Restorative Materials in  Pediatric Dentistry S.Lal, DDS Course Director
Preventive Materials <ul><li>Fluoride gels, foam and varnish: </li></ul><ul><li>Used for remineralisation of decalcified e...
Resin based composites(RBC) <ul><li>Resin matrix (Bis-GMA) with inorganic filler particles. </li></ul><ul><li>1.  Filler c...
Resin Restorations <ul><li>Steps: </li></ul><ul><li>Etch, wash, dry or dessicate? </li></ul><ul><li>Enamel and Dentin adhe...
Resin Restorations <ul><li>Disadvantages:  </li></ul><ul><li>Polymerization shrinkage </li></ul><ul><li>Technique sensitiv...
Dentin/Enamel adhesives in Pediatric Dentistry <ul><li>Dentin bonding agents or Primers: </li></ul><ul><li>Smear layer </l...
Dentin/Enamel adhesives in Pediatric Dentistry <ul><li>3-step total etch </li></ul><ul><li>Total etch using prime and bond...
Glass Ionomer cements <ul><li>Fluorosilicate glass powder(base) combined with a water soluble polymer(acid) </li></ul><ul>...
Resin-modified glass ionomers <ul><li>Advantages: </li></ul><ul><li>Increased mechanical properties </li></ul><ul><li>Phys...
Compomers <ul><li>Polyacid-modified, resin based composite with fluoride releasing glass fillers. </li></ul><ul><li>e.g.- ...
Amalgam <ul><li>No polymerization shrinkage </li></ul><ul><li>Moisture forgiving </li></ul><ul><li>Excellent mechanical pr...
 
 
Research trends <ul><li>Polymerization shrinkage </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical properties </li></ul><ul><li>More ‘forgiving...
In  summary…. <ul><li>“ Primary teeth are a temporary dentition with known life expectancies of each tooth. By matching th...
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Peds restorative mat..

  1. 1. Restorative Materials in Pediatric Dentistry S.Lal, DDS Course Director
  2. 2. Preventive Materials <ul><li>Fluoride gels, foam and varnish: </li></ul><ul><li>Used for remineralisation of decalcified enamel and incipient caries. </li></ul><ul><li>Sealants: </li></ul><ul><li>Indicated for preventing and arresting incipient lesions. </li></ul><ul><li>Available as clear or white, filled or unfilled, containing Fluoride or not. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Resin based composites(RBC) <ul><li>Resin matrix (Bis-GMA) with inorganic filler particles. </li></ul><ul><li>1. Filler content- </li></ul><ul><li>Filled vs Unfilled </li></ul><ul><li>Flowable vs packable </li></ul><ul><li>Anterior vs posterior composite </li></ul><ul><li>Particle size- </li></ul><ul><li>macro, microfilled and hybrids </li></ul>
  4. 4. Resin Restorations <ul><li>Steps: </li></ul><ul><li>Etch, wash, dry or dessicate? </li></ul><ul><li>Enamel and Dentin adhesives </li></ul><ul><li>Composite selection and placement </li></ul><ul><li>Curing tools and techniques </li></ul>
  5. 5. Resin Restorations <ul><li>Disadvantages: </li></ul><ul><li>Polymerization shrinkage </li></ul><ul><li>Technique sensitive </li></ul><ul><li>Performance of posterior composites in large, stress bearing preparations is questionable </li></ul>
  6. 6. Dentin/Enamel adhesives in Pediatric Dentistry <ul><li>Dentin bonding agents or Primers: </li></ul><ul><li>Smear layer </li></ul><ul><li>Etch </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrophillic and hydrophobic component (HEMA) </li></ul><ul><li>Enamel adhesives or bonding agents: </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrophobic resin such as Bis-GMA </li></ul><ul><li>Hybrid layer- copolymerized layer of primer, bonding resin and collagen </li></ul>
  7. 7. Dentin/Enamel adhesives in Pediatric Dentistry <ul><li>3-step total etch </li></ul><ul><li>Total etch using prime and bond </li></ul><ul><li>Self etch primers with bonding agent </li></ul><ul><li>All-in-one adhesives e.g.- prompt L-pops </li></ul>
  8. 8. Glass Ionomer cements <ul><li>Fluorosilicate glass powder(base) combined with a water soluble polymer(acid) </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. - Ketac cement </li></ul><ul><li>Resin-modified glass ionomer cements: </li></ul><ul><li>are glass ionomers with a light polymerised resin component. </li></ul><ul><li>e.g.- Vitrebond and Vitremer </li></ul>
  9. 9. Resin-modified glass ionomers <ul><li>Advantages: </li></ul><ul><li>Increased mechanical properties </li></ul><ul><li>Physiochemically bonds to tooth structure </li></ul><ul><li>Biocompatible, moisture forgiving </li></ul><ul><li>Similar coefficient of thermal expansion as dentin therefore a good dentin replacement material. (sandwich technique) </li></ul><ul><li>Ion lechability - Fluoride release(anticariogenic action) </li></ul><ul><li>Minimal polymerization shrinkage </li></ul>
  10. 10. Compomers <ul><li>Polyacid-modified, resin based composite with fluoride releasing glass fillers. </li></ul><ul><li>e.g.- compoglass, dyract </li></ul><ul><li>Better results after etch and bond </li></ul><ul><li>Good mechanical properties and polishability </li></ul>
  11. 11. Amalgam <ul><li>No polymerization shrinkage </li></ul><ul><li>Moisture forgiving </li></ul><ul><li>Excellent mechanical properties </li></ul><ul><li>Mercury toxicity </li></ul><ul><li>Esthetics </li></ul>
  12. 14. Research trends <ul><li>Polymerization shrinkage </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical properties </li></ul><ul><li>More ‘forgiving’ materials </li></ul>
  13. 15. In summary…. <ul><li>“ Primary teeth are a temporary dentition with known life expectancies of each tooth. By matching the ‘right’ restoration with the expected lifespan of the tooth, we can succeed in providing a ‘permanent’ restoration that will never have to be replaced.” </li></ul>
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