BIOINF 2202   How do we teach dental students IT and informatics? Titus Schleyer, DMD, PhD and Heiko Spallek, DMD, PhD Cen...
<ul><li>Agenda </li></ul><ul><li>IT environment in dental practice  </li></ul><ul><li>Achieving IT competencies </li></ul>...
IT environment in dental practice
Administrative applications <ul><li>patient registration *** </li></ul><ul><li>accounts receivable/billing *** </li></ul><...
Clinical applications <ul><li>dental/medical history *** </li></ul><ul><li>treatment planning *** </li></ul><ul><li>progre...
Internet applications <ul><li>online supply ordering ** </li></ul><ul><li>practice Website ** </li></ul><ul><li>e-mail-bas...
Computer  use  in dentistry IT environment in dental practice
<ul><li>Relate to school’s competency   </li></ul><ul><li>The graduate of the University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Me...
Curricular approach Basic IT course (1 st  and 2 nd  year): Introduction to Computing Advanced course (3 rd  and 4 th  yea...
IT literacy of dentists vs. average americans  surveys of dental school seniors graduating classes: practice management ra...
What do you think incoming students know regarding basic IT? Record the list of topics:  In-class exercise 1  What they kn...
<ul><li>Students will be able to demonstrate a working knowledge of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>computer basics  </li></ul></ul...
<ul><li>Course approach </li></ul><ul><li>Web-enhanced format (lecture-style & Web-based) </li></ul><ul><li>hands-on group...
First Year Second Year Fall Fall Spring Computer basics Searching biblio-  graphical databases Electronic communi- cation,...
Format illegible screen shot: Introduction to Computing Group-based training Guest lectures  (other courses) Online course...
<ul><li>Computing in dentistry (proposed) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>designed to allow students to function in technology-rich ...
Debate topic: Hands-on exposure within daily clinical activities is a better way to learn about IT than a didactic course....
<ul><li>Course modules </li></ul><ul><li>practice management systems </li></ul><ul><li>computer-based dental records </li>...
<ul><li>Course structure </li></ul><ul><li>extends over 3 rd  and 4 th  year </li></ul><ul><li>brief introductory sessions...
<ul><li>Course not yet implemented because of … </li></ul><ul><li>lack of faculty </li></ul><ul><li>book  Computing in Den...
<ul><li>Book:  Computing in Dentistry </li></ul><ul><li>comprehensive reference on computing technologies in dentistry </l...
<ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Student evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>graded assignments </li></ul><ul><li>pass/fail c...
<ul><li>Bloom’s taxonomy </li></ul><ul><li>cognitive levels for learning activities </li></ul><ul><li>six levels </li></ul...
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No notes for slide
  • title / intro
  • agenda based on the common outline of all presentations
  • how we envision it, but not reality yet
  • what they should have // relate to what they actually have
  • what they should have // relate to what they actually have
  • what they should have // relate to what they actually have
  • … but there is light at the end of the tunnel; and not from the train coming towards us ;-)
  • patient education vs dentists’ education
  • patient education vs dentists’ education
  • content slide: the complexity is overwhelming, but that is how it looks like
  • format slide: delivery modi
  • patient education vs dentists’ education
  • we could expand on this topic much more, but we do have only 20 min!
  • we could expand on this topic much more, but we do have only 20 min!
  • we could expand on this topic much more, but we do have only 20 min!
  • we could expand on this topic much more, but we do have only 20 min!
  • we could expand on this topic much more, but we do have only 20 min!
  • we could expand on this topic much more, but we do have only 20 min!
  • PPT

    1. 1. BIOINF 2202 How do we teach dental students IT and informatics? Titus Schleyer, DMD, PhD and Heiko Spallek, DMD, PhD Center for Dental Informatics University of Pittsburgh, School of Dental Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA
    2. 2. <ul><li>Agenda </li></ul><ul><li>IT environment in dental practice </li></ul><ul><li>Achieving IT competencies </li></ul><ul><li>Our method: integrated IT courses </li></ul><ul><li>Bloom’s taxonomy </li></ul><ul><li>Handout Basic predoctoral information technology course “Introduction to Computing” proposal document to curriculum committee by Heiko Spallek </li></ul>
    3. 3. IT environment in dental practice
    4. 4. Administrative applications <ul><li>patient registration *** </li></ul><ul><li>accounts receivable/billing *** </li></ul><ul><li>practice reporting *** </li></ul><ul><li>recall reminders *** </li></ul><ul><li>electronic claims submission *** </li></ul><ul><li>scheduling ** </li></ul><ul><li>inventory management ** </li></ul>*** must-have ** nice-to-have IT environment in dental practice
    5. 5. Clinical applications <ul><li>dental/medical history *** </li></ul><ul><li>treatment planning *** </li></ul><ul><li>progress notes ** </li></ul><ul><li>charting/oral health status ** </li></ul><ul><li>digital imaging ** </li></ul><ul><li>diagnostic applications * </li></ul><ul><li>therapeutic applications * </li></ul><ul><li>decision support applications * </li></ul>*** must-have ** nice-to-have * optional IT environment in dental practice
    6. 6. Internet applications <ul><li>online supply ordering ** </li></ul><ul><li>practice Website ** </li></ul><ul><li>e-mail-based recall ** </li></ul><ul><li>e-mail communication with patients ** </li></ul><ul><li>online courses ** </li></ul><ul><li>Internet-based preregistration * </li></ul><ul><li>Internet-based scheduling * </li></ul><ul><li>patient access to their record * </li></ul><ul><li>remote consultations * </li></ul><ul><li>remote access to patient data * </li></ul>** nice-to-have * optional IT environment in dental practice
    7. 7. Computer use in dentistry IT environment in dental practice
    8. 8. <ul><li>Relate to school’s competency </li></ul><ul><li>The graduate of the University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine must be able to: </li></ul><ul><li>... evaluate the scientific literature including information technology resources to make evidence-based decisions about oral health. ...* </li></ul><ul><li>information technology skills applicable throughout </li></ul><ul><ul><li>education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>professional life </li></ul></ul><ul><li>*Competency Document, University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine, Revised December 17, 2002 </li></ul>Achieving IT competencies
    9. 9. Curricular approach Basic IT course (1 st and 2 nd year): Introduction to Computing Advanced course (3 rd and 4 th year): Computing in Dentistry (proposed) Our method: integrated IT course
    10. 10. IT literacy of dentists vs. average americans surveys of dental school seniors graduating classes: practice management ranked low (ADEA 2002) 85% dentists (US) use computers in their practice: billing & practice management (ADA, 2000) VERSUS 52 million American adults have used the Web to get health or medical information (Pew: Online Health Care Revolution, 2000) IT environment in dental practice
    11. 11. What do you think incoming students know regarding basic IT? Record the list of topics: In-class exercise 1 What they know What they don’t know
    12. 12. <ul><li>Students will be able to demonstrate a working knowledge of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>computer basics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>bibliographical databases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>electronic communication for professional use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>assessment of information quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>information retrieval </li></ul></ul>Achieving IT competencies
    13. 13. <ul><li>Course approach </li></ul><ul><li>Web-enhanced format (lecture-style & Web-based) </li></ul><ul><li>hands-on group sessions </li></ul><ul><li>integrated into curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>adaptive based on pre-existing knowledge </li></ul>Achieving IT competencies
    14. 14. First Year Second Year Fall Fall Spring Computer basics Searching biblio- graphical databases Electronic communi- cation, legal aspects Assessment of information quality Understanding information retrieval Data Interpretation (CDENT 5111) Professionalism (BHVSCI 5110) Amalgam Restorations (RESTD 5143) Preassessment for group assignments Fall Spring Preclinical PBL (DENT 5257) Ability to find infor- mation on the Internet Final 1. Competency Exam for SDM Competency Standard #6 2. M ultiple-choice comprehensive exam Assignm. using Excel: calculate statistics Medline library session and assignment Lecture and assignment AH online course and assignment AH online course AH online course
    15. 15. Format illegible screen shot: Introduction to Computing Group-based training Guest lectures (other courses) Online course (Adaptive Hypermedia) Computer basics lecture, hands-on training in LRC Medline lecture, hands-on training in library Assessment of information quality newsgroup evaluation Professional use of email email evaluation Information retrieval concept How to search Pre-assessment for topics Final and Competency exam Our method: integrated IT course
    16. 16. <ul><li>Computing in dentistry (proposed) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>designed to allow students to function in technology-rich practice environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>builds logically on Introduction to Computing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>focus is on clinical practice </li></ul></ul>Proposed advanced course
    17. 17. Debate topic: Hands-on exposure within daily clinical activities is a better way to learn about IT than a didactic course. 1. Pick your side (agree or disagree). 2. Record the arguments supporting your position. In-class exercise 2
    18. 18. <ul><li>Course modules </li></ul><ul><li>practice management systems </li></ul><ul><li>computer-based dental records </li></ul><ul><li>digital imaging </li></ul><ul><li>computer-based diagnostic and therapeutic systems </li></ul><ul><li>Internet and its dental applications </li></ul><ul><li>professional development and research </li></ul>Advanced course
    19. 19. <ul><li>Course structure </li></ul><ul><li>extends over 3 rd and 4 th year </li></ul><ul><li>brief introductory sessions to precede technology use in clinic </li></ul><ul><li>lectures and labs for technologies which are not in use at the school </li></ul><ul><li>competency exams throughout </li></ul>Advanced course
    20. 20. <ul><li>Course not yet implemented because of … </li></ul><ul><li>lack of faculty </li></ul><ul><li>book Computing in Dentistry not yet complete </li></ul><ul><li>lack of clinical information system and chairside technologies </li></ul>Advanced course
    21. 21. <ul><li>Book: Computing in Dentistry </li></ul><ul><li>comprehensive reference on computing technologies in dentistry </li></ul><ul><li>innovative combination of print and electronic media </li></ul><ul><li>new direction in academic publishing </li></ul><ul><li>more information at www.dental-computing.com </li></ul>Advanced course
    22. 22. <ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Student evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>graded assignments </li></ul><ul><li>pass/fail competency exam </li></ul><ul><li>graded final </li></ul><ul><li>Course & teacher evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>formative evaluation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Muddiest Point </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minute Paper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One Sentence Summary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>summative evaluation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OMET </li></ul></ul>Evaluation methods
    23. 23. <ul><li>Bloom’s taxonomy </li></ul><ul><li>cognitive levels for learning activities </li></ul><ul><li>six levels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>know </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>comprehend </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>apply </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>analyze </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>synthesize </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>evaluate </li></ul></ul>Fundamental concept
    24. 24. Questions?/Comments?
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