community. institutional integrity.  School ranks first among 9 U.S. dental schools in NIDCR funding. School teams with an area HMO to convert a Winnebago into a 3-chair dental office. Students and faculty travel the 00  state to treat public program patients.
  • 35. Resource Guide Departments Developmental and Surgical Financial Aid 2-693 Moos Tower Sciences 612-624-1665 School of Dentistry Dr. Larry Wolff, Interim Chair r-berg@umn.edu 515 Delaware St. S. E. 7-194 Moos Tower 612-625-5681 Placement Minneapolis, MN 55455 15-106 Moos Tower www.dentistry.umn.edu wolff001@umn.edu 612-626-0171 Administration Primary Dental Care layer006@umn.edu Dr. Patrick M. Lloyd, Dean Dr. Daniel Skaar, Interim Chair 15-209 Moos Tower 9-436 Moos Tower Campus Resources 612-624-2424 612-626-4234 www.umn.edu plloyd@umn.edu skaar003@umn.edu Undergraduate Office of Dr. Gary Anderson, Senior Diagnostic and Biological University Admissions Associate Dean Sciences 240 Williamson Hall 15-220 Moos Tower Dr. Donald Simone, Interim 612-625-2008 612-624-3908 Chair We are the only dental 17-252 Moos Tower Boynton Health Service ander018@umn.edu 410 Church Street S.E. hygiene baccalaureate 612-625-6464 Dr. Judith Buchanan, Associate simon003@umn.edu Minneapolis, MN 55455 program in the state Dean, Academic Affairs 612-625-8400 Restorative Sciences that is associated with a 15-238 Moos Tower Counseling Office 612-625-9945 Dr. Ralph DeLong, Interim Chair dental school. 16-212 Moos Tower 109 Eddy Hall buchanan@umn.edu 612-624-3323 612-625-1409 Laura Boland, Director, Student delon002@umn.edu Disability Services and Academic Services 180 McNamara Center 15-106 Moos Tower Student Services 612-624-4037 612-624-6960 bolan005@umn.edu Academic Assistance Housing and Residential Life 15-106 Moos Tower Comstock Hall—East Michael J. Madden, Interim 612-624-6960 612-624-2994 Dean for Admissions bolan005@umn.edu 4-215 Moos Tower Parking and Transportation 612-625-5455 Advanced Education Programs Services madde011@umn.edu 15-136 Moos Tower 300 Transportation & Safety 612-624-7934 Building Gale Shea, Director, Admissions wegne009@umn.edu 612-626-PARK 15-106 Moos Tower 612-625-7477 Affirmative Action/ Student Employment ddsapply@umn.edu Equal Opportunity 170 Donhowe Building 7-536 Moos Tower 612-624-3548 Dental Hygiene 612-626-2332 Christine Blue, Interim Director meyer066@umn.edu TOEFL Registration 9-372 Moos Tower Continuing Dental Education To schedule a test, contact the 612-625-5954 6-406 Moos Tower agency that handles TOEFL bluex005@umn.edu 612-625-1418 registration in your country or go cdeumn@umn.edu to www.toefl.org.  School launches its first regional dental clinic, in Hibbing. Located at the Hibbing Community College, the clinic provides real-life, community-based practice experience for dental students. 00 
  • 36. University Administrators University Regents Robert H. Bruininks, President Anthony R. Baraga, Congressional District 8, E. Thomas Sullivan, Senior Vice President for Chair Academic Affairs and Provost Patricia Simmons, Congressional District 1, Frank B. Cerra, Senior Vice President for Health Vice Chair Sciences Clyde Allen, Jr., Congressional District 7 Robert J. Jones, Senior Vice President for Peter Bell, Congressional District 5 System Administration Frank R. Berman, At Large Nancy Rusty Barceló, Vice President for Equity Dallas Bohnsack, Congressional District 2 and Vice Provost John Frobenius, Congressional District 6 Tests are usually about Kathryn F. Brown, Vice President and Chief of Steven D. Hunter, At Large Staff David M. Larson, Congressional District 3 the information in Carol Carrier, Vice President for Human Cynthia L. Lesher, At Large your brain. In dental Resources David R. Metzen, Congressional District 4 school, you’re also R. Timothy Mulcahy, Vice President for Lakeesha K. Ransom, At Large Research tested on how well you Charles Muscoplat, Vice President for get your fingers and Agricultural Policy hands to move to that Kathleen O’Brien, Vice President for University Services information. Richard Pfutzenreuter, Vice President and Chief Financial Officer Linda L. Thrane, Vice President for University Relations Mark B. Rotenberg, General Counsel  Dental and dental hygiene student volunteers coordinate Give Kids a Smile Day. School clinics provide free dental care for low-income children on Give Kids a Smile Day. 00 
  • 37. Information in this brochure is subject to change without notice. Published by the School of Dentistry and University Relations. The University of Minnesota is committed to the policy that all persons shall have equal access to its programs, facilities, and employment without regard to race, color, creed, religion, national origin, sex, age, marital status, disability, public assistance status, veteran status, or sexual orientation. Inquiries regarding compliance may be directed to the Director, Office of Equal Opportunity and Affirmative Action, University of Minnesota, 419 Morrill Hall, 100 Church Street S.E., Minneapolis, MN 55455, 612-624-9547, eoaa@umn.edu. Web site: www.eoaffact.umn.edu. This publication is available in alternative formats upon request. Contact Office of Admissions, 240 Williamson Hall, 231 Pillsbury Drive S.E., Minneapolis, MN 55455-0213, 612-625-2008 or TTY 612-625-9051. Printed on recycled and recyclable paper with at least 10 percent postconsumer waste. © 2006 by the Regents of the University of Minnesota. All rights reserved.