HINARI: Partager les ressources digitales avec les pays en ...


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HINARI: Partager les ressources digitales avec les pays en ...

  1. 1. HINARI: What have we learned? World Health Organization Trieste, October 2003
  2. 2. What is HINARI ? <ul><li>HINARI is a programme administered by the World Health Organization to support health sector efforts in developing countries by enabling access to high quality, timely, relevant scientific information, via Internet, at affordable prices. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is HINARI (in plain language)? <ul><li>HINARI is a huge online library of full-text resources in biomedicine and related social sciences. It is designed to support developing country health / medical researchers and academics, and through them to support improvements in health services in their countries. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why does HINARI exist ? <ul><li>WHO questionnaire to developing country health / medical researchers + follow-up consultations in 1999-2000 told us: </li></ul><ul><li>The most pressing “information problem” for developing world health researchers and academics is access to the priced literature, particularly journals. </li></ul>
  5. 5. How does HINARI work ? <ul><li>Partnership </li></ul><ul><li>Publishers (full text journals + other resources) </li></ul><ul><li>WHO (administration) </li></ul><ul><li>Yale University (site architecture) </li></ul><ul><li>NLM (tailored PubMed links) </li></ul><ul><li>Training partners (workshops, trainers) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Who benefits ? <ul><li>All staff and students of national institutions: </li></ul><ul><li>Universities </li></ul><ul><li>Schools of medicine, nursing, public health, pharmacy, dentistry </li></ul><ul><li>Research institutes </li></ul><ul><li>Government offices </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching hospitals </li></ul><ul><li>National medical libraries </li></ul>
  7. 7. Two groups of countries <ul><li>GNP per capita < $1000 (phase 1) </li></ul><ul><li>from January 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>free access </li></ul><ul><li>69 countries </li></ul><ul><li>GNP per capita $1000 - $3000 (phase 2) </li></ul><ul><li>2003 year-long free trial </li></ul><ul><li>from 2004 costs $1000 / institution / year </li></ul><ul><li>44 countries </li></ul>
  8. 8. Pre-HINARI access to international journals (survey results to date) <ul><li>Institutions from phase 1 countries: </li></ul><ul><li>56% had zero paid subscriptions </li></ul><ul><li>21% had 2 - 5 paid subscriptions (average = 2) </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions from phase 2 countries: </li></ul><ul><li>34% had zero paid subscriptions </li></ul><ul><li>34% had 2 - 5 paid subscriptions (average = 2) </li></ul>
  9. 9. What have we learned ? <ul><li>1. The HINARI model works. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Demand is high <ul><li>Registrations to date: </li></ul><ul><li>Phase 1: </li></ul><ul><li>591 institutions </li></ul><ul><li>61 countries (of 69 total) </li></ul><ul><li>Phase 2: </li></ul><ul><li>436 institutions </li></ul><ul><li>38 countries (of 44 total) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Librarians can assure local administration of HINARI <ul><li>Distribute and administer passwords </li></ul><ul><li>Promote the service and train users </li></ul><ul><li>Assure institutional compliance with the license agreement </li></ul><ul><li>Liaise with HINARI help desk for technical problems (authentication, HINARI site, publishers’ sites) </li></ul><ul><li>Form local networks of HINARI users </li></ul>
  12. 12. Publishers’ experience has been positive <ul><li>HINARI framework developed by the publishers </li></ul><ul><li>Fees from phase 2 donated for in-country training and promotion </li></ul><ul><li>New publishers joining continually </li></ul><ul><li>To date 2278 journals + other resources </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial, learned society, SPARC </li></ul><ul><li>Free online journals make a point of joining (CMAJ, BMJ, e-MJA, etc.) </li></ul>
  13. 13. What have we learned ? <ul><li>2. The high cost of Internet access appears to </li></ul><ul><li>be the significant limiting factor to </li></ul><ul><li>accessing journals through HINARI. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Institutions are making strong efforts to </li></ul><ul><li>obtain good equipment and improve their </li></ul><ul><li>connectivity. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Usage patterns <ul><li>Are erratic compared to what publishers see from their usual clients </li></ul><ul><li>Appear to depend mainly on good access to connectivity (i.e. do not vary directly according to relative economic strength) </li></ul><ul><li>Overall usage is growing steadily </li></ul><ul><li>and….. </li></ul><ul><li>No serious attempts to abuse the system </li></ul>
  15. 15. What have we learned ? <ul><li>4. The HINARI model is replicable. </li></ul><ul><li>(Hear all about this tomorrow morning…..) </li></ul>
  16. 16. What have we learned ? <ul><li>5. The HINARI model is sustainable. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Sustainability <ul><li>Not dependent on central donor funding </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralised organization: </li></ul><ul><li>Framework developed by the partners </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibility for different parts of the programme (content, administration, menu architecture, training materials / translation, promotion, etc.) shared among partners </li></ul><ul><li>Direct response to an expressed need: </li></ul><ul><li>Participating institutions assume direct costs (connectivity, equipment, phase 2 payments) </li></ul>
  18. 18. What have we learned ? <ul><li>6. We need to do a lot more. </li></ul>
  19. 19. What’s needed ? <ul><li>Find solutions to include countries not yet eligible </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Include locally produced journals </li></ul><ul><li>Improve coordination with other initiatives (health, development, information, etc.) </li></ul>
  20. 20. Visit HINARI <ul><li>http://www. healthinternetwork .org </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>